Menu
X

Category Archives: Medical

image
6 months ago Health , Medical

Low Sperm Count- Signs, Causes And Treatment

Most often when a woman is not able to conceive or is not getting pregnant, then it is predicted that the women are infertile. However, men play an equally important role in the process of fertilization. Around 1 in every 5 infertile couple, the reason is the fertility issue of men. Low sperm count in men can be one of the major reasons for this infertility.  Around 90% of the times, the reason for male infertility is the problem of low sperm count. As a couple, struggling to conceive for one’s own child is really a frustrating experience and a concern.

Facts to know:

  • The condition when your sperm counts are low, i.e., less than 15 million sperm/ml are medically termed as oligospermia.
  • In case sperms are found totally missing and your semen sample is tested to have no sperms at all, then that condition is medically termed as azoospermia.
  • During your struggle to conceive or having a child, knowing the count of your sperms that you ejaculate during the process may be quite important.
  • A total sperm count of 20 million or more is a healthy count.
  • 40% or more of your total sperms moving in the forward direction indicates a healthy percentage of mortality rate.
  • Shapes of sperms that consists of an oval head of around 5 to 6 micrometres long and having only one long tail are as healthy sperms.

Ask a Doctor  Consult a Doctor

Signs & Symptoms of Low Sperm Count:

  • Not able to conceive
  • Incapability in having a baby
  • Hormonal problems or abnormalities like having reduced body or facial hairs
  • Lifestyle preferences
  • Reduced sexual desires
  • Issues or difficulty in sustaining the erection (erectile dysfunction)
  • Reduced or low sex drive
  • Sexual problems

Causes of Low Sperm Count:

  • Heat can be one of the causes that may affect the production of normal sperm count.
  • Obesity can be one of the cause because fat may overheat the testicles.
  • Men who sit continuously for long hours like in office sitting jobs, or who work as long-distance lorry-drivers may also get affected due to increase in heat production in the genital areas.
  • Too frequent intercourse practices may also cause lack of supply of the sperms.
  • Smoking too much like more than around 20 cigarettes per day.
  • Consumption of excessive alcohol.
  • Few antibiotics also harm the sperms
  • Stress
  • Fatigue
  • Infected semen
  • Bacterial infections
  • Tumours
  • Hormonal imbalances
  • Shortage of tubes that carry and transfer the sperms
  • Medical history like prostate problems, swelling or pain in the testicle area, penis or testicle surgery, scrotum, groin
  • Prior surgeries
  • Exposure or contact with certain heavy metals like lead
  • Radiations or x-rays may also alter the sperm count

Treatments & Preventions for the Low Sperm Count:

The treatment process depends on the cause and level of complications associated with the problem. However, few of the common treatments are listed below:

  • Surgery
  • Medications like anabolic steroids, etc. as prescribed by the doctors
  • Antibiotics may be prescribed
  • Hormonal treatments as per the prescribed medications or drugs
  • Regularizing the sexual intercourse process
  • Avoiding usage of lubricants
  • Maintain a healthy weight and lifestyle
  • Keep away from excessive heat
  • Stay away from excessive smoking and alcohol consumptions
  • Try to manage your stress levels

It is to be noted that both you and your partner must get yourselves tested for fertility even if you already show the symptoms of low sperm count. Later, in case it is detected that you have a low sperm count, still, you should not lose your hope because at times the sperm counts may also get boosted with the right intake of vitamins and other supplements. Otherwise, if the cause of low sperm count is the presence of some hormonal problem in your body, then going for a surgery or a replacement therapy can be helpful.

Apart from this, today there are various other options also available for infertile couples who are unable to increase their sperm count. They may anytime opt for an In vitro fertilization (IVF) or go for an adoption process. Whatsoever is the situation, consulting with your doctor is always the best option to pamper yourself and your partner.

Read: Causes and Symptoms of Male Infertility

Ayurveda

Term ayurveda means science of life, the word is taken from Sanskrit in which ayur = life and Veda = science, and it is derived from athrawa veda one of the four Veda according to Hindu religion. So ayurveda is the science of life which tells us about all the physiological activity of our life, Read More

0 comments

Monsoon diseases; Prevention and cure

Have you ever wondered why you have been suffering from a lot of diseases especially during the monsoon? Monsoon is the time when you tend to suffer from most upsetting diseases. If you fail to take care at the right time, then it is normal that you will suffer for a longer duration. This is Read More

0 comments
Hormone therapy on free doctor helpline

Hormone therapy

Hormone Therapy To Treat Cancer We all are creations of God. God has blessed each one of us with unique qualities & features. Out of all the creations of God, A hormone therapy is a more basic term which refers to the administration of estrogen alone or the combination of estrogen & progestin therapy.  Women Read More

0 comments
include Coconut Oil in your diet

Why you should include Coconut Oil in your diet?

Coconut Oil is one of the few foods that can be classified as a “Super Food”. It helps in treating various skin problems include psoriasis, dermatitis, eczema and other skin infections. Also it delays the appearance of wrinkles and sagging of skin and preventing premature aging due to its well-known antioxidant properties. Types of Coconut Read More

0 comments
Good Cholesterol food

Enigma of cholesterol

Most of us feel that cholesterol are bad for health and try to avoid them. Few of us know that there exists good cholesterol too, which can do miracles for our body. Still fewer know the ways to increase this good cholesterol level in the blood and derive the benefits. Cholesterol are a specific class Read More

0 comments

 

image
6 months ago Health , Medical

Everything You Need to Know About Migraine

A migraine is a severe, painful headache that can be preceded or accompanied by sensory warning signs such as flashes of light, blind spots, tingling in the arms and legs, nausea, vomiting, and increased sensitivity to light and sound.

The excruciating pain that migraine brings can last for hours or even days. Migraine is a common problem affecting 36 million Americans, about 12% of the population.

What are Migraine Headaches?

The exact cause of migraine headaches is unknown; it is thought to be due to abnormal brain activity causing a temporary alteration in the nerve signals, chemicals and blood flow in the brain.

Migraine headaches can be very debilitating affecting 1 in 4 households in India. They are more common in women than men, and 3% of people have chronic migraines where they experience symptoms for half the month for six months.

Ask a Doctor  consult a Doctor

What triggers Migraine Headaches?

Some people who suffer from migraines can clearly identify triggers or factors that cause the headaches, but many cannot. Potential migraine triggers include:

  • Allergies and allergic reactions
  • Bright lights, loud noises, flickering lights, smoky rooms, temperature changes, strong smells and certain odours or perfumes
  • Physical or emotional stress, tension, anxietydepression, excitement
  • Physical triggers such as tiredness, jet lag, exercise
  • Changes in sleep patterns or irregular sleep
  • Smoking or exposure to smoke
  • Skipping meals or fasting causing low blood sugar
  • Dehydration
  • Alcohol
  • Hormonal triggers such as menstrual cycle fluctuations, birth control pills, menopause
  • Tension headaches
  • Foods containing tyramine (red wine, aged cheese, smoked fish, chicken livers, figs, and some beans), monosodium glutamate (MSG), or nitrates (like bacon, hot dogs and salami)
  • Other foods such as chocolate, nuts, peanut butter, avocado, banana, citrus, onions, dairy products and fermented or pickled foods
  • Medication such as sleeping tablets, the contraceptive pill, hormone replacement therapy.

Symptoms of Migraines

Symptoms of a migraine can occur a while before a headache, immediately before a headache, during a headache and after a headache. Although not all migraines are the same, typical symptoms include:

  • Moderate to severe pain, usually confined to one side of the head during an attack, but can occur on either side of the head
  • The pain is usually a severe, throbbing, pulsing pain
  • Increasing pain during physical activity
  • Inability to perform regular activities due to pain
  • Feeling sick and physically being sick
  • Increased sensitivity to light and sound, relieved by lying quietly in a darkened room
  • Some people experience other symptoms such as sweating, temperature changes, tummy ache and diarrhoea

Migraine headaches can be severe, debilitating, and uncomfortable. Many treatment options are available, so be patient finding the one or combination that’s best for you. Keep Track of your headaches and symptoms in order to identify migraine triggers. Knowing how to prevent migraines can often be the first step to managing them.

