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3 years ago FirstAidPlus , Liver , Medical

What is Hepatitis ?

Hepatitis is a term that refers to inflammation of the liver.It’s commonly because of a viral infection, however there are different feasible reasons of hepatitis. those include autoimmune hepatitis and hepatitis that happens as a secondary reaction of medicinal drugs, tablets, toxins, and alcohol. Autoimmune hepatitis is a disorder that happens while your body makes antibodies in against to your liver cells.

Your liver performs many critical functions that affect metabolism for the duration of your body, including:

  • Excretion of bilirubin (a product of broken-down Red blood cells), cholesterol, hormones, and medicine
  • Breakdown of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins
  • Synthesis of clotting factors
  • Activation of enzymes, which can be specialized proteins essential to body features
  • Bile production, which is crucial to digestion
  • Storage of glycogen (a form of sugar), minerals, and vitamins (A, D, E, and okay)
  • Filtering of toxins from your body
  • Synthesis of blood proteins, along with albumin

According to “Global Burden of diseases study 2015” worldwide around 600 million people are affected from this diseases and according to central disease control and prevention (CDC) about 5million people in America are affected from this disease. And worldwide there are also many others who still don’t know that they have hepatitis.

It’s treatment depends on its type and Treatment vary depending on which type of hepatitis you affected. We can prevent some form of hepatitis by precautions and vaccination.

Hepatitis Viral in the world

Hepatitis Viral in the world

Type of Hepatitis 

Hepatitis is a term that refers to inflammation of the liver. Among the three most common strains of viral hepatitis in the India – Hepatitis A, B & C – each virus has similar symptoms. However, strains differ by the mode of transmission and how the specific virus affects the liver. It can be caused by – Genetic Diseases, Medications (including over the counter), Alcohol and Hepatitis Viruses.

Hepatitis A

Modes of Transmission –

Ingestion of fecal matter, even in microscopic amounts, from :

  1. Close person – to – person contact with a Hepatitis A – infected person.
  2. Sexual contact with a Hep. – A infected person.
  3. Contaminated food or drinks.
  4. Contaminated drug paraphernalia (works).

Risk Activities –

  1. Travel to countries where Hep. – A is common.
  2. Sexual contact with a Hep. – A infected person.
  3. Use of illegal drugs (injection or non – injection).
  4. Living with a clotting factor disorder.

Prevention Methods –

  1. Hepatitis A vaccination.
  2. Immune globulin.
  3. Proper hand washing with soap after the use of toilets and changing diapers, and before preparing and eating food.

Treatment Option –

  1. Provides supportive treatments (for e.g. bed rest).
  2. No Hep. – A specific medications are available.

 

Hepatitis B

Modes of Transmission –

Contact with infectious blood, semen and other bodily fluids, primarily through :

  1. Birth from a Hepatitis – B infected mother.
  2. Sexual contact with a Hep. – B infected person.
  3. Sharing needles, syringes or drug paraphernalia (works).
  4. Needle sticks or sharp instrument injuries.

Less commonly through :

  1. Tattooing / body piercing.

Risk Activities –

  1. Birth from a Hep. – B infected mother.
  2. Sexual contact with a Hep. – B infected person.
  3. Multiple sexual partners.
  4. Living with a Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD).
  5. Injection drug use.
  6. Living with a Hep. – B infected person.
  7. Occupational exposure to blood.
  8. Long term hemodialysis.
  9. Living or working in a setting that houses developmentally disabled individuals.

Prevention Methods –

  1. Hep. B vaccination.
  2. Immune globulin.
  3. Hep. B screening during each pregnancy.
  4. For infants born to Hep. – B infected mothers, immune globulin dosage and vaccine within 12 hours of birth.
  5. Use of condoms for sex.
  6. Not sharing personal care items (e.g. razors, toothbrushes).
  7. Not sharing needles, syringes or drug paraphernalia (works).
  8. Ensure use of sterile equipment for any tattoo or body piercing.
  9. Proper infection control in health care settings and public safety work.

Treatment Options –

  1. For acute Hep. B, provide supportive treatment.
  2. For chronic Hep. B, provide regular monitoring for signs of liver disease progression and consider antiviral medication.

