Fatty liver also called as Steatosis refers to the buildup of fat in the liver. It’s normal to have some fat in the liver but if it makes up to 5% to 10% of the organ’s weight then you may probably have the fatty liver disease. Fatty liver is a reversible condition provided which can be achieved with behavioral controls.
The liver is the 2nd largest organ in the body. Its main function is to process everything we eat and drink and filter the harmful substances. This process gets interrupted if a lot of fat gets deposited in the liver. The liver repairs itself by regenerating new liver cells when the old ones get damaged.
Fatty liver is a very common condition for people of age between 40 to 60 years. If the exact cause of this condition is not identified and treated, it might become harmful and even lead to life-threatening situations.
What are the Symptoms of Fatty Liver?
It has no associated symptom. One may feel fatigue or an abdominal discomfort. Your liver becomes slightly enlarged and deposition of fat leads to liver inflammation. One may also have loss of appetite, weight loss, and confusion.
Some other symptoms related to liver disease:
- Curling of fingers
- Hair loss
- Enlargement of salivary glands
- Shrinking of testes
- The appearance of spider-like veins on the surface of the skin
What are the Causes of Fatty Liver?
Alcohol consumption is the most common cause of this condition. Fat deposition takes place when the body creates too much of fat and is not able to metabolize it at a fast rate. Now, the excess fat gets deposited causing fatty liver disease.
Other common causes for this condition include:
- High levels of fat in the blood
- Genetic inheritance
- Side effects of certain medicines such as aspirin, steroids, etc
- Rapid weight loss
Types of the Fatty liver:
There are 4 different types of fatty liver | types of Steatosis:
1.Alcoholic Liver Disease (ALD):
Heavy consumption of alcohol will lead to alcoholic liver disease. The liver will not be able to break down the excess of alcohol taken in by the body. The genes can also play a role in ALD. However, if the person refrains from drinking alcohol for 6 weeks the fat will disappear.
2.Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver (NAFL):
This is not due to alcohol. This condition develops when the liver finds it difficult to break down the fat. This is diagnosed when more than 10% of the liver is fat. People with high cholesterol and diabetes have greater chances of being affected.
Too much of bacteria in your small intestine and other changes in the intestine may be related to the non-alcoholic liver disease.
3.Acute Fatty Liver of Pregnancy:
It’s a very rare case where fat gets deposited in the liver when you are pregnant. It may lead to serious issues such as liver or kidney failure either in you or your baby. It may also cause infection or bleeding. There’s no exact cause for this but your hormones may play a role. The symptoms begin in the 3rd trimester. It includes which includes pain in the upper-right abdomen, persistent nausea or vomiting & jaundice
When fat builds up, it leads to swelling of the liver. This can impair liver function. The noticeable symptoms are:
- Loss of appetite
- Abdominal pain
How is Steatosis Diagnosed?
Physical Exam: your doctor can detect it just by examining your abdomen. Also tell your doctor about your medical history, medications, alcohol and supplement use.
Blood Tests: your doctor may observe that the liver enzymes are higher than that in a routine blood test. This doesn’t confirm fatty liver. Further analysis will be made.
Ultrasound: one may take up ultrasound or CT or MRI scan to detect the amount of fat deposition in the liver.
Liver Biopsy: in a liver biopsy, the doctor will insert a needle into your liver to remove a tissue for examination. This will also help to detect the exact cause.
Steatosis Treatment | How is Fatty Liver treated?
There is no treatment, surgery or medication for fatty liver. Instead, your doctor will suggest ways and means reduce the risk factors. It includes:
- Limiting or avoiding alcoholic beverages
- Managing cholesterol levels
- Losing weight
- Controlling blood sugar
- Regular physical activities
- Diet control
- Include more of protein in your diet
As we all know, prevention is better than cure. So it’s always better to make efforts to remain healthy than to undergo treatments for recovery.
Effect of Fatty Liver Disease on Sexual Life:
Liver diseases have an indirect impact on the sexual experience. Since most often liver diseases are associated with fatigue and depression it will have an adverse effect on sexual enjoyments. Also, the medications used for the treatment of such diseases is another reason for reduced interest in sex. Moreover, any chronic illness can be associated with sexual dysfunction.
Those with liver disease need to pay attention to the following while enjoying sex.
- Contagious Liver Disease: It has been a presumption that most forms of Hepatitis are transmitted sexually. But, one needs to know the fact that only Hepatitis B has a high rate of sexual transmission and sexual transmission of Hepatitis C have very low rates of transmission.
- Hypertension: Any form of hypertension, be it portal or heart disease carries a fear of sex which increases the blood pressure to dangerously high levels. It is advisable to consult your doctor to get further medical advice.
- Drains energy: Anyone suffering from the chronic disease will be fatigue and when they get involved in sexual activity it drains their precious energy.
Sex plays an important role in one’s life. It benefits ranges from slashing stress levels to lowering the risk of cancer and heart attacks. Thus any discomfort in your sexual life due to chronic liver diseases requires immediate attention. One can seek the help of the doctor to get advice. You may also visit a counselor or a therapist specialized in sex to get more ideas on how to overcome the struggle.
