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Dengue Fever: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention

As the monsoon season arrives, it brings relief from the scorching heat but also increases the risk of certain health issues, with dengue fever being one of the most prevalent mosquito-borne diseases during this time. This comprehensive guide aims to provide an in-depth understanding of dengue fever, including its symptoms, available treatment options, and effective preventive measures. By being aware of the signs, seeking timely medical attention, and taking necessary precautions, you can protect yourself and your loved ones from this potentially severe illness.

Section 1: Understanding Dengue Fever

1.1 What is Dengue Fever?

Dengue fever is a viral infection caused by the dengue virus, which is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected Aedes mosquitoes. This disease is a significant public health concern, particularly in tropical and subtropical regions, where the Aedes mosquito population thrives. Dengue fever is characterized by flu-like symptoms and can range from mild to severe.

The dengue virus belongs to the Flaviviridae family and has four distinct serotypes: DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3, and DEN-4. Each serotype has slight genetic variations, but they all have similar clinical manifestations. The presence of multiple serotypes makes dengue fever a unique and challenging disease to control.

1.2 Transmission and Lifecycle of Dengue Virus

The transmission of the dengue virus occurs through the bite of infected female Aedes mosquitoes, primarily Aedes aegypti. These mosquitoes become infected by feeding on individuals who have dengue fever during the viremic phase, which is the period when the virus is present in high levels in the blood. After an incubation period of 4 to 10 days, the infected mosquito becomes capable of transmitting the virus to another human.

The lifecycle of the dengue virus involves both the mosquito vector and human host. When an infected mosquito bites a human, it injects the virus into the bloodstream. The virus then replicates within various types of cells, including immune cells. This replication leads to viremia, which is the presence of the virus in the blood.

During the viremic phase, an infected individual can serve as a source of the virus for other mosquitoes. When a mosquito feeds on a viremic person, it ingests the virus along with the blood. The virus then replicates within the mosquito’s midgut and spreads to other tissues, including the salivary glands. Once the virus reaches the salivary glands, the mosquito becomes infectious, capable of transmitting the virus to humans during subsequent bites.

It is important to note that the Aedes mosquito has a short lifespan, typically around two weeks. This means that the virus must be transmitted efficiently from one mosquito to another and from mosquitoes to humans to maintain its circulation in the population.

Understanding the transmission and lifecycle of the dengue virus is crucial for developing effective control strategies. By targeting the Aedes mosquito population and interrupting the transmission cycle, it is possible to reduce the incidence of dengue fever. Public health interventions, such as vector control measures and community education, play a vital role in preventing the spread of this disease and protecting individuals at risk.

Section 2: Symptoms and Diagnosis of Dengue Fever

dengue-fever-symptoms, prevention & cure _Doctor online

2.1 Common Symptoms of Dengue Fever

Dengue fever presents with a wide range of symptoms, which can vary from person to person. It is essential to be aware of these symptoms to seek prompt medical attention and receive appropriate care. The common symptoms of dengue fever include:

  1. High Fever: Dengue fever typically begins with a sudden onset of high fever, often reaching temperatures of 104°F (40°C) or higher. This fever can last for several days.
  2. Severe Headache: Intense headaches, often described as a pounding sensation, are a common symptom of dengue fever. The severity of the headache may vary from person to person.
  3. Joint and Muscle Pain: Dengue fever is characterized by severe joint and muscle pain, often referred to as “breakbone fever.” This pain can be debilitating and make movement difficult.
  4. Rash: A rash may appear on the skin of individuals with dengue fever. It typically starts on the torso and spreads to the limbs, resembling a measles-like rash.
  5. Fatigue: Feeling extremely tired and fatigued is another common symptom of dengue fever. This fatigue can persist for several weeks after the fever has subsided.

It is important to note that while these symptoms are commonly associated with dengue fever, they can also be present in other illnesses. Therefore, it is crucial to consult a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis.

In some cases, dengue fever can progress to more severe forms, such as dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) or dengue shock syndrome (DSS). These severe forms of the disease can be life-threatening. Symptoms of DHF and DSS may include severe abdominal pain, persistent vomiting, bleeding gums, rapid breathing, and a weak pulse. If you or someone you know experiences these symptoms, immediate medical attention is crucial.

2.2 Diagnosing Dengue Fever

To confirm a diagnosis of dengue fever, healthcare professionals utilize various diagnostic methods. These tests help identify the presence of the dengue virus or antibodies in the blood. The common diagnostic methods for dengue fever include:

  1. Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR): This test detects the genetic material (RNA) of the dengue virus in a patient’s blood sample. PCR is a highly accurate method and can determine the specific serotype of the virus.
  2. Antibody Tests: Antibody tests detect the presence of dengue-specific antibodies in the blood. Two types of antibodies are tested: Immunoglobulin M (IgM) and Immunoglobulin G (IgG). IgM antibodies appear in the early stages of the infection, while IgG antibodies indicate a past infection or immunity.

