People have lot of misconceptions about diabetes and they influence how diabetics take care of themselves.
Misconception 1: Diabetes is not dangerous
Diabetes can be controlled and complications can be prevented if properly managed but one cannot ignore the fact that every year diabetes causes more deaths than breast cancer and AIDS do in combination.
Misconception 2: Eating sugar causes diabetes
Eating too much sugar does not directly predispose an individual to developing diabetes. But too much sugar can trigger diabetes in a pre-diabetic person.
Misconception 3: Being overweight eventually leads to diabetes
We need to understand that being obese or overweight is just one of the risk factors for diabetes. Not all obese people develop the disease. Understanding the risk factors such as family history of the disease, ethnicity, being overweight, high blood pressure, sedentary life style can together explain the overall risk of developing diabetes.
Misconception 4: People with diabetes cannot eat sweets
People with diabetes can eat sugar and sweets if it fits into a healthy meal plan coupled with exercise. Sugared drinks, sweets get easily digested and abruptly increase the blood sugar levels, and if eaten in large quantities can be very harmful therefore, it’s very important to eat everything in moderation.
Myth 5: Diabetes is contagious
Diabetes is not contagious but it definitely has a genetic link which means it runs in families.
Myth 6: Taking insulin means you have not managed diabetes well
If an individual is diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, there is no other option but taking insulin for survival. An individual with type 2 diabetes might manage initially with oral medications but will eventually need insulin. Diabetes gradually changes with time.
Myth 7: Insulin is Harmful
Insulin is an effective medication for diabetes and prevents the blood sugar from rising but high insulin levels can make a person fat, increase blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Blood levels of insulin can be decreased, by eating less food, more fibre and exercising regularly.
Misconception 8: Diabetics should follow a Special Diet
Diet for diabetics should be a combination of complex carbohydrates, vegetables and fruits, lean protein, low-fat dairy products. The intake of processed foods, fat, salt and added sugar should be very low. An individual with diabetes should have five small meals a day which are properly spaced out.
Benefits Of Amla : Slows Down Ageing Amla is virtually a superfruit. It is full of antioxidants that are effective in reducing cell damage. It reduces the effects of free radicals (which are responsible for damaging protein, DNA, and cell membranes) and thus effectively combats the aging process. Cures A Sore Throat f you’ve got a pesky sore throat problem, then Amla is the fruit for you. Amla juice mixed with a few pieces of chopped ginger and mixed with a tablespoon of honey has been proven to be an effective treatment for a cough and a sore throat. Fights Against Heart Disease High cholesterol is the leading cause of heart disease. By reducing the build up of bad cholesterol, Amla reduces the risk of heart disease. It also reduces clogging in the arteries by boosting good cholesterol or HDL . Studies have also shown its benefits in preventing the thickening of blood vessel walls, the first sign of heart disease. Increases Diuretic Activity: Any fruit that is diuretic in nature improves the frequency and volume of urination . Because urination helps your body release unwanted toxins, salts, and uric acid, consumption of Amla has a detoxifying effect on your body. Increases Metabolic Activity :Because of its ability to increase the absorption of protein, Indian Gooseberries are a great way to boost your metabolic rate. Your metabolic rate is how fast your body burns calories. Boosting it will lead to faster weight loss, higher energy levels and an overall increase in lean muscle mass. Reduces Blood Sugar:Research has shown that fruits that are rich in polyphenol protect the body from the oxidative nature of high blood sugar. Amla can thus be therapeutic for people afflicted with diabetes. It also assists the body in the proper absorption of insulin, thus reducing blood sugar levels. Because of this, it is invaluable for people afflicted with diabetes and should be a part of their daily diet and many more.. High In Digestive Fiber Boosts Immunity Prevents Formation Of Gall Bladder Stones Prevents Ulcers Is Anti-Inflammatory Improves Eyesight Purifies Blood Strengthens Bones Cools The Body Prevents Constipation Prevents Jaundice Reduces The Risk Of Cancer Protects Your Liver Makes Skin Glow Brightens Skin Reduces Pigmentation Prevents Lice Prevents Greying Of Hair Helps Increase Hair Growth
Creatinine is an excretory product formed from muscles and filtered out through kidneys and passed out in urine. The normal level of blood creatinine is 0.6 to 1.2 milligram per 100 ml of blood.