Read more >> Hepatitis B

 

Hepatitis C

Modes of Transmission –

Contact with infectious blood, primarily through :

  1. Sharing needles, syringes or drug paraphernalia (works).

Less commonly through :

  1. Sexual contact with a Hepatitis C infected person.
  2. Birth from a Hep. C infected mother.
  3. Needles stick or sharp instrument injuries.
  4. Tattooing / body piercing.

Risk Activities –

  1. Current or past injection drug use.
  2. Receipt of blood or organs prior to July 1992.
  3. Receipt of clotting factor concentrates before 1987.
  4. Long term hemodialysis.
  5. Occupational exposure to blood.
  6. Birth from a Hep. C infected mother.

Prevention Methods –

  1. Not sharing needles, syringes or drug paraphernalia (works).
  2. Use of condom for sex.
  3. Not sharing personal care items (e.g. razors, toothbrushes) ensure use of sterile equipment for any tattoo or body piercing.
  4. Proper infection control in health care settings and public safety work.

Treatment Options –

  1. For acute Hepatitis C, provide supportive treatment and consider antiviral medication.
  2. For chronic Hep. C, provide regular monitoring for signs of liver disease progression and consider antiviral medication.

read more >> hepatitis C 

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3 years ago Health , LifeStyle , Skin Care

Why you should include Coconut Oil in your diet?

Coconut Oil is one of the few foods that can be classified as a “Super Food”. It helps in treating various skin problems include psoriasis, dermatitis, eczema and other skin infections. Also it delays the appearance of wrinkles and sagging of skin and preventing premature aging due to its well-known antioxidant properties.

Types of Coconut Oil are :-

  1. Refined Coconut Oil –

It is called RBD which stands for refined, bleached and deodorized.

  1. Virgin Coconut Oil –

It is unrefined.

  1. Fractioned Coconut Oil –

A fraction of the whole oil (certain components of the oil are separated or removed for a particular use).

  1. Organic Coconut Oil –

Organic Coconut Oil comes from trees that are grown in organic manure (can be found in both virgin forms and pure forms).

  1. Pure Coconut Oil –

Only has coconut oil in it (but is refined, unlike the virgin oil).

Benefits of Coconut Oil –

The refining processes that include the bleaching tend to remove a lot of the antioxidants, so if you want to experience all the benefits, use the Virgin Coconut Oil!!!

  1. Boost your Brain Function –

Coconut Oil contains easy absorption fats called Medium Chain Triglycerides (MCT). Also it improves cognitive function. Studies show improvement with Alzheimer’s Patients.

  1. Helps with Symptoms of Epilepsy –

Improvements in seizures control when patients follow ketogenic diets. Due to MCTs, it is an integral part of a ketogenic diet.

  1. Lower your Cholesterol –

Coconut Oil increases “good” cholesterol. Also it contains lauric acid which improves exercise performance.

  1. Burn more Calories –

Increased Energy Expenditure over 24 hours. More energy means more calories burnt.

  1. Reduce your Hunger –

The fatty acids in coco. oil can significantly reduce appetite. A study conducted showed that men eating the most MCTs ate 256 fewer calories per day, on average. Also a study in 14 healthy men discovered that those who ate the most MCTs at breakfast ate significantly fewer calories at lunch.

Coconut oil for weight lose

  1. Loose Fat from your Abdominal Cavity –

Coconut Oil appears to be especially effective in reducing abdominal fat, which lodges in the abdominal cavity and around organs. A study in 40 women with abdominal obesity, supplementing with 1 ounce of coco. oil per day lead to a significant reduction in both Body Mass Index (BMI) and waist circumference in a period of 12 weeks.

  1. Get Healthy Hair and Scalp –

Fatty acids will soften your locks when used as conditioner. Also it soothes dry scalp conditioner. And Eliminates fungal infections of the scalp.

  1. Moisturize –

It works great as eye cream, remove eye make-up, soothes cuticles, use as aromatic massage oil.

  1. Take Care of your Heart –

It’s contained 50% lauric acid which helps prevent high blood pressure, help reduce damage to arteries, and helps prevent atherosclerosis.

  1. Strengthen our Immune System –

It’s containing antimicrobial lipids, lauric acid, capric acid and caprylic acid which have antifungal, antibacterial and antiviral properties. Coconut Oil helps in fighting harmful bacteria like listeria monocytogenes and helicobacter pylori, and harmful protozoa such as giardia lamblia.

  1. Improve your Digestive System –

It’s helps prevent irritable bowel syndrome, improve the digestive system and absorption of other nutrients.