Read: Is Headache During Sex Normal?

what is OCD?

What is OCD?

What is OCD?? OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder) is a psychological wellness condition that revolves around crippling obsessions or impulse, troubling activities, and monotonous musings. A 2001 World Health Organization (WHO) psychological wellness report evaluated that OCD was among the main 20 reasons for sickness related incapacity worldwide for individuals matured 15 to 44 years. The Read More

0 comments
food poisoning-Free Doctor Helpline

Food Poisoning- Symptoms, causes and Treatment

Food poisoning is an intense gastro-enteritis caused by the ingestion of the food or drinks sullied with either living microscopic organisms or their poisons or inorganic synthetic substances and toxic substance conveyed from the plants and creatures. Food poisoning results when you eat food contaminated with bacteria or other pathogens such as parasites or viruses. Read More

0 comments
Benefits of Honey

Amazing Beauty Benefits of Honey

Honey is the only food that is produced by an insect and consumed by humans; needs no processing or refining and is eaten just the way nature provides; and includes all the substances necessary to sustain life, including enzymes, vitamins and minerals. Honey is a complex mixture of – 80% of natural sugar, 18% of Read More

0 comments
Gum Disease, bad breath, problem, solution, care, tips, bad gums

Bad Breath, Bleeding Gums and Gum Disease

What Causes Bad Breath? There are various reasons you may have winged serpent breath. While numerous causes are innocuous, awful breath can some of the time be an indication of something more genuine.     Micro-Organisms Awful breath can happen whenever because of the many sorts of terrible breath-causing microorganisms that normally live in your Read More

0 comments

Giving new life to tooth by root canal treatment

The oh-so-terrifying sound of the treatment has scared many and has been a nightmare. The root canal treatment is the one dental procedure dreaded by many and is associated with pain and the people are generally running away from it. While actually, it is done to relieve the pain and protect the teeth. How you Read More

0 comments
image
6 months ago Health , healthy , Medical

8 Most Common Symptoms of UTI

Have you ever felt that pain, burning sensation after you pee? You feel like, You can do anything to avoid getting another.

Urinary tract infection is caused due to infection in urethra, urinary bladder or kidneys by a bacteria like E.coli. More than 50% women experience UTI in their lifetime. Shorter urethra in women facilitates bacteria to reach bladder easily and cause infection. According to American Association, 10 out of 25 women experience UTI when compared to 3 out of 25 men.

People of all ages develop this infection but women between 19 to 60+ ages are more prone to this infection. You are more likely to get infected after menopause. After menopause, there is a change in PH of the vagina which makes it bacteria friendly.

Ask a Doctor  Consult a Doctor

You don’t have to panic when you see the symptoms of UTI as it is absolutely treatable with antibiotics.

Symptoms of UTI:

Being aware of symptoms increases the chances of early treatment and fewer complications. So,  here are 8 symptoms of UTI you must know.

1. You feel like peeing all the time:

You have an irritable and overactive bladder. Visiting bathroom more than 8 times in 24 hours is a symptom of UTI infection. You are urged to pee constantly due to irritation caused by bacteria in the urethra and urinary bladder. Urinary tract infection

2. Your urine is cloudy:

Urine has byproducts that have to be eliminated from food, medicines, drinks you have had. It is a cause for concern when your urine is not clear yellow or light colored. In this infection, urine looks cloudy with whitish debris.

3. Your urine appears red or pink in color:

This unusual red or pink color of urine is due to the presence of bacteria or blood in your urine. You definitely should visit a doctor if you notice bloody urine as it can be also a symptom of a more serious condition like bladder/kidney cancer or kidney stones.

4. Bad odor pee:

Usually, urine doesn’t have a bad odor. If you are infected with UTI your urine has the pungent odor. Food like coffee, asparagus, and even certain medications cause nasty odors urine. But if you get to pee smelly urine even after avoiding food that causes smelly urine, it must be one of the symptoms of UTI.

5. It pains and burns when you pee:

Pain and burning sensation when you pee is the most common symptom of UTI. If pain and burning don’t continue throughout the day it means your body has removed the infection.Pain is felt in the urethra or in an area surrounding genital is called perineum. This occurs due to irritation, inflammation, and damage caused by a lining of bladder and urethra by bacteria.

6. Pain in the abdomen or pelvic region:

Pain,  muscle aches,  cramping are symptoms seen in elderly women. Sometimes a type of pain experienced can indicate the place of infection. Painting back or side indicates a kidney infection. A pressure in the pelvic area or lower abdomen is the symptom of a bladder infection.

7. Loss of appetite:

Loss of appetite, vomiting, nausea can be a reason for other infection as well. If you experience them along with infections like burning when you pee and frequent visit to the bathroom this shows that you have UTI.

8. Fever and Fatigue:

Fever shows that you are under serious infection. When body deletes any infection it goes into the state of inflammation with protective measures which release interleukins, WBC which causes fatigue feeling you may experience fever over 101°F or get chills or night sweats. Which indicates that the infection had spread to the kidney and you need treatment immediately.

Being born as a woman is not less than a gift but UTI makes life painful and causes the disturbance in daily life. Antibiotics can be taken to treat this problem and if the infection or symptoms continue to show you need to consult a doctor.

Read: 9 Reasons You May Have a Hormonal Imbalance

cancer

Cancer: Signs and Symptoms

Cancer is the uncontrolled division of cells of the affected area thereby destroying the adjoining tissues. As the disease grows, this pushes the nearby organs, blood vessels and nerves which makes the symptom appear. This may cause unusual pain. Pancreatic cancer might obstruct the bile duct, thus causing the jaundice. Some common symptoms include: Extreme Read More

3 comments
erectile dysfunction

Male Infertility and Erectile Dysfunction- Symptoms and Causes

Erectile Dysfunctioning: For many couples, reproduction has been a natural and simple experience. But it is not the same for many. A man’s fertility generally relies on the quantity & quality of his sperm. If the number of sperm a man ejaculates is low or if the sperm is of poor quality, it will be Read More

0 comments

The Best Way to Lose Weight When You Have PCOS

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a condition, a hormonal disorder which affects women during their reproductive age. Nowadays, PCOS is becoming a serious concern among the society because around every 1 in 10 women is now being detected with PCOS. This health problem makes the ovary produce a higher number of clustered fluids which thereby fails Read More

0 comments
Shyness, social Anxiety, overcome Shyness, why i am shy

5 Simple Things I did to Overcome my Shyness and Social Anxiety

It is hard to forget the awkward feeling and the heart thumping moment when you have to address a group of people or a big crowd or even approach someone. The anxiety you feel in social situations is something most of the people can relate to, that feeling of shyness tends to hold people back Read More

0 comments
Mindfulness by Mindauthor

How Mindfulness can change your Life?

Mindfulness is the art of living in the present moment. Many of us go through life on autopilot. We focus too much on our thoughts and this can cause unhappiness. By living in the present we realise that a lot of our stress and anxiety is unnecessary. Mindfulness is our ability to pay attention to Read More

0 comments

image
6 months ago Eye Care , Health , Medical

CATARACT SURGERY: TYPES, PROCESS & RISKS

WHAT IS CATARACT??

A cataract refers to the clouding of the eye’s natural lens which lies behind the iris and the pupil. It is the principal cause of blindness in the world and is most common in people of age 40 years and above.

There are 3 types of cataract:

  • SUBCAPSULAR CATARACT: This type of cataract occurs at the back of the eye. It is most common in people with diabetes or those taking high doses of steroid medication.
  • NUCLEAR CATARACT: This type of cataract occurs in the deep central zone of the lens. It occurs due to ageing.
  • CORTICAL CATARACT: This type of cataract begins in the periphery of the lens and slowly spreads towards the centre of the lens. It affects the cortex of the lens, which is the part of the lens that surrounds the central zone.

CATARACT- IS IT BECAUSE OF YOUR FAMILY, LIFESTYLE OR JUST BAD KARMA??

Our eye lens works very much like the camera, focusing light onto the retina for clear vision. It also adjusts the eye’s focus enabling us to view the things both close up and far away. The eye lens is made of water and certain other proteins that let light to pass through it. With ageing, some of the protein may clump together and cloud up over a small area. With time, the clouding up becomes larger and larger making it harder to see. This condition is called cataract.