It is important to note that diagnostic tests for dengue fever should be performed in a laboratory setting by trained professionals. Self-diagnosis or reliance on home test kits is not recommended, as false results can occur.

If you suspect you have dengue fever or are experiencing symptoms, consult a healthcare specialist  for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Early detection and management of dengue fever can significantly reduce the risk of complications and ensure a faster recovery.

Section 3: Treatment and Management of Dengue Fever

3.1 Medical Management

Early diagnosis and medical supervision play a crucial role in effectively managing dengue fever. If you suspect you have dengue fever or have been diagnosed with the illness, it is important to seek medical attention promptly. Your healthcare provider will closely monitor your condition and provide necessary guidance and support.

Supportive care measures are essential in alleviating symptoms and promoting recovery. These measures include:

  1. Rest: Adequate rest is crucial to allow your body to fight the infection and recover. It is important to avoid excessive physical activity, which can worsen symptoms and delay recovery.
  2. Hydration: Maintaining proper hydration is essential, especially during a dengue fever infection. Drink plenty of fluids, such as water, oral rehydration solutions, and electrolyte-rich beverages, to replenish lost fluids and prevent dehydration.
  3. Pain Relief: Dengue fever can cause severe joint and muscle pain. Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as acetaminophen (paracetamol), can help alleviate pain and reduce fever. Avoid non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen or aspirin, as they can increase the risk of bleeding.

In severe cases of dengue fever, hospitalization may be necessary for close monitoring and specialized care. This is especially true if you develop warning signs or severe symptoms, such as persistent vomiting, severe abdominal pain, bleeding, or difficulty breathing. In the hospital, healthcare professionals can provide intravenous fluids, manage complications, and ensure your condition is closely monitored.

3.2 Prevention of Complications

Monitoring vital signs and blood parameters is essential in detecting any signs of complications promptly. It is important to regularly check your temperature, blood pressure, pulse rate, and hematocrit levels as advised by your healthcare provider. Early detection of complications allows for timely intervention and management.

Dengue fever can lead to potentially serious complications, such as plasma leakage, organ impairment, and hemorrhage. These complications can occur in severe cases of the illness. If you experience any new or worsening symptoms, such as persistent vomiting, severe abdominal pain, bleeding from the gums or nose, or drowsiness, seek immediate medical attention.

3.3 Role of Medications

While specific antiviral medications or treatments for dengue fever are not currently available, supportive care remains the mainstay of treatment. Medications may be used to manage symptoms, such as pain relievers and antipyretics to reduce fever. However, it is important to consult your healthcare provider before taking any medications, as they can have potential side effects and may not be suitable for everyone.

In addition to medications, your healthcare provider may recommend certain precautions and lifestyle modifications to support your recovery. These may include getting plenty of rest, maintaining good hygiene, and avoiding mosquito bites to prevent further transmission of the virus.

Remember, it can be a serious illness, and it is important to follow the guidance of healthcare professionals for proper management and care. With early diagnosis, appropriate medical supervision, and supportive care measures, most individuals recover from dengue fever successfully.

Section 4: Prevention Strategies for Dengue Fever

4.1 Mosquito Control Measures

Effective mosquito control measures are crucial in preventing the transmission of dengue fever. By reducing mosquito populations and eliminating breeding sites, you can significantly lower the risk of contracting the virus. Here are some important measures to consider:

  • Eliminate Breeding Sites: Mosquitoes breed in stagnant water. Regularly check your surroundings for any potential breeding sites, such as uncovered water containers, flower pots, discarded tires, or clogged gutters. Empty, clean, or cover these sources of standing water to prevent mosquitoes from laying their eggs.
  • Use Mosquito Repellents: Apply mosquito repellents on exposed skin to ward off mosquito bites. Look for repellents containing DEET, picaridin, or oil of lemon eucalyptus. Follow the instructions on the product label for proper and safe application.
  • Install Window Screens: Use window screens or mosquito nets to prevent mosquitoes from entering your living spaces. Ensure that the screens are in good condition and free from any holes or gaps.

4.2 Personal Protection Methods from Dengue

In addition to mosquito control measures, personal protection methods can help minimize your risk of contracting dengue fever. Here are some important steps to consider:

  • Wear Protective Clothing: When venturing outdoors, especially during peak mosquito activity times (dawn and dusk), wear long-sleeved shirts, long pants, socks, and closed-toe shoes to minimize exposed skin.
  • Use Mosquito Nets: Sleeping under mosquito nets, especially treated nets, can provide an extra layer of protection against mosquito bites while you sleep.
  • Use Mosquito Repellents: Apply mosquito repellents on exposed skin and clothing, following the instructions on the product label. Reapply as needed, especially after sweating or swimming.

