Cancer begins when the healthy body cells change and grow out of control, from a tumour. This tumour can be both benign and malignant. 80% of primary liver cancer is hepatocellular carcinoma. the other types of cancer include bile duct cancer, and angiosarcoma, defined as the cancer of the blood cells in the liver. Hepatocellular carcinoma begins in hepatocytes, the main functional cells of the liver.
A rare type of liver cancer occurring in young patients is the fibrolamellar carcinoma, grows more invasively, characterized by a prominent central scar, diagnosed by imaging techniques.
The types include:
- Tumour developing in the liver, but have originated from another organ like colon, stomach, ovary, they are called liver metastasis or secondary liver cancers
- Cancers starting in the blood cells of the liver are called angiosarcomas and hemangiosarcomas
- Cancer originating in the bile duct of the liver are called cholangiocarcinomas
- Tumours called hepatoblastomas occurs majorly in infants and children.
The median age of liver cancer in Asia and Africa is 40-50 years.
CAUSE OF LIVER CANCER
Liver cirrhosis is related as the primary reason for liver cancer, as after the liver is affected by cirrhosis, the tissue of the liver is lowly modified at the expense of normal liver cells which consists more of fibrous and scar tissue, hence increasing the probability of tumour growth.
The risk factors involved in liver cancer are :
- Chronic infection with the hepatitis-B virus(HBV) or hepatitis-C virus (HCV): chronic infection when the virus remains in the blood for more than 6 months, causing the decline in the functioning of the liver cells. It affects 50% of the world population for cancer of the liver.
Hepatitis B infection causes liver cancer immediately without cirrhosis, increasing the risk up to 100 fold, while HCV increases the risk up to 17 fold.
- Long-term alcohol abuse: leading cause of liver cirrhosis and liver cancer. Alcohol intake when suffering from hepatitis increases even more.
- Inherited liver conditions: conditions like haemochromatosis which is a higher absorption of iron from food, deposits in every organ or alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency a protein depositing in every part abnormally, increases the risk of liver cirrhosis and cancer.
- Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, affect the liver like cirrhosis
- Medical conditions like autoimmune hepatitis, intrahepatic biliary inflammations and Wilsons disease are the serious factors affecting liver leading to cancer,
- Gender: live cancer is 4-8 times common in men than women
- Toxic agents exposure: anabolic steroids, increases the risk of hepatocellular adenoma. Intake of aflatoxin-contaminated food, causes DNA mutations in liver DNA cells, leading to cancer cells.
DIAGNOSIS OF LIVER CANCER
- Ultrasound tests to detect nodules, visible on imaging, determine the type of a tumour based on size.
- Blood test: for alfa-fetoprotein detection, higher levels indicate last stage liver disease.
- Biopsy: to determine the type of benign or cancerous liver cells.
SYMPTOMS OF LIVER CANCER
- Sudden weight loss
- Loss of appetite after small meal
- Enlarger liver felt as a mass under the ribs on right side
- Enlarged spleen, mass felt on the left side under ribs
- Yellowing of skin and eyes-jaundice
- Swelling and fluid buildup in the abdomen
- Pain in the abdomen, near the right shoulder blade
TREATMENT OPTIONS FOR LIVER CANCER
- Resection of a tumour by surgery
- Liver transplantation
- Local ablation methods
Magic Foods can give you relief from Arthritis pain
As you all know, the arthritis has no cure yet. The hassle to move, it will get soft and aggravating to become a martyr effort to pick up a book on the shelf or get up from a chair, is caused by inflammation of the joints. In general, the problem becomes associated with trauma, exhaustion, autoimmune disorders or infections. The medical care and adherence to care, however, allow the patient to take a normal life without pain or physical limitations. The ideal scenario includes early diagnosis, practice mild exercise or physical therapy in less acute cases and some dietary adjustments. The main one is the consumption of foods rich in omega-3, fatty acid with anti-inflammatory action. Let us see how to make your meals more nutritious and protect your body from aching symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis.
