Menu
X

Category Archives: Liver

image
2 years ago FirstAidPlus , Liver , Medical

What is Hepatitis ?

Hepatitis is a term that refers to inflammation of the liver.It’s commonly because of a viral infection, however there are different feasible reasons of hepatitis. those include autoimmune hepatitis and hepatitis that happens as a secondary reaction of medicinal drugs, tablets, toxins, and alcohol. Autoimmune hepatitis is a disorder that happens while your body makes antibodies in against to your liver cells.

Your liver performs many critical functions that affect metabolism for the duration of your body, including:

  • Excretion of bilirubin (a product of broken-down Red blood cells), cholesterol, hormones, and medicine
  • Breakdown of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins
  • Synthesis of clotting factors
  • Activation of enzymes, which can be specialized proteins essential to body features
  • Bile production, which is crucial to digestion
  • Storage of glycogen (a form of sugar), minerals, and vitamins (A, D, E, and okay)
  • Filtering of toxins from your body
  • Synthesis of blood proteins, along with albumin

According to “Global Burden of diseases study 2015” worldwide around 600 million people are affected from this diseases and according to central disease control and prevention (CDC) about 5million people in America are affected from this disease. And worldwide there are also many others who still don’t know that they have hepatitis.

It’s treatment depends on its type and Treatment vary depending on which type of hepatitis you affected. We can prevent some form of hepatitis by precautions and vaccination.

Hepatitis Viral in the world

Hepatitis Viral in the world

Type of Hepatitis 

Hepatitis is a term that refers to inflammation of the liver. Among the three most common strains of viral hepatitis in the India – Hepatitis A, B & C – each virus has similar symptoms. However, strains differ by the mode of transmission and how the specific virus affects the liver. It can be caused by – Genetic Diseases, Medications (including over the counter), Alcohol and Hepatitis Viruses.

Hepatitis A

Modes of Transmission –

Ingestion of fecal matter, even in microscopic amounts, from :

  1. Close person – to – person contact with a Hepatitis A – infected person.
  2. Sexual contact with a Hep. – A infected person.
  3. Contaminated food or drinks.
  4. Contaminated drug paraphernalia (works).

Risk Activities –

  1. Travel to countries where Hep. – A is common.
  2. Sexual contact with a Hep. – A infected person.
  3. Use of illegal drugs (injection or non – injection).
  4. Living with a clotting factor disorder.

Prevention Methods –

  1. Hepatitis A vaccination.
  2. Immune globulin.
  3. Proper hand washing with soap after the use of toilets and changing diapers, and before preparing and eating food.

Treatment Option –

  1. Provides supportive treatments (for e.g. bed rest).
  2. No Hep. – A specific medications are available.

 

Hepatitis B

Modes of Transmission –

Contact with infectious blood, semen and other bodily fluids, primarily through :

  1. Birth from a Hepatitis – B infected mother.
  2. Sexual contact with a Hep. – B infected person.
  3. Sharing needles, syringes or drug paraphernalia (works).
  4. Needle sticks or sharp instrument injuries.

Less commonly through :

  1. Tattooing / body piercing.

Risk Activities –

  1. Birth from a Hep. – B infected mother.
  2. Sexual contact with a Hep. – B infected person.
  3. Multiple sexual partners.
  4. Living with a Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD).
  5. Injection drug use.
  6. Living with a Hep. – B infected person.
  7. Occupational exposure to blood.
  8. Long term hemodialysis.
  9. Living or working in a setting that houses developmentally disabled individuals.

Prevention Methods –

  1. Hep. B vaccination.
  2. Immune globulin.
  3. Hep. B screening during each pregnancy.
  4. For infants born to Hep. – B infected mothers, immune globulin dosage and vaccine within 12 hours of birth.
  5. Use of condoms for sex.
  6. Not sharing personal care items (e.g. razors, toothbrushes).
  7. Not sharing needles, syringes or drug paraphernalia (works).
  8. Ensure use of sterile equipment for any tattoo or body piercing.
  9. Proper infection control in health care settings and public safety work.

Treatment Options –

  1. For acute Hep. B, provide supportive treatment.
  2. For chronic Hep. B, provide regular monitoring for signs of liver disease progression and consider antiviral medication.

Read more >> Hepatitis B

 

Hepatitis C

Modes of Transmission –

Contact with infectious blood, primarily through :

  1. Sharing needles, syringes or drug paraphernalia (works).

Less commonly through :

  1. Sexual contact with a Hepatitis C infected person.
  2. Birth from a Hep. C infected mother.
  3. Needles stick or sharp instrument injuries.
  4. Tattooing / body piercing.

Risk Activities –

  1. Current or past injection drug use.
  2. Receipt of blood or organs prior to July 1992.
  3. Receipt of clotting factor concentrates before 1987.
  4. Long term hemodialysis.
  5. Occupational exposure to blood.
  6. Birth from a Hep. C infected mother.

Prevention Methods –

  1. Not sharing needles, syringes or drug paraphernalia (works).
  2. Use of condom for sex.
  3. Not sharing personal care items (e.g. razors, toothbrushes) ensure use of sterile equipment for any tattoo or body piercing.
  4. Proper infection control in health care settings and public safety work.

Treatment Options –

  1. For acute Hepatitis C, provide supportive treatment and consider antiviral medication.
  2. For chronic Hep. C, provide regular monitoring for signs of liver disease progression and consider antiviral medication.

read more >> hepatitis C 

© Copyright 2016 Free Doctor Helpline. All rights reserved.

         Sitemap | Sitemap XML