4.3 Community Efforts and Public Health Measures to Prevent Dengue

Preventing dengue fever requires collective efforts and community participation. Here are some community and public health measures that can help reduce the risk of dengue transmission:

  • Community Clean-up: Encourage your community to organize regular clean-up campaigns to eliminate mosquito breeding sites. This can include removing trash, clearing drains, and promoting proper waste management practices.
  • Public Health Initiatives: Local authorities often undertake initiatives such as fogging and larviciding to control mosquito populations. Support these efforts by cooperating with health officials and following their recommendations.

4.4 Travel Considerations to Avoid Dengue

If you are traveling to dengue-endemic areas, it is important to take precautions to avoid dengue fever. Here are some travel considerations:

  • Prevent Mosquito Bites: Use mosquito repellents containing DEET, picaridin, or oil of lemon eucalyptus. Wear long-sleeved shirts, long pants, socks, and closed-toe shoes. Sleep under mosquito nets, especially if accommodation lacks adequate protection.
  • Stay Informed: Stay updated on the local dengue situation in your travel destination. Be aware of any outbreaks or high-risk areas and take necessary precautions accordingly.
  • Follow Travel Advisories: Follow travel advisories issued by health authorities or your home country’s embassy. These advisories may provide specific recommendations and guidelines for preventing dengue fever.

Dengue fever is a significant health concern during the monsoon season, but with the right knowledge and proactive measures, its impact can be minimized. By understanding the symptoms, seeking early diagnosis, and following appropriate treatment, individuals can effectively manage the illness. Equally important are preventive measures such as mosquito control and personal protection methods, which can significantly reduce the risk of contracting dengue fever. Remember, individual efforts combined with community-wide initiatives play a crucial role in preventing the spread of dengue fever. Stay informed, stay protected, and enjoy a safe and healthy monsoon season.

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प्राकृतिक घरेलू या देसी नुस्खे/तरीकों से शरीर की रोग प्रतिरोधक क्षमता (Immunity) / प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली को मजबूत बनाना: स्वास्थ्य को सुरक्षित करने के लिए सरल उपाय

आपके स्वास्थ्य के लिए एक मजबूत प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली रखना आजकल बहुत महत्वपूर्ण है। एक मजबूत प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली हमें संक्रमण और बीमारियों से लड़ने में मदद करती है और हमारे सामान्य स्वास्थ्य को भी सुधारती है। प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली को बढ़ाने के लिए कई तरीके हैं, लेकिन प्राकृतिक उपाय, विटामिन, खनिज और एंटीऑक्सीडेंट पर ध्यान देना आपके लिए बहुत फायदेमंद साबित हो सकता है। इस लेख में हम आपको बताएंगे कि मजबूत प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली का क्या महत्व है और आप स्वास्थ्यपूर्ण आहार, व्यायाम और जीवनशैली परिवर्तन के माध्यम से अपनी प्रतिरक्षा को प्राकृतिक तरीके से कैसे बढ़ा सकते हैं।

मजबूत प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली की महत्ता: प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली की भूमिका पर चर्चा करें, जिससे शरीर को संक्रमण और बीमारियों से बचाने में मदद मिलती है। संपूर्ण स्वास्थ्य और अच्छे व्यक्तित्व के लिए मजबूत प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली का क्या महत्व है। प्रतिरक्षा को बढ़ाने और बीमारियों से बचाने के बेहतर तरीके की जानकारी। प्राकृतिक उपायों से प्रतिरक्षा को बढ़ाना: आपकी प्रतिरक्षा को बढ़ाने में आपके आहार का कितना महत्व होता है, इसे समझाएं। विटामिन (सी, डी और ई) और खनिज (जैसे जिंक और सेलेनियम) से भरपूर आहार की महत्वता पर चर्चा करें। प्रतिरक्षा को बढ़ाने वाले कुछ विशेष आहार और उनके फायदों की सूची प्रदान करें। जीवनशैली परिवर्तन से प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली को मजबूत करें: व्यायाम की भूमिका को समझाएं, जो प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली को मजबूत करने और लंबे समय तक बीमारियों से बचाने में मदद करता है। अच्छी नींद लेने और तनाव प्रबंधन का महत्व प्रतिरक्षा स्वास्थ्य को समझाएं। व्यायाम, नींद और तनाव प्रबंधन को अपने दिनचर्या में कैसे शामिल करें, उसके लिए व्यायाम के टिप्स और सुझाव प्रदान करें। प्राकृतिक उपाय और तरीके प्रतिरक्षा को बढ़ाने के लिए: प्राकृतिक उपायों की चर्चा करें, जैसे जड़ी-बूटी से बनी दवाइयां और उपाय जो प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली को मदद करते हैं। ध्यान धारणा, योग और माइंडफुलनेस के फायदे समझाएं, जो संपूर्ण स्वास्थ्य और प्रतिरक्षा को बढ़ाने में सहायक है। प्राकृतिक उपाय और तरीकों को अपने दिनचर्या में कैसे शामिल करें, उसके लिए कदम-से-कदम टिप्स और सुझाव प्रदान करें। विटामिन, खनिज और एंटीऑक्सीडेंट्स का महत्व: विशेष रूप से बताएं कि कौन से विटामिन, खनिज और एंटीऑक्सीडेंट्स प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली को मजबूत करने में मदद करते हैं। ऐसे आहार और सप्लीमेंट्स के बारे में बात करें, जिनसे आप इन जरूरी पोषक तत्वों को प्राप्त कर सकते हैं। संपूर्ण आहार पर ध्यान देने का तरीका, जहां पर इम्यून बूस्टिंग तत्वों का समावेश करके उनका सही उपयोग करें।

