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4 months ago Health , Mental Health

What is OCD?

What is OCD??

OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder) is a psychological wellness condition that revolves around crippling obsessions or impulse, troubling activities, and monotonous musings.

A 2001 World Health Organization (WHO) psychological wellness report evaluated that OCD was among the main 20 reasons for sickness related incapacity worldwide for individuals matured 15 to 44 years.

The report likewise proposed that OCD was the fourth most basic dysfunctional behavior after fears, substance manhandles, and real sorrow.

OCD is related to an extensive variety of useful hindrances and significantly affects social and working life.

Types of OCD —

There are a few types of OCD that present in various ways.

types of OCD

types of OCD

Checking: This is a need to more than once check something for hurt, holes, harm, or fire. Checking can incorporate over and over observing tips, cautions, auto entryways, house lights, or different machines.

It can likewise apply to “checking individuals.” Some individuals with OCD analyze ailments they feel that they and the general population near them may have. This checking can happen several times and regularly for a considerable length of time, paying little mind to any responsibilities the individual may have.

Checking can likewise include over and again affirming the credibility of recollections. A man with OCD may over and again approve letters and messages because of a paranoid fear of having committed errors. There might be a dread of having unexpectedly outraged the beneficiary.

Contamination fear or mental defilement: This happens when a man with OCD feels a steady and tyrannical need to wash and fixates that items they contact are tainted. The dread is that the individual or the protest may wind up polluted or sick except if continued cleaning happens.

It can lead extreme toothbrushing, overcleaning certain rooms in the house, for example, the washroom or kitchen, and maintaining a strategic distance from the substantial group because of a paranoid fear of contracting germs.

Mental tainting is the sentiment of being ‘grimy’ in the wake of being abused or put down. In this sort of defilement, it is constantly someone else that is dependable. A man with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder will attempt to ‘clean away’ this inclination by showering and washing unnecessarily.

Hoarding: This is the powerlessness to discard utilized or futile belonging.

Rumination: Ruminating includes a broadened and unfocused over the top line of reasoning that spotlights on far-reaching, wide, and frequently philosophical subjects, for example, what occurs after death or the start of the universe.

The individual may appear to be disengaged and somewhere down in thought. Be that as it may, the ruminating never achieves an acceptable conclusion.

Intrusive considerations: These are regularly vicious, horrendous, obsessional contemplations that frequently include harming a friend or family member savagely or sexually.

They are not created out of the decision and can cause the individual with OCD extreme pain. In view of this pain, they are probably not going to finish on these contemplations.

These contemplations can incorporate obsessions on connections, executing others or suicide, a dread of being a pedophile or being fixated on superstitions.

Symmetry and precision: A man with OCD may likewise fixate on objects being arranged to maintain a strategic distance from inconvenience or damage. They may change the books on their rack more than once with the goal that they are largely straight and flawlessly arranged, for instance.

While these are by all account not the only kinds of OCD, obsessions, and impulses will for the most part fall into these classifications.

OCD Symptoms —

OCD Symptoms

OCD Symptoms

Side effects

OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder) is isolated from other psychological well-being conditions by the nearness of obsessions, impulses, or both. The obsessions or impulses cause stamped trouble, are tedious, and meddle with a man’s typical capacity.

Signs of OCD can happen in kids and young people, with the malady normally starting slowly and declining with age. Side effects of OCD can be gentle or serious. A few people encounter over the top considerations just, without taking part in habitual conduct.

A few people who encounter OCD effectively shroud their side effects because of a paranoid fear of humiliation or disgrace. Loved ones may, in any case, see a portion of the more physical signs.

Obsessions

Obsessions are more than the ordinary stresses experienced by most sound individuals when pondering genuine issues. Rather, individuals with OCD encounter unnecessary contemplations and stresses that provoke them to participate specifically in activities or musings trying to ease or stifle the dread and uneasiness.

A man with OCD regularly:

  • has redundant musings, pictures, or urges that they don’t feel ready to control
  • knows about these meddling considerations and sentiments and does not have any desire to have these thoughts
  • finds these considerations aggravating, undesirable, and, on account of more established youngsters and grown-ups, knows that they don’t bode well
  • has awkward sentiments, for example, fear, sicken, question, or an inclination that things must be done in a way that is “perfect”
  • invests an outlandish measure of energy in this obsessions, which meddles with the individual, social, and expert exercises

Normal OCD obsessions include:

  • tainting, including body liquids, germs, and earth
  • losing control, including a dread of following up on an inclination to hurt one’s self or others
  • hairsplitting, including worries about precision, expecting to recollect things, and dread of losing things
  • hurt, including a dread of being in charge of something horrible happening
  • undesirable sexual contemplations, including obsessions on homosexuality or interbreeding
  • religious obsessions, including worries about culpable God

Compulsions

Not all “ceremonies” or types of dreary conduct are impulses. Typical monotonous practices that element in regular daily existence may incorporate sleep time schedules, religious practices, and taking in another expertise.

