Traveling to different places has been one of the best recreation for many people. For some, it may be research travel, vacation, volunteer travel for charity, religious pilgrimages, or even for a healthcare. Travel may occur by human-powered vehicles such as walking or bicycle or by means of vehicles such as cars, buses, or train.
In this article, we are mainly going to focus on the train travel which was exclusively organized for a healthcare purpose. Have you ever heard of India’s cancer train? Let us have a train ride now.
The green revolution was one of the biggest news in the 1960s and 1970s. It was a brainchild of a number of politicians, scientists, and philanthropists in the developed nations. They convinced that if the farmers in India switch from the traditional methods of farming to the modernized techniques which involve the use of pesticides, fertilizers, high-yield seeds and other inorganic substances- they could fight the hunger, and prevent the region from going, communist. In fact, the Green revolution helped India transform from a nation that is chronically begging for food to the one that exports high-quality grains. But at what cost?
The farmers blindly followed their advice without even giving it a second thought. They failed to think of the consequences which they will have to face on undergoing this sudden shift from one technique to the other. This greedy act of many farmers, due to their money oriented mindset made them all fall into the deep pit of cancerous diseases.
Every night around 9:30 p.m. the train no: 339 pulls into the shabby station in the northern Indian farm town of Bathinda, the state of Punjab. The local people call it a “cancer train”, as the number of cancer patients traveling in this train increases significantly.
The most remarkable feature of this train is that 60% of its population are cancer patients. It runs between the Bhatinda town of Punjab to Bikaner in Rajasthan. It is known as the cancer train because of a high number of cancer patients traveling by the train.
The train leaves the Bhatinda station around 9:25 p.m. and reaches Bikaner at Rajasthan around 6:00 a.m. It covers a distance of about 325 km with 26 halts altogether. The train has about 12 coaches and has gained its name due to the sudden increase in the cancer patients traveling by this train. The drastic increase in the cancer cases is due to the increased use of pesticides and fertilizers which eventually have an adverse effect on the human body.
The train is packed to near capacity with 100 cancer patients & 200 other co-travelers who travel by this train. The main motive of this train is to help the cancer patients in as many possible ways. The cost of the train ticket is only INR 210 but it is free of cost for the cancer patients. The accompanying attendant will have a concession of 75% of the ticket cost.
One should be wondering why the cancer patients of Punjab have to travel all the way long to Rajasthan for their treatment when Punjab itself holds the art facilities for the cancer treatment?
The huge population of cancer patients traveling by this train is poor farmers from the districts of Punjab: Bathinda, Faridkot, Moga, Muktsar, Ferozepur, Sangrur, and Mansa. These southern districts are together known as the Malwa region. The farmers and their families here are suffering from cancer and health problems that have crept into their homes through the backdoors as the farmers of India’s grain bowl fed the nation. This is due to the lush fields hiding with scary tales.
Another poor condition of the farmers is that due to their poor economic background and low levels of economic status they are not equally treated at the government hospitals. There are cases of patients wherein despite visiting the hospital several times and waiting for the doctor for a long time, they never got a chance to have a consultation. Waiting to have a consultation with the doctors here will only deteriorate the condition of the patients. This is the reason why they travel to far-off Rajasthan despite the services offered at Punjab.
Another fact is that it is incredibly hard to avail cash incentives from the Punjab government without any political connection. The poor farmers hardly can’t avail for these incentives and are majorly neglected at the government hospitals.
The poor farmers finally unable to fight against the injustice will leave to the hospital at Bikaner, which has one of the top 20 cancer research center in the country. For the cancer-stricken in Punjab, one of the nearest and most affordable cancer treatments are provided at Bikaner, Rajasthan.
Here I will provide two case studies of poor farmers at Bhatinda which will explain clearly why they opt to travel to far-off places despite Punjab being the hotspot of cancer treatment.
Surjeet Kaur, a farmer from the village called Mansa, spent about INR 30,000 for chemotherapy to treat breast cancer. Another woman, Sathya Devi, belonging to the same economic background spent about INR 1,00,000 for chemotherapy on a cancerous growth on her hip.
We all are very much aware of how the farmers toil hard all day and night to repay the loan they have taken before the harvest season. In such a case, spending so much amount for their health and another medical expenditure is never an easy thing for them. Unfortunately, the poor condition of all the farmers out there in Punjab is undoubtedly the same. At the end of the day, they have to move to Bikaner anyway in order to get considerations and equal treatment.
Malkeet is one of the 25,000 people suffering from cancer in Punjab. A survey in 2009 showed there are about 7,735 people living with cancer. In February 2013, the graph raised drastically to 23,874 cases. Over the past 5 years or so, there have been 24,000 cancer cases and about 33,000 deaths.
What must the hidden reason behind these alarming rates of cancer victims?
The Malwa region of Punjab could be popularly called as the cancer belt. It topped the list with 24,000 cancer cases & 33,000 deaths. The main cause for a large number of cancer victims is the overuse of pesticides by the farmers for the cultivation of cotton in this region. The State Council for Science & Technology’s State of Environment reports: The cotton growing districts of south-western Punjab consumes about 75% of the pesticides. There are multiple factors responsible for the cancer cases including the pesticides, alcohol consumption and smoking. “PGI” is currently working to figure out the correlation between breast cancer and pesticide usage.
The Centre for Science & Environment (CSE) conducted a survey with the blood and food samples of 20 random people from different villages of Bathinda and Ropar. The samples showed that 12.5% of the samples tested were contaminated with non-approved pesticides which are the main cause for the increased risk of cancer among the people.
What role do the genes play?
A survey showed that more than 90% of the cancer cases have no family history. On an average, only 7% to 8% of the people are biological victims of cancer. The genes in them have higher chances of developing cancer or they don’t have genes that control the tumor growth if at all they have cancer on being exposed to environmental and lifestyle factors.
Genes can be the main causes for breast, ovary, prostate and colon cancer. If the risk of breast cancer is increasing at alarming rates among the people then, a very close screening is required. An early detection of cancer can be cured with the treatment itself. Even otherwise a surgical removal of the breast can help save the life. If it is ovarian cancer then either the ovary or the fallopian tubes can be removed by surgical means. Apart from uterine and breast cancers, females also encounter reproductive health issues.
The environment and lifestyle changes also affect the lives of the people in a number of ways. Tobacco consumption, exposure to air, water, or smoke pollution, exposure to harmful radiations and unhealthy diets can also cause cancer among the people. Earlier about 90% of the cancer cases were diagnosed at the end stage where nothing could be done to save the lives of the people. Now, with the advancement in the medical field, it has been reduced to 60-70%.
What do other health consequences the people of Punjab face?
Malwa also was known as Punjab’s cotton belt, the cotton crops grown here are prone to pests. The farmers blindly use 15 different varieties of pesticides and fertilizers keeping in mind only the profit and a huge yield. They fail to think of the consequences which they will have to face as the result of their act.
Another worse thing to be quoted is that the farmers use the pesticide cans to store water and food. This will adversely affect their digestive system and the body on the whole.
Not only pesticides, even the quantity of fertilizer used is relatively high. Apart from this, the factories will discharge the waste water into the water bodies nearby. The water is entirely contaminated with heavy metals and other toxins. The farmers when using this contaminated water for irrigation will adversely affect the crops.
Why is Bikaner preferred than Bhatinda?
The lodging and food at Bikaner are affordable as well. This makes it a lucrative option for the cancer patients. A room at Dharamshala in Bikaner costs only INR 50, while the thali in the hospital canteen costs only INR 5. The rates are so less so as to benefit the people’s stay in the region for the cancer treatment.
What role does the government play?
Had the government does its role efficiently in supporting the cancer patients of Punjab, the people would have been much more benefitted from the justice. The government works in a way similar to the private hospitals by treating the people of lower economic background differently. So it would be right to say, that the people catch the cancer train, not just for the cancer treatment at Bikaner but also to get justice.
