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1 year ago Health , LifeStyle

Male Infertility and Erectile Dysfunction- Symptoms and Causes

Erectile Dysfunctioning: For many couples, reproduction has been a natural and simple experience. But it is not the same for many. A man’s fertility generally relies on the quantity & quality of his sperm. If the number of sperm a man ejaculates is low or if the sperm is of poor quality, it will be difficult and sometimes impossible for him to cause pregnancy. Male infertility is diagnosed only after both the partners and tested and the reproductive problems have been found in the male.male infertility, erectile infertility, symptoms of erectile dysfunction

How Common is Male Infertility?

It is a very common problem. For 1 in every 5 couples, the infertility problem solely lies in the male. It is been estimated that about 1 in every 20 men has the same kind of infertility problem with a low number of sperms in his ejaculate. However, only 1 in every 100 men has no sperm in his ejaculate.

Symptoms of Male Infertility:

In most cases, there are no signs of infertility. Intercourse, erections, and ejaculations will happen without any difficulty. The quantity of semen ejaculated seems to be normal to a naked eye. Medical tests are required to detect male infertility.

Ask a Doctor  Consult a Doctor

Causes of Male Infertility:

Male infertility is usually caused by problems that affect either sperm production or sperm transport. Through medical testing, the doctor may be able to find the cause of the problem. About 2/3rd of infertile men have a problem with making sperm in the testes. Either low numbers of sperm are made and/or the sperm that is made does not work properly. Sperm transport problems are found in about one in every five infertile men, including men who have had a vasectomy but now wish to have more children. Blockages (often referred to as obstructions) in the tubes leading sperm away from the testes to the penis can cause a complete lack of sperm in the ejaculated semen.

Other less common causes of infertility include:

  • sexual problems that affect whether semen is able to enter the woman’s vagina for fertilization to take place
  • low levels of hormones made by the pituitary gland that acts on the testes (one in 100 infertile men)
  • sperm antibodies (found in one in 16 infertile men).

In most men, sperm antibodies will not affect the chance of a pregnancy but in some men sperm antibodies reduce fertility.

Male Reproductive System:

There are 2 main glands that help in the production of male hormones and sperms. They are the pituitary and the hypothalamus glands. Luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone are the 2 important messenger hormones made by the pituitary gland that acts on the testes.

The tests are a pair of egg-shaped glands that sit in the scrotum next to the base of the penis on the outside of the body. The testes make sperm and the male sex hormone testosterone. It takes about 70 days for sperm to become mature and able to fertilize an egg. When released from the testes, the sperm spends two to 10 days passing through the epididymis where they gain the vital ability to swim strongly or become motile and to attach to and penetrate the egg.

The waves of muscle contractions transport the sperm, with a small amount of fluid, from the testes to the vas deferens. The seminal vesicles and prostate contribute extra fluid to protect the sperm. This mixture of sperm and fluid travels along the urethra to the tip of the penis where it is ejaculated.erectile dysfunction

What is Erectile Dysfunction?

A man is said to have erectile dysfunction if he has permanent difficulty in getting or maintaining a firm enough erection to be able to achieve sexual activity. Most men have occasionally experienced some difficulty with their penis becoming hard or staying firm, but this is not normally causing for a diagnosis of erectile dysfunction. This condition is only considered a concern if satisfactory sexual performance has been impossible on a persistent number of occasions for some time.

See: Facts You Need to Know about Sex after Abortion!

Broadly, two forms of erectile dysfunction can affect men’s sex lives – the main cause is either medical or psychosocial.

Here, psychosocial refers to the psychological effects – including the effects of social relationships – on sexual performance. Medical conditions can also affect psychological well-being, meaning that, while the primary cause of sexual impotence is typically either medical or psychological, there is often overlap between the two.

Erectile dysfunction used to be known more widely as ‘impotence‘ before the causes became better understood and successful treatments came into use. Impotence is a term that is still in use, however, although it can be seen as pejorative.

