Right from the 20th century, we have been noticing drastic developments in the field of Science & technology. The technological advancements have spread its branches even in the field of Medicine. One of the biggest advancement is the introduction of telemedicine. The telemedicine is an innovative system which combines the usage of both telecommunication & information technology. Basically, it is helpful in providing health care services from a distance. This has been of much use to improve the accessibility to medical services among the rural communities. It helps eliminate distance barriers and also act as life-saver in critical care and emergency situations. Telemedicine permits communication between the patient and the medical specialist. It also allows transmission of medical records, scan reports and other medical information about the patient from one place to another. The earliest form of telemedicine was achieved through telephone and radio. The effectiveness of telemedicine are listed below:
Telemedicine can be of most beneficial to people in rural areas and isolated communities as they don’t have to travel all the way long to receive medical care from doctors or specialist. It can also help avoid the transmission of parasites or infectious diseases between the patient and healthcare professionals. For example, MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) is a bacterium which is in abundance in hospitals, prisons, and nursing homes, where patients with open wounds, weakened the immune system and invasive devices are at greater risk of being infected than the general public.
The recent development of telemedicine is the Mobile collaboration technology. It allowed the health professionals in various locations to discuss and share information about the patient as if they were all in the same place. Remote patients can be monitored through mobile technology and this can reduce the need for an outpatient visit and also enable verification by mobile prescription.
Telemedicine has facilitated patient monitoring on regular basis, using mobile phones, tablets, etc even before they get severe. This can decrease emergency room visit and hospitalization as the patient can be treated even at home provided all the requirements are supplied to the medical staff. Some people might feel uncomfortable with hospital atmosphere. Such people can adopt this system as it enables effective communication between patients and health professionals maintaining convenience and commitment towards their work. Also, the medical information about the patients is kept confidential and transferred safely from one site to another.
It can also save a life of the patient in emergency situations where there is no time to take the patient to the hospital. Telemedicine can also facilitate health education as the healthcare trainees can work under healthcare professionals and learn the working procedure from them. Also, the professionals can supervise the trainees in their respective fields.
Telenursing, telepharmacy, telerehabilitation, teletrauma care, telecardiology, teleradiology, telepathology, teledermatology, teledentistry, teleaudiology are few types that can be listed under telemedicine. The technology is being used in several ways but this approach to the field of medicine is being very useful as it meets the needs of thousands and thousands of people from the various economic background. Telemedicine is a boon that technology has gifted to this world!
Introduction: Infection in child hood is very common due to undeveloped immunity or due to lack of immunity, when a child is in the womb of mother he or she gets immunity from his mother but after birth it is very tough to rid off form infectious diseases. There for vaccines are given to the child to protect from various communicable diseases.
Causing Agents: These childhood infections occur due to very small single cell prokaryotic organism e.g. bacteria or acellular (Virus) and some protozoa (eukaryotic unicellular organism).These are known as pathogen. This pathogen can be transmitted by carrier or by vector or may be directly from one infected person to another person.
Mode of transmission: These diseases are transmitted by many means first one is contaminated or unhygienic food and contaminated or not treated water e.g. Typhoid, Hepatitis B, Jaundice and cholera. Last one is contaminated air, last one is the very potent mode of transmission in which pathogen can be transmitted by simply sneezing and coughing of the infected person and the healthy person can get infected by simply inhaling to those Pathogen.e.g. Tuberculosis,Chickenpox,Pneumonia etc.
There are so many child hood infectious diseases which are fatal for kids, here, a list of infectious diseases and there causing agents are given:
Hepatitis B ————– Hepatitis B Virus,
Whooping cough—— Bordetella pertussis
Small pox—————- Variola virus
Tetanus——————- Closteridium tetani,
Polio———————– Polio virus
Pneumonia ————– S. Pneumoniae
Diptheria —————– Corynebacterium diphtheria,
Mumps——————– Mumps virus
Typhoid——————- S. typhi.
Prevention of diseases: To prevent these childhood diseases some precaution should be maintain for example personal hygine and sanatisation secondaly vaccination and third is immunization. Personal hygine and sanitization is not as much effective as vaccination and immunization as it does not provide immunity against pathogen only it prevents, while vaccination and immunization increase immunity and provides ability to fight against diseases, this type of immunization of a baby is called as active immunization. Active Immunization of a baby can be achieved by vaccinating them time to time of a time interval.
Some children also have allergic diseases which are non communicable occurs by immunogenic response of our body like respiratory diseases, red patches on skin and many more. The factors which are responsible for allergy is called as allergen e.g. dust, pollen, milk, egg, fish etc.
Apart from this common cold, cough, fever, cholera, dysentery and gastritis is also a common childhood infection which can be prevented by personal hygiene and sanitization of baby, also we should provide hygienic food to them to overcome from these problems, always cut their nails, wash their hands before and after meal, after use of washroom after sneezing and coughing and after playing with toy, normal shop solution or hand wash does not work on bacteria and other pathogen they only wash dirt and pollutant from our hand. To wash bacteria and other pathogen one should use hand wash which should contain at least 60% alcohol because it is a potent sanitizer works effectively.
Did you know that stress is actually an important part of human evolution, and it helped our ancestor survive? The release of adrenaline brought about by an
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