This poor condition of the farmers is a very good lesson for millions of people out there. The greedy act of the farmers has also in some way contributed to this deadly situation. Had they balanced well both the traditional and the modern techniques of Green revolution, such a situation would not have raised.
Having read of this train journey, I would like to put forth the fact that if we don’t balance well between the modernization and healthy habits, many such “cancer trains” will run throughout India.
What is a joint replacement surgery?
A joint is where two or more bones come together, like the knee, hip, and the shoulder. A joint replacement surgery is a surgical procedure where the damaged joint is replaced with the new one. The surgery is often done by the orthopedic surgeon. Sometimes, the surgeon will not remove the entire joint but fix or repairs the damaged parts. By undergoing this surgery, the patient will be benefitted a lot. It will improve their quality of life. Replacing the joint will help relieve the pain, and help you feel better. It also increases the mobility.
What causes damage to the joints?
Joints may be damaged by arthritis, injuries or simply aging. The joints may be damaged due to the wear and tear action. Any damage to the joint will cause pain, stiffness, and swelling of that part. The damages inside joint will limit the blood flow, causing problems in the bone. The bones need blood to remain healthy, grow and repair themselves.
The new joint is called the prosthesis which may be made of plastic, metal or ceramic. These will be cemented or non-cemented to keep the joints in place. The cemented joints are more commonly used among elderly and people with poor bone quality who do not move about randomly as younger adults. The cement holds the joint to the bone.
The non-cemented joint is used for younger adults who are more active and have bones of good quality. An uncemented joint will take longer to heal and a longer time to attach itself to it.
A new joint will lasts for about 15 to 20 years. So the younger adults who have undergone a joint replacement will have to do another surgery after 20 years or so.
What happens during the surgery?
At first, the surgeon will give you a local or general anesthesia that will make you fall asleep or numb a particular area so that you don’t feel the pain. The medical team will them replace the damaged joint with the new one. Each surgery is different in its own way and how long it takes will depend on the type of surgery the patient is going through. A knee or hip joint replacement will take about 1 to 2 hours or even less than that if there aren’t many complications. Once the surgery is done you will be moved to the recovery room until you recover from the anesthesia and stay awake.
What happens after the surgery?
After the joint replacement surgery, you will have to stay in the hospital for about 10 days. If you are an elderly or if you have additional abnormalities than the duration of stay at the hospital will be extended. The time you have to spend at the hospital with the intermediate-care facility will depend on your overall health condition.
Initially, you will be able to walk only with the help of walking stick or crutches. You may have some pain because your muscles are weak and need time for healing. The pain is only temporary and will be cured with medicines within few weeks or months.
Some of the specific joint replacements include:
- Hip replacement
- Knee replacement
- Shoulder replacement
- Ankle replacement
How far will the surgery be successful?
The success rate will highly depend on how your take care of yourself after you go home. Following the doctor’s advice, medicines and eating a healthy diet will enhance your chances of quick recovery. Most of the surgeries are successfully provided the problems don’t get severe. Some of the problems include:
- Infection: the areas around the new joint may get infected. This may happen while you are at the hospital, or after returning home or even years later. If the infections are minor it can be treated with drugs. If the infections get deeper or severe then it may require another operation to treat and cure the infection with a new joint.
- Blood clots: if your blood moves very slowly then it might form lumps resulting in blood clots. The blood clots may be the main cause of pain or swelling. Sometimes the doctor will find a way to heal the clots. The doctor may suggest drugs thin the blood or suggest exercises, boots or special stockings make the blood move faster.
- Loosening: the new joint may get loosen over time causing severe pain. If the loosening gets worse, then you have to do another operation to reattach the joint to the bone.
- Dislocation: sometimes, after the surgery, the ball may get out of the socket. This happens mostly in case of knee joint replacement surgery. The hip can be corrected without surgery. Sometimes, a brace may be worn for a while if the dislocation happens.
- Wear: too much wear will result in loosening. In the case of a plastic joint, it gets loose over time. In that case, the doctor will replace the plastic and not the whole joint.
- Nerve & blood vessel injury: during the surgery, the nerve surrounding the joint may get damaged. Blood vessels may also be injured. This damage may improve over time and disappear.
Risks associated with joint replacement surgery:</>
Apart from infection & swelling, joint replacement surgery may also have other associated risks like other surgeries. The other major risk of this surgery is that the new joint may not work effectively. It is less common, but there are chances that the new joint may get loose or dislocate after some time. It is important to remember that the new joint may get worn out after 20 years. This means you will have to undergo another surgery after a span of 20 years.
Some other risks associated with this surgery include:
- Implant loosening
- Damage to the nerve or blood vessel
- Stiffness or pain
Some other alternatives to this surgery are:
- Joint injections
- Oral medicines
- Hand therapy exercises
- Arthrodesis surgery to fuse bones together
- Resection arthroplasty to remove the bone surface
- Surgery or tendons or ligaments to repair joint injuries.
Top 15 orthopedic hospitals in India for joint replacement surgery:
- All India institute of medical sciences, New Delhi
- Apollo hospital, Chennai
- Sparsh hospital, Bangalore
- Moolchand orthopedics hospital, Delhi
- Indian spinal injury center, Delhi
- Sancheti institute of orthopedics, Pune
- Christian medical college, Vellore
- Hosmat hospital, Bangalore
- Post graduate institute of medical education & research, Chandigarh
- Ganga hospital, Coimbatore
- Max super specialty hospital, Delhi
- MIOT hospital, Chennai
- Aditya Birla memorial hospital, Pune
- Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani hospital, Mumbai
- Shelby hospital, Ahmedabad
Some more details about these hospitals and the specialists:
- Treatment available for every medical discipline
- Modern and hi-tech physiotherapy unit
- Comprehensive care
- Expert and skilled doctors
An esteemed panel of doctors:
- Vijay Kumar
- Ravi Mittal
- Ashok Kumar
- 3000 surgeries performed
- Special units for tendons, muscles & joints
- Extreme team of nursing staff
- Multidisciplinary consultation available
An esteemed panel of doctors:
- Senthil Kamala Kannan
- Globally recognized surgeons
- Experienced nursing staff
- High-quality equipment and infrastructure
- Comprehensive care
- ISO certified hospital
- 24*7 emergency services
- Expert team of doctors
- Free medical camps
An esteemed panel of doctors:
- Chetan Puram
Christian medical college
- Excellent infrastructure
- Quality ensured in every aspect of treatment
- Dedicated nursing staffs
- Skilled and trained doctors
- Free medical camps
- Nearly 6000 surgeries performed annually
An esteemed panel of doctors:
- Vinod Mathew
- Sumanth Samuel
To know more about these specialty hospitals and skilled surgeons log on to www.freedoctoehelpline.com or call us at +918010555444.
The cost of joint replacement surgery in India:
The cost of joint replacement surgery will depend on a number of factors such as:
- Number of days spent in hospital
- Type of implant and surgical approach
- Pre-existing health condition
- Length of time spent in operating room
- Unexpected care or equipment required
The average hospital charge is about INR 3,50,000. The cost of partial knee replacement is 10 to 20 % lesser than the total knee replacement. This is about INR 70,000. The main reason for the reduction in cost is it requires a shorter duration of stay at the hospital.
One should expect multiple bills following a knee replacement surgery. They are:
- Hospital bills
- Bills for all treatments
- Other procedures performed by the surgeons like physiotherapy etc.
Hospitals will sometimes give you discounts if you have a health insurance. You can ask them for a payment plan or discount before you schedule your surgery. Try estimating the cost well in advance so that you can prepare well for the surgery.
By knowing the cost well in advance, you can avoid surprises and potential hardships down the line.
To have appointments with our doctors or to know more about the surgery, you can anytime contact us at www.freedotorhelpline.com or call us at +918010555444.
The liver is the largest organ in the body weighing about 3 pounds in adults. It is located below the diaphragm on the right side of the abdomen. The liver performs many of the complex functions in the body such as
- ¨ Prepares proteins needed by the body
- ¨ Metabolizes and breaks down nutrients from the food when needed
- ¨ Stores vitamins, minerals, and sugar
- ¨ Prepares bile, a component needed to digest food and absorb essential nutrients such as vitamin A, E, B, and K
- ¨ Helps the body to fight against infections by removing bacteria from the blood.
