Angina: Symptoms, Types and Treatment

What is Angina?
• Regular symptoms might feel like squeezing or pressure in your heart.
• The pain sometimes can also extend to arms, shoulders, jams, neck or back. In some patients, it may also cause indigestion.
• Angina is a symptom of the coronary heart disease (CHD) and is one of the most common heart diseases found in adults.

Signs and Symptoms
• The main symptoms include discomfort and pain in the chest. Burning, tightness or pressure on the chest is caused due to angina.
• It is an observation that the pain begins just behind the breastbone.
• More often, people find it difficult to tell On point of origin of the pain. it seems to be corning from all the sides including jaws, back, shoulder, neck or arms.
• Other notable signs include fatigue, nausea, light-headedness, weakness, sweating and shortness of breath.

Classical/Typical/Stable/Exertional Angina
• Due to fixed and stable plaque
– Prinzmetal/Variant Angina o Due to spasm of coronary artery
– Unstable Angina
• Due to unstable plaque (± thrombus)

• Treatments for angina include lifestyle changes, medicines, medical procedures, cardiac rehabilitation , and other therapies. The main goals of treatment are to
• Reduce pain and discomfort and how often it occurs
• Prevent or lower your risk for heart attack and death by treating your underlying heart condition

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