Nobody is pretty sure why the eye lens changes with age resulting in the cataract. Researchers have eventually found out other risk factors that may lead to cataract. Some of which are:

There’s no concrete proof on what could reduce the risk of cataract. There is no harm in practising a healthy lifestyle that consists of a diet rich in nutrients, vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and omega 3 fatty acids. Regular exercise and sound sleep also add on to your quality of life.

Though it seems to be terrific, it is something we needn’t worry a lot about! The advancements in the field of medicine have made it possible to cure the patients of cataract with help of surgeries.

Ask a Doctor  Consult a Doctor

CATARACT SURGERY:

Cataract surgery is the process of removing the natural lens of the eye (crystalline lens) which is affected by cataract. During the cataract surgery, the patient’s cloudy lens is removed and is replaced with synthetic lens ensuring lens’s transparency. The synthetic lens replaced is otherwise called as INTRAOCULAR LENS (IOL). The cataract surgery is performed by an ophthalmologist.

There is two commonly preferred type of surgery for cataract. They are:

  • PHACOEMULSIFICATION
  • MANUAL SMALL INCISION CATARACT SURGERY (MSICS):cataract, healthy eye

Phacoemulsification is the most commonly preferred method for cataract surgery. It involves the use of ultrasonic energy to emulsify the cataract lens. It comprises of 6 steps:

  • ANAESTHETIC: Using topical anaesthetic eye drops or subtenon injection, the eye is numbed.
  • CORNEAL INCISION: two cuts are made at the margins of the clear cornea that allows insertion of instruments into the eye.
  • CAPSULORHEXIS: With help of a needle or a pair of forceps, a circular hole is made in the capsule in which the lens is placed.
  • PHACOEMULSIFICATION: Ultrasonic energy is used to emulsify the lens into a liquid. The resulting emulsion is then “sucked away”.
  • IRRIGATION & ASPIRATION: The cortex, which is the outer layer of the cataract is sucked away. The fluid removed is continuously replaced with saline solution to prevent a collapse of the structure.
  • LENS INSERTION: A plastic, foldable lens is placed in the capsule which contains the natural lens. Along with this, an antibiotic is also injected into the eye to reduce the risk of infection.

Finally, salt water is injected into the corneal wounds, which cause the area to swell and seal the incision.

MANUAL SMALL INCISION CATARACT SURGERY (MSICS): This technique is evolved from ECCE. The word “small” in the title refers to the wound being smaller than an ECCE, although it is larger than a PHACO wound.

HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE TO PERFORM A CATARACT?

If it is an uncomplicated surgery, then it will not take more than 10 minutes. Since the patient will be given anaesthetic while performing the surgery, it might take about 30 minutes to recover from the sedation.

HOW TO PREPARE YOURSELF FOR THE CATARACT SURGERY?

Before undergoing a cataract surgery you may be asked to do the following:

  • A week before the surgery, the doctor may take certain painless tests using ultrasonic energy to determine the size and shape of your eye.
  • You may be advised to stop certain medications at the time of your surgery as that might increase the risk of bleeding during the procedure.
  • You will be advised to use antibiotic eye drops to reduce the risk of infection.
  • You will be instructed to fast for 12 hours before your surgery.

RISKS AND COMPLICATIONS OF THE SURGERY:

A person suffering from cataract alone may not have many complications, but those who have other eye conditions such as uveitis, high myopia (severe short-sightedness). Less than 10% of the people have greater chances of developing PCO, within two to three years after the cataract surgery.

 POSTERIOR CAPSULE OPACIFICATION (PCO): it is the condition in which the lens capsule thickens thereby causing cloudy vision. This isn’t the cataract developing again, it is the skin or membrane growing over the artificial lens

Other complications are less common but to list a few, they are:

During the operation:

  • inability to remove all of the cataracts
  • tearing of the lens capsule
  • bleeding inside the eye
  • a bit of the cataract dropping into the back of the eye
  • damage to other parts of the eye, such as the transparent outer layer of the eye (cornea)

After the operation:

  • swelling or inflammation of the eye
  • swelling and redness (inflammation) in the eye
  • swelling of the retina- where the fluid builds up between the layers of the retina at the back of the eye. This may sometimes affect the vision.
  • Swelling of the cornea- where the fluid builds up in the corner at the front of the eye; it usually clears itself.
  • retinal detachment – a rare complication where the retina (the layer of nerve cells inside the back of the eye) becomes separated from the inner wall of the eye
  • infection in the eye – such as endophthalmitis (a rare bacterial infection)

It is important to seek medical advice if you experience any increasing pain in the eye or loss of vision or redness after the surgery. It is possible to treat these complications with further surgery.

There is also a small risk of around 1 in 1000 may experience permanent damage to the eye resulting in loss of vision. However, the majority of the people lead a happy life with improved vision after the surgery.

Dr Upendra Kaul-Free Doctor Helpline

Dr Upendra Kaul

Cardiologist

0 comments

Natural remedies and therapy for kidney Stones

Natural remedies and therapy for kidney stones or kidney stones are created of concrete or aggregations of crystals of dissolved minerals in the kidneys in urine formed. Kidney stones are a typical trigger of blood in the urine and often severe discomfort in the abdomen, flanks, or groin. Renal colic with nausea and vomiting related to Read More

0 comments

10 Surprising Facts about Antibiotics

“Antibiotics”, the most popular word from the scientific world of health and medicine jargon. Everybody everywhere is familiar with it. But there are some facts you may not know about the all-loved antibiotics and here’s a quick guide to 10 lesser known facts about antibiotics. They cannot distinguish between the good and bad bacteria. Yes, Read More

0 comments
Dr. Arkalgud Sampath Kumar- Free Doctor Helpline

Dr. Arkalgud Sampath Kumar

Cardiologist

0 comments
sunburn prevention, protection from sunburn

8 Natural Beauty Tips To Prevent Sunburn / Sun Stoke

Sunburns are one of the biggest threats of summer. With the temperatures rising to its peak, our skin is also getting exposed allot to UV rays. One cannot leave his/her work because of hot weather and we can’t stop ourselves from stepping out in the sun. But yes one can prevent himself from getting exposed Read More

0 comments

 

image
6 months ago Health , healthy , Medical

8 Syphilis Symptoms in Women that are up terrifying: Causes & Treatment

What is Syphilis?

It is a rare sexually transmitted disease caused by bacterium Treponema pallidum. This disease is treatable by a medical professional. It is spread through sexual activity and transmitted during pregnancy or at childbirth from infected mother to her Baby.

This disease is more common in men than women. In India about less than 1 million people suffer from syphilis.

This disease progresses in four stages. With symptoms, one can know the particular stage of illness. Sometimes symptoms do not show up in the same order. 1st stage or the primary stage can be treated with One Penicillin injection.

Ask a Doctor    Consult with Doctor

Syphilis, Syphilis symptoms, causes, treatment, help

Four stages of Syphilis are the Primary stage, secondary stage, latent and tertiary stage.

  • In Primary stage, symptoms show up after 3 to 10 months of the exposure to the bacteria. In this stage, the person notices small, painless sore or chance on the skin. Which will heal by itself in 3 to 6 weeks? You will notice that lymph nodes near your groin are enlarged.
  • In the second stage, which starts from 2 to 10 weeks of the appearance of sore. You will develop a skin rash, sores in mouth, anus and vagina. A person may also notice fever, weight loss, hair loss,  headache, muscle ache, fatigue and swollen glands. These symptoms disappear without treatment and will return for about a year.
  • Latent syphilis occurs when the secondary stage of syphilis is left untreated. In this stage, symptoms are hidden and the patient will be able to spread the disease.
  • Tertiary syphilis appears after 10 to 30 years after initial infection. In which person experiences neurological problems, stroke, numbness, deafness, visual problems, blindness, personality changes, dementia, heart valve disease, aneurysm, inflammation of blood vessels.

syphilis, syphilis symptoms, treatment, causes, health care,

Here are 8 Symptoms which will help you identify Syphilis illness
and get treatment in early stages:

Chancre or Sores:

In the first stage, you may start noticing small painless sores at the site of infection. They may occur in vagina, anus, rectum and mouth. They don’t hurt, you may not even know that you have a sore. The first stage lasts for 3 to 6 weeks. They are firm, fluid-filled sacs  They are larger than a pimple. They heal without treatment and the infection enters into the second stage.

