Menu
X

Tags Archives: Hepatitis

image
2 years ago Medical

Hepatitis C

About Hepatitis C

Hepatitis is defined as the inflammation of the liver. The vital organ plays an important role in the processing of food, enzyme secretion, residual cleaning and metabolism of medicines. Any damage or inflammation of the liver affects the body functions, affecting the body functions.  Heavy alcohol toxins, strong medications and autoimmune conditions cause hepatitis C.

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) can lead to both acute and chronic infection. Acute HCV infection is usually asymptomatic and is only very rarely associated with the life-threatening disease.

Many people are not aware of acute conditions, which further develop into the chronic illness, causing severe problems like liver cancer, liver failure.

 

Transmission:

Hepatitis C is a blood prone virus. The common modes of transmission are:

  • Injecting drug through similar syringes
  • using again or insufficient sterilization of medical equipment, like syringes, needles in primary healthcare centres
  • Transfusion of unscreened blood and blood products
  • Clotting factors of unscreened value
  • Sexually transmitted from mother to child from womb, only if the mother is infected.

Risk groups for hepatitis C:

  • Patients undergoing dialysis for longer term
  • Healthcare co-workers who have blood exposure like needle stick to an infected person on their job
  • Children born to HCV-infected mother
  • People having multiple sex partners
  • Received a blood from an already suffering HCV patient

The symptoms are:

  • Fatigue Yellow skin and eyes (jaundice)
  • Loss of appetite
  • Dark-colored urine
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Joint Pain
  • Abdominal pain
  • Clay-colored stool

These symptoms may appear about 6 to 8 weeks after exposure, but this time period can vary among individuals

HCV infection is diagnosed in 2 steps:

  1. Screening meant for anti-HCV antibodies with a serological test that identifies people who have been infected by way of the virus.
  2. If the test is positive for anti-HCV antibodies, a nucleic acid test for HCV ribonucleic acid (RNA) is essential to authenticate chronic contamination

 

Prevention

There is no vaccine for hepatitis C, consequently, prevention of HCV infection depends upon reducing the risk of exposure to the virus in health-care settings and in higher risk populations like, individuals who inject drugs, and throughout sexual contact.

Primary prevention measures include:

  • Hand hygiene: with surgical hand preparation, hand washing and use of gloves;
  • Safe and proper use of health care injections;
  • protected handling and discarding of surgical sharps and waste;
  • Comprehensive harm-reduction services to individuals who inject drugs as well as sterile injecting equipment;
  • Testing and analysis of donated blood for hepatitis B and C (and for HIV and syphilis);
  • Comprehensive training of health personnel
  • Encouragement of the correct and regular use of condoms.

 

Secondary prevention measures include:

  • Patient-centric education and counselling on options for care and treatment;
  • Complete immunization with the hepatitis A and B vaccines to avert co-infection from these hepatitis viruses and to shield their liver;
  • Early and suitable medical management together with antiviral therapy
  • Standard monitoring for near the beginning diagnosis of chronic liver disease.

image
3 years ago FirstAidPlus , Liver , Medical

What is Hepatitis ?

Hepatitis is a term that refers to inflammation of the liver.It’s commonly because of a viral infection, however there are different feasible reasons of hepatitis. those include autoimmune hepatitis and hepatitis that happens as a secondary reaction of medicinal drugs, tablets, toxins, and alcohol. Autoimmune hepatitis is a disorder that happens while your body makes antibodies in against to your liver cells.

Your liver performs many critical functions that affect metabolism for the duration of your body, including:

  • Excretion of bilirubin (a product of broken-down Red blood cells), cholesterol, hormones, and medicine
  • Breakdown of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins
  • Synthesis of clotting factors
  • Activation of enzymes, which can be specialized proteins essential to body features
  • Bile production, which is crucial to digestion
  • Storage of glycogen (a form of sugar), minerals, and vitamins (A, D, E, and okay)
  • Filtering of toxins from your body
  • Synthesis of blood proteins, along with albumin

According to “Global Burden of diseases study 2015” worldwide around 600 million people are affected from this diseases and according to central disease control and prevention (CDC) about 5million people in America are affected from this disease. And worldwide there are also many others who still don’t know that they have hepatitis.