Which Type of Coconut Oil should you buy –

It all depends on what you need it for —

  1. For Cooking use       Fractioned Coconut Oil
  2. For Weight Loss use      Virgin Coco. Oil
  3. As a Carrier Oil use     Virgin & Fractioned Coco. Oil
  4. For Good Health use      Virgin & Organic Coconut Oil
  5. Massaging use      Pure & Refined Coco. Oil
  6. For the Hair use      Pure & Refined Coconut Oil
  7. For Medicinal Uses use       Virgin & Virgin Organic Coco. Oil

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3 years ago Health , LifeStyle , Mental Health

Mental Depression- Treatment

Mental Depression- Treatment:

A significant progress has been made during the last decade of twentieth century regarding the treatment of depression.

Drug Treatment:

Drugs have been used to treat depressive disorders for over three decades, with considerable effectiveness. Various studies suggest that 60-70 % of depressed adults are helped by antidepressant medications. Typically, antidepressants bring about various therapeutic effects like brightening mood, improved sleep and increased energy level. All this positive modification in the patient virtually leads to minimize the depression within.

Electro-convulsive therapy

Electro-convulsive therapy

Electro-convulsive therapy:

E.C.T. can be used in the cases of severe depression. Though, the precautions now being taken have eliminated most of the side effects of E.C.T., however, memory disorientation and memory loss are still common. Therefore, it’s use is recommended only when other options of intervention are closed.

jump together

Be social and cheerful

Psychotherapy

Although, drugs are important aspect of treatment for depression, medication alone doesn’t address the social, emotional or personality factors that may also underlie patient’s problem. Therefore, psychotherapy that emphasizes psychodynamic, behavioral, cognitive or interpersonal approach are used to treat adults with depression.

self satisfection

Dance- reduce depression

A Final Say- Why depressed? Say Cheese!

Life is like a cricket match. You are there on the pitch with a bat in hand. Stadium full on! But the game is a bit different. There don’t lie a wicket, nor a fielder who could take you a catch. Just a ball comes out of the darkness and you have to make a strike. This ball is just like an opportunity. If you make a strike, you won that opportunity, if not, it’s missed! No worries! Another ball comes and again another one innumerable times. What if this opportunity is missed! Of course life gives another ball with different pace and so on. Its only you who could make yourself out of this game. Don’t decide to quit. Play it…..enjoy it. Wont this life become monotonous and boring without problems. Challenge them….face them….enjoy them. When the UMPIRE declares the inning…….look back and say……wao!…..what a life I have lived. Remember the so many obstacles you faced but still never left the game, rather enjoyed them.

Feel proud…..

enjoy loud !

Love yourself…

Live life….!

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3 years ago Health , LifeStyle

Quality of life

When we talk about something that will improve our quality of life, it implies that something which will increase the sense of satisfaction of well being. This is a condition resulting from the combination of the effects of a complete range of factors such as those determining health, happiness, education, social and intellectual attainment, freedom of action, justice and freedom of expression. This is a composite measure of physical, mental and social well being as perceived by the individual or a group of individuals.

There are three indices for quality of life –

  • Happiness,
  • Psychological well being,
  • Life satisfaction.

quality of life

Happiness is a mental state or condition that occurs when one’s subjective desires and aspirations are relatively met. Psychologists consider it as the ratio of material consumption and desire. Happiness, not only refers to a material well being. But is also concerned with personal judgments in an economic matter, family considerations, and health. Life is considered as happy when it is more meaningful and purposeful.

 Psychological well being is one’s own perception of their everyday life activities. Such feeling may range from negative mental state to positive outlook.

 

self satisfection Quality of lifeLife satisfaction is the degree to which one reports satisfaction with the salient features of one’s life and space. It refers to the judgmental processes in which the individual assesses the quality of life on his unique set criteria. This is individual’s subjective evaluation of the degree to which his or her most important goal, wishes, and needs have been fulfilled.

The over three ideas are between related. Life satisfaction generates a feeling of well being which in turn produces happiness.

There are a number of factors which influence the quality of life.

Demographic factors like age, sex, and socioeconomic status are known to affect the quality of life.

Personal variables like education, health, home environment, occupation, recreation also influence the same.

Social variables like interpersonal relations, neighborhood and strength of civic agencies too decide the quality of life.

 

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