When the liver no longer functions adequately, it results in a condition called liver failure. The liver transplantation is a surgical procedure to remove the damaged liver and replace it with a healthy liver from the donor.
The liver failure can be classified into 2 types:
- Acute liver failure
- Chronic liver failure
The liver failure may occur all of a sudden which is called as acute liver failure. It may be a result of viral hepatitis, drug-induced infection or a result of the long-term problem. The chronic liver failure may occur due to the following reasons:
- Chronic hepatitis with cirrhosis
- Primary biliary cirrhosis in which the immune system attacks the bile duct.
- Biliary atresia, a condition that affects the liver of the newborns.
Who are eligible for a liver transplantation?
A team of doctors will evaluate your medical history and perform certain tests to choose candidates for a liver transplant. You will have to submit all your medical records such as liver biopsy slides, records of medications etc. the patient will then be subjected to one or all of the following tests:
- ¨ CT scan
- ¨ Doppler ultrasound- to determine if the blood vessels to nd from the liver are open.
- ¨ ECG to check the heart function
- ¨ Blood test to determine the blood type, clotting ability and biochemical status of the blood.
How does the liver transplant waiting list work?
- If you are an active liver transplant candidate then your name will be put up on the list.
- Patients are categorized depending on the blood type, body size, and medical condition.
- Each patient is given a priority score based on 3 simple blood tests. It is called as MELD (model of end-stage liver disease) in adults & PELD (pediatric end-stage liver disease) in children.
- The patients with the highest score and acute liver failure are given first priority.
Where does a liver for transplant come from?
There are basically two types of donors;
- Living donors
- Deceased donors
Living donor liver transplant is an option for some patients with end-stage liver failure. A segment of liver from a healthy patient is taken and is implanted into the recipient. Both the donor and recipient liver segments will grow to normal size within few weeks.
In deceased donor liver transplant, the donor may be a victim of brain dead. In this case, the transplant surgery is usually done in an ICU.
A close match in tissue or blood type will reveal that your body is ready to accept the new liver provided you don’t suffer from other chronic diseases such as heart or lung infections.
What happens during a transplant?
The transplant surgery will take about 6 to 12 hours. It is a major operation and the surgeon will place several tubes in your body. These tubes are helpful for your body to perform several other operations during the surgery and even after it for a few days. The damaged liver will be removed from the body and is replaced with the donor liver.
Steps involved in liver transplants:
- Pre-evaluation for liver transplant:
Once the doctor decides that the liver transplantation is the only option to cure the liver disease, he checks the patients thoroughly to see if he/she is fit to undergo the surgery.
- Registration with liver transplant hospital:
After a complete investigation by the hepatologist, the patient has to register in the liver transplant hospital as a candidate for liver transplantation.
- Getting a donor liver:
The next step is finding the donor liver for the surgery. If it is from a live donor then the surgery can be performed within few days on the other hand if it is deceased donor liver, then one has to wait for a long time until they receive the right liver. Once the hospital receives the donor liver, then they will immediately contact the patient and make arrangements with the surgery dates.
- Undergoing the liver transplant surgery:
Once the donor liver reaches the hospital, then the medical team will begin with the surgery procedures. The surgery of both the patient and the donor begins simultaneously. The surgery will take about 10-14 hours or even more in the case of live donor surgery.
- Post-operation hospital stay:
The recipient has to stay in the hospital for about 3 weeks while the donor can be discharged within 10 days.
Recovery after a liver transplant:
Recovery after a liver transplant surgery is a very gradual process and the complete recovery will take about 1 year. It mainly depends on the general health of the patient before the surgery. One will have to continue taking immunosuppressant even after the complete recovery because there are greater chances that the body will reject the donor liver. You will have to have constant follow-ups with your doctor and maintain a strict diet as prescribed by the physician.
Complications associated with the surgery:
- Severe infection
- Rejection of donor liver
- Failure of donor’s liver
- Reaction to anesthesia used for the surgery
Precautions after the liver transplant:
- Maintain high standards of hygiene to avoid any infection
- Drink boiled water
- Quit alcohol & smoking
- Regular exercise daily
One will have to stay in the hospital for 2 to 3 weeks after the surgery. The nurse will tell you about your medications and how to check your own pulse and blood pressure. Before your discharge, you will also learn the signs of rejection and infection so that you can consult your doctor in case of emergency.
The cost of liver transplants in India:
Liver transplant is the most expensive surgical procedure. The average cost of liver transplant in India is about INR 20,00,000 to 30,00,000. It depends on various factors like the hospital you choose, the surgeon and other medical conditions.
There will be some recurring expenses after the surgery. After the transplant, for the first 5 to 6 months you will have to spend INR 25,000 per month, the next 6 months the expenses will be around INR 18,000 per month, and thereafter INR 10,000 to 15,000 per month. The cost of a live donor is more expensive than the deceased donor liver.
International patients in India for liver transplants:
India has some of the best trained, skilled and experienced surgeons. This has attracted a large number of international patients to India. A large influx of international patients from U.S, U.K, UAE, Africa, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, etc visit India for the liver transplant surgery. The main reason why many international patients prefer India for the surgery procedure is despite being the most expensive procedure in India, it is affordable when compared to other countries. The cost in India is one-twentieth the cost in other countries. Once you plan for the surgery it is better to be well aware of the finance and make decisions well in advance. As an international patient, you will also have to schedule your travel, accommodation and food expenses and fit them into your budget.
Possible risks after the surgery:
After a successful liver transplantation, about 95% of the patients are advised to take care of infections and other anti-rejection medicines for life. The transplant surgery can lead to many complications like rejection, infection, narrowing of blood vessels, etc.
The best liver transplant surgeons in India:
India has some of the best trained, skilled and experienced surgeons for the liver transplant surgery. The thousands of cases the surgeons handle every year and successful transplantations they have done has attracted patients even from international residents. Some of the best liver transplant surgeons in India are listed below:
- Mohamed Rela
- A.S. Soin
- Suresh Singhvi
- Vivek Vij
- Abhideep Chaudary
- Chetan Kataria
- Ragul Kakodar
- A. Olithselvan
- Mathew Jacob
- Moh .A. Nayeem
- Naimesh Mehta
Some of the best liver transplant hospitals in India:
The following are some of the best centers or hospitals for liver transplant surgery in India:
- Medanta- the medicity
- Fortis malar
- Sir Ganga ram hospital
- Apollo hospital
- Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani hospital
- Jaypee hospital
- BLK hospital
- KEM hospital
- Artemis health & research institute
- L.H. Hiranandani hospital
- Breach candy hospital
- Lilavati hospital
- Global hospital
To know more about these top hospitals and surgeons in India, contact us on Free Doctor Helpline or call us at +918010555444. We can help you provide more details about them and help you make a wise choice in choosing your hospital and surgeon.
The costs at various stages are also listed above. Any queries in that don’t hesitate to contact us and get more details. If you have any health insurance you can even claim them with the health centers and get concessions on the treatment charges.
We see Indian hospitals as a reliable and appropriate location for organ transplants not just for Indian patients but also for people from international countries. So if you or your loved ones are recommended an organ transplant, you need not worry. We will land you in the safe hands at the best hospital in the country. Freedoctorhelpline is happy to advise you about some of the best hospitals and surgeons with high quality and surgeries at affordable rates. Thus we make your work simpler.
IVF or The In Vitro Fertilization is the process of fertilization of the egg or eggs outside the body. It’s a fertility treatment in which eggs and sperms are combined in the laboratory. The resulting embryos are assessed for quality and one or more are placed in the uterus through the cervix. The IVF Treatment can be performed by using your own eggs and sperms or the donated eggs and sperms.
Why go for IVF treatment?