It’s treatment depends on its type and Treatment vary depending on which type of hepatitis you affected. We can prevent some form of hepatitis by precautions and vaccination.

Hepatitis Viral in the world

Hepatitis Viral in the world

Type of Hepatitis 

Hepatitis is a term that refers to inflammation of the liver. Among the three most common strains of viral hepatitis in the India – Hepatitis A, B & C – each virus has similar symptoms. However, strains differ by the mode of transmission and how the specific virus affects the liver. It can be caused by – Genetic Diseases, Medications (including over the counter), Alcohol and Hepatitis Viruses.

Hepatitis A

Modes of Transmission –

Ingestion of fecal matter, even in microscopic amounts, from :

  1. Close person – to – person contact with a Hepatitis A – infected person.
  2. Sexual contact with a Hep. – A infected person.
  3. Contaminated food or drinks.
  4. Contaminated drug paraphernalia (works).

Risk Activities –

  1. Travel to countries where Hep. – A is common.
  2. Sexual contact with a Hep. – A infected person.
  3. Use of illegal drugs (injection or non – injection).
  4. Living with a clotting factor disorder.

Prevention Methods –

  1. Hepatitis A vaccination.
  2. Immune globulin.
  3. Proper hand washing with soap after the use of toilets and changing diapers, and before preparing and eating food.

Treatment Option –

  1. Provides supportive treatments (for e.g. bed rest).
  2. No Hep. – A specific medications are available.

 

Hepatitis B

Modes of Transmission –

Contact with infectious blood, semen and other bodily fluids, primarily through :

  1. Birth from a Hepatitis – B infected mother.
  2. Sexual contact with a Hep. – B infected person.
  3. Sharing needles, syringes or drug paraphernalia (works).
  4. Needle sticks or sharp instrument injuries.

Less commonly through :

  1. Tattooing / body piercing.

Risk Activities –

  1. Birth from a Hep. – B infected mother.
  2. Sexual contact with a Hep. – B infected person.
  3. Multiple sexual partners.
  4. Living with a Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD).
  5. Injection drug use.
  6. Living with a Hep. – B infected person.
  7. Occupational exposure to blood.
  8. Long term hemodialysis.
  9. Living or working in a setting that houses developmentally disabled individuals.

Prevention Methods –

  1. Hep. B vaccination.
  2. Immune globulin.
  3. Hep. B screening during each pregnancy.
  4. For infants born to Hep. – B infected mothers, immune globulin dosage and vaccine within 12 hours of birth.
  5. Use of condoms for sex.
  6. Not sharing personal care items (e.g. razors, toothbrushes).
  7. Not sharing needles, syringes or drug paraphernalia (works).
  8. Ensure use of sterile equipment for any tattoo or body piercing.
  9. Proper infection control in health care settings and public safety work.

Treatment Options –

  1. For acute Hep. B, provide supportive treatment.
  2. For chronic Hep. B, provide regular monitoring for signs of liver disease progression and consider antiviral medication.

Read more >> Hepatitis B

 

Hepatitis C

Modes of Transmission –

Contact with infectious blood, primarily through :

  1. Sharing needles, syringes or drug paraphernalia (works).

Less commonly through :

  1. Sexual contact with a Hepatitis C infected person.
  2. Birth from a Hep. C infected mother.
  3. Needles stick or sharp instrument injuries.
  4. Tattooing / body piercing.

Risk Activities –

  1. Current or past injection drug use.
  2. Receipt of blood or organs prior to July 1992.
  3. Receipt of clotting factor concentrates before 1987.
  4. Long term hemodialysis.
  5. Occupational exposure to blood.
  6. Birth from a Hep. C infected mother.

Prevention Methods –

  1. Not sharing needles, syringes or drug paraphernalia (works).
  2. Use of condom for sex.
  3. Not sharing personal care items (e.g. razors, toothbrushes) ensure use of sterile equipment for any tattoo or body piercing.
  4. Proper infection control in health care settings and public safety work.

Treatment Options –

  1. For acute Hepatitis C, provide supportive treatment and consider antiviral medication.
  2. For chronic Hep. C, provide regular monitoring for signs of liver disease progression and consider antiviral medication.

read more >> hepatitis C 

© Copyright 2016 Free Doctor Helpline. All rights reserved.

         Sitemap | Sitemap XML