Fish like tuna, sardines and salmon are nice sources of omega-3 fatty acid unsaturated fatty acids, that forestall a method of conversion of nutrients within the body to blame for inflammation. The food additionally works as an excellent alternate source in dominant sterol, interference of disorder and even in assuaging the symptoms of PMS and change of life
Recommended quantity: 200 g at least two times in a week
Rich in essential fatty acids, vitamin E and fiber, flaxseed is a food that provides greater blood flow, lowers bad cholesterol, prevents the formation of fat from the arterial plaques and promotes anti-inflammatory effects in the body. The seed also improves the functioning of the digestive system and eases the symptoms of PMS and menopause.
Recommended quantity: 2-3 tablespoons per day
Just like other vegetable oils Soybean oil is a food wealthy in unsaturated fats like omega-3 fatty acid and polyunsaturated fatty acid and a very important supply of antioxidant. It acts within the bar of vas diseases in correctfunctioning of the immune and systema nervosum to fight free radicals. this kind of oil additionally has medicine action and helps regulate sterol levels within the body.
Recommended quantity: two tablespoons per day
Seed of the time, originated from southern Mexico, chia is a great source of omega-3, iron, magnesium and calcium. Be in oil, flour or grain version, the food promotes satiety, prevents cardiovascular disease, helps in maintaining muscle mass, strengthens the immune system and also has anti-inflammatory effect in the body.
Recommended quantity: two to three tablespoons of soup per day
Spinach is a highly nutritious food, offering its composition in vitamins A, C and E, plus nutrients like omega-3, calcium , iron, potassium, bioflavonoids and carotenoids. Its antioxidant properties prevent some types of cancer, especially lung and prostate. Two other very important elements are folic acid, which fights anemia, and lutein, which strengthens the immune system, preventing problems such as macular degeneration.
Recommended quantity: two to three tablespoons per day
Dear Freedoctorhelpline, I am an exchange student in Seoul South Korea, white male 22 years old. 2 weeks after having arrived in Seoul I felt tremendous amounts of hair on my pillow, shower, during styling with wax. At first, my hair started to get a lot thinner on the top of my scalp predominantly and crown. It gets so severe that I can see my scalp and start having bald spots. There is NO baldness in my family, I\’ve started to take more vitamins and B-complex but nothing seems to work. I am originally from Amsterdam, where the water is extremely soft on the contrary of Seoul where the water is extremely hard. I used to take 2 showers a day, one in the morning (just rinsing) and one in the evening with shampoo to get rid of my wax/hair product. These days I don\’t even style my hair anymore, because of the severe amount of hair I lose every time. Even the texture of my hair feels totally different from what I am used to. Today I went to a dermatologist, they took photos of my scalp and next week I have to come back so they can check it again. I wonder what you guys might think? I have no diseases (known), allergies (known) and I do not take any medicine. I do sleep considerably worse these days and I also have diarrhea. The food here is low in nutritions, usually only rice and noodles with a bit of veggies/meat. So the past few days I\’ve been cooking for myself and have eggs each morning, broccoli in the evening for iron. My scalp also itched for a few days. Hope you guys can help me out, I feel devastated. Stephan
Hello, my sister suffering from hypothyroidism, she have low level of each T3, T4 and TSH, she is depressed, loss weight, appetite, low iron level anemia, have fatigue, dry skin, she tested for other hormone levels and all were normal, she continuously take the medication for hypothyroidism as well as vitamins and menials supplements but her health conditions not improving.
seven recommended anti aging skin care ingredients
We realize that giving your skin the correct fixings it needs is vitally important. Doing as such means your skin can be radiant, seem more youthful and smoother, and you’ll see less scarce differences in addition to decreased wrinkles and profound lines.
Keeping in mind the end goal to help you, we compressed a portion of the key things to search for when looking for against maturing items.
The truth of the matter is your skin needs an adjusted, expound blend of capable fixings to enhance its surface, resuscitate brilliance, noticeably even skin tone, enhance loss of immovability, and obviously limit different indications of maturing, including the presence of wrinkles and protected be skin disease.
Retinoids –Forms of Vitamin A that speed up cell turnover, retinoids help remove dead skin cells that can clog pores and make skin look dull. They boost Collagen & elastin production by stimulating cellular repair, and increase blood-vessel formation.We found several thousand published studies on the skin-saving effects of these vitamin A derivatives. The overwhelming consensus: Retinoids increase collagen production (plumping your skin), speed up cell turnover (smoothing your complexion) and unclog pores (reducing breakouts).