Fever:

You get a low-grade fever which won’t last long. Fever may occur at any stage of this illness. There may be other reasons for your fever. So don’t panic and look for other symptoms for confirmation of this disease or contact a physician.

Skin Rashes:

In the Secondary stage which starts after 2 to 10 weeks after the appearance of first sore you Amy notice small, rough red bumps which are not itchy. When you see those rashes on your palms of hands or soles of your feet or anywhere else on your body. It means that the bacteria is travelling through blood and affecting parts of the body other than the first site of exposures.

Sores in Mouth, Vagina or Anus:

Large raised, painless, grey or white sore appear in areas like mouth,  underarms or groin. This sight secondary stage symptom. These can be sometimes misdiagnosed with other illnesses. Therefore, when you notice these sore / chancre you better contact your physician.

Hair Loss and Weight Loss:

Usually, in secondary stag,e women find patchy bald spots on the scalp. There may be several other reasons for hair loss like hormonal changes,  medications,  medical conditions. Other symptoms are also considered along with hair loss to confirm this illness.

Other symptoms like weight loss, headache, muscle ache, sore throat, fatigue which disappear without treatment can be seen in the secondary stage.

Unclear Vision:

When syphilis untreated and reaches the tertiary stage, an infected person experiences severe neurological problems.  One of them includes Ocular Syphilis where an optic nerve in the brain is affected which leads to fuzzy vision or permanent blindness.

Neurosyphilis:

Syphilis can invade nervous system at any stage of infection and causes headache, altered behaviour, paralysis, dementia and sensory deficiency. This invasion of the nervous system is called Neurosyphilis.

Syphilis in Pregnant Women

All pregnant women must be diagnosed with syphilis at first prenatal visit. Untreated syphilis leads to infant death in 40% of cases. If the infected baby is born alive with no signs and symptoms of this disease. Baby should be treated immediately or baby will develop serious problems within few weeks.

If syphilis in babies is left untreated they become developmentally delayed, have a seizure or die. In pregnant women, only effective ( 98% successive rate ) way of treatment is penicillin therapy which cures syphilis and passing the disease to the baby.

Vitamin D supplement during pregnancy

If you are going to become a mother, this might concern you as a study has recently suggested that, intake of vitamin D supplements during first trimester of pregnancy may prevent autism traits in the newborns. Autism spectrum disorder which is most commonly known as autism, occurs when the brain is unable to develop for Read More

0 comments
sunburn prevention, protection from sunburn

8 Natural Beauty Tips To Prevent Sunburn / Sun Stoke

Sunburns are one of the biggest threats of summer. With the temperatures rising to its peak, our skin is also getting exposed allot to UV rays. One cannot leave his/her work because of hot weather and we can’t stop ourselves from stepping out in the sun. But yes one can prevent himself from getting exposed Read More

0 comments

Health tips for children

HEALTH TIPS FOR CHILDREN Healthy living is an important mantra of life for one and all irrespective of their age. Therefore, health and healthy living are as important for children as for any other adult individual. More important in fact is for children as the childhood phase is also the foundational phase, and the seeds Read More

0 comments
Joint replacement surgery in India

Joint replacement surgery in India

What is a joint replacement surgery? A joint is where two or more bones come together, like the knee, hip, and the shoulder. A joint replacement surgery is a surgical procedure where the damaged joint is replaced with the new one. The surgery is often done by the orthopedic surgeon. Sometimes, the surgeon will not Read More

0 comments
Self medication

Self Medication ; A Threat to Life

Rising number of medical shops and the competition among them to hike their turnover is leading to another kind of problem in India i.e. Prescription drugs/ Schedule H medicines which are meant to be sold only on the written recommendation of a registered practitioner are readily available to everyone. Schedule H drugs are those which Read More

0 comments
image
6 months ago Health , Medical

Melania Trump had Kidney embolisation: But what does that mean?

Melania Trump had a surgery for a benign kidney condition.

First lady Melania Trump, who is 48 now underwent a kidney embolization surgery at Walter Reed National Military Center in mid of the May month this year. Donald Trump tweeted it surgery was successful with no complications. But the First lady remained at the Maryland hospital for a week to prevent complications. Giving privacy a priority white house did not provide any clue about the procedure or condition.

Kidney Embolisation, health, kidney,

What is Embolization?

Blocking blood vessels to block blood flow to an area is what embolization. Usually, medications, synthetic materials called embolic agents are placed in blood vessels to block the blood flow.

This technique is used to prevent abnormal bleeding, to close off blood vessels supplying blood to a tumour, to eliminate abnormal connections between arteries and veins or to treat aneurysms. Embolization is found to be more effective than surgery to control the blood flow.

So, for Melania Trump embolization was done to stop the growth of a benign tumour. Some tumours can bleed because they have a lot of blood vessels in them. Through embolization, we can stop blood and oxygen flow to a tumour to cease its growth.

How does this procedure work?

Catheters and guide wire are used to gain access to the organ. The position of correct artery or vein is located by Digital subtraction angiography ( DSA ).these images are used as a map to gain access to the right vessel.

This procedure takes 30 minutes to hours it totally depends on the complexity of the condition. Generally, patients are asked to stay in bed for 6 to 8 hours after the procedure.

Angiomyolipoma

Most commonly embolization procedure is used for angiomyolipoma. This is a benign growth in the kidney which has fat and cystic components in it. Benign tumours can be bad, though as they can cause obstructions and infection and other problems. Kidney embolization may cause side effects like fever, pain at the injection site or pain in kidney.

Angiomyolipoma is not common but occur in middle-aged women and can cause bleeding if they increase in size says Dr. Keith Kowalczyk of Medstar Georgetown University Hospital.

The procedure is minor enough in which local anaesthesia is needed. It will be inserted in the treatment site. Surgeons map the area that they want to treat and puncture the blood vessels from outside. They send a tube to reach the vessels. Through that tube, they send material like gelatin or platinum coils to block the blood supply in the required area. In this way will not be able to reach tumours which stop their growth.

Benefits of embolization

  • It helps to control bleeding in emergency situations.
  • Success rates in women were found to be more than 83%, who were treated with embolization for uterine fibroids.
  • Through this method, we can treat tumours and vascular malformations that cannot be removed surgically.
  • This method is less invasive than open surgery. With less blood loss and no obvious surgical incision.
stomach pain, pain in stomach, stomach heat, cure stomach pain, stomach heat treatment, health tips,

Stomach Heat: Here’s How You Can Keep Your Stomach Cool Naturally!

What Is Stomach Heat? Fast production of heat in the stomach as the result of a high digestive process is called stomach heat. It is usually characterized by swollen gums and smelly breath. Managing healthy life with work is not easy but that simply doesn’t mean that it is unachievable it only needs some time and Read More

0 comments
Heart aatack in women

7 Warning Signs of Heart Attack in Women

Heart attack or myocardial infarction usually occurs when the smooth flow of blood to the heart is blocked, by a build-up of fat. When the flow of blood is blocked the tissues lose oxygen and dies.Heart attack also happens to women and can be identified through certain symptoms. Symptoms of Heart Attack: 1.Fatigue: Unusual fatigue Read More

0 comments
cancer

Cancer: Signs and Symptoms

Cancer is the uncontrolled division of cells of the affected area thereby destroying the adjoining tissues. As the disease grows, this pushes the nearby organs, blood vessels and nerves which makes the symptom appear. This may cause unusual pain. Pancreatic cancer might obstruct the bile duct, thus causing the jaundice. Some common symptoms include: Extreme Read More

3 comments
vaginal delivery after cesrean

Successful Vaginal Birth after Cesarean: Benefits and Risk

Vaginal birth after c-section (VBAC) is the process of delivering a baby vaginally after giving birth to one baby through a cesarean or c-section. When a woman is pregnant and is about to deliver, she always gets two choices for delivering her sweet little baby. She may either opt for a normal vaginal delivery or Read More

0 comments
Melania Trump , Kidney Embolisation:

Melania Trump had Kidney embolisation: But what does that mean?