Know some facts about Impotence!

  • Organic causes are a result of an underlying medical condition affecting the blood vessels & nerves supplying blood to the penis.
  • Mechanical devices are also available to help achieve an erection.
  • Patients experiencing occasional erectile dysfunction and who do not respond to medical treatment may be candidates for surgery to fit a penile implant.
  • A number of prescription drugs, recreational drugs, alcohol, and smoking can all cause erectile dysfunction.

Diagnosis, with the help of a doctor, can identify the likely cause by taking a history, discussing symptoms, performing blood tests to establish the presence of conditions such as diabetes or heart problems, and other physical problems. 

Causes of Erectile Dysfunction:

The relaxation of muscles allows blood to rush into the cylinder-shaped spongy tissue of the erection chamber. This creates increased tissue pressure and erection. This blood flow process is led by nervous and hormonal triggers when the brain is stimulated by touch.

The normal erectile function can be affected by problems that compromise any of the following normal physiological contributions needed for an erect penis:

  • Blood flow
  • Nervous supply

Vascular causes that affect blood flow and neurological causes that affect nerve signals are the major medical causes of erectile dysfunction, often due to the underlying disease such as atherosclerosis and diabetes.

Smoking and diabetes often cause atherosclerosis, and this narrowing or ‘clogging’ of arteries in the penis is the most common vascular cause of erectile dysfunction.

Physical Causes of Erectile Dysfunction:

The following are a list of common physical causes of erectile dysfunction:

  • Heart disease and narrowing of blood vessels
  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Obesity and metabolic syndrome (which are also risk factors for diabetes)
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Hormonal disorders including thyroid conditions and testosterone deficiency
  • Structural/anatomical disorder of the penis, such as Peyronie disease
  • Smoking, alcoholism and substance abuse, including cocaine use
  • Treatments for prostate disease
  • Surgical complications (surgeries include radical prostatectomy, cystectomy, transurethral resection of the prostate and rectal cancer surgery)
  • Injuries in the pelvic area or spinal cord
  • Radiation therapy to the pelvic region.

Numerous medicines can also cause erectile dysfunction. Anyone taking prescription medications should consult their doctor or healthcare practitioner prior to stopping or changing their medications.

  • Drugs to control high blood pressure
  • Heart medications such as digoxin
  • Some diuretics (known as ‘water pills’ that increase urine output)
  • Drugs that act on the central nervous system (in the brain or spinal cord), including some sleeping pills and amphetamines
  • Anxiety treatments (anxiolytics)
  • Antidepressants including monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), selective-serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), and tricyclic antidepressants
  • Opioid painkillers
  • Some cancer drugs, including chemotherapeutic agents
  • Prostate treatments, including treatments for cancer, and for benign prostatic hypertrophy (such as 5α-reductase inhibitors). Anti-androgen drugs used for prostate disease and other conditions can also cause erectile dysfunction
  • Anticholinergics – drugs with a wide range of uses that block a neurotransmitter (nerve signal molecule) that affects muscle tone
  • Hormone drugs, including estrogens and drugs that act on luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone
  • The peptic ulcer medication cimetidine

The Psychological causes of Erectile Dysfunction include:

  • Guilt
  • Fear of intimacy
  • Depression
  • Severe anxiety.
  • Depression– which can cause a loss of interest in sex (lower libido) as well as erectile dysfunction – and other mental health disorders
  • Stress fear, anxiety, or anger
  • Stress can include work, financial, and emotional problems
  • Performance anxiety – Repeated feelings of doubt and failure in which worrying about getting an erection can cause a cycle of anxiety that prevents one from being possible
  • Poor communication with a sex partner

Other relationship problems such as pressure from a sex partner – for example, because expectations make sex a task instead of a pleasure.

To know more about erectile dysfunction or male infertility and to know its diagnosis procedures log on to www.freedoctorhelpline.com or call us at +918010555444.

