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Fatty liver: Causes, diagnosis and treatment

Fatty Liver

The fatty liver disease is defined as a liver condition due to the fat accumulation of fat in the liver. It does not cause severe pain, unlike other liver diseases. It rarely causes pain, does not cause nausea or fatty food intolerance, but can sometimes indicate other health problems.

Fatty liver is not caused simply by eating fatty foods. It is associated with health problems.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become progressively more common in comparison with the increasing frequency of obesity and other components of the metabolic syndrome and it is predictable to be the leading sign for liver transplant within the decade.

Fatty liver is a reversible circumstance that can often be resolved with lifestyle modifications. In many cases, fatty liver has veto symptoms. It doesn’t usually cause permanent damage unless it progresses.

Fatty liver can become harmful to the liver if its underlying cause isn’t recognized and treated.

NAFLD is referred to the most common kind of fatty liver disease. This can result in liver damage later particularly when fat accumulation in the liver progresses with severe inflammation

NASH is a chronic disease in which accumulated fat in liver cells causes liver inflammation. The condition very slowly gets worse which is more likely to be a problem if the patient also has another liver disease, such as hepatitis C or B, or if the patient drinks too much alcohol. In some individuals, NASH may gradually progress to scarring of the liver and to more serious chronic liver disease, such as cirrhosis.

NASH typically occurs in citizens who are overweight and diabetic, with high blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels. The patient should therefore minimize or control as many as possible of these risk factors.

 

Causes

  • a poor appetite
  • weight loss
  • abdominal pain
  • physical weakness
  • fatigue
  • confusion
  • an enlarging, fluid-filled abdomen
  • jaundice of the skin and yellowing of the eyes
  • Confusion
  • a tendency to bleed more easily

 

Causes of fatty liver :

  • Obesity (about 20% of people considered obese have fatty liver disease)
  • High blood cholesterol and triglycerides
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus
  • Heavy alcohol use
  • Underactive thyroid
  • Certain drugs
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome
  • Complications late in pregnancy
  • Some of these conditions are associated with resistance to insulin, a hormone the body produces to maintain normal amounts of sugar in the blood

Diagnosis

  • the fatty liver disease does not root pain, nausea or fatty food intolerance,
  • many people do not realise they have it until a routine blood test suggests a liver problem
  • . A liver biopsy may be suggested but this is rarely necessary.
  • The biopsy shows the liver cells to be examined under a microscope in order to see the degree of fat accumulation, inflammation and more importantly, scarring of the liver.

Treatment:

  • limiting or avoiding alcoholic beverages
  • managing your cholesterol and reducing your intake of sugar and saturated fatty acids
  • losing weight
  • controlling your blood sugar

 

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