Melania Trump had a surgery for a benign kidney condition. First lady Melania Trump, who is 48 now underwent a kidney embolization surgery at Walter Reed National Military Center in mid of the May month this year. Donald Trump tweeted it surgery was successful with no complications. But the First lady remained at the Maryland Read More

0 comments
image
6 months ago Cancer , Health , healthy , Heart Disease , Medical

Pericardial Effusion: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment | Fluid Around the Heart

Pericardial Effusion – the fluid around the heart, is a clinical problem that is caused when an unusual accumulation of that fluid takes place in the pericardial cavity. A condition when there occurs some inflammation in the sac, then those inflammations of the sac are termed as pericarditis. This condition of pericarditis gives rise to an effusion. The quantity of fluid production increases with an increase of this inflammation. One of the main cause of this inflammation to occur is found to be the presence of viral infections in the body.

Pericardial EffusionEvery heart has a sac around it which forms a very important part of the cardio system. This sac is known as the pericardium. The main function of this sac is to protect and shield our heart from other body structures which normally surrounds the heart. Further, this sac has a very small amount of fluid present in them that is evenly spread across the entire heart. In case the fluid present within the sac accumulates abnormally or it exceeds the normal levels, then that situation generally leads to this problem of pericardial effusion.

The fluid around the heart is spread across as a thin layer, evenly throughout the heart. This fluid that surrounds the heart is known as a pericardial fluid. Normally, a very small amount of this accumulated fluid is present inside the sac. Basically, this fluid acts and serves as a lubricating agent or as a lubricant for the proper functioning of the heart. It allows the heart to pump and function properly. It also allows it to turn, stretch and perform with minimal friction.

Most of the times, pericardial effusions are not so dangerous, but at times it may make the heart perform low and work poorly. The sac around your heart, called as pericardium, is a tough covering, although a thin lined layer. Whenever the heart beats, it tends to slide along within it smoothly and easily in normal conditions. A small amount of clear pericardial fluid is already present in between the two layers of the sac which helps in the movement of the heart inside the sac layers. Generally, 15 to 50 ml of the fluid amount is considered to be a normal level for the pericardial fluid. However, a 100m ml of fluid is or 2-3 tablespoons of fluid is normally considered as a small amount of fluid. And a very high accumulation of fluid refers to normally more than 2 litres present inside the same sac, thus causing an inflammation.

Pericardial Effusion, Pericardial Effusion causes, Pericardial Effusion symptoms, Pericardial Effusion treatment, causes, treatment, symptoms

The pericardial cavity has a very limited space for storing any fluid or materials inside it. And this is one the major reasons why the higher amount of fluid accumulation in the cavity starts emitting a pressure on the heart and thus affecting the overall heart functions to perform negatively.

An unbalanced equilibrium of the production and absorption of the pericardial fluid which gives a way for entering of the fluid into the pericardial cavity leads to the condition of pericardial effusion. The pericardial fluid is pale yellow in colour. This fluid helps is responsible for balancing the equilibrium of the frictions between the heart functions and movements. Now, if you will ask if the fluid around the heart is dangerous or not, then certainly the answer would be that it may be yes and it may also be no. This certainly depends on the level and type of the medical issue and concerns associated with this problem.

Pericardial Effusion: Everything that you need to know

Pericardial Effusion Causes:

  • Inflammation of the sac
  • Viral infections including cytomegalovirus, echovirus, HIV, coxsackieviruses, etc.
  • Parasitic infections
  • Bacterial infections
  • Cancer, specially breast cancer, lung cancer, or leukaemia
  • Treatment of cancer through chemotherapy, specially doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide
  • Accumulation of blood in the pericardium
  • Heart attack
  • Pericarditis
  • Trichinosis
  • Drugs
  • Trauma in the chest or trauma near your heart or a puncture injury in your heart
  • Hypothyroidism – a condition when your thyroid becomes inactive or underactive
  • Kidney failure specially uraemia or when the waste products to enter the blood
  • Blockage in the flow of pericardial fluid
  • Rheumatoid arthritis or other immune diseases
  • Tuberculosis or other bacterial diseases
  • Wound or hurt in the sac of the heart due to some medical route
  • Surgery of the heart

See: Top Monsoon Diseases, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Pericardial Effusion Symptoms:

  • Chest pain is one of the major symptoms of pericardial effusion
  • Chest pain generally on the left side and behind the breastbone
  • Pressures in the chest or heart
  • Fever, light headaches and illness
  • Muscle pain
  • The fullness of your chest
  • Fatigue, exhaustion and tiredness
  • Weakness and dizziness
  • A breathing problem or when you feel you are getting short of breath
  • Problem in breathing
  • Difficulty in breathing freely when you lie down
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhoea
  • Palpitations – when you feel that your heart is beating abnormally fast
  • Low blood pressure
  • Unfriendly heart sounds
  • Fainting

It is recommended that you immediately refer to your doctor as soon as you feel that your chest pain is lasting for some duration, or more than minutes. Similarly, seek a doctor help if you face any problem in the breathing like if f you feel difficulty in breathing or find it painful to breathe. Also, if you anytime tend to faint due to any unexplained reasons then that is also another call when you may plan an emergency and seek for medical help immediately because it may be due to pericardial effusion.

Pericardial Effusion Treatment | Fluid Around Heart Diagnosis:

  • Treatment of pericardial effusion depends on the associated cause and severity of the problem.
  • Ultrasound scans are done to assess the pericardial effusion. That ultrasound of the heart is medically known as the echocardiogram. An echocardiogram helps in quantifying the amount of fluid that is present around the heart.
  • CT scans also help in determining the fluid levels. Pericardial effusion can mostly be detected through a CT scan, and it can determine the quantity of excess fluid surrounding the heart.
  • An echocardiogram is more effective most of the time as compared to CT scans because echocardiogram tells us how the effusion is actually upsetting and affecting the heart and its regular functions.
  • Pericardial effusion may get even worse if you try to breathe deeply or if you take deep breaths.
  • However, you will feel much better if you lean your body forward.
  • In some cases, few pericardial effusions remain small in size and don’t enlarge. In this case, treatment may not be required.
  • Smaller pericardial effusion which doesn’t generally tend to show any form of symptom or signs of the effusion is normally due to some known reasons and cause, and therefore require no special treatment as such.
  • However, if the infections are serious or when the inflammations are high, or when the fluid accumulations are large, or any type of impairments exist in the heart, then it needs to be treated wisely and effectively.
  • Taking prescribed medications may also help to recover the cause. It all depends on case to case basis and depends on the cause of the root problem. However, it is one option as well. Medications are also prescribed in most of the cases.
  • All extra fluids need to be drained by the surgeon, a specialist, or your doctor.
  • The drainage tube in some cases may have to be left intact for few days.
  • Draining of the fluid may most probably be done by the help of a needle that will be inserted from the walls of your chest and inserted deep into your pericardial space.
  • In few of the cases, drainage of fluids may also require surgical methods. The process of surgical drainage is done by making a window by cutting through the pericardium.

The excess fluid that gets drained out is generally not a big in quantity, and many times patients may get surprised to see that such a minute quantity of that fluid had caused such a big and life-threatening problem to the person. However, it is actually true that balancing and maintaining the desired levels of the fluid quantity limit is very important.

The presence of pericardial effusion in your heart tends to normally put some amount of pressure in your heart, thereby affecting the functioning of the heart. Left untreated, the condition of pericardial effusion may even lead to severe problems which may be very dangerous and sorrowful. It may lead to a complete failure of your or may even take away the life and lead to death. It may be due to a result of the poor or improper circulation of blood and an insufficient supply of the required oxygen into your body. It may at times be life-threatening and therefore there is a need to take proper safety and precautions by seeking medical help and be attentive whenever you face any medical urgency.