निष्कर्ष: अपनी प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली को मजबूत बनाने के लिए, आपको अपने आहार, व्यायाम और जीवनशैली को स्वस्थ और संतुलित रखने की आवश्यकता होती है। आपको प्राकृतिक तरीकों से प्रतिरक्षा को बढ़ाने और अपने शरीर को स्वस्थ रखने के लिए विटामिन, खनिज, एंटीऑक्सीडेंट्स, जड़ी-बूटी दवाइयों, योग और माइंडफुलनेस का सहारा लेना चाहिए। स्वस्थ जीवनशैली परिवर्तन करने के बाद आपकी प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली मजबूत होगी और आपको संक्रमणों और बीमारियों से बचाने में सहायता मिलेगी।

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Boosting Immunity Naturally: Simple Ways to Strengthen Your Body’s Immune System

In today’s fast-paced world, maintaining a strong immune system is more important than ever. A robust immune system not only helps us fight off infections and diseases but also promotes overall well-being. While there are various ways to enhance immunity, focusing on natural remedies, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants can be a game-changer. In this article, we will explore the significance of a strong immune system and provide valuable tips on how to naturally boost your immunity.

  1. Understanding the Importance of a Strong Immune System:
  • Discuss the role of the immune system in protecting the body against pathogens and diseases.
  • Highlight the benefits of a robust immune system for overall health and well-being.
  • Emphasize the connection between a strong immune system and the prevention of illnesses.
  1. Nourishing Your Body for Optimal Immunity:
  • Explain the importance of a balanced and nutritious diet in supporting immune function.
  • Discuss immune-boosting foods rich in vitamins (such as C, D, and E), minerals (like zinc and selenium), and antioxidants.
  • Provide a list of specific foods and ingredients that can enhance immunity and their respective benefits.
  1. Lifestyle Changes for a Resilient Immune System:
  • Discuss the role of exercise in strengthening the immune system and reducing the risk of chronic diseases.
  • Highlight the importance of quality sleep and stress management in supporting immune health.
  • Provide practical tips and suggestions for incorporating regular physical activity, adequate sleep, and stress-relief techniques into daily life.
  1. Natural Remedies and Practices to Enhance Immunity:
  • Explore various natural remedies, such as herbal supplements and remedies known for their immune-boosting properties.
  • Discuss the benefits of practices like meditation, yoga, and mindfulness in promoting overall well-being and immune function.
  • Provide step-by-step instructions or recommendations for incorporating these natural remedies and practices into one’s routine.
  1. The Role of Vitamins, Minerals, and Antioxidants:
  • Explain the specific roles of key vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants in supporting immune function.
  • Discuss food sources and supplements that can provide an adequate intake of these essential nutrients.
  • Highlight the importance of a well-rounded diet to ensure optimal absorption and utilization of these immune-boosting components.

Conclusion: Having a strong immune system is vital for maintaining good health and warding off illnesses. By focusing on natural remedies, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, you can take proactive steps to enhance your body’s defense system. Incorporating a balanced diet, regular exercise, and healthy lifestyle practices will not only strengthen your immunity but also contribute to your overall well-being. Embrace these natural strategies, and let your immune system thrive!

Remember, always consult with a healthcare professional before making any significant changes to your diet or lifestyle.

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5 years ago Health , LifeStyle

How does lack of sleep affect your Brain?