Conduct likewise relies upon the unique situation. For instance, a man who works in a video store organizing DVDs for 8 hours daily is most likely not carrying on of impulse.

Normal OCD impulses include:

  • washing and cleaning, including consistent hand-washing
  • checking, including checking body parts or watching that nothing awful happened
  • rehashing, including rehashing and rehashing routine exercises like getting up from a seat.
  • mental impulses, including appealing to avert hurt and rationally looking into occasions

Causes

Notwithstanding an abundance of research, the correct reasons for OCD have not been distinguished.

OCD is thought to have a neurobiological premise, with neuroimaging thinks about demonstrating that the mind capacities distinctively in individuals with the turmoil. A variation from the norm, or an awkwardness in neurotransmitters, is believed to be engaged with OCD.

The turmoil is similarly normal among grown-up people.

 OCD in youngsters

OCD that starts in youth is more typical in young men than young ladiesThis mental condition may be caused by a blend of hereditary, neurological, social, psychological, and natural variables.

Hereditary causes

OCD keeps running in families and can be viewed as a “familial issue.” The malady may traverse ages with close relatives of individuals with OCD essentially more prone to create OCD themselves.

Twin investigations recommend that fanatical habitual manifestations are tolerably ready to be acquired, with hereditary variables contributing 27 to 47 % fluctuation in scores that measure over the top enthusiastic indications. In any case, no single quality has been recognized as the “cause” of OCD.

Immune system causes

Some fast beginning instances of OCD in kids may be results of Group A streptococcal contaminations, which cause irritation and brokenness in the basal ganglia.

These cases are gathered and alluded to as pediatric immune system neuropsychiatric clutters related with streptococcal diseases (PANDAS).

Lately, in any case, different pathogens, for example, the microorganisms in charge of Lyme disease and the H1N1 influenza infection, have likewise been related with the fast beginning of OCD in youngsters. In that capacity, clinicians have modified the acronym to PANS, which remains for Pediatric Acute-beginning Neuropsychiatric Syndrome.

 

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Social Causes

The social hypothesis recommends that individuals with OCD connect certain articles or circumstances with fear. They figure out how to maintain a strategic distance from those things or figure out how to perform “customs” to help decrease the dread. This dread and shirking or custom cycle may start amid a time of serious pressure, for example, when beginning another employment or soon after an essential relationship arrives at an end.

Once the association between a question and the sentiment of dread winds up set up, individuals with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder start to dodge that protest and the dread it produces, as opposed to going up against or enduring the dread.

Intellectual causes

The conduct hypothesis plot above spotlights on how individuals with OCD make a relationship between a question and dread. The subjective hypothesis, be that as it may, centers around how individuals with OCD confuse their musings.

Many people have unwelcome or nosy musings at specific circumstances, however, for people with OCD, the significance of those considerations are misrepresented.

For instance, a man who is nurturing a newborn child and who is under extreme weight may have a meddlesome idea of hurting the baby either intentionally or unintentionally.

The vast majority can disregard and carelessness the idea, however, a man with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder may overstate the significance of the idea and react just as it implies a risk. For whatever length of time that the person with OCD deciphers these meddling musings as destructive and genuine, they will proceed with the evasion and customs practices.

Neurobiology causes

Cerebrum imaging procedures have enabled specialists to think about the movement of particular zones of the mind, prompting the disclosure that a few sections of the cerebrum are distinctive in individuals with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder when contrasted with those without.

Notwithstanding this discovering, it isn’t known precisely how these distinctions identify with the improvement of OCD.

Irregular characteristics in the mind synthetic substances serotonin and glutamate may have an impact in OCD.

Ecological causes

Natural stressors might be a trigger for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder in individuals with an inclination toward building up the condition.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) in young people and youngsters has likewise been related to an expanded danger of beginning of over the top impulses. One investigation found that 30 percent of kids matured 6 to 18 years who encountered a TBI created indications of OCD within a year of the damage.

By and large, thinks about demonstrate that individuals with OCD habitually report unpleasant and awful life occasions before the disease starts.