Alpha-Hydroxy Acids – Alpha hydroxy acids are gotten from products of the soil sugars. The most regularly utilized alpha hydroxy acids are glycolic acid and acid corrosive since they have a unique capacity to infiltrate the skin. They likewise have the most logical information on their adequacy and reactions.
AHAs such as glycolic ,lactic , tartaric and citric acids, remove dead and Damaged cells,reduce fine lines, age spots ,acne scars, and help even out discoloration .These acids, often derived from fruit or milk sugars, dissolve the “glue” between the complexion-dulling dead skin cells that accumulate with age, allowing them to be sloughed off, revealing fresh skin.
Hyaluronic Acid – Hyaluronic acid is a humectant that absorbs water — about 1,000 times its weight — and plumps skin.It aids in the repair and regeneration of skin affected by dryness,environmental stress or irritation.They are small proteins that not only act as antioxidants,but also stimulate collagen & elastin production. Hyaluronic acid not only makes parched skin feel better but also temporarily plumps it, and is light enough to blend seamlessly with makeup.
Antioxidant-Antioxidants are effective substances that assistance to battle aggravation containing substances in the body known as free radicals. Free radicals are produced when your body separates food or taken in when your body is presented to unsafe aggravations, for example, tobacco smoke, contamination or radiation. Cell reinforcements, for example, vitamin C, vitamin An or beta-carotene can be connected to the skin with a specific end goal to diminish free radical harm.Antioxidants counteract the effects of harmful free radicals molecules that form in the body as a result of damage from UV rays and other environmental irritants– and help to preserve DNA collagen & elastin.
Ceramides- Ceramides are a structurally heterogeneous and complex group of sphingolipids containing derivatives of sphingosine bases in amide linkage with a variety of fatty acids.ceramides help skin recover from sun damage,dryness & irritation .They also help regulate cell activity and may help prevent the loss of collagen & elastin.They help form the skin’s protective barrier, locking in moisture and protecting against environmental damage.
DNA– repair Ingredients- Compounds derived from plant source have been found to restore DNA that has been damaged by free radicals, help reverse sun damage & stimulate collagen production.
Lighteners-To help even out sun spots, blotches and mottled skin, a little hydroquinone can work wonders. Alternatives using kojic acid or other non-hydroquinone skin-lighteners are also available.
With the present lifestyle and eating habits, we are very much aware of the deadly disease called cancer. Till date, we have not found the exact cause of cancerous cells being multiplied in our body. On the other hand, there is also another type of tumor cells which are noncancerous and do not multiple within called the fibroids.
What are fibroids?
Fibroids are the most frequently seen tumors of the female reproductive system. Made of smooth muscle cells & fibrous connective tissues, fibroids are firm & compact tumor cells that develop in the uterus.
It has been found that about 30-50% of the women in the reproductive age have fibroids although, all of which are not diagnosed. So, fortunately, in about 99% of the fibroid cases, the tumors are non-cancerous. These tumors are in no way associated with cancer and do not increase the risk of uterine cancer in women.
Uterine fibroids also called as leiomyomas or myomas are non-cancerous cells that develop in the uterus often during the pregnancy periods. They are not associated with the increased risk of uterine cancer and never develop into cancer.
Fibroids are undetectable by the human eye and often range from the size of a seedling to bulky masses that can distort or enlarge the uterus. You may develop a single fibroid or multiple ones. Sometimes, the fibroids may expand the uterus so much that it will reach the rib cage.
It is most commonly developed at the time of menopause as well. Most women do not know that they have uterine fibroids as it does not cause any symptoms.
Your doctor may detect the presence of fibroids at the time of pelvic exam or prenatal ultrasound.
What are some of the noticeable symptoms?
Most women with fibroids have no symptoms at all. Some develop mild symptoms while others have severe & disruptive symptoms. The following are the most common symptoms of uterine fibroids:
- Irregular menstrual periods
- Abnormal bleeding during menstrual periods
- Pelvic pain
- Frequent urination
- Pain in the lower back
- Pain during intercourse
- A firm mass located near the pelvic region
In some cases, irregular menstrual periods, or the abnormal bleeding between periods, can lead to iron-deficiency and result in anemia, which then requires treatment. The treatment for fibroids depends on the location, size & number of fibroids. However, these symptoms may differ from individual to another individual. A fibroid can cause acute pain when it gets less amount of blood supply and begins to die.