Quality sleep is the most vital aspect of our health. It is very obvious that a proper sleep is very important. It plays an important role in building your physical health, and as well as your emotional well-being. An average adult person should have a 7hrs of sleep daily. Many studies show that people who take the proper amount of sleep every day tends to live longer and healthier lives. Sleep has a number of benefits such as it helps in keeping your heart healthy, it reduces stress, improves memory, and reduces moodiness.

We’ve talked about the benefits of taking proper sleep. Now let’s talk about what happens when you have irregular sleeping patterns. Irregular sleep or lack of sleep is also known as Sleep deprivation.  It means not getting the required or right amount of sleep. Lack of sleep has a number of negative effects on your health for example memory issues, mood changes.

lack of sleeps affects the brain proper sleep is important.

 What effect does lack of sleep have on your brains?

Sleep deprivation has a deleterious effect on your brains. It literally slows down your brain activity.

  • When you do not take proper sleep your mind does not function effectively. When tired due to lack of sleep, it makes difficult for your mind to learn something new; you can’t pay attention to things properly. This also affects your decision-making powers, ability to solve problems and it depreciates your creativity.
  • Not getting enough sleep will also affect your moodiness, which can make you feel irritated by everything. It also makes you weak emotionally. Sleep deprivation makes you feel tired and irritable all the time.
  • Lack of sleep can make you prone to stress easily because you need sleep to relax your minds and it gets difficult to quiet your mind, which makes you think negatively. If you don’t get enough sleep it will boost your stress hormones, making to more stressed.
  • Lack of sleep makes you feel more exhausted then you were which makes it difficult for you to focus on your works.
  • The person suffering from lack of sleep can also develop chronic fatigue syndrome, which causes a feeling of depression, tiredness, poor concentration, irritability.

We’ve seen a lot of effects of sleep deprivation on our brains such has moodiness, stress, emotionally weakness, and tiredness. Lack of sleep eventually makes you feel sick obsessed which will cause a major problem in your daily lives because you won’t be able to concentrate on your day to day work. So it is good to take a proper amount of sleep to get rid of all these problems. It is seen that an average person should take at least 7 hours of sleep a night. Proper sleeping patterns will help you to make your mind and body healthier. A good amount of sleep will also help you to look better, which is an important aspect of your life. So, eat healthy and sleep healthy for a better life.

what lack of sleep does to your brain?

We need proper sleep

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5 years ago Health , LifeStyle

How Eating Healthy foods can lead to Happiness! Good Health Tips

Everyone talks about how having healthy food can increase your life quality, your body metabolism, increasing lifespan etc. but apart from all these beneficial effects it also increases your productivity and gives you happiness. Consuming healthy foods can be an extremely tough choice at the start but eventually, it will really have better effects and leave you craving more.

Eating healthy includes a balanced diet which consists of the variety of different foods and providing adequate amounts of nutrients required for good health. It gives you the energy to keep going throughout the day and is also helpful for cell growth and repair. Healthy food help you stay strong and healthy and also help in preventing diseases. Deficiencies in vitamins like A, B, C, and E and other elements like zinc, magnesium, selenium etc. can lead to the weakening of immune system and make us more prone to various illnesses.

healthy foods

Reasons why Healthy food makes us Happy:

  • Weight loss

Consuming carbohydrate-rich foods which are usually simple carbohydrates can lead to an increase in weight because our body keeps releasing insulin to metabolize those foods and thus preventing fat cells to metabolize. It increases the number of fat cells for later storage of excess glucose. Healthy foods like quinoa, oats, rice etc. have complex carbohydrates which have more fiber and take a longer time to digest. This ultimately results in lesser cravings and decreases the will to consume again and again leading to weight loss.

  • Anti-aging

Healthy foods like olive oil and fish oils contain omega-3 fatty acids which strengthen skin membranes and help retaining moisture. Blueberries, kale, and spinach have high amounts of antioxidants which protect cell damage done by UV rays. Thus, these foods help in anti-aging.

  • Less stress

Though during stress, we always turn to our comfort food like pasta, chips and other junk they make us more lethargic and decrease our ability to stress. Research says healthier food options like high fiber, carbohydrate-rich foods release serotonin, a hormone that causes relaxation. Chronic stress leads to weakening of immune system and to overcome this, high antioxidants containing fruits and vegetables are beneficial.

  • Better sleep

Better sleep quality can be achieved by taking healthier foods and consuming less during nights. Mostly sleep disturbances and an inadequate amount of sleep is usually due to high intake of sugar, fats, high intake of caffeine before sleep because these cause neuronal disturbances and require more time to digest. Healthier options like eating less during nights, consuming lycopene, vitamin B9, calcium etc. improve sleeping patterns.