It is a fact that many of the effusions are not so harmful, but still, at times it may tend to harm the functioning of your heart. Obviously, there are reasons why inflammations and effusion occur or why fluid gets accumulated in your cardiac parts. Problems may be raised if the accumulation of fluid exceeds the desired limit, which also affects the overall blood supply of the body.

weed addiction treatment

Weed addiction

Over the decade the consumption of weed ( marijuana ) dried , leaves flowers , steams and seed of the Cannabis sativa has increased . It is the most commonly used drugs and its use is increasing rapidly .   REASONS OF WEED CONSUMPTION To fit in , being rebellious as a teenager is the Read More

0 comments
include Coconut Oil in your diet

Why you should include Coconut Oil in your diet?

Coconut Oil is one of the few foods that can be classified as a “Super Food”. It helps in treating various skin problems include psoriasis, dermatitis, eczema and other skin infections. Also it delays the appearance of wrinkles and sagging of skin and preventing premature aging due to its well-known antioxidant properties. Types of Coconut Read More

0 comments
Dr. S.S. Badrinath

Dr. S.S. Badrinath

Opthamologist

0 comments
Dr. Ashok Seth-Free Doctor Helpline

Dr. Ashok Seth

Cardiologist

0 comments
Mental health - Free Doctor helpline

PAY ATTENTION TO YOUR MENTAL HEALTH

Mental Health refers to our behavioral and emotional well-being, it is all about how we think, how we behave and how we feel. The term ‘Mental Health’ sometimes means absence of mental disorder. Mental health can affect our daily life, relationships, and even physical health. Mental Health also reduces the ‘ ability to enjoy  life’ Read More

0 comments
image
6 months ago Health , healthy , Medical , Teeth Care

What is Dental Illness Inlay & Onlay: Which one I need? Procedure & Cost

In recent times, restoration of the missing tooth structure with an artificial filling like Inlays and Onlays are few of the widely accepted techniques to get rid of such common complains of Dental illness. An effective and a good care of the mouth is very essential for an individual’s personal hygiene and general wellness. It is also equally important for maintaining one’s overall appearance. There are specialized and dedicated doctors for taking care of your dental health. Consulting a dentist and hygienists acts as a major relief to such problems because these doctors or experts take great care and efforts to identify the causes and treat any type of gum disease or any other related problems at an early stage to keep you, your teeth, your gums, and your mouth healthy.

See: How to make your Yellow tooth, White Again

A highly crucial need of individual’s health is to take proper and effective care of all their body parts, including the dental parts. With the changing times, dental health problems are also being linked to few major chronic health problems like strokes, diabetes, artery diseases, giving birth to premature babies, lower birth weights, and many more. Ignorance of oral health may be alarming. Any type of untreated oral disease may lead you to catch hold of certain gum problems or may even lead to some loss of a tooth or any other teeth related problems or dental issues.

Primarily, the Dental Diseases are categorized into 3 major groups:

Cavity formation or Tooth Decay:

This occurs when we allow plague to remain and settle on the surface of our tooth for a certainly longer period of time. Plague emits a substance that contains bacteria in it. Those microbial bacteria produce acids and feed on the sweets and sugars that we consume throughout the day. Eventually, this phenomenon leads to the formation of tooth cavities and Tooth decay.

Gum Diseases:

This condition is also caused by the bacteria that are produced by the plague. These bacteria produce acids which affect the gums and infect them. They may also make the gums swollen or puffy. Sometimes it may also cause bleeding from your gums after your brush or floss your tooth. Further, it may also give you a bad smelling mouth with foul breath. However, all these problems can be treated with professional help and care. Keeping a good oral hygiene also helps.

Oral Cancers:

Anyone and everyone may get trapped with oral cancer, however, the ones who follow unhealthy oral habits like consumption of tobacco, cigarettes, alcohol, hookah, cigars, etc. are at a higher risk side. Oral cancers may affect any part of your mouth including gums, tongue, lips or any other associated parts as well as throat, cheeks, larynx. Symptoms and signs of oral cancers include bleeding, swelling, soreness, white or red patches, etc. It is always recommended to consult a healthcare professional immediately if any of these symptoms occur.

See: Healthy Diet for Teeth

As the time passes, an untreated dental illness may get riskier and even lead to a complete loss of your tooth. Although, any type of dental illness can be prevented by following regular dental check-up routines and periodic tooth examinations. Maintaining a proper oral hygiene and getting timely treatments are important for maintaining a healthy oral health. Moreover, taking regular dental care is very crucial for your overall health and well-being.

These days, the process of tooth extraction, dental fillings, crowning or any other dental treatments are very effective, quick, and hardly engages any pain. The process of its healing may get a little tricky, however, with the support of right advisory and right assistance, the complications or any related problems may be avoided. Further, once the wound gets healed up, then the doctor may advise you to undergo certain repair and replacement possibilities like dental implants. Such artificial replacement solutions and techniques are encouraged by dentists because the extracted tooth may have created a gap which may lead to degeneration of the tooth bones and enamel, and filling such gaps are important.

There are several cases where the tooth suffers from some of the other types of damage or decay. Getting the damage repaired and treating these problems are generally too extensive if you treat it with the process of simple filling, although not extensive enough if you require a full-coverage crown. Therefore, in most of these cases, the best available option today to restore your tooth like a natural one that you lost, may be possible with the process of a Dental Inlay or Onlay.

In case you require crowning of your tooth and you are looking an option for a crown, then, a dentist would probably recommend you go for a dental inlay or Onlay instead of opting for a crown. Although it is a well-known fact that both these options of tooth restoring are good, however, there are slight differences between the two. Dental inlay and dental outlay are alternative solutions for dental crowns. These are porcelain fillings that are created in the laboratories for tooth restorations and to strengthen the damaged or decayed tooth. These solutions are generally deemed to serve the purpose by offering some indirect options that lie between the choices of direct fillings and a crown.

Dental Inlay

Dental inlay is an indistinguishable way to repair the tooth gums. They are available in porcelain material options or in the form of a composite resin which matches with the original colour of your natural tooth. Typically, an inlay option is more durable as compared to the composite fillings. In addition to this, inlays are also far more affordable as compared to a crown.

Dental Onlay

Dental Onlay is another form of artificial and indirect filling. Onlays help in providing your tooth with a stronger support and provides a long-lasting repair solution for your decayed, damaged or broken tooth. Unlike the inlay that is bonded with your damaged tooth, similarly, the Onlay also bonds itself with the surface.

dental, inlay, onlay, teeth care

The difference in the bonding of the two is that inlays bond them with the centre of the tooth whereas the outlay procedure bonds itself with the entire biting surface of the tooth. The material used for creating dental Onlays can be porcelain, gold or resin. However, the right choice of material being used usually depends on the location at which the Onlay will be located. For example, porcelain is considered the best option if you want it for the smile line, whereas resin is considered perfect if you want this for the grinding purpose. All dental Onlays are generally very easy to maintain and clean. All efforts are taken that they are designed in such a way that they look very similar to your natural tooth.

Which one do I Need: Dental Inlay or Onlay?

Both the solutions, i.e., dental inlays or dental Onlays, are forms of indirect fillings. It means that that the filling is fabricated at a dental laboratory prior to bonding it to your tooth. The bonding process is then carried over by your dentist at their clinics.

The treatment process of indirect fillings is generally called as an “inlay” if it fixes itself inside the little gaps or cups of the molar or premolar tooth. To its contrast, the treatment process of indirect fillings is termed as an “Onlay” if it fixes itself with one or more of such cups. Whatever is the requirement, in both the cases, the procedure for fixing an inlay or an Onlay remains the same.

Procedure & Cost

Opting for the procedures of an inlay or Onlay helps you in retaining a major part of your natural tooth structure while being drilled out. Medical science aims to always preserve your natural tooth to as much extent as possible, and therefore inlays and Onlays are generally recommended instead of crowns. The procedure of fixing inlays and Onlays usually involves two sessions. The entire process is carried out with the aid of local anaesthetic to prevent any form of pain or discomfort during the treatment procedure.

The steps for inlay or Onlay procedure includes:

  1. Numbing of your tooth and its surrounding area with the support of some local anaesthesia
  2. Removing of the decay or infection
  3. Preparing of the artificial tooth impression
  4. Sending the tooth impression to a dental laboratory
  5. Based on the impressions, a model of your tooth is prepared
  6. A material used for creating an inlay or Onlay can be gold or natural tooth coloured ceramic or resin
  7. A temporary filling is attached to your tooth till the time you get your permanent one

The materials and solutions of inlays and Onlays are strong, durable and long-lasting. They don’t require any extra care than any other natural tooth. Daily brushing of your teeth, regular flossing, and routine professional cleanings at dental clinics are very important if you want to make sure that your restoration lasts for a longer duration and for years to come.