Fibroids are classified depending on their location.
Intramural fibroids develop in the uterine wall. Those fibroids that develop in the uterine cavity are called submucosal fibroids. The fibroids that project outside the uterus are called subserosal fibroids.
What causes fibroids in women?
Doctors do not know the exact reason of uterine fibroids. Researches & studies have found out the following to be the main causes of uterine fibroids. The causes include:
- HORMONES: the 2 main hormones, estrogen & progesterone that play a vital role in the development of uterine lining at the time of pregnancy or menstrual cycle are responsible for stimulating the growth of fibroids in the uterus. Fibroids contain a large number of these hormones than the normal muscle cells do. After the menopause, the amount of hormone secretion gradually reduces. As a result, the fibroids tend to shrink.
- GENETIC CHANGES: many fibroids contain changes in genes which are quite different from those in the normal muscle cells.
- OTHER GROWTH FACTORS: insulin-like growth factors that help the body to maintain tissues might affect the growth of fibroids.
The uterine fibroids develop from a stem cell in the smooth muscular tissue of the uterus. A single cell divides repeatedly forming a rubbery mass. The growth patterns of fibroids largely depend on person to person. The growth may appear slowly or rapidly. At times, it seems to remain in same size throughout.
What are the risk factors associated with uterine fibroids?
Other than being a woman of reproductive age, there are other risk factors associated with uterine fibroids. Other factors that influence the fibroid growth include:
- HEREDITY: if your mother or sister had one, then even you are at increased risk of developing a fibroid.
- RACE: Black women are more likely to have fibroids than women of other racial groups. They are likely to develop one at an earlier age and may also have fibroids of larger size.
Other complications that affect the growth of uterine fibroids are:
- Onset of menstruation at an early stage
- Use of birth control pills
- Vitamin D deficiency
- Diet higher in red meat & lower in green vegetables, fruits & dairy
- Excessive alcohol consumption
Fibroids do not interfere with getting pregnant. However, fibroids might cause infertility or loss of pregnancy. Other complications that result from fibroids include placental abruption, fetal growth restriction & preterm delivery.
How are uterine fibroids diagnosed?
Uterine fibroids are found during the pelvic exam. The doctor may observe some abnormalities in the shape of your uterus thereby suggesting the presence of fibroids.
Your doctor may suggest you take up the following tests:
- Ultrasound: Ultrasound is used to confirm the presence the fibroids. It uses sound waves to detect the presence of fibroids and also to measure its size and location. The doctor places the ultrasound device over your abdomen or places it inside your vagina to get the images of the uterus.
- LAB TESTS: if you have abnormal menstrual bleeding, then your doctor may suggest you take up a lab test to identify the potential cause. This might include complete blood count (CBC) to see if you are anemic due to abnormal blood loss and other types of blood tests to rule out issues like thyroid problems & bleeding disorders.
If the traditional ultrasound does not provide necessary information then the doctor might suggest other advanced imaging techniques. These include:
- MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING (MRI): this test helps to identify the size & location of fibroids, different types of tumors and also help with appropriate treatment options.
- HYSTEROSONOGRAPHY: this technique is also called as saline infusion sonogram. It makes use of sterile saline to expand the uterine cavity. This makes it easy to get images of the endometrium & the submucosal fibroids.
- HYSTEROSALPINGOGRAPHY: it makes use of a contrast medium or a dye to highlight the uterine cavity & the fallopian tubes so that these areas are well seen under an x-ray This helps the doctor to identify any abnormalities in the shape of the uterus. It helps not only in detecting fibroids but also to identify if the fallopian tuare open.
- HYSTEROSCOPY: in this medical procedure doctor inserts a small device called Hysteroscope through your cervix into the uterus. He then injects saline into the uterus, which expands the uterine cavity and allows the doctor to examine the uterine walls
What are the treatment options for uterine fibroids?