When the kidneys do not function properly, the blood creatinine level rises. Patients with diabetes or hypertension have greater chance of kidney damage. Many drugs are likely to induce kidney damage. These include antibiotics like ciprofloxacin, vancomycin: analgesics like acetomorphin, aspirin, ibuprofen: antiviral drugs like acyclovir: proton pump inhibitors like omeprazole and pantoprazole: arthritis drug like infliximab; anticonvulsant like phenytoin and chemotherapy drugs used during cancer treatment. This is recommended that a patients with progressive kidney damage must avoid using the above class of drugs.
When the creatinine level rises above 10mg/dl, dialysis is recommended. The main symptoms include tiredness, shortness of breath, confusion and dehydration. Serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen tests are done during routine health check up. Nephrologists use these test to know about the kidney health and the assess the gradual progression of kidney disease, if any. However, the serum creatinine level may rise temporarily if the body is dehydrated, there is less volume of blood or the person eats large amount of meat or due to some medication.
If kidney damage is indicated, blood pressure must be under control to prevent further damage. The patient can be put on low protein diet to reduce load upon kidneys. This is not possible to reverse the already damaged kidney, but to prevent further loss is of course possible through medication and diet control.
Physical exercise and balanced diet are found to be very helpful in control of hypertension and in turn, prevention of further kidney damage.
This is suggested that all adult above 35 years of age must get serum creatinine level checked at least once every two years, as sometimes the kidney damage progresses silently and the symptoms appear at very advanced stage where the damage is no longer controllable and proves fatal.
Cataracts and Cataract Surgery
Cataract-surgery is the most common eye surgery conducted worldwide. As Cataracts is bound to develop with age, this becomes a common cause of vision impairment among senior citizens.
What causes Cataracts
Our eye lenses are made up of protein. As the age progresses, the proteins denature, thus loosing its transparency. This causes foggy vision commonly known as the cataracts. This process of de-naturation is speed ed up by several other factors like ultraviolet radiations, cigarette smoking, hormonal imbalance or use of steroid drugs etc. Regular intake of vitamin E, an antioxidant slows the cataract formation.
Patient’s Problems Regarding Cataract Surgery
There always exists a dilemma among the patients regarding the surgery. When should one go for it? The simplest way to decide that is if the vision is impaired to the level that it starts hampering your day today activities, time is ripe for the surgery. Earlier was the belief that surgery should be done only when the cataracts gets matured. However, with advancement of medical procedures, maturation is no longer the pre-requisite for surgery. On the other hand, a relatively mature cataract is much more difficult to remove than the less mature one. Moreover, mature cataracts increases the chance of getting glaucoma i.e. increased pressure inside the eye balls.
The Process Of Cataract Surgery
Surgery is relatively simple process. First step involves the removal of the natural lenses of our eyes. Commonly, this is done by the process of phaco-emulsification. This involves melting up of our natural lenses with the use of a needle vibrating at very high frequency. After the removal, an artificial plastic lens is inserted which restores the normal vision. The entire surgery is performed under local anesthesia and the patient is discharged the same day or the very next day. Usually long distance vision is completely corrected after the surgery and short distance reading glasses are prescribed.
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Most of us feel that cholesterol are bad for health and try to avoid them. Few of us know that there exists good cholesterol too, which can do miracles for our body. Still fewer know the ways to increase this good cholesterol level in the blood and derive the benefits.
Cholesterol are a specific class of fat which are required in optimal quantity for maintenance of a healthy cell. If the intake exceeds, their concentration will rise in the blood stream causing the formation of plaques and finally resulting in arterial blockages. Those specific types of cholesterol which cause such blockages are the LDL or low density lipoproteins notoriously known as the bad cholesterol. Lower the concentration of LDL, lesser are the chances of arterial blockage and coronary artery disease.
There exists another type of cholesterol called HDL or high density lipoproteins which are popularly called good cholesterol. They carry the LDL away from blood stream to liver and promotes their destruction there. Thus, they act as a mediator to reduce blood LDL level. Higher the HDL, lesser will be the LDL, and lesser will be the chance of arterial blockage and coronary artery disease.
Now, how to decrease the LDL and increase the HDL in blood stream?
To keep a check on the LDL level, one should reduce the daily intake of fat in the form of butter, ghee and other processed dairy products. Vegetable oils used should be on rotational basis everyday. This means olive oil, soya bean oil, mustard oil, sunflower oil etc. should be used one after another on different week days. Regular exercises and yoga are also found to reduce LDL level in blood.
HDL are found to increase with regular exercises. A person more physically active has higher concentration of HDLs in the blood stream. Regular intake of almonds and walnuts increase the blood HDL level. Smoking reduces the HDL level.
Cholesterols are good as well as bad. You can like them; you can dislike them; but you cannot ignore them. So better ;manage them.