In this world we humans have some basic amenities such as food, water and shelter. In addition to these we need some comforts to ease our lives such as vehicles, air conditioners, refrigerators and the most important aerosol deodorants (because we need to smell good). We have industries manufacturing these daily pleasures of ours and its emission and effluents adding worsening the situation. As an old saying “Excess of everything is bad” and we humans are always indulged in overdoing things so a situation arises called ‘pollution’.
Pollution is a heterogeneous complex mixture of gases, liquids and particulate matter (PM) that comes out of man-made or natural sources. The greenhouse gases such CO, CFCs, SO2, CH4 causing global warming, thus indirectly affecting us. Pollutants like CO, SO2, N20 cause different health hazards which have a short term or long term effect on our health. Prolonged exposure to these pollutants cause grievous such as lungs cancer, emphysema, cardiovascular diseases. There are similar water pollutants such as heavy metals (Hg, Ag), organic and inorganic materials. Due to the direct dumping of such pollutants into the water bodies without treatment causes deposition of such in the water bodies. Intake of water from such sources can cause Metal poisoning such as ‘Mercury poisoning’ and multiple organ failure. Artificial light and noise often drawn out of landscapes. In Artic sound of oil and gas exploration are so loud that the Belugas and whales have difficulty in feeding and breeding. Light pollution disrupts the circadian rhythms in humans and animals leading to cancers and losing of routes in seas and oceans by the creature.
There is nothing to be surprised of that the number of casualties due to various ailments arising out of the pollution is going on increasing. As nowadays we have heard about capital becoming the most polluted city of India followed but our other major metropolitan cities. There is need of surveillance and strict adherence to rules that governs the pollution control. Measures such as treatment of the emission and the effluent of the factories before release or dump into air or water respectively. Setting up industries on the outskirts of the cities. Vehicle pooling and more use of public transport is a major step toward decreasing the air pollution.
As we humans need fresh air to breath and water to survive, we need this very environment of ours for our very survival. A human can survive for 3 days without water but only mere 3 minutes without air. So don’t let our future go up in smoke. “Stopping pollution is the best solution”
What is Tuberculosis?
TB stands for Tuberculosis disease which is a kind of bacterial infection, manifesting itself primarily in the people with weak immune system. Such weakness is in turn linked to poor nutrition which finally finds its root in poverty. In developing nations like India, poor hygiene, malnourishment, poverty and lack of proper health facilities are compounding the statistics behind the disease.
What to talk about the downtrodden, the disease is finding its dwelling ground even in the elite of Chai-Samosa culture. The strange thing that most of us don’t know that the bacteria of TB (Tuberculosis) is much popular in the air all around us attacking each one of us every moment. But our body is mighty enough to kill any such infection. Only when the weak immune system of few of us loose the battle, the symptoms appear.
Is Tuberculosis can be cured completely?
Yes Of course, tuberculosis is fully curable. But this requires proper and regular medical intervention. Regularity of medication is very important because any such gap could make the bacteria drug resistant to that particular type of antibiotic. A new line of treatment for longer duration is required in case of drug resistant tuberculosis.
Hence, in a country like India, which is having majority patients who are illiterate and unaware about the significance of regularity of medication, doctors and medical staffs always face a challenge.
To counter this challenge, the strategy of DOTS was formulated which stands for Directly Observed Treatment, Short-Course. Under this, a designated person from the community, not necessarily a healthcare professional, is appointed who just ensures that the patient takes the prescribed medication daily and regularly. The observer makes the patient take the medicine in his own supervision. This ensures that there don’t occur any gap in the course of medicine and thus, any chance of the disease turning resistant is reduced.
Most of us confuse that DOTS is the medication for Tuberculosis (TB). However, the fact is that this is just a strategy to appoint a monitor who makes the patients take all the medication in front of him daily.
Don’t stigmatize the disease !
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