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6 months ago Health , healthy , LifeStyle , Mental Health

Thinking Styles of People Who Always Worry

We all worry every now and then. Everyone worries to some extent or the other. It is quite natural to worry, it’s our thinking styles and everyone have his/her own thinking styles. Our worries reflect our level of concerns regarding the upcoming and predicted outcomes if the future. One who wishes to stay fit may worry about his/her health. A student who is writing his exam may worry about his good results and ranks. Everyone would worry for something or the other, it is quite normal. However, the amount of worriedness and anxieties matters.

There are many people who are prone to worries and tend to worry too much.  Such people often worry a lot and lose control over their own thinking. During the period, sadly, they have developed a habit of being over cautioned and taking things with the highest certainty. Such individuals often find themselves incapable of making any good decisions because they lack the focus of their minds and they continuously feel restless and inattentive. Their anxiety levels are very high, and they tend to worry almost always.

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What is going inside the minds of people who always worry? What are the thinking styles of people who worry a lot? It has been identified that there exist a few common thinking styles of people who generally worry a lot and who are constant worriers. These thinking styles of people that are also termed as the variables of worrying, distinguish them from the rest of the crowd who worry comparatively less or who can have an effective control on their worries to a much greater extent.

Click: 5 Simple Things I did to Overcome my Shyness and Social Anxiety

Few Common Thinking Styles of People Who Always Worry:

  • Lesser control of their minds.
  • Intolerant to the uncertainties.
  • Seeing problems negatively and tackling them with negativity.
  • Most of the time they are found busy coping up with their own problems.
  • Inability to deal with their problems.
  • Bad in decision-making processes.
  • Most of the time their anticipations are imaginary.
  • Keeps exploring the possible logical outcomes of the predictions without having any real involvement with the reality.
  • Worriers generally tend to continuously look out for the imaginative conclusions that may in many of the cases may never essentially happen in the mere future.
  • Such people are not able to look at the concrete aspects of difficulties which such that it would really solve them.
  • Their levels of anxiety and tensions are high.
  • Their future thoughts are full of uncertainties.
  • They react to things more stressfully and anxiously.
  • They mainly focus on the future more than living in the present.
  • They are generally not willing to take risks and chances.
  • They lack confidence in themselves to handle their problems and difficulties that may evolve.
  • They are not able to ask themselves the right questions.

Also read: How to Stay Calm when you know you’ll be Stressed!

Although most of these above thinking styles come to us naturally, still we tend to break down and feel miserably trapped with the thoughts. Unfortunately, the worry is a certainty of our life. Unwanted, troublesome, regretful and harmful things are bound to happen, no one can ever stop them to happen. It can be a sudden demise or some negative consequence, we tend to think a lot even before it potentially arises. It is a natural human tendency to react to such situations or complexities. However, it must be remembered that worry is simply unproductive in most of the cases. Unlike fear, people also sometimes tend to worry about the future uncertainties and threats that may or may not happen.

Food that fight high Cholesterol-Free Doctor Helpline

5 Foods that Fight High Cholesterol

There are many patients who are experiencing elevated high cholesterol levels, prompting health Complication, for example, weight, hypertension and coronary illness. Foods that contain cholesterol incorporate dairy items, (for example, cheese or butter), rice and bread kitchen items. Beyond what many would consider possible, you should restrain the admission of these foods. Patients who have recorded Read More

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Yoga

Yoga (in Sanskrit योग) is a group of Physical, Mental and Spiritual practices or disciplines which originated in Ancient India. The origin of this practise have been speculated to date back to Pre – Vedic Indian Traditions, it is mentioned in the in the Rigveda. In Vedic Sanskrit, this means “to add”, “to join”, “to Read More

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Decoding the painful sciatica

Sciatica is actually the largest nerve which begins from nerve roots in the spinal cord in the lower back extending through the buttock area sending the nerve endings branches and extend down the lower limb to the ankle and foot. And as the name suggests sciatica pain is related to the nerve. However, it is Read More

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Addiction

What is Addiction? Addiction is a compulsive seeking, and then obtaining, of a substance while behavior increasingly becomes out of control. A condition that results when a person ingests a substance (alcohol, cocaine, nicotine) or engages in an activity (gambling) that can be pleasurable. The continued use of, which becomes compulsive and interferes with ordinary Read More

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Medical tourism In India

Medical tourism in India

What is medical tourism?     It can be defined as the process of traveling outside the country of residence for the purpose of receiving medical care. Initially, it referred to the travel of patients from less-developing countries to the developed nations for the purpose of undergoing treatments that are not available in their homeland. Nowadays Read More

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7 months ago Health , healthy , Mental Health

Mental Depression: Symptoms and Treatments

Depression, or depressive disorder, is a mental health condition which is an uncontrollable feeling of sadness isolation and also affects the person’s thoughts, feelings, and mental functions. This condition abruptly impedes the person’s routine life and induces the thoughts of suicide. Depression is in the same as sadness or loneliness or grief feeling, it’s a serious illness caused by changes in the brain chemistry.

