Types of Pancreatitis: Symptoms & Treatment
In simple words, pancreatitis is the inflammation of the pancreas. The pancreas is the organ behind the stomach which produces digestive enzymes. In pancreatitis, the pancreas is inflamed. The damage occurs when the digestive enzymes are activated before they are released into the small intestine which generally does not become active until they reach the small intestine. They then start attacking the pancreas and damage the tissues.
1. ACUTE PANCREATITIS
The more common and less dangerous type of pancreatitis is acute pancreatitis. It is often caused very sudden and usually resolves within a few days of treatment. However, it can be life-threatening too with severe complications. Therefore, it may range from a slight discomfort to a severe, life-threatening illness. Gallstones are the most common cause of acute pancreatitis. They cause inflammation in the process as they pass through the common bile duct. Other causes include abdominal trauma, medications, infections, tumours, and alcohol.
The symptoms of acute pancreatitis include:
- Swollen and tender abdomen
- Nausea and vomiting
- Rapid pulse
- Upper abdominal pain
- Loss of appetite due to abdominal pain
2. CHRONIC PANCREATITIS
Chronic pancreatitis is the long-lasting repeated inflammation of the pancreas. And often happens after acute pancreatitis. Heavy alcohol is another major cause. Scar tissue develops from long-term inflammation. Extensive scar tissue may cause your pancreas to stop making the normal amount of digestive enzymes which in turn troubles digesting fats. Autoimmune and genetic diseases, such as cystic fibrosis, can also cause chronic pancreatitis in some patients.
Most people with it experience upper abdominal pain, although some people have no pain at all. Other symptoms of chronic pancreatitis include:
- Weight loss
- Oily stools
People with chronic pancreatitis often lose weight, even when their appetite and eating habits are normal. The weight loss occurs because the body does not secrete enough pancreatic enzymes to digest food, so nutrients are not absorbed normally. Poor digestion leads to malnutrition due to excretion of fat in the stool.
Treatment of Pancreatitis
People with acute pancreatitis are typically treated with IV fluids and pain medicines in the hospital. In some patients, pancreatitis can be severe and they may need to be admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU). Some cases of severe pancreatitis can result in the death of pancreatic tissue. In these cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the dead or damaged tissue if an infection develops. People with chronic pancreatitis are strongly advised not to smoke or consume alcoholic beverages, even if the pancreatitis is mild or in the early stages.
The world has changed, the lifestyles have changed, the living patterns and habits have changed a lot today. And with these changing lifestyles, we attract an unhealthy life pattern to win the globalization race. However, these habits are creating an alarming call for all of us not only for our healthy life but also for Read More
Atrial Fibrillation ► Atrial fibrillation is the most common heart rhythm disorder ► It causes the top chamber of your heart to beat out of rhythm — or ‘flutter” very fast ► Afib can affect you ► Causing many symptoms ► Increasing your risk of having a stroke ► Education is an important part of Read More
One of the hallmarks of a developed nation is providing “healthcare to all”. Has India achieved it so far? The answer is a big NO. There are many reasons for it. One of the biggest concerns is the Lack of Awareness. People are still dying of the diseases like tuberculosis that are fully curable. Many Read More
Most often when a woman is not able to conceive or is not getting pregnant, then it is predicted that the women are infertile. However, men play an equally important role in the process of fertilization. Around 1 in every 5 infertile couple, the reason is the fertility issue of men. Low sperm count in Read More
Self-improvement is necessary for a person to get out of a life which is full of despair and change his/her lifestyle so that the person gets happier and satisfied with himself. It helps people develop their personality and transform himself into a new self. In this article, We have compiled a list of 5 best ways Read More