IVF can help you get pregnant if you have problems like ovulation, egg quality, blocked fallopian tubes, or if your partner has problems with sperm count or mobility. It helps you get pregnant using a donor egg or sperm. This treatment can also be used if the doctors can’t figure out the exact reason for infertility or if other treatment options have failed.
What is the IVF Process?
IVF has the following treatment procedures:
- Ovary stimulation: in this, 8 to 14 days around your menstrual cycle you will be advised to take a fertility drug such as gonadotropin. This stimulates your ovary to produce multiple eggs for fertilization instead of just one. You will also be advised to take a synthetic hormone to prevent your ovaries from releasing eggs too early.
- Follicle development: the follicles are the fluid-filled sacs where the eggs mature. When you take these medications, you should visit your doctor every 3 to 4 days to have your blood hormone levels checked and to observe your ovaries under ultrasound.
- The trigger shot: when the follicles are ready, you will be given a trigger shot which is a medicine that causes your eggs to mature fully. They are then capable of being fertilized. After 36 hours of the trigger shot, your eggs are ready to be retrieved.
- Gathering the eggs: the doctor inserts an ultrasound probe into your vagina to observe the ovaries and follicles. A needle is then inserted through the vaginal wall to remove the egg from the follicle. About 8 to 15 eggs are obtained.
- Fertilization: the embryologist will check the quality of the eggs before combining it with the sperms. Fertilization takes place during this time. ICSI –intracytoplasmic sperm injection is a technique in which each sperm is directly inserted into the mature eggs.
- Developing embryos: after the retrieval of the eggs, the eggs that are successfully fertilized will form a 6 to 10 celled embryo. By the 5th day, the embryo will become blastocysts with fluid-filled cavity and tissues that will develop into placenta and baby.
- Embryo selection: after the egg retrieval, the embryologist will choose the most viable embryo to place it into the uterus. If there are any extra embryos, it can be preserved for future IVF cycles.
- Planting the embryo: the doctor will place 1 to 5 embryos in your uterus, depending on the diagnosis and your age. It is placed using a catheter. One might feel slight cramping but you’ll not need an anesthesia.
- Successful implantation: if the treatment is successful, then the embryo implants in your uterine wall and grows into a baby. If more than one embryo is transferred the chances of getting pregnant are more. About 20%of IVF cases will give birth to twins, triplets, or more.
You can take a pregnancy test after two or three weeks of the embryo placed into the uterus.
What is the role of men?
Around the time, when your partner’s eggs are collected, you will have to produce the sample of your sperms. The sperms will be washed and prepared so that the active ones are separated from the poor quality ones.
Also read: How would you know you’re ovulating?
How long will IVF take?
The duration is about 6 to 8 weeks to complete one IVF cycle. You will have to wait for a week for the eggs to get mature. Then, consult your doctor to have the eggs retrieved and fertilized. After, 3 to 5 days you will have to again visit the doctor’s clinic to have the embryos inserted into the uterus.
What is the success rate of IVF Treatment?
The success rates highly depend on the couple’s reasons for infertility and their ages. The younger the couples, the greater is the possibility of success rates due to healthier eggs.
The % of IVF cycles resulting in live births is about:
- 40% of women under 34 years of age
- 31% of women between 35-37 years
- 21% of women between 38-40 years
- 11% of women between 41 to 42 years
- 5% of women between above 43 years
What are the pros of IVF?
Advantage of IVF Treatment:
- It has been a successful method of fertilization without causing any harmful effects on the child.
- It has been in existence for years and is a widely preferred method of fertilization when all other methods fail.
- The use of fertility drugs has no connection with ovarian cancer
- Researchers still find a way to refine and improve IVF procedures.
Any treatment procedures come along with its own drawbacks and shortcomings. In that aspect, IVF has its own Disadvantage. Those are:
- Highly expensive
- Time-consuming procedure
- There are changes of miscarriage and other complications
- There are more chances of giving birth to twins & triplets.
- Increased risk of ectopic pregnancy
- Risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
- Failure of the treatment in some cases
What does IVF cost?
A few decades ago, people thought of IVF procedure as a mysterious procedure used for infertility treatment that produces test tube babies. Later did they realize that it was the most effective method of fertilization by external means.
The cost of IVF treatments in various states excluding the drugs & blood test charges are listed below:
- Mumbai: INR 2,00,000 -3,00,000
- Bangalore: INR 1,60,000-1,75,000
- Chennai: INR 1,45,000-1,60,000
- Delhi: INR 90,000-1,25,000
- Nagpur: INR 75,000-90,000
- Hyderabad: INR 70,000-90,000
- Pune: INR 65,000-85,000
- Kolkata: INR 65,000-80,000
Other factors that affect the IVF cost in India:
A woman under 35 years of age has 32% chance of success at the IVF treatment whereas woman above 39 years of age may need 5 or more treatments in order to get pregnant. The woman’s age is the most important factor in determining the success rate of the treatment. Some clinics also offer multiple-cycle IVF cost plans, which would be much cheaper for the couples.
- ¨ Couples with low fertility levels will require donor sperm or donor eggs. The cost of donor sperm is about INR 8,000 to 12,000 whereas the cost of a donor egg is INR 28,000 to 42,000.
- ¨ Donor embryos are preferred by couples where one or both the partners are likely to have a serious health condition which could be inherited by the children. The cost donor embryos for IVF treatment may range from INR 36,000 to 52,000.
- ¨ Some couples prefer to go with frozen embryo transfer so that they can be thawed and transferred into women’s uterus at a later date and as per the couple’s convenience. The cost of frozen embryo transplant can be anywhere between 20,000 to 30,000
- ¨ The Testicular Sperm Aspiration (T.E.S.A) is a sperm extraction procedure which is done in men who has a vasectomy but still desires to have a child. It is a simple procedure which takes about 30 minutes that involves local anesthesia. A small needle is used to extract sperm directly from the testicle. The cost of this procedure is generally about INR 12,000 to 18,000.
- ¨ Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) is a technique in which each sperm is directly inserted into the mature eggs. This is preferred by couples who face male fertility issues such as low sperm count and poor sperm quality. The cost of ICSI procedure from 20,000 to 45,000
Also Read: Womb on sale: Surrogacy in India
Freezing embryo for IVF treatments
This technique is becoming a popular choice among women who wish to pursue their career during their 20s & 30s and then raise children when they are in their 40s. The cost of embryo prevention is the combination of cost of the initial procedure and annual charges to keep the embryos frozen. The initial procedure will cost about INR 20,000 to 30,000 and you will have to pay an additional INR 4,000 to 6,000 each year to preserve them.
Don’t narrow down your choice only on the basis of the cost. The cost of various IVF treatments will differ from city to city and from clinic to clinic. Look for the best hospitals and surgeons that provide the best IVF treatments in India.
You may also like: How Climate Change Could Affect Your Pregnancy ?
Top 10 IVF treatment hospitals:
- Max healthcare- New Delhi
- L.H Hiranandani Hospital-Mumbai
- Infertility India- Mumbai
- Virk center for human reproduction- Punjab
- Bloom fertility center- Maharashtra
- Nova IVI fertility- Gujarat
- BLK Super specialty hospital-New Delhi
- Apollo hospital center for assisted reproduction- Bangalore
- Indira infertility clinic & research center- Udaipur
- Shivani fertility & mother care- Rajasthan
The Indian government has not laid any laws based on surrogacy or IVF treatments but has scheduled guidelines for the visa purposes. Foreigners have to be aware of those guidelines if they wish to take up treatment in India.
While IVF treatments may seem expensive, they are fairly reasonable considering the sophisticated medical technology used and the expertise of the doctors. Besides, when it comes to children, as any couple who has undergone the treatment will tell you, it’s certainly worth it.
For more details about IVF and get yourself treated by best gynaecologists of India, you may contact Free Doctor Helpline at +918010555444
The eyes are the complex organs in which many parts has to work together in order to produce a clear vision. The rods and cons cells help in color differentiation and perception of light. This unique organ is prone to a number of diseases as age goes. This article will help you understand a lot more about the human eye, various eye diseases, its symptoms & treatment.