Men & women of every age, educational level, social & economic background suffer from depression. One an episode of depression Occurs, it is also likely to recur. The impact of depression can be more severe when it is accompanied by other medical illness like diabetes, stroke, or cardiovascular diseases, or related disorders like anxiety or substance abuse.

depressions, mental depression, depression cure, depression causes, depression prevention

There are several different subtypes of depression including:

  • Major depressive disorder
  • Dysthymia & chronic depression (Persistent)
  • Seasonal affective disorder
  • Psychotic depression
  • Bipolar depression

Mental Depression Symptoms

Depression commonly affects your thoughts, emotions, behaviors and overall mental and physical wellness. Here are some of the common symptoms that help you to identify the disorder.

  • Depressed mood
  • Reduced interest or pleasure in activities previously enjoyed, loss of sexual desire.
  • Unintentional weight loss or low appetite.
  • Fatigue or loss of energy
  • Insomniac(difficulty in sleeping) or hypersomnia (oversleeping)
  • Psychomotor agitation or retardation.
  • Feelings of worthlessness or guilt. Worsened ability to think, concentrate or make a decision.
  • Hallucinations ( seeing or hearing things that aren’t really there)
  • Delusions (irrational thoughts, falls belief, fears)
  • Recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, or attempt suicide.

Mental Depression Treatment

Depression is a treatable mental illness, the components of the management of depression or support, psychotherapy, and drug treatment (antidepressants).

Psychotherapy

This treatment is also called as talk therapy because you interact with the trained mental professional.

There are several types of psychotherapy but they have the same goal-to understand the causes of depression, help you feel better and teach you the ways to handle the conditions and gives you relaxation.

  • Individual therapy involves just you and a therapist
  • Group therapy involves two or more other patients
  • Couples therapy helps the other one to understand your depression
  • Family therapy helps your loved ones how depressed you are, how it affects you and the can support you.

The therapist uses these sort of ways to approach & help you.

Antidepressants

Antidepressants are popular treatment choices for depression. They may not cure depression but the reduce the symptoms.

Types of Antidepressants

Some brain chemicals associated with depression are serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine. Most antidepressants relive these neurotransmitters.

Each works out in different ways.

  • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
  • Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs)
  • Tricyclic antidepressants
  • Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)

See: How Can I fall Asleep Faster? | Insomnia Types, Symptoms and Cure

So, you may take any antidepressants mentioned above to avoid Metal Decisions like Depression or can go with Psychotherapy. If you have any regarding this you can comment it down or can consult with a specialist on our website.

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 Kidney Cancer – Symptoms and treatment of kidney cancer

Symptoms and treatment of kidney cancer kidney cancer is an illness of the kidneys, the organs commence curly reddish brown about the size of a small fist, over and above the waist on both sides spine. Kidney cancer is identified in cells of the kidney. They are closer to the back of the body, as Read More

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cysts on the sex glands

 Therapy compared to a cysts on the sex glands should always be ready for application of biological methods

Therapy about a sexual gland cysts should usually be ready to use organic techniques Write-up Therapy Cysts on the sex glands may be straightforward or too intense in terms of size and condition of the cysts. These sorts of the tumor are not an imminent danger to life once a lady, but huge cysts and sorts of Read More

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stress silent killer

Stress Silent Killer

    Causes of Stress Stress Effects on a human body What Experts Say About Stress       How to Overcome From Stress   Easy and simple way to overcome from Stress / Depression  

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what is OCD?

What is OCD?

What is OCD?? OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder) is a psychological wellness condition that revolves around crippling obsessions or impulse, troubling activities, and monotonous musings. A 2001 World Health Organization (WHO) psychological wellness report evaluated that OCD was among the main 20 reasons for sickness related incapacity worldwide for individuals matured 15 to 44 years. The Read More

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2 years ago Health , LifeStyle

How to Stay Calm when you know you’ll be Stressed!

We are all guilty of succumbing to stress. Whether induced by next weekend’s party or an important presentation at work, its effects can be debilitating. But there are ways to keep stress at bay.