  • Better brain and heart health

Eating high-quality foods containing lots of vitamins, minerals and antioxidants nourishes the brain and protects it from oxidative stress (waste-free radicals produced by cells when they use oxygen). Unsaturated or polyunsaturated fats are a healthier option for heart and prevent coronary diseases and low sodium intake prevents the risk of developing a high blood pressure.

All these factors help in maintaining the body health perfectly and when your body functions properly you tend to be happy and radiate that happiness. This leads to clean eating, better habits, positive thinking and more importantly loving yourself. Thus, shifting to a healthy diet is a good choice and helps in making our body a better place.

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5 years ago Health , LifeStyle

Weed addiction

Over the decade the consumption of weed ( marijuana ) dried , leaves flowers , steams and seed of the Cannabis sativa has increased . It is the most commonly used drugs and its use is increasing rapidly .

 

REASONS OF WEED CONSUMPTION

  1. To fit in , being rebellious as a teenager is the new black so often teenagers try stuff like weed to fit in the peer groups or cool groups .
  2. Depression is one of the causes why people fall into its addiction because mental health is not considered a serious issue and people are made fun of so they use it as an alternative .
  3. To feel good , often bullies or other elements put people off the edge so they depend on drugs to depend to feel good about themselves .
  4. People often start with alcohol soon the addiction reduces the effect on the person so they go and try harder stuff for stronger effect
  5. Self medication : Some people abuse drugs to heal pain and get addicted in that process

 

 

EFFECT OF WEED

>Severe anxiety, including fear that one is being watched or followed    (paranoia)Very strange behavior, seeing, hearing or smelling things that aren’t there, not being able to tell imagination from reality (psychosis)

>Panic.

> Hallucinations

>Loss of sense of personal identity

>Lowered reaction time

>Increased heart rate (risk of heart attack)

>Increased risk of stroke

>Problems with coordination (impairing safe driving or playing sports)

>Sexual problems (for males)

>Up to seven times more likely to contract sexually transmitted infections

than non-users (for females)

>Decline in IQ (up to 8 points if prolonged use started in adolescent age)

>Poor school performance and higher chance of dropping out

>Impaired thinking and ability to learn and perform complex tasks

>Lower life satisfaction

>Addiction (about 9% of adults and 17% of people who started smoking as teens)

>Potential development of opiate abuse

>Relationship problems, intimate partner violence

>Antisocial behavior including stealing money or lying

>Financial difficulties

>Increased welfare dependence

>Greater chances of being unemployed or not getting good jobs

 

END THE CRAVE : HOW TO QUIT

NO MATTER HOW STRONG AN ADDDICTION CAN BE , THE REASONS MAYBE BIG BUT NOTHING IS STRONGER THAN YOUR WILL POWER AND DETERNMINATION TO HELP YOURSELF  BECAUSE NOT KNOWNING THE PROBLEM NEVER ENDS IT BUT INCREASES THE PROBLEM

  • Make your decision to quit
  • See a professional
  • Ask for help from your family and friends
  • Follow a treatment plant
  • Control the symptoms of withdrawal
  • Start different activities
  • Avoid exposure to tempations

 

 

“When everything seems like an uphill struggle, just think of the view from the top.”

Nobody ever said getting clean was easy, and it takes discipline to maintain it long-term. And while the uphill climb may seem impossible at first, the end result is one of the most rewarding accomplishments you’ll ever experience. The reward is regaining your life and reaching your true potential, making the hard work at the beginning totally worth it.

 

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6 years ago LifeStyle

Insomnia :How can i fall asleep faster?

What is insomnia?

If a person is having difficulty in sleeping, he/she may be having insomnia. People with insomnia are generally dissatisfied with their sleep

Symptoms of Insomnia -:

Several symptoms indicate insomnia like

  • they experience fatigue and are always low on energy
  • they have difficulty in concentrating in their tasks like while reading, learning and poor performance in academics and sports may also be due to insomnia
  • getting angry or irritated even at very small things may also be a symptom of insomnia
  • people may also experience headache and falling into depression
  • waking up too early even after sleeping late at night or waking up at midnights

Types of insomnia -:

  • Acute insomnia-: acute insomnia is when you are having sleeping issues for  very short amount time maybe due to stressful conditions like- sleeplessness before day of exam or result of something
  • Chronic insomnia-: chronic insomnia is when you are not able to sleep for at least 4-5 days/week and it s occurring for a quite long time

Causes Of Insomnia -:

  • Stress -: stress could be main reason leading to insomnia. Stressful life events like-  death of the loved ones, divorce, job loss may lead to insomnia
  • Sleeping/bed  habits-: irregular bedtime schedule, studying, eating, gaming, eating, watching tv  on bed can lead to insomnia
  • Drugs(medications)-: there are certain medicines which interfere with the sleep cycle of the body like- amphetamine commonly used by students for late night studies to prevent sleep. Antidepressants, weight loss products can also cause sleeplessness
  • Physically and socially active-: due to less physical and social activity body does not get tired  enough to rest