Many eye diseases have no early symptoms. They may be painless and will not hinder your vision until the diseases have reached the advanced stage. The best way to protect your vision is by having eye examinations by professionals at regular intervals.
Most people will have an eye disease more than once during the lifetime. Some of it will be minor and will fade away on its own whereas some turn out to be a serious eye disorder.
Anytime you feel your vision isn’t the same as it used to be, then immediately have a consultation with your eye specialist. The following are some of the common eye problems and see if the symptoms get worse with time.
- Eyestrain: Anyone who reads a lot, works on a computer for hours together or drives long distances are more vulnerable to eyestrains. Just like other parts of the body, the eyes also need proper rest. When you fail in this, it causes eye strains. The best way to overcome this is to take a break from your routine work and gives your eyes the rest they need. Still, if they seem to be weary, then have an eye check-up.
- Does your eye look bloodshot? The surface of the eyes has a lot of blood vessels which gets expanded when they are infected or irritated. This gives the eyes the red look. A late night study, lack of sleep or allergies can also cause red eyes. Sometimes red eyes may be a symptom of other diseases like conjunctivitis or sun damage. If eye drops and rest don’t clear it up, consult your doctor.
- Night Blindness: do you find it hard to see at night? Especially while driving or at theaters? If yes, then it sounds like night blindness. It is not a disease on its own but a symptom of any other underlying problems usually nearsightedness, cataracts, or a lack of vitamin A. This is often treatable but some people are born with this disorder or it might develop a degenerative disease involving retina. In these cases, it is usually not treatable. So you will have to be extra-conscious at areas of low lights.
- Lazy eyes: lazy eyes or amblyopia is a condition in which one eye doesn’t develop properly. Vision is weaker in that eye and tends to move slowly which the other eye stands still in place. It is usually encountered in infants, children, and adults. It rarely affects both the eyes. If it is detected at an early stage then it can treat using corrective glasses or contact lenses.
- Strabismus or nystagmus: if your eyes aren’t lined up with each other when you look at something then you are probably suffering from a condition called cross eyes or strabismus. It won’t go on its own until you treat it with your ophthalmologist. In the case of nystagmus, you have no control over your eyes. It moves on its own all the time. Treatments like vision therapy or even surgeries can make your eyes stronger.
- Color blindness: when the cone cells in your eyes are absent or don’t work properly then you may be colorblind. It is a condition where your eyes will not be able to distinguish between colors especially red and green. If it gets more severe then you can see only in shades of gray. Men are more likely to get affected with this than women. There is no treatment if you are born with this, but some glasses or contact lenses can help you differentiate between the colors.
- Uveitis: uvea is the middle layer of the eye that contains most of the blood vessels. Uveitis is the name for the group of diseases which cause inflammation of the uvea. It can destroy the eye tissues and cause loss of vision. People of all age groups can be a victim of this condition. Some of the symptoms include:
- Blurred vision
- Eye pain
- Eye redness
- Light sensitivity
The treatment for this depends on the type of uveitis you are suffering.
- Presbyopia: it is a condition where you lose the ability to view objects that are at a shorter distance and small prints. This condition arises above the age of 40 or so. Reading glasses, contact lenses, or laser eye surgery can help restore good reading vision.
- Floaters: these are tiny spots or specks that float across your field of vision. They are normal, but sometimes they may be an underlying reason for some other serious eye problems like retinal detachments. If you see a sudden change in the number of spots or flashes or a new dark curtain in the field of peripheral vision, it is better to consult your doctor as soon as possible.
- Dry eyes: this happens when your eyes can’t make enough good quality tears. You might have a burning sensation in your eyes or feel like something is there in your eyes. Extreme dryness can lead to loss of vision.
- Excess tearing: this has nothing to do with your feeling. You might be more sensitive to light, wind or temperature changes. Protect your eyes with windshields or wearing sunglasses. Tearing may also be a symptom of other serious problems such as eye infection or blocked tear duct.
- Retinal disorders: The retina is the thin lining at the back of the eyes which collects the images and sends it to the brain. Any block in the retina will affect this transfer. There are different types:
- Macular degeneration: breakdown of small portions of the retina
- Diabetic retinopathy: damage to blood vessels in the retina due to diabetes
- Retinal detachment: retina detaches from the layer underneath
- Conjunctivitis ( pinkeye): the tissue that covers the back of your eyelids and sclera gets inflamed. It causes redness, itching, burning, tearing or discharge. People of all ages are prone to this condition. Other causes may be infection or exposure to any chemicals.
- Corneal disease: the cornea helps the eye to focus the light that comes into the eye. The cornea may be damaged due to any diseases, infection, injury or exposure to any toxins. Some of the symptoms include:
- Redness in the eye
- Watery eyes
- Reduced vision
This condition can be treated using new eyeglasses, contact lens, prescribed eye drops or even a surgery.
- Eyelid problems: your eyelids perform a lot of functions. They protect your eyes from dust, spread the tears evenly over the surface, and limit the amount of light that can get in. some common symptoms of eyelid problems include pain, itching, sensitivity to light and tearing. Proper cleaning, medication, and surgery are few treatment procedures.
- Problems with contact lenses: for many people, it works really well, provided you take care of it. Follow certain guidelines to use it effectively:
- Wash your hands before you touch it
- Never wet them by putting them in your mouth.
- Make sure your lenses fit properly and don’t scratch your eyes.
- Do remove it before you go to sleep as it can cause infection.
If you still have allergy or itching contact your doctor immediately
These are some common eye infections which may lead to more serious eye disorders.
The following are some of the serious eye problems which if not treated may cause loss of vision.
A cataract refers to the clouding of the eye’s natural lens which lies behind the iris and the pupil. It is the principle cause of blindness in the world and is most common in people of age 40 years and above.
There are 3 types of cataract:
- SUBCAPSULAR CATARACT: This type of cataract occurs at the back of the eye. It is most common in people with diabetes or those taking high doses of steroid medication.
- NUCLEAR CATARACT: This type of cataract occurs in the deep central zone of the lens. It occurs due to aging.
- CORTICAL CATARACT: This type of cataract begins in the periphery of the lens and slowly spreads towards the center of the lens. It affects the cortex of the lens, which is the part of the lens that surrounds the central zone.
Glaucoma is a condition that affects your eye’s optic nerve and gets worse over time. It is due to the buildup of pressure inside the eye. The optic nerve transmits images to the brain. Any increase in pressure, called the intraocular pressure, will adversely affect the eye’s optic nerve. If this damage continues it can permanently cause loss of vision.
What causes glaucoma?
Glaucoma is caused as a result of high fluid pressure inside the eye. This happens when the fluid in the eye’s front surface doesn’t circulate the way it should. This fluid called aqueous humor usually flows through the eye through a mesh-like channel. When this channel is blocked the fluid gets builds up increasing the pressure within the eye, causing glaucoma.
Types of glaucoma:
- Open-angular glaucoma
- Angle-closure glaucoma
Who gets glaucoma?
You’re more likely to get it if you:
- Are of African-American, Irish, Russian, Japanese, Hispanic, Inuit, or Scandinavian descent
- Above 40 years of age
- Have a family history of glaucoma
- Have poor vision
- Have diabetes
- Take certain steroid medication
- Have had trauma to the eye or eyes
It may also be caused by
- An Injury to the eye
- Blocked blood vessels
- Inflammatory disorder of the eye
Top 10 eye hospitals in India:
- P. center for ophthalmic sciences- AIIMS, New Delhi
- Shroff eye hospital, new Delhi
- V. Prasad eye hospital, Hyderabad
- Sankar Netralaya, Chennai
- Aravind eye hospital, Madurai
- Vasan eye care, Chennai
- National institute of ophthalmology(NIO), Pune
- Disha eye hospital, Kolkata
- Lotus eye hospital, Coimbatore
- Agarwal eye hospital, Chennai
To know more about these eye care hospitals and to have appointments with the best surgeons log onto www.freedoctorhelpline.com or call us at+ 918010555444. We will help you find the right option.