You can also contact the doctors online on www.freedoctorhelpline.com or call us at +918010555444.
The fatty liver disease is defined as a liver condition due to the fat accumulation of fat in the liver. It does not cause severe pain, unlike other liver diseases. It rarely causes pain, does not cause nausea or fatty food intolerance, but can sometimes indicate other health problems.
Fatty liver is not caused simply by eating fatty foods. It is associated with health problems.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become progressively more common in comparison with the increasing frequency of obesity and other components of the metabolic syndrome and it is predictable to be the leading sign for liver transplant within the decade.
Fatty liver is a reversible circumstance that can often be resolved with lifestyle modifications. In many cases, fatty liver has veto symptoms. It doesn’t usually cause permanent damage unless it progresses.
Fatty liver can become harmful to the liver if its underlying cause isn’t recognized and treated.
NAFLD is referred to the most common kind of fatty liver disease. This can result in liver damage later particularly when fat accumulation in the liver progresses with severe inflammation
NASH is a chronic disease in which accumulated fat in liver cells causes liver inflammation. The condition very slowly gets worse which is more likely to be a problem if the patient also has another liver disease, such as hepatitis C or B, or if the patient drinks too much alcohol. In some individuals, NASH may gradually progress to scarring of the liver and to more serious chronic liver disease, such as cirrhosis.
NASH typically occurs in citizens who are overweight and diabetic, with high blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels. The patient should therefore minimize or control as many as possible of these risk factors.
- a poor appetite
- weight loss
- abdominal pain
- physical weakness
- an enlarging, fluid-filled abdomen
- jaundice of the skin and yellowing of the eyes
- a tendency to bleed more easily
Causes of fatty liver :
- Obesity (about 20% of people considered obese have fatty liver disease)
- High blood cholesterol and triglycerides
- Type 2 diabetes mellitus
- Heavy alcohol use
- Underactive thyroid
- Certain drugs
- Polycystic ovary syndrome
- Complications late in pregnancy
- Some of these conditions are associated with resistance to insulin, a hormone the body produces to maintain normal amounts of sugar in the blood
- the fatty liver disease does not root pain, nausea or fatty food intolerance,
- many people do not realise they have it until a routine blood test suggests a liver problem
- . A liver biopsy may be suggested but this is rarely necessary.
- The biopsy shows the liver cells to be examined under a microscope in order to see the degree of fat accumulation, inflammation and more importantly, scarring of the liver.
- limiting or avoiding alcoholic beverages
- managing your cholesterol and reducing your intake of sugar and saturated fatty acids
- losing weight
- controlling your blood sugar
FATTY LIVER: WHAT IS IT?
The liver is the second largest and a very important organ in the body. The liver’s function is like that of a water purifier that is to process everything one eats and drinks. It then filters the harmful substances from the blood. This process is, however, hindered if there is too much fat in the liver. The liver although commonly repairs itself by rebuilding new liver cells whenever they are damaged. But, when there’s repeated damage to the liver, permanent damage takes place. And this is called cirrhosis.
Liver has some fat in normal quantity but when it makes up more than 5%-10% of its weight, there arises this condition, called fatty liver disease. And yes, drinking is one of the key causes! Fatty liver, or steatosis, is a term that describes the building up of excess fat in the liver. A fatty liver is the result of the excess fat in liver cells. Fatty tissue slowly builds up in the liver when a person’s diet exceeds the amount of fat that the body can handle. Fatty liver condition can be reversed and is often with no symptoms and can be completely benign does not leading to liver damage. However, once the simple fat starts building up, the liver becomes vulnerable, which may result in inflammation and damage of liver.
Experts don’t know exactly why some people accumulate fat in the liver while others do not. Similarly, there is limited understanding of why some fatty livers develop inflammation that progresses to cirrhosis. But, there are two types of fatty liver condition: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, and both are linked to obesity, insulin resistance, high blood sugar, and high levels of fat. These health problems encourage the deposit of fat in the liver.
KINDS OF FATTY LIVER DISEASE:
There are two major kinds of fatty liver diseases. And they are:
- Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) – Alcoholic liver disease as the name suggests is caused due to excessive drinking and the period or duration of drinking does not matter, it can even happen after a short period of heavy drinking.
- Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) – Although the cause of this type of fatty liver disease is uncertain but it tends to run in the family. Moreover, the middle-aged and overweight people are at risk, along with people with high cholesterol and diabetes. It is also considered to be the manifestation of the metabolic syndrome.
- Acute fatty liver of pregnancy – It is another kind of fatty liver which is a rare complication of pregnancy which can be life threatening.
However there isn’t any medication or surgery to treat fatty liver but it is not incurable. Some lifestyle changes and fixes to reverse the condition before it is too late. For e.g., quitting or limiting drinking, managing cholesterol, weight loss, maintaining blood sugar levels. Moreover, healthy eating habits can also be adopted to cure it, like, reducing the number of calories intake or eliminating fatty foods and foods high in sugar from your diet.