The cost of Dental Inlay and Onlay depends on the quantity of fixation and the material you choose for your artificial filling. It varies a lot depending on the case and varies from tooth to tooth. However, there are low-cost dental procedures available for this problem as well. Gold inlays are costlier than the porcelain ones.

Dr. (Prof) Kamal K. Sethi- Free Doctor Helpline

Dr. (Prof) Kamal K. Sethi

Cardiologist

0 comments

Home remedies for teeth whitening

     Home remedies for teeth whitening    In 2015, Americans alone spent over $11 billion on teeth brightening, including over $1.4 billion on at-home brightening items. Be that as it may, most brightening items utilize chemicals to blanch your teeth, which concern many individuals. On the off chance that you need more white teeth, yet Read More

0 comments

Diagnostic tests for HIV

HIV/AIDS also called as Human immunodeficiency virus/Acquired immune deficiency syndrome. One of the most dangerous STD’s, significantly challenging the gobal world with its devastating effects.HIV is caused by the “LENTI”virus[a class of retrovirus].HIV virus mainly acts on the imunne system of the body,by attacking the CD4 cells.Destruction of these cells results in the loss of Read More

0 comments
Sex Hormones, Sex Hormones regulation, sex, problems, synthesis

Role of Sex Hormones | Synthesis, Regulation & Function

Hormones are the chemical substances that circulate throughout your body. They are produced and secreted by the glands which play a very vital role in our body functions and daily activities. Different types of hormones affect different glands. Sex hormones form an important and a critical part of our body functions that is generally responsible Read More

0 comments

Diagnostic tests for typhoid

Typhoid fever is caused by Salmonella typhi, a Gram-negative bacterium. S. Typhi has several unique features and the genetic basis of many of which is known as a result of early genetic studies and the recent sequencing of the whole genome.  The bacteria S. typhi can be identified in the laboratory by several biochemical and Read More

0 comments
image
6 months ago Health , healthy , Medical

Gynecomastia Symptoms, Causes, Surgery & Treatment

Gynecomastia is a medical term used for man boobs. It is a condition in which the breast glands swell and enlarge abnormally. The term refers to the enlargement of breasts in male tissues. It is an endocrine system disorder found in males. It is a very common problem among boys and men. Generally, it is caused by the hormonal imbalance, especially due to the imbalance of male hormones like estrogen and testosterone. Normally, both male and female bodies produce both these hormones – estrogen and testosterone, but yes, in different levels and separate extents.

Our body hormones testosterone and estrogen are the most basic and most important components of our body functioning. These hormones responsible for controlling the entire process of the development and maintenance of many major and genital organ features in both men as well as women.

Gynecomastia, treatment, symptoms, causes, help

Testosterone also called the male hormone is responsible for controlling the male traits and characteristics for example muscle mass and body hairs. Similarly, estrogen also called the female hormone is responsible for controlling the female traits and characteristics such as the growth of breast glands. Estrogen is commonly referred to as female hormone however it also affects the male body because male even produces this hormone. It is not exclusively a female hormone. It is produced by the male as well as female.

However, the quantity in which estrogens are produced by males and by females vary. Normally males produce them in smaller quantities as compared to females. But when the level of estrogen becomes too high in males then it causes gynecomastia, also referred to as man boob. There may be times when the level of estrogen becomes imbalanced with the levels of testosterone.

Gynecomastia, Gynecomastia causes, Gynecomastia treatment, Gynecomastia prevention

Gynecomastia may occur either in both the breasts or in any one breast as well. Sometimes it also affects in an uneven manner. Mostly the newborns, the growing boys, or the boys entering their puberty get affected by gynecomastia when hormonal changes are taking place in their body or may also be due to some other reasons at the time. Many a time some older men may also get affected by this problem. In general, gynecomastia is not a serious disease or problem. However, it may be a reason for the concern among boys and men. They sometimes feel awkward and sometimes even get embarrassed.

Gynecomastia is a very common problem which affects around 70% of teenage boys. However, if this is the cause, then gynecomastia can be just a temporary problem. The newborn boys and the teenage boys generally face temporary gynecomastia due to the hormonal changes that are occurring in their body at the time of puberty. Treatments of gynecomastia give the most effective results when their treatments are done within the problem period of two years. Or within 2 years of the male breast enlargement sequence.

Few boys and men even complain of pain in their breasts. This pain may also be due to gynecomastia. Consulting a medical expert or a doctor will generally help in getting the answer. Many times gynecomastia goes off on its own, however, there are cases when it takes time to go off or continues and persists. In such cases, opting for medication may help. Further, a surgery may also be required to get rid of this condition.  Whatever the case be, there is a cure for this problem and so it is not such a serious worry at all. It is quite a common problem. 

Gynecomastia Symptoms:

Few of the common symptoms of gynecomastia include:

  • Enlargement of the male breast
  • Tenderness in the breast gland
  • Swelling of the breast gland tissue
  • Pain in the breasts
  • Nipple discharge from anyone or from both the breasts
  • A growth in the diameter and thickness of areola
  • Asymmetrical chest tissue

Males who show the signs and symptoms of gynecomastia generally get stressed up and feel anxious thinking that it may be due to some possibility of getting affected by a breast cancer.

It is recommended that you see your doctor if you feel any of the above symptoms affecting your body. The timely cure is available. There are medications that may help you in getting rid of these symptoms. So, book an appointment and consult it at your convenience.

Gynecomastia, male boob, symptoms, causes, treatment

Gynecomastia Causes:

There are several reasons and causes as to how and why gynecomastia occurs. Few of them are listed below:

  • Hormonal imbalance in the body
  • Natural changes in the hormone
  • Increase in the production level of estrogen
  • The decrease in the production level of androgen
  • Decrease in the level of testosterone hormone as compared to the level of estrogen
  • The level of estrogen can be decreased due to certain conditions that block testosterone
  • Malnutrition
  • Aging
  • Some type of infection in the testes
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Approximately 10 to 25% of the reported cases suffering from gynecomastia are caused by the use of drugs.
  • Few health issues or medical complications found in men like the kidney failure or some kind liver disease can also cause the growth of male breasts abnormally.
  • There are many medications that are reported to be causing gynecomastia, especially few medications used for the treatments of prostate cancer, ulcer medications, HIV, chemotherapy, certain antibiotics, and many more.

Estrogen generally acts as the growth hormone that increases the growth of the male breast glands, thus increasing or enlarging its size. The causes mentioned above are few of the reasons for the occurrence of gynecomastia. Moreover, these reasons may also trigger the problem even further. In most of the cases, these are caused due to certain conditions that increase the level of estrogen in your body. Gynecomastia is generally associated with the pubertal changes in an individual.

Gynecomastia Surgery:

Surgical removal of the excess breast tissue may be required in order to remove the extra tissues in cases of chronic or severe gynecomastia. Different approaches are then applied for the surgical treatment to take place for gynecomastia. Few names for the approaches followed for surgical process includes:

  • Subcutaneous mastectomy
  • Liposuction-assisted mastectomy
  • Laser-assisted liposuction
  • Laser-lipolysis without liposuction
  • Others

Gynecomastia Treatment:

The treatment and diagnosis of gynecomastia are generally based on the symptoms that an individual show. The signs of complaints are diagnosed and accordingly, the treatment plans are suggested. Diagnosis is done based on the medical history of the patient and the physical examination reports that were prescribed by the doctor. Few laboratory investigations may also be recommended so as to detect the actual cause of the symptom.

The treatment of gynecomastia after having ignored such that it had persisted in your body for a period of 2 years or above is almost very difficult and may prove ineffective. However, there are few medications available that have been found to be very effective in curing or treating such prolonged gynecomastia complains. Otherwise, the only option left with him is a surgery. The excess tissue can be removed from that part through a surgery, called the surgical removal. 