Types of Contraceptives

Contraceptives and their types: A woman can get pregnant if a man’s sperm reaches one of her eggs. Contraception tries to stop this happening by keeping the egg and sperm apart, or by stopping egg production, or by stopping fertilization attaching to the lining of the womb. Contraception is almost free for most people in Read More

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Erectile Dysfunction| Symptoms, Causes, Risk Factor & Treatment

Erectile dysfunction or impotence is the inability to keep the erection firm throughout sex. If it arises from time to time then it isn’t a serious problem. However, if it is a persistent issue then it needs to be treated immediately as it causes stress and also affects one’s self-confidence. In most cases, finding the underlying reason for erectile dysfunction is sufficient to reverse the impotence. Sometimes, erectile dysfunction may be an underlying reason for other health conditions or a risk factor for heart diseases.

Some commonly noticeable symptoms of erectile dysfunction are:

  • Keeping an erection
  • Getting an erection
  • Lack of sexual desire

Male sexual arousal is a complex process that involves the brain, hormones, emotions, nerves, muscles and blood vessels. Erectile dysfunction may arise due to the problem in any of these. Sometimes, physical as well as the psychological problem may result in erectile dysfunction.

Physical Causes include:

  • High blood pressure & cholesterol
  • Heart diseases
  • Clogged blood vessels
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Sleep disorders
  • Alcoholism
  • Tobacco usage

Some commonly known psychological problem include:

  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Stress
  • Relationship problems due to stress and poor communication

causes-of-erectile-dysfunction-ed-treament-sexologist-whatsappLet’s look into the causes of Erectile Dysfunction in detail:

  • Depression: sexual excitement begins in your brain and works all the way down. Depression in most cases lower your sexuality & can lead to erectile dysfunction. On a contrary, many drugs used to treat depression can also lower your sex drive and make it harder for erection.
  • Alcoholism: one might consume alcohol to get that mood but it is necessary to keep in mind that overindulging in alcohol can make it worse to finish the act. On the other hand, moderate drinking, one or two drinks a day can keep you away from heart diseases.
  • Medications: your medications for other diseases can also affect your performance in the bedroom. Long-term use of painkillers, blood pressure drugs, antidepressants can lower your sex drive. Street drugs like cocaine can also cause sex pron=blems in men.
  • Stress: when you are overwhelmed by responsibilities and works it is quite not possible to get into the mood. Stress can take it cool on various parts of your body including the penis. Changing your lifestyle that promotes well-being and relaxation can help a lot to get over stress.
  • Anger: it is not possible to feel romantic when you feel anger. Whether or not, the anger is directed to your partner you can not feel the mood at the time of anger. Anger can make blood rush to your face but not to other parts of your body including the one which plays a vital role during sex drive. Unexpressed anger can also affect your performance in the bedroom.
  • Anxietyanxiety from other parts of your life can eventually spill into your bedroom as well. Worrying that you will not be able to perform well in the bed can make it even worse an does not let you do well on the bed.
  • Personal health: your health conditions can also affect your performance at the bed. Various health diseases like heart attacks, kidney failure, blood pressure, etc can adversely affect your performance at the bed.

Consult with Specialist Doctor

     Risk Factor:

As you get older erections might take a lot of time to develop or it may not be firm. Various risk factors that contribute to erectile dysfunction are as follows:

  • Medications
  • Obesity
  • Tobacco use
  • Injuries to the nerves that control erections
  • Psychological conditions
  • Drug & alcohol use

COMPLICATIONS

  • Unsatisfactory sex
  • Relationship problems
  • Stress or anxiety
  • Low self-esteem
  • Inability to make your partner pregnant

DIAGNOSIS & TREATMENTS:

All that a doctor requires diagnosing erectile dysfunction are a physical exam & knowing the medical history of the patient. If one suffers from chronic health conditions then that might be the underlying conditions for erectile dysfunction. Following tests are to be conducted to diagnose impotence:

  • Blood test to check for any heart disease, diabetes, low levels of testosterone
  • Urine test to look for diabetes am=nd other underlying health conditions
  • Ultrasound: it includes a transducer which is held over the blood vessels that supplies the penis. It creates a video image that depicts the blood flow to the penis.

