Angina Pectoris (Stable Angina) Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factor & Treatment
Angina is a type of chest pain that results due to the decrease in the blood flow to the heart. When there is decreased blood flow to the heart, it means that heart is lacking sufficient oxygen. Emotional stress or physical activities are the main causes of the pain. Angina Pectoris also called as stable angina is the most common type of Angina. Stable angina is predictable which means you can actually track the pattern of the chest when you feel the pain. On the other hand, unstable angina is another type of angina which occurs suddenly and gets worse over time.
Though stable angina is less serious condition both types of angina are the symptom of underlying heart disease.
What Causes Stable Angina?
Stable Angina is a condition when the heart does not receive sufficient oxygen supply. There are many factors that can possibly reduce the oxygen supply to the heart. Some of them are:
- Emotional stress and physical activity
- Narrowing of arteries
- Accumulation of plaque (Cholesterol, fat, etc) in the artery walls
- Blood clots in arteries
What are the Risks Factors of Stable Angina?
The risk factors associated with Stable Angina include:
- Overweight or obese
- Medical history of Heart disease
- Diabetic patients
- People with High Cholesterol or High Blood Pressure
- Lack of physical activities
Unhealthy diets, vigorous workouts and extreme cold and hot weathers can also stimulate stable angina in some cases.
What are the Symptoms of Stable Angina?
The pain that occurs during the stable angina is referred to as pressure or fullness in the center of the chest. The pain may be like a heavy weight resting on your chest or a mild squeezing of the chest. The pain slowly spreads from the chest to neck, arms and shoulders.
One may notice the following symptoms while suffering from stable angina:
The symptoms usually last for 15 minutes whereas in the case of unstable angina the pain is more severe and continuous.
How is Stable Angina Diagnosed?
Your doctor will run through your medical history and perform some tests such as ECG and angiography. These tests help to diagnose the proper functioning of the heart and if the arteries are blocked. You will also be asked to perform a stress test while which your heart rhythm and breathing will be measured. This helps to find out if physical activity triggers angina. A blood test will also be taken to measure cholesterol and C-reactive protein levels (CRP). High CRP levels can also increase the risk of heart diseases.
How is Stable Angina treated?
Treatment for stable angina includes changes in lifestyle, medication, and surgery.
Lifestyle changes: Certain lifestyle changes can help prevent future stable angina. These changes include regular exercising, eating a healthy diet consisting of whole grains, fruits, and vegetables, nuts, etc. One should also quit smoking. These changes will help in the long run and reduce the risk of diabetes, cholesterol, and high blood pressure.
Medication: nitroglycerine is usually prescribed which relieves pain associated with stable angina. You will also have to take other medications to stabilize your blood pressure, diabetes, and cholesterol levels.
Surgery: Angioplasty is often recommended to treat stable angina. The blocked arteries can be surgically treated using surgery. Angioplasty involves a balloon which is inserted into the arteries and inflated to a required size. A stent is placed to keep the blocked artery open.
The condition often improves with medications. In addition to this, adapting yourself to lifestyle changes will reduce the chances of future stable angina.
You can even call or book an appointment with doctors on our website to ask your queries or have a free consultation.
Gynecomastia is a medical term used for man boobs. It is a condition in which the breast glands swell and enlarge abnormally. The term refers to the enlargement of breasts in male tissues. It is an endocrine system disorder found in males. It is a very common problem among boys and men. Generally, it is Read More
Few days back United states performed its first successful uterus transplant. Unlike kidney or liver transplant, this is relatively a newer concept, giving the hope of child birth to millions of ladies suffering from diseased or absent uterus because of which they are unable to conceive. There is a specific type of infertility known as Read More
Brain tumor: symptoms, treatment & cure in India The brain controls the entire the functioning of the body. It is a soft, spongy mass made up of a large number of tissues. The bones & the different layers of the tissues play a vital role in protecting the brain. The cerebrospinal fluid that flows between Read More
The oh-so-terrifying sound of the treatment has scared many and has been a nightmare. The root canal treatment is the one dental procedure dreaded by many and is associated with pain and the people are generally running away from it. While actually, it is done to relieve the pain and protect the teeth. How you Read More
HIV/AIDS also called as Human immunodeficiency virus/Acquired immune deficiency syndrome. One of the most dangerous STD’s, significantly challenging the gobal world with its devastating effects.HIV is caused by the “LENTI”virus[a class of retrovirus].HIV virus mainly acts on the imunne system of the body,by attacking the CD4 cells.Destruction of these cells results in the loss of Read More