Melania Trump had a surgery for a benign kidney condition.
First lady Melania Trump, who is 48 now underwent a kidney embolization surgery at Walter Reed National Military Center in mid of the May month this year. Donald Trump tweeted it surgery was successful with no complications. But the First lady remained at the Maryland hospital for a week to prevent complications. Giving privacy a priority white house did not provide any clue about the procedure or condition.
What is Embolization?
Blocking blood vessels to block blood flow to an area is what embolization. Usually, medications, synthetic materials called embolic agents are placed in blood vessels to block the blood flow.
This technique is used to prevent abnormal bleeding, to close off blood vessels supplying blood to a tumour, to eliminate abnormal connections between arteries and veins or to treat aneurysms. Embolization is found to be more effective than surgery to control the blood flow.
So, for Melania Trump embolization was done to stop the growth of a benign tumour. Some tumours can bleed because they have a lot of blood vessels in them. Through embolization, we can stop blood and oxygen flow to a tumour to cease its growth.
How does this procedure work?
Catheters and guide wire are used to gain access to the organ. The position of correct artery or vein is located by Digital subtraction angiography ( DSA ).these images are used as a map to gain access to the right vessel.
This procedure takes 30 minutes to hours it totally depends on the complexity of the condition. Generally, patients are asked to stay in bed for 6 to 8 hours after the procedure.
Most commonly embolization procedure is used for angiomyolipoma. This is a benign growth in the kidney which has fat and cystic components in it. Benign tumours can be bad, though as they can cause obstructions and infection and other problems. Kidney embolization may cause side effects like fever, pain at the injection site or pain in kidney.
Angiomyolipoma is not common but occur in middle-aged women and can cause bleeding if they increase in size says Dr. Keith Kowalczyk of Medstar Georgetown University Hospital.
The procedure is minor enough in which local anaesthesia is needed. It will be inserted in the treatment site. Surgeons map the area that they want to treat and puncture the blood vessels from outside. They send a tube to reach the vessels. Through that tube, they send material like gelatin or platinum coils to block the blood supply in the required area. In this way will not be able to reach tumours which stop their growth.
Benefits of embolization
- It helps to control bleeding in emergency situations.
- Success rates in women were found to be more than 83%, who were treated with embolization for uterine fibroids.
- Through this method, we can treat tumours and vascular malformations that cannot be removed surgically.
- This method is less invasive than open surgery. With less blood loss and no obvious surgical incision.
Respiratory diseases a term used to define the abnormal or unhealthy condition of our respiratory system, it includes nostril, nasal passage, wind pipe, bronchus, bronchioles and lungs, if one of them is abnormal in function means there is some problem with respiratory system. Types of respiratory diseases: Can be of 4 types Infectious respiratory diseases: Theses Read More
Hypertension, commonly called ad high blood pressure is a medical condition in which the force of the blood against the artery walls is high enough that it can eventually result in heart diseases. The blood pressure is determined by both that amount of blood your pumps and also the resistance of the blood to flow Read More
We all are familiar with the term “Diabetes”. It mellitus commonly referred to as diabetes, is a condition in which the amount of glucose in the bloodstream is very high because the body is unable to utilize it. This happens if the body does not produce any insulin /insufficient insulin and OR insulin produced is unable Read More
What is Tuberculosis? TB stands for Tuberculosis disease which is a kind of bacterial infection, manifesting itself primarily in the people with weak immune system. Such weakness is in turn linked to poor nutrition which finally finds its root in poverty. In developing nations like India, poor hygiene, malnourishment, poverty and lack of proper health Read More
Breast cancer Awareness! We all know that “Cancer” is a devastating disease which not only causes immense suffering to the patients and their relatives but also burdens the healthcare system. Tumor that has developed from the cells of the breast is known as Breast Cancer. Cancer starts when the cells begin to multiply in a Read More