Those cases of gynecomastia that have occurred during the adolescence period are considered as moderate and mild, and their treatment involves getting an experts advice and consultation on the living habits, daily diet, exercises and walks, and so on. In contrast to this, if the case of gynecomastia gets severe then medical treatments become essential and may also require a surgical treatment process and intervention.  Both the treatment processes, i.e., the medications or the surgery, have been found to treat this problem of gynecomastia successfully.

Generally, doctors prescribe certain tests and examinations which may include blood tests or imaging studies so as to identify the possible causes of gynecomastia. In certain rare cases, however, mammography may also be prescribed. Generally, mammograms are prescribed if the doctor finds any indication or suspect a male breast cancer complication.

Risks & Control Measures:

There exist few physical complications that are associated with the problem of gynecomastia, especially the fact that it may cause certain emotional or psychological problems and concerns that may be caused due to an abnormal appearance. It may cause a psychological distress to the affected individual. Therefore, prevention is the best possible attempt we can take to stay away from getting trapped in this imbalance. For this, there are certainly few factors that may be considered and taken care of so as to control and reduce the risk of gynecomastia. Few of the control measures that be taken to control this risk are:

  • Never accept or consume any type of illegal drugs like steroids, heroin, marijuana, etc.
  • Stay away from consuming excess alcohol.
  • Always review the prescribed medications. For example – if you get to know that the medicine that you are consuming is told to cause gynecomastia, then don’t hesitate to ask your doctor for its alternative options.

Gynecomastia is generally not found to cause any harm to the body. It does not cause any physical harm. However, in very few cases it may be an indication of the underlying serious complication like testicular cancer. It is really very important to prevent yourself from attracting any serious medical concern that may also lead to some causes of gynecomastia.

Double Chin reduce Permanently(Free Doctor Helpline)

5 Best exercises to get rid of double chin

Even if we don’t admit it but we all in our heart of hearts hates that bulging double chin staring at us from under the chin, teasing us, and saying “I’ll never leave you”! We all crave for the perfect face cut and a well defined jaw-line which is ruined by the nasty double chin. Read More

0 comments
healthy life, office life, good life

How to Lead a Healthier Office Life?

Today is an era of Globalization and an Era of competition. With the advancement of technology, expansion of businesses and integration of cultures, life is getting tougher and competitive day by day.  It is really almost next to impossible to survive and sustain in this competitive environment without dreaming big and excelling in your career. Read More

0 comments

Saviors of the accident victim should not be tortured: Supreme Court

The Supreme Court of India in its recent judgement held that the majority of road accident deaths occur because the people passing by the site of accident don’t help the victim reach the hospital on time because of the fear of harassment in the hands of police and court. Such people, who help the victim Read More

0 comments

Why you should have Paprika?

Paprika is a red spice made from dried bell peppers that have been ground into tiny particles. While many people typically think of the Hungarian — there are many European countries that use the seasoning regularly to both color and flavor foods. It is added to soups and stews, sprinkled over the tops of meats, Read More

0 comments
Disprin for Dengue or Chikungunya

Avoid Aspirin in Dengue or Chikungunya

Dengue or Chikungunya both are the viral fever known to be adversely affecting (lowering) the platelets count. Low platelet count can result into bleeding from eyes, nose, alimentary canal which may sometimes prove fatal. Aspirin (Disprin) is an over the counter pain killer commonly used for pain and fever. However, the lesser known fact is Read More

1 comment
image
7 months ago Health , healthy , Medical

Successful Vaginal Birth after Cesarean: Benefits and Risk

Vaginal birth after c-section (VBAC) is the process of delivering a baby vaginally after giving birth to one
baby through a cesarean or c-section. When a woman is pregnant and is about to deliver, she always gets
two choices for delivering her sweet little baby. She may either opt for a normal vaginal delivery or opt for
a cesarean delivery. It is all planned in advance. It also depends on your medical reports and health
conditions. Before taking that delicate decision of choosing any one delivery option, one needs to be sure
of the associated benefits and risks with them.

Statistics suggest that there are several cases where women undergo successful vaginal delivery even after
having delivered via a c-section, without having any related complications. Most of the women have passed
this out successfully. However, there are certain risks that are involved during this entire process.
A few years back, it was advised that if your first delivery was a c-section, then the next ones should also be
the same. However, recent advancements in the treatments, procedures, and research now proves and
suggests that there is no harm in going for a VBAC, i.e., having a successful vaginal birth after c-section.
Now women are delivering successfully with VBAC.

vaginal delivery after cesrean

The decision of opting for the VBAC is not generally taken solely by the women. But her doctor will also
examine her case in detail, check her medical conditions and then recommend her the suitable option for
her delivery that she should opt. Decisions are finally taken based on mutual consents and understandings, however medical circumstances plan the major role.

Consult with Specialist Doctor

The decision whether you can go for VBAC or not also depends on the health of the baby and certain
external environments like your location. Doctors normally suggest that you opt for VBAC if you are
planning your delivery in a hospital rather than home births. This is also the reason why the hospitals
located in remote areas don’t recommend VBAC. Such regional hospitals are generally not well equipped
for emergency c-section requirements. The chances to have a successful VBAC increases if your pregnancy
tenure has moved normally and your baby is in a good health.

Also Read: Normal Delivery V/S Cesarean 

Benefits of having a vaginal birth after c-section:vaginal delivery after c-section

  •  Lower risk to catch infections
  • Temporary pain and discomfort
  •  Speedy recovery
  •  Early discharge from the hospital
  •  More comfort as compared to the c-section
  •  Lesser chances of any other related organ damage
  • Potential future complications get minimized
  • Allows you to hug your new-born soon after delivery
  • Minimizes your risk for future deliveries

Risk of having a vaginal birth after C-section:

  •  During this process, there are possibilities that the wound or mark of your previous c-section in the abdomen may get teared and result in a uterine rupture, which may create certain complications.
  • However, it may be known that uterine ruptures have been recorded to affect only 1 in 200 females undergoing this process
  • It is recommended that you choose for VBAC in properly equipped hospitals.
  • In most of the cases, the tear of this wound gets repaired, but in certain rare cases there may be severe bleedings and may call for an emergency situation. Women thus opting for VBAC have a risk to deliver via an emergency cesarean.

It is actually very difficult to predict as to who will be able to successfully deliver vaginally and who will
undergo a c-section. However, reports indicate that around 60 to 80% of women who plan for VBAC are
able to deliver it vaginally and successfully. Having a doctor on the site to monitor your labor and do a c-
section in case of any emergencies is always preferable.

Natural remedies and therapy for kidney Stones

Natural remedies and therapy for kidney stones or kidney stones are created of concrete or aggregations of crystals of dissolved minerals in the kidneys in urine formed. Kidney stones are a typical trigger of blood in the urine and often severe discomfort in the abdomen, flanks, or groin. Renal colic with nausea and vomiting related to Read More

0 comments
Kidney cancer

 Kidney Cancer – Symptoms and treatment of kidney cancer

Symptoms and treatment of kidney cancer kidney cancer is an illness of the kidneys, the organs commence curly reddish brown about the size of a small fist, over and above the waist on both sides spine. Kidney cancer is identified in cells of the kidney. They are closer to the back of the body, as Read More

0 comments
cysts on the sex glands

 Therapy compared to a cysts on the sex glands should always be ready for application of biological methods

Therapy about a sexual gland cysts should usually be ready to use organic techniques Write-up Therapy Cysts on the sex glands may be straightforward or too intense in terms of size and condition of the cysts. These sorts of the tumor are not an imminent danger to life once a lady, but huge cysts and sorts of Read More

0 comments
stress silent killer

Stress Silent Killer

    Causes of Stress Stress Effects on a human body What Experts Say About Stress       How to Overcome From Stress   Easy and simple way to overcome from Stress / Depression  

0 comments
what is OCD?

What is OCD?

What is OCD?? OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder) is a psychological wellness condition that revolves around crippling obsessions or impulse, troubling activities, and monotonous musings. A 2001 World Health Organization (WHO) psychological wellness report evaluated that OCD was among the main 20 reasons for sickness related incapacity worldwide for individuals matured 15 to 44 years. The Read More

0 comments

 

© Copyright 2016 Free Doctor Helpline. All rights reserved.

         Sitemap | Sitemap XML