High blood sugars and diabetes are very common problems today. Around 1 in every 3 persons is found showing the signs of high blood sugar level. The test results of your blood sugar will help you to identify whether or not you are suffering from the risks of high blood sugar. Generally, high blood sugar level gets confirmed if the test results are above 130 mg/dl when tested before breakfast. This is known as fasting hyperglycemia (high blood sugar). Commonly, high blood sugar is known as hyperglycemia. Similarly, if your sugar level is higher than 180 mg/dl when tested after two hours of eating your meal/breakfast generally confirms that postprandial (after a meal) hyperglycemia.
Today, not only the elders but even children are catching hold of high blood sugar levels and even diabetes. It is awful, though the reasons are very clear. Most of it is getting hold due to the changing patterns of lifestyle and unhealthy eating habits of recent times. A person having high blood sugar levels feels discomforted and lethargic. They are always in search of some remedy to lower down the glucose level, and they are ready to sacrifice many things for that too. Getting aware of the problems and taking care of early signs of high blood sugar is something that should not be ignored.
Signs of High Blood Sugar:
- Frequently getting thirsty
- Urge to rush to the toilet quite often at very short intervals
- Feels tired
- Feels lethargic
- Feels discomforted
- Feels irritated
- Loss in weight
- Dry or itchy skin
- Dry mouth
- Blurred vision
- Fast heart rate
- Weak pulse
- Slow healing of injuries or wounds
A high blood sugar level does not necessarily denote that you have diabetes. But yes, it is a warning alarm for taking precautions to minimize the levels before diabetes takes it over. A very high blood sugar level is dangerous and may be considered as a warning signal to control your sugar intakes in any form. It is important that the symptoms are apprehended and its associated risks are taken care of. It is advisable that you have your blood sugar tests done and your reports checked and consulted before you start taking any medication for the same.
Also Read: How to control High Blood Pressure?
Ways to control blood sugar levels:
- Begin to exercise regularly, at least 2 to 3 time a week
- Walking daily
- Drink plenty of water throughout the day
- Follow a healthy diet plan
- Control intake of sweets and carbohydrates
- Increase your fiber intake
- Minimize your stress
- Live a healthy lifestyle
When the sugar levels are high, then the body may feel an urge to flush those extra sugars out from your body, which it does in the form of urine. Due to this reason, the person may feel thirstier and will definitely need more quantity of water or other fluids to quench the thirst and keep himself/herself rehydrated. This is also a good solution to flush out those extra sugar from your body from time to time. Therefore, keep yourself rehydrated continuously.
Today, the world has advanced itself with so many new advancements in the products. Today, there are substitutes for every product in the market. We have a substitute for sugar as well. Apart from the recommended “sugar-free” tablets or powders, one may even consume brown sugar or jaggeries or honey as a sweetening ingredient for a sugar substitute. But yes, everything needs to take in mild and controlled quantities only. The diet plan should be such that it is balanced and healthy. Consuming too much of anything is bad, and similarly consuming too low of anything is equally bad.
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Hypertension, commonly called ad high blood pressure is a medical condition in which the force of the blood against the artery walls is high enough that it can eventually result in heart diseases. The blood pressure is determined by both that amount of blood your pumps and also the resistance of the blood to flow through the arteries. A high blood pressure results when your heart pumps more blood and your arteries are even narrower.
One can have high blood pressure for years even without any symptoms. Fortunately, high blood pressure can be easily detected and can be controlled with medications.
Most people suffering from high blood pressure will have no signs or symptoms. A few people may experience severe headaches, nosebleeds, and shortness of breath. These conditions are not specific signs or symptoms and they are not noticed until hypertension has reached the life-threatening stage.
So it is advised to have a regular check of your blood pressure reading. It becomes a part of your routine appointments. People above 40 years should have regular health check-ups. If you can’t afford one often you may book an appointment with one of our doctors available on our website to provide you free services.
So what causes hypertension?
Hypertension is of two types:
- ¨ Primary hypertension
- ¨ Secondary hypertension
For many people, there will not be any identifiable cause for hypertension. It might just have developed over many years. This type of hypertension is called as Primary hypertension.
Secondary hypertension occurs as a result of any underlying factor which tends to appear suddenly and cause higher blood pressure. The various conditions that can lead to Secondary hypertension include:
- Thyroid problems
- Kidney problems
- Obstructive sleep apnea
- Adrenal gland tumors
- Chronic alcohol use
- Defects in blood vessels
- Certain medications such as birth control pills
Hypertension has many risk factors associated with it. It includes:
- Age: men have a greater risk of high blood pressure than women. Men develop hypertension at age of 45 whereas women of the age 65 and above are only at risk.
- Race: African- Americans have a greater risk of high blood pressure than the whites. They may have serious complications such as heart attack, stroke, etc
- Family history: it may be carried in the gene of a person. If anyone in the family has suffered high blood pressure then the next generation is vulnerable to the same.
- Obese or overweight: the more you weigh the more you need to supply blood, oxygen and other nutrients to the tissues. Thus the volume of blood that circulates through your heart increases thereby exerting more pressure on the artery walls.
- Tobacco consumption: not only smoking even chewing tobacco can cause hypertension because the chemicals in tobacco can adversely affect the artery walls. This causes the arteries to narrow increasing your blood pressure.
- Alcoholism: long-term consumption of alcohol will also result in hypertension.
- Nutrients quantity: too much of sodium (salt) in the diet will cause your body to retain fluid which increases blood pressure. Potassium helps to balance the sodium levels in the body. If you consume very little potassium then it will increase the sodium retained in the body. Very little Vitamin D in the diet can also cause hypertension as this will affect the enzymes produced by the kidneys.
- Stress: high levels of stress can cause a temporary increase in blood pressure. Do exercise regularly and engage yourself in more physical activities.
The excessive pressure on your artery walls can result in other complications such as,
- Heart failure
- Heart attack
- Weakened and narrowed blood vessels in kidneys
- Thickened or narrowed blood vessels in eye
- Trouble in memory or understanding
Treatments and diagnoses:
To measure your blood pressure, your doctor or a specialist will usually place an inflatable arm cuff around your arm and measure your blood pressure using a pressure-measuring gauge.
The blood pressure readings have two numbers: the upper number called the systolic pressure measures the pressure when your heart beats. The lower number called diastolic pressure measures the pressure between the beat.
The blood pressure measurements fall into 4 categories:
- Normal blood pressure: you have a normal blood pressure if it shows 120/80
- Pre-hypertension: if the systolic pressure readings range from 120-139 mm of Hg and if the diastolic pressure readings measure 80-89 mm of Hg then it results in pre-hypertension. It may get worse over time.
- Stage 1 hypertension: if the blood pressure reading ranges from 140-159 mm of Hg and 90-99 mm of Hg, it is called stage 1 hypertension.
- Stage 2 hypertension: it is a more severe case where the systolic pressure is 160 mm of Hg and above and the diastolic pressure is 100 mm of Hg and above.
Lifestyle and home remedies:
Changes in lifestyle and food habits will help you survive better through hypertension. The following changes have to be brought about:
- Healthy eating habits
- Reduce salt in your diet
- Maintain healthy weight
- More physical activity
- Limit alcohol consumption
- Quit smoking
- Manage stress
- Practice relaxation or slow and deep breathing
Following these will surely help you survive better through hypertension. You may contact best cardiologist on phone call or WhatsApp at Free Doctor Helpline to know further about the treatment options for hypertension.