TREATMENT:

The treatment options vary from the severity of the problem, its cause, & underlying health conditions. Your doctor will explain to you the benefits and risks of each treatment.

In many cases, oral medications are successful treatments for many men. Viagra, stendra, adcirca cialis, are some of the oral medications. All these mediations enhance the effect of nitric oxide which is a natural chemical that your body produces which relaxes the muscles in the penis. This, in turn, increases the blood flow and allows you to get an erection in response to sexual stimulation. These medicines vary in dosage and side effects. These supplements may not work for all men and especially in case of men who have undergone prostate surgery.

If Medications don’t work out then your doctor may suggest you another treatment methods.

  • Penis pumps: it is a vacuum erection device. It is a battery-powered pump. The tube is placed over your penis, and then the pump is used to suck out the air inside the tube. This creates a vacuum that pulls blood into your penis. Once you get the erection, you may place a ring which holds it erect. You can then remove the vacuum device.
  • Penile implants: it involves surgically placing a device on both sides of the penis. It consists of bendable rods which helps you to control when and how long you need an erection. These rods not only make your penis erect but also bendable.

HOW CAN FOOD AFFECT YOUR PENIS?

By now we know that pills, surgeries, and pumps work for erection. But how about the food we eat? Can food also affect the penis?

  • Watermelon: these sweet, refreshing fruits help us survive the hot summers. but it might be surprising to know that it can affect your sexual stimulation. Though it is loaded with water, it contains lycopene which is an antioxidant that is good for your heart, prostate, and skin.
  • Coffee: men who have 2 to 3 cups of coffee a day are less likely to have erectile dysfunction. Caffeine helps you boost the blood flow.
  • Dark chocolate: chocolate is rich in flavanols which is a plant nutrient that lowers blood pressure and increases the blood flow. It also helps produce more of nitric oxide that enhances your sexual stimulation.
  • Walnuts: these are rich in amino acids that produce more of nitric oxide. They are also good sources of folic acid, vitamin E & fiber.
  • Garlic: if plague forms on the walls of the arteries having garlic can help cure them. It helps you keep your arteries healthy as age grows.

Fish, grape juice, pomegranate juice, olive oils also help to maintain a healthy lifestyle that in turn enhances your sexual stimulation.

Contact our doctors online at www.freedoctorhelpline.com or call us at +918010555444.

Also Read: Common Sexual Problems in Men

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Common Sexual Problems in Men | Symptoms & Treatment

In a country like India w,e have very low awareness in some necessary aspects of life. While research suggests that sexual dysfunction is common (43% of women and 31% of men report some degree of difficulty), it is a topic that many people are hesitant to discuss. Fortunately, most cases of sexual dysfunction are treatable, so it is important to share your concerns with your partner and doctor. Now male & female faces the different type of sexual problems based on their body functions. Here we are going to discuss important sexual problems often common to men.

Those two Major Sexual Problems in Men:

  • Ejaculation problem
  • Problem due to low testosterone

Now talking about the first problem first we need to know what is ejaculation. Ejaculation is a natural sexual phenomenon of man occurs after penetration. Now when we get to understand there is some problem with an ejaculation? So, there are 3 types of ejaculation problem commonly occurs.

1) Premature Ejaculation: This refers to the ejaculation that occurs before or very soon after penetration.
2) Inhibited or related Ejaculation: This is referred to the condition when ejaculation become very slow
3) Retrograde Ejaculation: This occurs when at orgasm the ejaculate is forced back into the bladder rather than out of penis causing extreme pain & un-comfort.

Note: All of this is curable but if we take some little precautions then probably we could get rid of these problems.