Cancer is defined as the abnormal growth of cells which multiply uncontrollably and destroy the body tissues. There are about 100 types of cancer and each is classified depending on the type of cell that is affected initially. Cancer alters the body cells to form lumps and masses of tissue called as tumors. These tumors grow and interfere with various systems such as digestive, nervous and circulatory systems.
Cancer gets elevated to a more risky level when
- The cancerous cells begin to move throughout the body in blood and damaging other healthy cells in the body by a process called an invasion.
- A process called angiogenesis, wherein the cells manage to divide and grow to make new blood vessels to feed itself.
When the tumor successfully spreads to all other parts of the body growing, invading and destroying other healthy tissues, the process is called as metastasis which is a very serious condition to treat.
The following are the list of most common types of cancer:
- Anal cancer
- Bladder cancer
- Bone cancer
- Cervical cancer
- Colon cancer
- Colorectal cancer
- Endometrial cancer
- Kidney cancer
- Liver cancer
- Ovarian cancer
- Pancreatic cancer
- Breast cancer
- Prostate cancer
- Stomach cancer
- Testicular cancer
- Thyroid cancer
- Vaginal cancer
- Vulvar cancer
Symptoms of cancer:
The symptom of cancers varies on the type of cancer, its location, how it spreads and how large it is.
- Some cancers can be felt or seen through the skin such as the lump on the breast or the testicle.
- Skin cancers are often identified by any change in the mole or wart on the skin.
- The oral cancers are identified as white spots on the tongue or white patches inside the mouth
Common symptoms of cancer include:
- Coughing, chest pain & breathlessness
- Changes in bowel movements such as blood in the stool, pain in stomach, diarrhea & constipation
- Bleeding such as blood in the vomit, urine, etc
- If the mole is growing bigger than 7 mm in size
- Unexplained weight loss
Classification of cancers:
All types of cancers are broadly classified into 5 main categories. They are:
- Carcinomas- these are characterized by the cells that cover the internal or external part of the body such as lungs, breast, colon, etc
- Sarcomas- these are characterized by the cells that are located in the bones, cartilages, fat, connective tissues, and other tissues
- Lymphomas- those cancers that begin in the lymph nodes and immune system tissues
- Leukemia-these are cancer cells that develop in the bone marrow and finally get accumulated in the blood stream
- Adenomas- these are cancers that develop in the thyroid, pituitary or adrenal glands.
Cancer diagnosis & staging:
Detection of cancer at an early stage will increase the chances of success rates of the treatment. Various imaging techniques are used to detect the presence of tumor cells. X-rays, CT scans, MRI scans & ultrasounds are regularly used to detect the location of the tumor. Doctors may also prefer a method of endoscopy which is the insertion of a thin tube with a camera at one end, to look into the abnormalities within the body.
The best way to diagnose cancer is to extract the cancer cells and examine them under the microscope. This procedure is called as a biopsy. The physician will also analyze the body’s fat, proteins and DNA at the molecular level.
Once the diagnosis is done, the doctor will figure out how far has the cancer cells has affected the body. The most common staging method is called the TNM.
T indicates the size and direct extent of the primary tumor,
N indicates the degree to which cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes
M indicates whether cancer has metastasized to other organs.
Some of the facts about cancer:
- On an average estimate, about 5,00,000 people die of cancer and about 1 million people are diagnosed with cancer in a year.
- Cancer is considered as one of the leading cause of mortality rate in the world.
- Certain vaccines such as HPV help in preventing cervical, vaginal and oral cancers.
- The most common sites of cancers in men are: lung, prostate, stomach, rectum, liver
- The most common sites of cancers in women are: breast, cervix, lung, liver
To know more about this deadly disease, contact us at www.freedoctorhelpline.com or call us at +918010555444. Our doctors are here to help you out with any of your queries and even guide you with treatment procedures.
Why do you think India is the best for cancer treatment?
India is best known for its healthcare services. It provides excellent healthcare to various patients both domestic and international. Here, we provide you the list of the best cancer treatment hospitals in India.
- The best cancer hospitals in Banglore:
- Sri Sankara cancer hospital & research center
- Kidwai memorial hospital of oncology
- Mazumdar shaw medical center
- The best cancer hospitals in Chennai:
- Cancer institute
- Apollo specialty hospital
- Raj memorial medical center
- The best cancer hospital in Kolkata:
- Netaji Subhash Chandra bose cancer research institute
- Bengal oncology center
- Chittaranjan national cancer institute
- The best cancer hospital in Hyderabad:
- American oncology institute
- MNJ institute of oncology
Top cancer hospitals in India:
- Adyar cancer hospital, Chennai
It was established in 1954 and is the most famous cancer center in India. It has both research and preventive facilities for cancer patients. It has the latest equipment for cancer treatments. Some of its special features are blood banks, telemedicine services, tobacco stoppage programs. It also consists of various programs such as nuclear medicine, medical oncology, radiation oncology, surgical oncology, preventive oncology, etc. it provides treatment for cervical, liver, breast, testis, bone, and stomach cancer. This hospital also focuses on boosting mental health of the patients.
- Regional cancer center, Trivandrum
This cancer center located in Trivandrum is one of the famous cancer centers in India which was established on 1981. It is equipped with hi-tech equipment and has facilities for various oncology and surgical treatments. This hospital focuses on identification, research, treatment and prevention of cancer.
- MIOT Hospital, Chennai
It has become a center for oncology in Chennai. It was started in the year 2008. It provides treatment for a wide variety of cancer diseases such as liver, pancreas, breast, bone, head & neck cancer, gynecologic cancer and other facilities like radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and other medical remedies.
- Apollo Hospitals:
It is one of the best cancer hospitals in India and has many branches all over India at Hyderabad, Delhi, and Kolkata. They have experienced doctors with well-trained speech therapists, counselors and dieticians to motivate patients. They are best known for blood transmission & bone marrow transplantation surgeries. It also has special treatments for pediatric cancer treatments.
- Amala cancer institute, Thrissur
This cancer institute located in Kerala provides one of the best cancer treatments to the patients. They also use ayurvedic medicines for treatments. They offer diagnosis, prevention, research and treatment for cancers. They motivate patients through physical exercises, mental health, counseling and religious classes.
- CMC Vellore:
CMC Vellore medical oncology services are provided by the multidisciplinary team. It provides treatment for all stages of cancer including supportive care whenever needed. It also provides chemotherapy and other biological therapies. It has medical oncologists, clinical pharmacists, and pastoral care professionals.
- Lakeshore hospital, Kochi
It offers best cancer treatments for the patients under the guidance of the famous doctor Dr. V.P. Gangadharan. They have experienced doctors with well-trained speech therapists, counselors and dieticians to motivate patients.
- Max institute of oncology, New Delhi:
This is one of the leading cancer treatment centers in India. It has its branches in Punjab & Gurgaon. It provides treatment for lung cancer, head & neck cancer, breast cancer, cervical cancer & gastrointestinal cancer.
Cancer treatment in Ayurveda:
Ayurveda focuses on the principle of rejuvenation. As an alternative approach to cancer treatment, Ayurveda upholds the process of purification in order to bring about a change in the person’s cellular structure. The Ayurvedic process of purification involves fivefold process. For a successful treatment of cancer by means of Ayurveda, it’s important that one embarks upon the given mode in its early stage of discovery.
Listed below are few hospitals that provide cheapest/low-cost cancer treatments for patients:
- Rajiv Gandhi cancer institute and research center
- Regional cancer center, Trivandrum
- ICS cancer detection center, Mumbai
- Dharmashila hospital and research ( DHRC)
- Kidwai memorial institute of oncology, Bangalore
To know more details about these cancer centers and their tremendous services and offers contact our doctors on free doctor helpline by logging onto www.freedoctorhelpline.com or call us at +918010555444.
