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Tags Archives: Risk-factor

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4 years ago Health , healthy

Throat Cancer- Symptoms, Risk and Treatment

Throat cancer is a disease in which cancer cells develop in an anomalous way in the throat. The throat is the empty tube that keeps running from behind the nose and mouth, down the neck, to the opening of the throat and windpipe.

Disease happens when cells in the body (for this situation throat cells) isolate without control or request. Ordinarily, cells partition in a directed way. In the event that phones continue separating wildly when new cells are not required, a mass of tissue frames, called a development or a tumour. The term growth alludes to harmful tumours, which can attack adjacent tissues and spread to different parts of the body. A favourable tumour for the most part does not attack or spread.

A person suffers from Throat Cancer when cancerous tumours develop in the tissues of throat or pharynx, voice box or larynx or tonsils. Most of the throat cancers are squamous cell carcinomas. Also called Pharyngeal cancer.

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Stages of Throat:

If you are in a more advanced stage, then chemotherapy may be given with the combination of surgery and or radiation.

Stage 0: The cancer is not invasive yet, so it can be treated by removing the affected tissue.

Stage 1-2: In this stage surgery, radiation, therapy or both are recommended.

Stage 3-4: In this stage of the cancer radiation, surgery and/or chemotherapy.

Risk factors

When you get a diagnosis of laryngeal cancer, it’s natural to wonder what may have caused the disease. Doctors can’t always explain why one person gets laryngeal cancer and another doesn’t.

However, we do realize that individuals with certain risk components might be more probable than others to create laryngeal cancer. A risk factor is something that may expand the possibility of getting a disease. Smoking tobacco causes most laryngeal cancers. Substantial smokers who have smoked tobacco for quite a while are most in danger for a laryngeal tumour. Additionally, individuals who are substantial consumers will probably create laryngeal disease than individuals people who don’t drink liquor.

Symptoms of Throat Cancer:

It’s difficult to detect throat cancer in it’s initially stage. Common signs and symptoms of throat cancer are:

  • A change in your Voice
  • Sore throat
  • Weight Loss
  • Persistent Cough (may cough up blood)
  • Constant need to clear your Throat
  • Ear pain
  • swollen lymph nodes in the neck

Treatment:

Radiation therapy:

Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays to kill cancer cells. It’s an option for people with any stage of laryngeal cancer. People with small tumours may choose radiation therapy instead of surgery. It may also be used after surgery to destroy cancer cells that may remain in the area.

The radiation comes from a large machine outside the body. You may go to the hospital or clinic once or twice a day, generally 5 days a week for several weeks. Each treatment takes only a few minutes.

Chemotherapy:

Cancer Chemotherapy utilizes medications to slaughter tumour cells. The medications that treat laryngeal growth are typically given through a vein (intravenous). The medications enter the circulatory system and go all through your body Chemotherapy and radiation treatment are frequently given in the meantime. Chemo has its dangers; the basic symptoms of chemo incorporate sickness, loss of hunger, male pattern baldness, exhaustion, fever and agony. There could be enduring symptoms, for example, memory misfortune, heart issues and danger of future disease. A few people need to remain in the healing centre during treatment. The side effects depend mainly on which drugs are given and how much.

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4 years ago Health , healthy , Heart Disease , Medical

Angina Pectoris (Stable Angina) Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factor & Treatment

Angina is a type of chest pain that results due to the decrease in the blood flow to the heart. When there is decreased blood flow to the heart, it means that heart is lacking sufficient oxygen. Emotional stress or physical activities are the main causes of the pain. Angina Pectoris also called as stable angina is the most common type of Angina. Stable angina is predictable which means you can actually track the pattern of the chest when you feel the pain. On the other hand, unstable angina is another type of angina which occurs suddenly and gets worse over time.

Though stable angina is less serious condition both types of angina are the symptom of underlying heart disease.

What Causes Stable Angina?

Stable Angina is a condition when the heart does not receive sufficient oxygen supply. There are many factors that can possibly reduce the oxygen supply to the heart. Some of them are:

Angina, stable Angina, Angina symptoms, Angina risk factor

What are the Risks Factors of Stable Angina?

      The risk factors associated with Stable Angina include:

  • Overweight or obese
  • Medical history of Heart disease
  • Diabetic patients
  • People with High Cholesterol or High Blood Pressure
  • Smoking
  • Lack of physical activities

Unhealthy diets, vigorous workouts and extreme cold and hot weathers can also stimulate stable angina in some cases.

What are the Symptoms of Stable Angina?

     The pain that occurs during the stable angina is referred to as pressure or fullness in the center of the chest. The pain may be like a heavy weight resting on your chest or a mild squeezing of the chest. The pain slowly spreads from the chest to neck, arms and shoulders.

One may notice the following symptoms while suffering from stable angina:

The symptoms usually last for 15 minutes whereas in the case of unstable angina the pain is more severe and continuous.

How is Stable Angina Diagnosed?

Your doctor will run through your medical history and perform some tests such as ECG and angiography. These tests help to diagnose the proper functioning of the heart and if the arteries are blocked. You will also be asked to perform a stress test while which your heart rhythm and breathing will be measured. This helps to find out if physical activity triggers angina.  A blood test will also be taken to measure cholesterol and C-reactive protein levels (CRP). High CRP levels can also increase the risk of heart diseases.

How is Stable Angina treated?

Treatment for stable angina includes changes in lifestyle, medication, and surgery.

Lifestyle changes: Certain lifestyle changes can help prevent future stable angina. These changes include regular exercising, eating a healthy diet consisting of whole grains, fruits, and vegetables, nuts, etc. One should also quit smoking. These changes will help in the long run and reduce the risk of diabetes, cholesterol, and high blood pressure.

Medication: nitroglycerine is usually prescribed which relieves pain associated with stable angina. You will also have to take other medications to stabilize your blood pressure, diabetes, and cholesterol levels.

Surgery: Angioplasty is often recommended to treat stable angina. The blocked arteries can be surgically treated using surgery. Angioplasty involves a balloon which is inserted into the arteries and inflated to a required size. A stent is placed to keep the blocked artery open.

The condition often improves with medications. In addition to this, adapting yourself to lifestyle changes will reduce the chances of future stable angina.

You can even call or book an appointment with doctors on our website to ask your queries or have a free consultation.

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