Anxiety and stress don’t have to prevent you from living and succeeding. The only thing missing in any situation is that which you are not giving.

What Do Stress and Anxiety look like in the Brain?

Everyone needs a certain amount of stress to survive – it’s what gets us out of bed in the morning and gives us the adrenaline to succeed. However, stress can become a problem when our bodies experience too much of it.

In India:

  • 72% of adults feel stressed about money at least some of the time.
  • 49% of adults experienced a major stressful event in 2015.
  • 48% of Indians say stress has a negative impact on both their personal and professional live.

So, what exactly going on inside your mind when you feel overwhelmed?

  • When your body detects stress, the hypothalamus reacts by stimulating the body to produce adrenaline and cortisol.
  • These two hormones increase your heart rate, raise your blood pressure and temporarily increase energy to help you ‘fight’ or ‘take flight’.
  • When your body recognises it’s no longer in danger, your hormone levels fall and your heart rate and blood pressure return to normal.

See: 5 Simple Things I did to Overcome my Shyness and Social Anxiety

But, more often than not, stress can leave you feeling angry, anxious and scared.

Ask a Doctor  Consult a Doctor

Keeping calm in times in trouble –

Here are seven techniques to implement when you find yourself face – to – face with a stressful situation:

  1. Plan Ahead –

Implementing simple “if X happens, I’ll do Y”, strategies can help you face challenges as and when they arise.

 

  1. Focus on Breathing –

Practicing slow controlled breathing when you feel anxious can help you return to the present moment and lower your stress level.

 

  1. Exercise –

Physical activity stimulates the production of endorphins. Researchers found that just 40 minutes of exercise enough to dramatically increase your mood.

 

  1. Avoid asking “What if?” –

The more time you spend worrying about the endless possible outcomes, the longer you will spend fixating on feeling uncomfortable. Try to accept that some questions simply won’t have any answer.

 

  1. Focus on the positives –

Keep a go – to list of positives in mind so that you can immediately shift your attention towards them when your thoughts are negative. This will not only boost your mood but remind you of everything you can be granted for.

 

  1. Reject Negative self – talk –

Identifying and acknowledging any negative thoughts about yourself as merely thoughts and not facts will help release you into a state of calm.

 

  1. Forgive –

Nobody is perfect. Holding onto resentment, either towards yourself or others, will only add to stress, worry and fear. By learning to acknowledge negativity before releasing yourself from it will enable you to move forward with a clearer head and a lighter heart.

 

 

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2 years ago Health , LifeStyle

14 Great Health benefits of Olive oil

Just Call it Liquid Gold: Olive Oil has been linked to a host of different health benefits, thanks in part to its high antioxidant content. Here’s a taste of what regular Olive Oil consumption (experts recommend 2 – 3 table spoon daily) can do for you.

Here are the Great Health benefits of Olive oil  :-

  1. Cuts Cancer Risk –

Women who ate a Mediterranean diet plus 4 table spoons of olive oil everyday had a 62% lower risk of developing breast cancer after 6 years compared to women on a low – fat diet.

 

  1. Fights Wrinkles –

Those who ate more than 2 teaspoons of olive oil daily had significantly fewer signs of skin aging than those who only ate a teaspoon or less.

 

  1. Lowers Blood Pressure –

Several studies show a diet rich in olive oil reduces blood pressure in healthy adults and can even reduce patients’ reliance on blood pressure meds.

 

  1. Speeds Weight Loss –

People who ate Yogurt drizzled with olive oil consumed fewer calories throughout the day and had higher levels of fullness hormones than people who ate yogurt with lard, butter, or canola oil instead.

 

  1. Slashes Diabetes –

Consuming at least one tablespoon of olive oil daily lowered type 2 diabetes risk by 10% in one large study.

 

  1. Protects Bones –

Research suggests regular consumption of olive oil can prevent loss of bone mess.

 

  1. Heart Health –

Olive Oil helps slow down heart aging process, antioxidants may offer protection against red blood cells damage.

 

 

  1. Keeps Bone Healthy –

Olive Oil helps prevent the loss of calcium related to developing osteoporosis during later years.

 

  1. Relieving Earache –

Olive Oil is known as being a natural remedy for earache and for dealing with excess ear wax.

 

  1. Depression –

People who follow a Mediterranean style diet that is rich in olive oil may be at a lower risk of depression.

 

  1. Damaged Hair –

Olive Oil has the ability to moisturize hair that has become frizzy or dry.