The cost of various cancer treatments in India:
The cost of various cancer procedures are listed below:
- Chemotherapy: INR 30,000 to 1,00,000 each session
- Targeted therapy: INR 20,00,000 for 5 to 6 sessions
- Radiation therapy: INR 1.,50,000 per cycle
- Head & neck cancer surgery: INR 2,00,000
- Breast cancer surgery: INR: 2,00,000
- PET-CT scan: INR 24,000
Cancer treatment is very expensive and not all patients will be able to afford the treatment. Many will not be in a position to take the financial challenge. This is where many public & private companies come into play to help the people from low-income levels. They offer insurance schemes that will help them continue the treatment.
To know about various cancer treatment options in India, please contact Free Doctor Helpline at +918010555444.
What is medical tourism?
It can be defined as the process of traveling outside the country of residence for the purpose of receiving medical care. Initially, it referred to the travel of patients from less-developing countries to the developed nations for the purpose of undergoing treatments that are not available in their homeland. Nowadays people traveling from richer to less-developed countries are becoming more common in order to access health services. This is often combined with relatively low-cost of treatments, inexpensive flight rates, increased marketing and online consumer information about the availability of medical services.
The quality of care In India:
There are 2 main components for the quality of service in the healthcare sector. They are:
- Technical or mechanical quality
- Serviceable or functional quality
The technical quality is based on the patient’s diagnostic algorithm while the functional quality is based on the services offered by the healthcare centers. The functional or service quality plays a vital role in attracting consumers to the medical industry.
One of the strongest barriers of medical tourism is the perception of poor quality. This barrier can be overcome by promoting the marketing strategies and accreditation from a recognized institution. Such accreditation will also strengthen the confidence in the quality of healthcare. This confidence can be even more developed if the accreditation is followed by an affiliation with a reputable hospital or healthcare center.
India has about 28 JCI accredited hospitals. The hospitals provide a wide range of options for the patients. The patients can decide for themselves whether to stay at the hospital during the course of treatment or to stay at a paid accommodation nearby. Some hospitals or healthcare centers also provide an option of continuing the treatment through telemedicine.
Healthcare capital of India:
Chennai is popularly known as the healthcare capital of India. It has many multi & super specialty hospitals spread all across the city. This attracts about 45% of the international patients and about 30% of the domestic patients every day. There are various other factors that attract the tourists. Those include low-cost treatments & little or no waiting periods.
Most of the multi-specialty and super specialty hospitals in Chennai have about 12000 beds for the patients. Out of this count, only half of it is shared by domestic patients. The rest is shared by people from other states or countries. Dental clinics have attracted the most population from other countries. This has helped the dental care tourism in Chennai to a great extent.
The ease of travel for medical tourism:
The government has removed visa restrictions for tourists who visit other countries for the sake of medical treatments. They have also removed restrictions on visas that require 2 months gap between consecutive visits for people from gulf countries. These countries are more likely to boost the medical tourism. There is a new scheme established by the Indian government which allows the foreign nationals to stay in India for about 30 days for medical reasons. This is known as visa-on-arrival scheme. The citizens from Bangladesh, Afghanistan, Maldives, republic of Korea & Nigeria availed the most visas.
The different types of treatments and their availability also act as an important factor in the decision to engage in a medical tourism. The most common treatment procedures that patients undergo during the medical tourism include dentistry, organ transplantation, elective cosmetic surgery, cardiac surgery and orthopedic surgery.
Reproductive tourism and reproductive outsourcing are growing in the field of medical tourism. It refers to the patients who travel abroad to engage in treatments that help resolve problems related to reproduction.
Apart from its cost, another factor which attracts medical tourism is its accessibility. The lack of unavailability of the technology or prohibition in the home country will subsequently lead to medical tourism. Some common examples are stem cell therapy and cytoplasmic transfer.
India being a diverse nation has a huge diversity of languages. This might act as a barrier for the international tourists. To avoid this barrier, English is often considered as the official language. It is widely spoken by many individuals and is universally accepted by medical professionals. Many health centers or hospitals which emerge as the hotspot of medical tourism have hired many language translators to overcome this obstacle. This has made many foreign nationals feel more comfortable while at the same time helping in facilitating the treatments.
Major healthcare providers in India:
There are a number of private hospitals in India which provide medical tourism services to the people out there. Some of the major groups are listed below:
- Apollo hospitals
- Aster Medicity
- Care hospitals
- Fortis healthcare
- Medantha hospital
- Narayana health hospital
- Tata memorial hospital, Mumbai
- Max hospital, new Delhi
- Continental hospital, Hyderabad
- CHL hospital, Indore
Some facts & statistics about medical tourism which you may not know!
- Medical tourism has been in existence for over 1000 years.
- There are about 485 JCI accredited hospitals around the world.
- One may spend more time at the hotel than at the hospital during the medical trip.
- 64% of the patients who do travel abroad do not have a health insurance.
- About 33% of the medical tourism patients travel for cosmetic surgery.
- About 70% of the medical tourism cases are rated as excellent.
Top hospitals in India that tourist prefers to visit:
FEHI specializes in cardiovascular care. It performs major operations like open heart surgery, heart transplants, etc. it is consistently ranked as one of the top heart centers all over India. Its other specialties include bone/joint health, liver treatments, etc.
- Rockland hospital: New Delhi
The rock land hospital is located in India’s capital of New Delhi, is one of the premier healthcare centers in India. It is popularly known for its cosmetic surgeries and ENT procedures.
- Apollo hospital: Banglore:
It provides a full spectrum of healthcare services using latest medical advancements such as nuclear medicine, cosmetology, dermatology, etc. It also has international representatives to help arrange for medical vacations.
- Global hospital: Chennai
Global hospitals are widely spread throughout India and Asia. There are about 22 hospitals in Asia. It has 13 different health disciplines. Some of them are breast oncology, liver procedures, dentistry, bariatric surgery, dermatology, etc.
It is considered as the “temple of cure”, is the most established healthcare center in Chennai. It has about 800 beds and 200 ICU units. This multi-specialty hospital provides various treatments such as gastroenterology, neurology and organ transplants. Their goal is to provide services to people of all economic levels.
To know more about these health care centers and also about those which aren’t mentioned here, you can seek the help of our doctors at Free Doctor Helpline or call us at +918010555444. The free doctor helpline will help in facilitating the international patients with the best doctors at best hospitals.
Risks of medical tourism:
Medical tourism can increase the risk of hospital acquired or healthcare infections. These are also known as nosocomial infections. For instance, if the same injection is used between two patients there are greater chances for spreading infections such as HIV or hepatitis. Infections with the multiresistant organism, the spread of noroviruses, and mycobacterial infections are the commonly cited cases of medical tourism risks. People who accompany the patients are also at risks of being infected.
A new terminology called “transplant tourism” which accounts for the tissue rejection and critical infectious complications4 after the transplants. These infections are more common among the medical tourists compared to other transplant patients.
Another dangerous thing about medical tourism is the blood supply. Most cases, blood is obtained from paid donors and may not be adequately screened to check for any contamination.
Traveling back to their home country after the surgical procedure may also cause risk of infection. It can be reduced by drinking plenty of water, stretching your legs when seated, or going for a small walk every 2 to 3 hours on a long trip.
Advantages of medical tourism:
Some of the advantages include:
- ¨ Provides low-cost treatments
- ¨ Accessibility to hi-tech equipment and trained doctors
- ¨ Availability of latest medical instruments
- ¨ There is no language barrier as English is considered as the official language. Also, many hospitals hire language translators to ease this problem
- ¨ Availability of low-cost generic medicines
- ¨ Relaxed visa rules
Medical tourism packages in India:
The below are the lists of a broad category of medical tourism packages provided by the tourism companies in India:
- Dental care
- Eye care
- Heart surgery
- Cosmetic surgery
- Ayurveda therapies
- Yoga & meditation
- Orthopedic surgery
- ENT care
- Health check up
The cost of various medical tourism packages In India are listed below:
- Heart bypass– INR 3,34,000
- Angioplasty-INR 2,12,000
- Face lift-INR 2,57,000
- Liposuction- INR 1,80,000
- Breast implants– INR 2,25,000
- LASIK (both eyes)-INR 3,00,000
- Retina- INR 54,000
- Cataract surgery-INR 1,80,000
- IVF treatment– INR 1,60,000
- Knee replacements-INR 4,42,000
- Hip replacements-INR 4,62,000
- Heart valve replacement-INR 6,10,000
- Dental implant-INR 5,78,000
- Spinal fusion-INR 6,62,000
Now it is very clear why India is often chosen as the best medical tourist spot in the world. A large number of excellent healthcare centers in India, it has become the premier location to travel and receive the best medical treatments. The various unique treatment packages offered at affordable rates helps in a great way to run the medical tourism industry. This is the reason behind the drastic establishment of the medical tourism industry.