Treatment for insomnia-:

There are many ways insomnia can be treated but most of the part depends on the will power of the person

  • Medications-: There are 3 types of medication that can be provided to treat insomnia
  • Sedatives-: These types of medicines reduce the activity of brain thus inducing sleep. They affect neurotransmitters GABA ( component of through which brain cells interact)  of brain
  • Antihistamines-: These are the drugs which are generally used to counter allergic reaction inside the body as insomnia can be caused due to allergic reactions
  • Therapies -: A few therapies can also be used to treat insomnia like –
  • Light therapy-: it generally consists of exposure to natural light of certain wavelength using laser etc…
  • Cognitive therapy-: this program include excercises which replace thoughts that worse sleep experience without using drugs

Precautions to we can take to avoid Insomnia -:

We all know precaution is better than cure, thus there are preventive measures that can be used to prevent insomnia

  • being physically active is a very good preventive measure it keeps away not only insomnia but many diseases
  • stop taking daytime naps as they interfere with night sleep
  • intake of beverages before sleeping time should be avoided especially -: caffeine, alcohol etc…
  • take a warm bath, reading before sleeping
  • being consistent in bedtime and wake up time can be very helpful

Just remember a healthy lifestyle can treat/prevent not only insomnia but most of the diseases

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6 years ago LifeStyle , lung

Alarming air pollution

In this world we humans have some basic amenities such as food, water and shelter. In addition to these we need some comforts to ease our lives such as vehicles, air conditioners, refrigerators and the most important aerosol deodorants (because we need to smell good). We have industries manufacturing these daily pleasures of ours and its emission and effluents adding worsening the situation. As an old saying “Excess of everything is bad” and we humans are always indulged in overdoing things so a situation arises called ‘pollution’.

Pollution is a heterogeneous complex mixture of gases, liquids and particulate matter (PM) that comes out of man-made or natural sources. The greenhouse gases such CO, CFCs, SO2, CH4 causing global warming, thus indirectly affecting us. Pollutants like CO, SO2, N20 cause different health hazards which have a short term or long term effect on our health. Prolonged exposure to these pollutants cause grievous such as lungs cancer, emphysema, cardiovascular diseases. There are similar water pollutants such as heavy metals (Hg, Ag), organic and inorganic materials. Due to the direct dumping of such pollutants into the water bodies without treatment causes deposition of such in the water bodies. Intake of water from such sources can cause Metal poisoning such as ‘Mercury poisoning’ and multiple organ failure. Artificial light and noise often drawn out of landscapes. In Artic sound of oil and gas exploration are so loud that the Belugas and whales have difficulty in feeding and breeding. Light pollution disrupts the circadian rhythms in humans and animals leading to cancers and losing of routes in seas and oceans by the creature.

There is nothing to be surprised of that the number of casualties due to various ailments arising out of the pollution is going on increasing. As nowadays we have heard about capital becoming the most polluted city of India followed but our other major metropolitan cities. There is need of surveillance and strict adherence to rules that governs the pollution control. Measures such as treatment of the emission and the effluent of the factories before release or dump into air or water respectively. Setting up industries on the outskirts of the cities. Vehicle pooling and more use of public transport is a major step toward decreasing the air pollution.

As we humans need fresh air to breath and water to survive, we need this very environment of ours for our very survival. A human can survive for 3 days without water but only mere 3 minutes without air. So don’t let our future go up in smoke. “Stopping pollution is the best solution

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6 years ago LifeStyle

Skin care

Skin is the important body entity and its care is the variety of practice that supports skin integrity, enhances its appearance and relieve skin conditions. The various skin care practices majorly are comprised of supplementary nutrition, prevention of excessive sun exposure and suitable use of emollients. Practices that will enhance appearance also which include the use of cosmetics, botulinum, exfoliation, and latest specific fillers, laser resurfacing, microdermabrasion, peels, retinol therapy.

Skincare is a routine daily procedure in many settings, such as skin that is either too dry or too moist and prevention of dermatitis and prevention of skin injuries.

Skincare is a part of the treatment of wound healing, radiation therapy and some medications.

Skin care is important throughout the life cycle of a human not considering of gender. This important body covering breathes, perspires, stretches, and fits like a glove.

This definitely includes skincare needs as well as cosmetic methods and techniques.

  • The first step in any skin care routine is to rid herself of things that harm the body like external chemicals which are (smoking, tanning beds, baking in the sun, too much alcohol).