 

  1. Colon Cancer –

Research by Spanish Scientists has shown including olive oil in the diet lowers the risk of this cancer.

 

  1. Skin Cancer –

It is used in skin care products as it is full of antioxidants and Vitamins A and E.

 

  1. Digestion –

Olive Oil helps to give a feeling of fullness, and the contents of the stomach are digested more slowly.

 

 

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3 years ago Health , LifeStyle , Mental Health

Mental Depression- Treatment

Mental Depression- Treatment:

A significant progress has been made during the last decade of twentieth century regarding the treatment of depression.

Drug Treatment:

Drugs have been used to treat depressive disorders for over three decades, with considerable effectiveness. Various studies suggest that 60-70 % of depressed adults are helped by antidepressant medications. Typically, antidepressants bring about various therapeutic effects like brightening mood, improved sleep and increased energy level. All this positive modification in the patient virtually leads to minimize the depression within.

Electro-convulsive therapy

Electro-convulsive therapy

Electro-convulsive therapy:

E.C.T. can be used in the cases of severe depression. Though, the precautions now being taken have eliminated most of the side effects of E.C.T., however, memory disorientation and memory loss are still common. Therefore, it’s use is recommended only when other options of intervention are closed.

jump together

Be social and cheerful

Psychotherapy

Although, drugs are important aspect of treatment for depression, medication alone doesn’t address the social, emotional or personality factors that may also underlie patient’s problem. Therefore, psychotherapy that emphasizes psychodynamic, behavioral, cognitive or interpersonal approach are used to treat adults with depression.

self satisfection

Dance- reduce depression

A Final Say- Why depressed? Say Cheese!

Life is like a cricket match. You are there on the pitch with a bat in hand. Stadium full on! But the game is a bit different. There don’t lie a wicket, nor a fielder who could take you a catch. Just a ball comes out of the darkness and you have to make a strike. This ball is just like an opportunity. If you make a strike, you won that opportunity, if not, it’s missed! No worries! Another ball comes and again another one innumerable times. What if this opportunity is missed! Of course life gives another ball with different pace and so on. Its only you who could make yourself out of this game. Don’t decide to quit. Play it…..enjoy it. Wont this life become monotonous and boring without problems. Challenge them….face them….enjoy them. When the UMPIRE declares the inning…….look back and say……wao!…..what a life I have lived. Remember the so many obstacles you faced but still never left the game, rather enjoyed them.

Feel proud…..

enjoy loud !

Love yourself…

Live life….!

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3 years ago Health , Mental Health

Mental Depression

Contemporary age is the age of challenges, challenges which are in context to one’s education, one’s profession and one’s interpersonal relations.

depression

About 800,000 people commit suicide worldwide every year, of these 135,000 (17%) are residents of India, a nation with 17.5% of world population. Between 1987 to 2007, the suicide rate increased from 7.9 to 10.3 per 100,000, with higher suicide rates in southern and eastern states of India.

 

What can be of a greater context of sorrow that a person reaches a critical point radioactive enough to extinguish his very own existence! These are the extreme cases of mental depression. Multiple times more are the person who lie in the state of severe depression and carry out their livelihood in the similar melancholic fashion. A mental makeover is required to raise out the person going down to the graves on his own will.

Depression is the feeling of extraordinary sadness and dejection. The symptoms include psycho-motor retardation, loss of initiative, pessimistic outlook, feeling of sin/guilt, insomnia or hypersomnia, loss of appetite, loss of self-esteem or development of negative self concept, social withdrawal etc. The person looses interest in almost all the activities and faces difficulty in concentration. Recurrent thoughts of death flash his mind. The most severely depressed people may experience psychotic symptoms including delusion and hallucinations.

Most of the above symptoms must be present all day and nearly everyday for two or more consecutive weeks for diagnosis to be applicable. Most cases of depression clear up even without treatment in a matter of months and the average duration of untreated episode is between 8-10 months. The disorder can begin at any age but the most typical period is mid 20s.

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There are several sub-types of depression.

The melancholic types are characterized by early morning awakening, loss of appetite and weight, inappropriate or excessive guilt, psychomotor retardation and severe anhedonia.

Chronic types are those which last for two or more years.

Catatonic cases are characterized by purposeless behavior and the person may stay fixed in bizarre postures. They may mimic every movement someone else has made (echopraxia) or engage in echolalia- a parrot like repetition of other people’s speech.

 

Causes and treatment of depression to be followed in the next blog…………..!

 

 

 

 

 

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