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Insomnia :How can i fall asleep faster?

What is insomnia?

If a person is having difficulty in sleeping, he/she may be having insomnia. People with insomnia are generally dissatisfied with their sleep

Symptoms of Insomnia -:

Several symptoms indicate insomnia like

  • they experience fatigue and are always low on energy
  • they have difficulty in concentrating in their tasks like while reading, learning and poor performance in academics and sports may also be due to insomnia
  • getting angry or irritated even at very small things may also be a symptom of insomnia
  • people may also experience headache and falling into depression
  • waking up too early even after sleeping late at night or waking up at midnights

Types of insomnia -:

  • Acute insomnia-: acute insomnia is when you are having sleeping issues for  very short amount time maybe due to stressful conditions like- sleeplessness before day of exam or result of something
  • Chronic insomnia-: chronic insomnia is when you are not able to sleep for at least 4-5 days/week and it s occurring for a quite long time

Causes Of Insomnia -:

  • Stress -: stress could be main reason leading to insomnia. Stressful life events like-  death of the loved ones, divorce, job loss may lead to insomnia
  • Sleeping/bed  habits-: irregular bedtime schedule, studying, eating, gaming, eating, watching tv  on bed can lead to insomnia
  • Drugs(medications)-: there are certain medicines which interfere with the sleep cycle of the body like- amphetamine commonly used by students for late night studies to prevent sleep. Antidepressants, weight loss products can also cause sleeplessness
  • Physically and socially active-: due to less physical and social activity body does not get tired  enough to rest

Treatment for insomnia-:

There are many ways insomnia can be treated but most of the part depends on the will power of the person

  • Medications-: There are 3 types of medication that can be provided to treat insomnia
  • Sedatives-: These types of medicines reduce the activity of brain thus inducing sleep. They affect neurotransmitters GABA ( component of through which brain cells interact)  of brain
  • Antihistamines-: These are the drugs which are generally used to counter allergic reaction inside the body as insomnia can be caused due to allergic reactions
  • Therapies -: A few therapies can also be used to treat insomnia like –
  • Light therapy-: it generally consists of exposure to natural light of certain wavelength using laser etc…
  • Cognitive therapy-: this program include excercises which replace thoughts that worse sleep experience without using drugs

Precautions to we can take to avoid Insomnia -:

We all know precaution is better than cure, thus there are preventive measures that can be used to prevent insomnia

  • being physically active is a very good preventive measure it keeps away not only insomnia but many diseases
  • stop taking daytime naps as they interfere with night sleep
  • intake of beverages before sleeping time should be avoided especially -: caffeine, alcohol etc…
  • take a warm bath, reading before sleeping
  • being consistent in bedtime and wake up time can be very helpful

Just remember a healthy lifestyle can treat/prevent not only insomnia but most of the diseases

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