The noninvasive treatment procedures include:
Some of the minimally invasive procedures include:
Minimally invasive procedures include destroying the uterine fibroids without actually removing it through surgery.
Uterine artery embolization: the arteries supplying the uterus are injected with small particles. These particles will then prevent the blood flow to the uterine fibroids, thereby stunting its growth. In due course, it will shrink the fibroids and causes it to die. We need to be aware of the complications that might occur if the blood supply to other ovaries and organs are blocked.
Myolysis: it is a laparoscopic technique that uses radiofrequency energy, electric current & laser to destroy the fibroids. This technique also shrinks the blood vessels that feed them. Cryomyolisis is a similar procedure that freezes the fibroids.
Robotic myomectomy: in this technique, the doctor removes the fibroids without disturbing the uterus. If the fibroids are small and few in number, you and your doctor may opt for a laparoscopic or robotic procedure, which uses small instruments inserted through small incisions in your abdomen to remove the fibroids from your uterus. Another procedure called as morcellation is a method by which the fibroids are removed by breaking them into smaller pieces.
Hysteroscopic myomectomy: if the fibroids are present inside the uterus, then this method may be opted. The surgeon removes fibroids using instruments that are inserted through your vagina and cervix into the uterus.
Options for traditional surgical procedures include:
- Abdominal myomectomy.If you have multiple fibroids, very large fibroids or very deep fibroids, your doctor may use an open abdominal surgical procedure to remove the fibroids
- Hysterectomy: it is a major surgical procedure that involves the removal of the uterus to put an end to the uterine fibroids. It is a proven permanent solution for uterine fibroids.
In the next section of this article let us have a deeper look at the hysterectomy procedure.
Why is hysterectomy performed?
The doctor may suggest you undergo hysterectomy for the following reasons:
- Uncontrollable vaginal bleeding
- Chronic pelvic pain
- Fibroids which are tumors that grow in the uterus
- Cancers of uterus, cervix or ovaries
- Pelvic inflammatory diseases which are the main causes of infection in the reproductive organs
- Uterine prolapsed which occurs when the uterus drops through the cervix and comes out of the vagina
- Endometriosis, a disorder in the inner lining of the uterus that grows outside of the uterine cavity causing pain.
Hysterectomy is a safest and low-risk surgical procedure. However, it should not be used on all women who still wish to give birth in the future. Fortunately, many conditions that are treated with hysterectomy can also be treated by others ways. For instance, hormone therapy can be used to treat endometriosis and fibroids can also be removed by simple surgery. Hysterectomy is the only option when it comes to uterine or cervical cancer.
Types of hysterectomy:
- Partial Hysterectomy: during this procedure, only a part of your uterus is removed. The cervix is left intact.
- Total Hysterectomy: during this procedure, the entire uterus is removed along with the cervix. You will have to have regular pelvic examinations.
- Hysterectomy and salpingo-Oophorectomy: during this procedure, the entire uterus along with one or both the ovaries and fallopian tube is removed. One may need hormone replacement therapy if both the ovaries are removed.
How is hysterectomy performed?
Hysterectomy can be carried out in many ways. All the methods require general or local anesthesia. A general anesthesia will put you to sleep where as a local anesthesia will numb that particular area alone but you will still be awake. Sometimes anesthesia will be combined with a sedative so that you feel sleepy and relaxed throughout the procedure.
Abdominal hysterectomy: In this procedure, the uterus is removed through a large cut in the abdomen. The incision may be vertical or horizontal. Both these types will heal quickly and leave a scar on the surface.
Vaginal hysterectomy: In this procedure, the uterus is removed through a small incision in the vagina. There are no visible cuts and no scars seen on the outer body.
Laparoscopic hysterectomy: In this procedure, the doctor uses a small instrument called laparoscope. It is a long narrow tube, which consists of a high-intensity light and high-resolution camera to capture the images. These images will be displayed on the screen. In this, 3 or 4 incisions are made in the uterus instead of one large incision. The surgeon then cut the uterus into small pieces and removes one piece at a time.
What are the risks of hysterectomy?