Skin is reflective of heredity, health patterns, and habits. Eating correctly, exercising regularly, drinking adequate amounts of water, and getting sufficient rest/sleep.

  • skin care is mainly protection, exfoliation (ridding the skin of dead cells), and nourishment (inside out and outside in).
  • avoid using any soaps that are manufactured and sold in bar form (unless recommended by a dermatologist) the body soap on the face as it is too strong and harsh. The face should be washed with use of lukewarm water rather than hot as it directly affects the pores of skin leaving them open and  more parties enter the skin
  • Exfoliation is a chemical method that causes the skin to produce new skin which is more youthful and has less dead layer skin cells.
  • in cold weather conditions, Immediate application of moisturizer and lotion after taking a bath or shower is extremely important as body’s moisture-producing/moisture-locking glands become less active after age 40 and this method helps maintain the skin integrity. The skin complexion frequently requires additional moisturizers.
  • as the damage to the inner skin that is lasting, use of a proper sunscreen with appropriate SPF values is necessary as it is different for different skin types. A sunscreen of at least SPF 15 is recommended for most individuals.
  • skin cosmetics like Creams, lotions, cosmetics, or commercial concoctions regardless of price or promise do not permanently bring back the original texture of the skin
  • Avoid excessive weight loss as loss of water also affects skin texture

FOR MAKEUP

  • Use of heavy makeup affects the skin due to the chemicals present hence a light makeup is advised for as an enhancement, not as a camouflage; to conceal
  • Makeup formulations on the markets have to be assessed whether they do not clog pores. Revaluation of makeup products and techniques periodically is necessary for maintaining skin health.

 

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6 years ago LifeStyle

Facelift surgery

Facelift surgery a medical procedure performed to reduce the manifestation of facial wrinkles and premature signs of ageing, with the objective of recovering the overall facial appearance and jaw. Facelift surgery helps to reverse the harmful effects of time, stress, and exposure to the related elements.

The procedure includes an experienced  plastic surgeon  lifting  and  further tightening  the underlying muscles of the face generating  more aesthetically  and satisfying contours with further  enhancing  the appearance

An experienced, accomplished plastic surgeon will only perform this procedure with an artistic eye and astonishing attention to detail so that fellow patients will be leaving with insignificant scar and fine-looking,  exhibiting natural-looking results.

To add value to traditional full facelifts, there are more than a few previous variation of the procedure to deal with specific areas of the face. Many surgeons majorly use advanced and minimally invasive techniques to reduce uneasiness and downtime.  As Facelifts are not covered by insurance;  there are many excellent financing options to help rhytidectomy patients supervise the cost of this procedure.

For competent patients, facelift surgery can be an outstanding investment, on condition that a fresher, more youthful appearance is maintained for years to come.

THE FACTORS THIS PROCEDURE INCLUDES

  • Skin flexibility: A good facelift applicant will have skin that has a propensity to keep hold of some of its natural suppleness and flexibility. This is an important factor as during the procedure, the surgeon first tightens the facial skin to reduce the further appearance of wrinkles. Successful completion of procedure and healing with optimal results depends on having skin that is confirmed to its new, improved contours.
  • Strong bone structure: a facelift applicant will have a well-defined underlying bone structure to provide a strong under support and contribute to satisfying results post surgery. Patients with less distinct bone features may not benefit much from facial implants as an alternative or addition to a facelift.
  • Realistic expectations: Consulting a qualified trained plastic surgeon in this procedure can always help a patient obtain the necessary information needed to make the right decision about this facelift surgery.
  • Good and large health: A good facelift applicant will have to be generally healthy and will inform his or her surgeon of any preexisting medical conditions well in advance. A facelift is an intensely invasive procedure that requires significant healing and recovery, so it is indispensable that the patient is physically prepared for surgery.
  • Loose skin on the face or neck: Facelift candidates typically want to remove excess skin from the face or neck, tightening skin and reducing the appearance of wrinkles simultaneously. The surgeon trims the loose skin during the procedure.

 

THE FACELIFT PROCEDURE INCLUDES

Step 1 – Anesthesia

Medications are administered for the comfort during the surgical procedure. The medication choices include intravenous sedation and general anaesthesia.

A variety of other procedures can further enhance the outcome of a facelift. They include:

  • Facial implants or fat transfer to improve contour
  • Resurfacing techniques to improve the tone and texture of facial skin
  • Wrinkle reduction by injection of fat or fillers

Step 2 – The incision

Depending on the degree of change the patient expects, the  facelift choices include a traditional facelift, limited incision facelift or a neck lift.

Step 3 – Closing the incisions

The incisions will be closed with sutures that may dissolve or may need to be removed after a few days. Some surgeons use skin glues to seal the incisions.

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