Like premature ejaculation, the most common form of sexual dysfunctions in men, often is due to nervousness over how he will perform during sex. In some cases, Premature Ejaculation is caused by a lack of attraction of partner, past events and stress. Retrograde ejaculation is common in males with diabetes or problems with the nerves in the bladder. Certain medication also causes this kind of disorder.

How to Deal with Sexy Problems in Mens?

Now to treat the person should contact the specialist doctor immediately along with his case history & if tests prove the problems positive then he should go through suggested treatment. All should know that 80% sex diseases are properly curable if identity early.

Now let’s come to the second problem which is problems due to low testosterone. Testosterone is a male hormone that controls the development of male’s secondary sexual characteristics like voice change, distribution of muscle, bone density etc. Testosterone is produced in testis & the upper normal limit of it is approximately 1000-1200 nanograms per deciliter & lower limit is about 300 ng/dl. Now if the amount of testosterone comes near to this lower limit or fall down below then we can say that person suffers from low testosterone problem. Generally, it occurs due to change in sleep pattern, Sexual dysfunction, infertility, obesity & psychological changes.

So basically if we take certain precaution it will help to recover from this problem. First of all, we have to follow proper sleep cycle, maintain a healthy weight & try to avoid stress in life. Now if a person has high sugar level he should check his diet properly to stay active & fit. Now if the condition is something serious there is a testosterone therapy which includes applying the skin patch, gel or take an injection at a particular time. So basically we need to be self-aware and a little cautious to prevent this kind of disease.

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Erectile dysfunction(ED): Causes and Treatments

Erectile dysfunction(ED): Causes and Treatments

Erectile dysfunction (ED), also known as Impotence is the inability to get or maintain an erection during sexual intercourse in human beings. Erection of the penis is a natural process during sexual arousal. It is controlled by the brain under the influence of various sensory perceptions like touch, visual and smell. This is a hydraulic process commanded by the brain, in which the blood flow to the penis is increased, thus causing the erection. Proper erection ensures successful intercourse.

Causes of erectile dysfunction

Failure to get or maintain erection makes intercourse difficult. This problem might have psychological or physiological causes.

causes-of-erectile-dysfunction-ed-treament-sexologist-whatsapp

Psychological causes of ED

Psychological reasons for erectile dysfunction include mental stress, lack of adjustment among couples, job pressure, anxiety, lack of privacy, fear of pregnancy or sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and performance anxiety. This can be easily treated by psychological counseling and placebo medicines.

Click: What is Adultery? How it affects our Life!

Physiological causes of erectile dysfunction

Physiological or physical causes of ED are those morphological or chemical changes within the body which make proper erection difficult. The main physiological causes of ED are mentioned as under:

Erectile dysfunction(ED): Causes and Treatments_Free_Doctor_On_WhatsApp

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  1. Diseases like diabetes and multiple sclerosis
  2. Medicines like anti-depressant and diuretics
  3. Smoking
  4. Hormonal imbalances (Testosterone deficiency)
  5. Nerve disorders
  6. Prostate surgery
  7. Aging
Ask a Doctor  Consult a Doctor

Diagnosis of (ED) erectile dysfunction

 The cause of erectile dysfunction is diagnosed through the use of various techniques like Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), Corpus cavernosometry, Dynamic infusion cavernosometry (DICC), Penile biothesiometry, Nocturnal penile tumescence (NPT), Penile nerves function, Duplex ultrasound.

Treatment of (ED) erectile dysfunction

 Once, the reason behind the ED is identified, the treatment procedure could be planned. This mainly includes the following

  1. Hormone replacement therapy (Testosterone injections)
  2. Medicines like sildenafil (Viagra)
  3. Use of penis pumps
  4. Alternative medicines like herbs and libido booster food/aphrodisiacs
  5. Prosthetic penile implants to maintain an erection
  6. Psychological counseling
  7. Proper diet
  8. Regular exercise

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