This is considered to be the safest procedure. Any medical procedure has its own advantages and risks associated with it. Some of the risks associated with it are:
- Heavy bleeding
- Infection around the incision site
- Injury to bladder, intestines and surrounding blood vessels
Once the surgery is over you will be monitored for your heartbeat and breathing. If everything turns normal then you can be discharged. However, you will have to stay in the hospital for 3 to 5 days. Doctors will encourage you to do light exercises such as walking as it helps to prevent blood clots. If you have undergone vaginal hysterectomy, then you may experience bloody or brownish drainage from the vagina for 10 days. So using a menstrual pad is advisable.
Even after you are discharged, you should avoid doing certain activities such as pushing or pulling objects, bending, lifting heavy objects, sexual intercourse, etc
Recovery time is comparatively longer if one undergoes an abdominal hysterectomy. Complete recovery will take about 4 to 6 weeks.
Fever is a process of acclimatisation to the environment in the children. Moreover, its just 4 days of fever, so its not much a cause of concern. You can give PARACETAMOL syrup to the child to control fever. This is probably viral fever which will go way in matter of few days.
Traveling to different places has been one of the best recreation for many people. For some, it may be research travel, vacation, volunteer travel for charity, religious pilgrimages, or even for a healthcare. Travel may occur by human-powered vehicles such as walking or bicycle or by means of vehicles such as cars, buses, or train.
In this article, we are mainly going to focus on the train travel which was exclusively organized for a healthcare purpose. Have you ever heard of India’s cancer train? Let us have a train ride now.
The green revolution was one of the biggest news in the 1960s and 1970s. It was a brainchild of a number of politicians, scientists, and philanthropists in the developed nations. They convinced that if the farmers in India switch from the traditional methods of farming to the modernized techniques which involve the use of pesticides, fertilizers, high-yield seeds and other inorganic substances- they could fight the hunger, and prevent the region from going, communist. In fact, the Green revolution helped India transform from a nation that is chronically begging for food to the one that exports high-quality grains. But at what cost?
The farmers blindly followed their advice without even giving it a second thought. They failed to think of the consequences which they will have to face on undergoing this sudden shift from one technique to the other. This greedy act of many farmers, due to their money oriented mindset made them all fall into the deep pit of cancerous diseases.
Every night around 9:30 p.m. the train no: 339 pulls into the shabby station in the northern Indian farm town of Bathinda, the state of Punjab. The local people call it a “cancer train”, as the number of cancer patients traveling in this train increases significantly.
The most remarkable feature of this train is that 60% of its population are cancer patients. It runs between the Bhatinda town of Punjab to Bikaner in Rajasthan. It is known as the cancer train because of a high number of cancer patients traveling by the train.
The train leaves the Bhatinda station around 9:25 p.m. and reaches Bikaner at Rajasthan around 6:00 a.m. It covers a distance of about 325 km with 26 halts altogether. The train has about 12 coaches and has gained its name due to the sudden increase in the cancer patients traveling by this train. The drastic increase in the cancer cases is due to the increased use of pesticides and fertilizers which eventually have an adverse effect on the human body.
The train is packed to near capacity with 100 cancer patients & 200 other co-travelers who travel by this train. The main motive of this train is to help the cancer patients in as many possible ways. The cost of the train ticket is only INR 210 but it is free of cost for the cancer patients. The accompanying attendant will have a concession of 75% of the ticket cost.
One should be wondering why the cancer patients of Punjab have to travel all the way long to Rajasthan for their treatment when Punjab itself holds the art facilities for the cancer treatment?
The huge population of cancer patients traveling by this train is poor farmers from the districts of Punjab: Bathinda, Faridkot, Moga, Muktsar, Ferozepur, Sangrur, and Mansa. These southern districts are together known as the Malwa region. The farmers and their families here are suffering from cancer and health problems that have crept into their homes through the backdoors as the farmers of India’s grain bowl fed the nation. This is due to the lush fields hiding with scary tales.
Another poor condition of the farmers is that due to their poor economic background and low levels of economic status they are not equally treated at the government hospitals. There are cases of patients wherein despite visiting the hospital several times and waiting for the doctor for a long time, they never got a chance to have a consultation. Waiting to have a consultation with the doctors here will only deteriorate the condition of the patients. This is the reason why they travel to far-off Rajasthan despite the services offered at Punjab.