If you would like to get more details regarding the medical tourism packages and the famous healthcare consultants please do log on to our website Free Doctor Helpline or call us and Ask A Doctor at +918010555444.
In the past, it was a practice of getting the horoscopes matched. The new generation couples go a step little ahead looking for more practical means of ensuring a long and fulfilling life together. This is called as pre-marital health check-ups or couple check-ups. It includes a number of tests which screens the general health and hereditary diseases.
This is becoming more common these days. Earlier, women used to come along with their mother or aunt but these days they come with the men they are going to get married to. Understanding your partner in every aspect is very important in leading a happy married life. Be it love or arranged marriages, the couple gets talking, get to know more about each other and are honest about their issues.
Pre-marital health check-ups are very important as the couple get to know more about each other and bring more intimacy into their relationship. Just a blood test will not provide all the underlying issues. One has to go in for a physical examination which will rectify certain problems that can have a huge impact in the future. For example, if a person has diabetes it is better to avoid marrying someone with the same disorder because there are more chances that their kids being diabetic.
Blood tests screen for hereditary diseases like thalassemia & hemophilia but it is important to check blood sugar and cholesterol levels.
What is a couple check-up?
The couple check-up is a relationship questionnaire which consists of about 110-130 questions. It has to be answered within 30 minutes. Once you have with the answering, it will immediately provide a 16-20 page report. The report gives feedback about each of your views on your relationship.
What are the goals of couple check-up?
- The first and foremost goal of couple checkup is to celebrate the strengths of your relationship. You should know the areas where you are doing well and keep nurturing it in order to maintain a healthy relationship.
- Another goal is to know your You should know the areas where you disagree upon and should try to resolve them.
- Another goal is to encourage talk and dialogue about your relationship. You can share your feelings and ideas which pave way for a healthy relationship.
A few hospitals and diagnostic centers will also have special packages for the check-up. Apart from the blood test and urine test it also consists of HIV screening, semen analysis, pelvic examination, screening the ovaries and uterus and a general gynecologist consultation for women. You can even contact the doctors on Free Doctor Helpline to know about the pre-marital check-up plans or our helpline number is +918010555444.
Some women may want to test if their ovaries and uterus are normal as they have irregular menstrual problems. Others may want to know if they are healthy enough to go ahead with pregnancy or if they don’t want to get conceive immediately they may seek for contraceptive advice.
Pre-marital health check-ups primarily consist of the following tests. They are:
- Blood group testing: It is a simple test yet it has many serious effects on the relationship. Knowing your partner’s blood group is very important. Blood group incompatibility can affect the baby in many ways. There are various blood groups categorized as A, B, O along with the Rh factor. The Rh incompatibility can also affect the baby. Knowing the partner’s blood group can help the doctor to take preventive measures to avoid Rh incompatibility.
- HIV & STD screening: It is important to check for HIV & STD before marriage. Diseases like hepatitis B & C and HIV will last forever if not detected early and can have serious complications on sexual life. Other STDs are syphilis, warts, bacterial vaginosis, gonorrhea, etc. These can be treated if diagnosed early. Knowing your partner’s health status will help you protect yourself.
- Test for fertility: It may not sound good, but it is necessary to take a fertility test so that you can be sure of if you can give birth in the future. It consists of semen analysis for male fertility and ovulation test for female fertility. A series of hormone tests such as prolactin, FSH, LH, testosterone, estrogen, and progesterone are meant for both men and women.
- Genetic testing for the sickle cell: The sickle cell disease is caused by a deficiency in red blood cells. It is a prolonged and unbearable health condition. The red blood cells are in shape of a sickle and this will affect their ability to pass through the blood vessels thereby reducing the oxygen supply to different parts of the body.
- Testing for genetic conditions: It is important to know the biological health of your partner. A knowledge of inherited and hereditary diseases will help you to be prepared to face anything in the future.
Getting a per-marital check-up is important, however not doing so before marriage doesn’t mean that you can’t do it later. The idea is to know the health status of your partner and to stay prepared for any complications that might shoot up in the future.
Is the prudental nerve where you have a episiotomy done? If that nerve was damaged when I had the marcaine injections done, what do they do to fix or repair it? They also did a biospy in the same area and it came back with features of lichen schelorsus but I have none of the symptoms related to that.Does it involve major surgery, or are there other options. remember I am 79 years old. I saw the neuroligist yesterday and he was of no help. He said take pain pills for the rest of my life. I tried the tramadol and that did not help. I have been taking 2 300 mg of Gabapentin 3 times a day he said to start taking it 4 times a day so how many hours apart do I take it. I have been of Gabepentin for over 3 years my GP gave it to me for my spinal stenosis, but it has not helped at all for my back pain but I still take it. It is a stabbing pain all the time in the perinium area. I called a few hospitals and they never heard of the pelvic floor nerve conduction study
Right from the 20th century, we have been noticing drastic developments in the field of Science & technology. The technological advancements have spread its branches even in the field of Medicine. One of the biggest advancement is the introduction of telemedicine. The telemedicine is an innovative system which combines the usage of both telecommunication & information technology. Basically, it is helpful in providing health care services from a distance. This has been of much use to improve the accessibility to medical services among the rural communities. It helps eliminate distance barriers and also act as life-saver in critical care and emergency situations. Telemedicine permits communication between the patient and the medical specialist. It also allows transmission of medical records, scan reports and other medical information about the patient from one place to another. The earliest form of telemedicine was achieved through telephone and radio. The effectiveness of telemedicine are listed below:
Telemedicine can be of most beneficial to people in rural areas and isolated communities as they don’t have to travel all the way long to receive medical care from doctors or specialist. It can also help avoid the transmission of parasites or infectious diseases between the patient and healthcare professionals. For example, MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) is a bacterium which is in abundance in hospitals, prisons, and nursing homes, where patients with open wounds, weakened the immune system and invasive devices are at greater risk of being infected than the general public.
The recent development of telemedicine is the Mobile collaboration technology. It allowed the health professionals in various locations to discuss and share information about the patient as if they were all in the same place. Remote patients can be monitored through mobile technology and this can reduce the need for an outpatient visit and also enable verification by mobile prescription.
Telemedicine has facilitated patient monitoring on regular basis, using mobile phones, tablets, etc even before they get severe. This can decrease emergency room visit and hospitalization as the patient can be treated even at home provided all the requirements are supplied to the medical staff. Some people might feel uncomfortable with hospital atmosphere. Such people can adopt this system as it enables effective communication between patients and health professionals maintaining convenience and commitment towards their work. Also, the medical information about the patients is kept confidential and transferred safely from one site to another.
It can also save a life of the patient in emergency situations where there is no time to take the patient to the hospital. Telemedicine can also facilitate health education as the healthcare trainees can work under healthcare professionals and learn the working procedure from them. Also, the professionals can supervise the trainees in their respective fields.
Telenursing, telepharmacy, telerehabilitation, teletrauma care, telecardiology, teleradiology, telepathology, teledermatology, teledentistry, teleaudiology are few types that can be listed under telemedicine. The technology is being used in several ways but this approach to the field of medicine is being very useful as it meets the needs of thousands and thousands of people from the various economic background. Telemedicine is a boon that technology has gifted to this world!