Another fact is that it is incredibly hard to avail cash incentives from the Punjab government without any political connection. The poor farmers hardly can’t avail for these incentives and are majorly neglected at the government hospitals.
The poor farmers finally unable to fight against the injustice will leave to the hospital at Bikaner, which has one of the top 20 cancer research center in the country. For the cancer-stricken in Punjab, one of the nearest and most affordable cancer treatments are provided at Bikaner, Rajasthan.
Here I will provide two case studies of poor farmers at Bhatinda which will explain clearly why they opt to travel to far-off places despite Punjab being the hotspot of cancer treatment.
Surjeet Kaur, a farmer from the village called Mansa, spent about INR 30,000 for chemotherapy to treat breast cancer. Another woman, Sathya Devi, belonging to the same economic background spent about INR 1,00,000 for chemotherapy on a cancerous growth on her hip.
We all are very much aware of how the farmers toil hard all day and night to repay the loan they have taken before the harvest season. In such a case, spending so much amount for their health and another medical expenditure is never an easy thing for them. Unfortunately, the poor condition of all the farmers out there in Punjab is undoubtedly the same. At the end of the day, they have to move to Bikaner anyway in order to get considerations and equal treatment.
Malkeet is one of the 25,000 people suffering from cancer in Punjab. A survey in 2009 showed there are about 7,735 people living with cancer. In February 2013, the graph raised drastically to 23,874 cases. Over the past 5 years or so, there have been 24,000 cancer cases and about 33,000 deaths.
What must the hidden reason behind these alarming rates of cancer victims?
The Malwa region of Punjab could be popularly called as the cancer belt. It topped the list with 24,000 cancer cases & 33,000 deaths. The main cause for a large number of cancer victims is the overuse of pesticides by the farmers for the cultivation of cotton in this region. The State Council for Science & Technology’s State of Environment reports: The cotton growing districts of south-western Punjab consumes about 75% of the pesticides. There are multiple factors responsible for the cancer cases including the pesticides, alcohol consumption and smoking. “PGI” is currently working to figure out the correlation between breast cancer and pesticide usage.
The Centre for Science & Environment (CSE) conducted a survey with the blood and food samples of 20 random people from different villages of Bathinda and Ropar. The samples showed that 12.5% of the samples tested were contaminated with non-approved pesticides which are the main cause for the increased risk of cancer among the people.
What role do the genes play?
A survey showed that more than 90% of the cancer cases have no family history. On an average, only 7% to 8% of the people are biological victims of cancer. The genes in them have higher chances of developing cancer or they don’t have genes that control the tumor growth if at all they have cancer on being exposed to environmental and lifestyle factors.
Genes can be the main causes for breast, ovary, prostate and colon cancer. If the risk of breast cancer is increasing at alarming rates among the people then, a very close screening is required. An early detection of cancer can be cured with the treatment itself. Even otherwise a surgical removal of the breast can help save the life. If it is ovarian cancer then either the ovary or the fallopian tubes can be removed by surgical means. Apart from uterine and breast cancers, females also encounter reproductive health issues.
The environment and lifestyle changes also affect the lives of the people in a number of ways. Tobacco consumption, exposure to air, water, or smoke pollution, exposure to harmful radiations and unhealthy diets can also cause cancer among the people. Earlier about 90% of the cancer cases were diagnosed at the end stage where nothing could be done to save the lives of the people. Now, with the advancement in the medical field, it has been reduced to 60-70%.
What do other health consequences the people of Punjab face?
Malwa also was known as Punjab’s cotton belt, the cotton crops grown here are prone to pests. The farmers blindly use 15 different varieties of pesticides and fertilizers keeping in mind only the profit and a huge yield. They fail to think of the consequences which they will have to face as the result of their act.
Another worse thing to be quoted is that the farmers use the pesticide cans to store water and food. This will adversely affect their digestive system and the body on the whole.
Not only pesticides, even the quantity of fertilizer used is relatively high. Apart from this, the factories will discharge the waste water into the water bodies nearby. The water is entirely contaminated with heavy metals and other toxins. The farmers when using this contaminated water for irrigation will adversely affect the crops.
Why is Bikaner preferred than Bhatinda?
The lodging and food at Bikaner are affordable as well. This makes it a lucrative option for the cancer patients. A room at Dharamshala in Bikaner costs only INR 50, while the thali in the hospital canteen costs only INR 5. The rates are so less so as to benefit the people’s stay in the region for the cancer treatment.
What role does the government play?
Had the government does its role efficiently in supporting the cancer patients of Punjab, the people would have been much more benefitted from the justice. The government works in a way similar to the private hospitals by treating the people of lower economic background differently. So it would be right to say, that the people catch the cancer train, not just for the cancer treatment at Bikaner but also to get justice.
This poor condition of the farmers is a very good lesson for millions of people out there. The greedy act of the farmers has also in some way contributed to this deadly situation. Had they balanced well both the traditional and the modern techniques of Green revolution, such a situation would not have raised.
Having read of this train journey, I would like to put forth the fact that if we don’t balance well between the modernization and healthy habits, many such “cancer trains” will run throughout India.
Vitamin E is an important vitamin which governs the functions of many organs in the body. It is a very good antioxidant which means it works better to slow down the processes which damage the cells. It has many benefits if taken in recommended amounts. However, too much of vitamin E in the body has its own impact and side effects.
The rich sources of vitamin E foods are vegetable oils, poultry, meat, eggs, fruits, and vegetables. Vitamin E is also used in the treating a number of diseases of heart, blood pressure and leg pain. Women use vitamin E to prevent complications during the pregnancy periods, premenstrual syndrome, painful periods, breast cysts, etc.
Vitamin E has a lot of health benefits.
Some of which are listed below:
- A great antioxidant: The most important advantage of vitamin E is its antioxidant property. It acts as a shield in protecting us against various illnesses. They also prevent cell damage by fighting against “free radicals” that can lead to chronic degenerative diseases like heart illness, diabetes, Alzheimer’s, and cancer. The free radicals are constantly produced as a result of digestive processes, pollution, consumption of junk foods, smoking etc. The best-known benefit of vitamin E is that it can quench these free radicals before it will cause harm.
- Liver protection: Studies have shown that 38% of the people who were given vitamin E supplements were cured of NASH- non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, a condition which results in inflammation of the liver due to the accumulation of fat. This is in no way related to alcoholism but is yet dangerous. Obesity and lifestyle changes contribute to this condition.
- Eye health: The main cause of vision loss among the elderly people is due to macular degeneration. Studies have found that vitamin E along with other crucial vitamins can help cure this illness.
- Brain health: Researchers have thrown light that there is a link between adequate vitamin E intake and reduced risk of brain tumors.
- Heart health: There are various types of fats and among that the polyunsaturated fatty acids have a greater chance of being disturbed by free radicals. More intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids also called as omega 6 fatty acids, can increase the risk of heart-related diseases such as a blockage in the arteries, narrowing of arteries due to plaque deposition, etc. the vitamin E will fight against the free radicals and help prevent heart diseases.
- Cancer: The omega 6 fatty acids will also promote inflammation of the cells in the body which can be cancerous. Vitamin E intake will help reduce the risk of cancer.
- Alzheimer’s disease: Vitamin E can slow down the worsening of memory loss in patients suffering from Alzheimer’s disease.
- Anemia: Researchers show that vitamin E can increase the iron content in the body as it helps in the production of red blood cells.
- Chemo drugs: Applying vitamin E to the skin seems to be effective in treating leakage of chemo drugs to surrounding areas.
- Chemo related nerve damage: Taking vitamin E before and after the chemotherapy will prevent nerve damage.
- Granuloma annular: It’s a type of skin sore. Applying vitamin E to the affected area will cure the skin sore.
- Male infertility: Vitamin E has an ability to treat male infertility problems. However, if taken along with vitamin C it will not serve the purpose.
- Bleeding within the skull: Taking vitamin E orally can help prevent bleeding within the skull in infants.
- Sunburn: Taking vitamin E along with vitamin C orally in recommended amounts will cure skin inflammation due to sunburns.
- Swelling of the uveitis: Taking vitamin E along with vitamin C orally can improve vision but does not reduce the swelling in the middle region of the eye called the uveitis.
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