Swine flu is a respiratory disease caused by the viruses that particularly infect the respiratory tract of the pigs. It results in nasal secretions, dry cough, decreased appetite and the list goes endlessly! The symptoms of swine flu in pigs are very much similar to those caused by human flu in humans. In most cases, humans developed swine flu infections when they were closely related with pigs. The disease is spread among pigs through direct or indirect contact, and also from pigs that are infected but do not show symptoms. To prevent pigs from this contagious diseases, pigs worldwide are vaccinated.
Is swine flu contagious?
The swine influenza virus usually comes from HINI type. The other types include H1N2, H3N1, H3N2. It is important that the virus is a combination of flu genes from birds, human flu & swine.
There is a common misconception that swine flu is developed from eating cooked pork products. This is definitely not! It is spread through either ingestion or inhalation of droplets through sneezing or coughing from people who have already been victims of swine flu. The newest swine influenza that has caused swine flu is the A H2N3v. In this “v” means the variant which means originally it infected only pigs but now it has begun to infect even humans.
The incubation period for swine flu is normally 1 to 4 days with the average being 2 days. In some cases. The incubation period may last for 7 days in both adults and children. The contagious period begins one day ahead before symptoms arise in the individual and usually lasts for 6 to 7 days. In people with weak immune systems, the contagious period may last even longer for 10 to 14 days.
SYMPTOMS OF SWINE FLU:
The symptoms of swine flu are similar to other influenza infections. It includes:
- Fever with temperature 100 F or even greater
- A headache
- A sore throat
- Body aches
These symptoms last for about a week or even longer if the person suffers severe infection. The methods of managing these symptoms are similar to the regular flu. Give your body a sound sleep and good rest this enables the immune system to fight against the viruses. Hydrate yourself every now and then. Drink plenty of water, soups and other juices that can provide a lot of nutrients to your body.
A vaccination has been invented to fight swine flu. Originally, it was treated as pandemic diseases. Now, it has changed to seasonal flu. People above 10 years of age require only one shot of this vaccination. Adults & children with egg allergy & severe asthma may have an adverse reaction to this vaccination. There are special medical treatments to help you cope with the reactions of this vaccination.
DIAGNOSE & TREATMENT:
There are a variety of viruses that cause swine flu. A diagnose may be done by taking a sample from your body. A sample is taken by swabbing your nose or throat. This swab is further treated by various genetic & laboratory techniques. Mostly swine flu is diagnosed by noting a series of symptoms.
Most people with swine flu recover soon even without the aid of medications. In very rare& severe cases, they may have to go in for medications. The 2 main treatments are adamantanes and medications that inhibit the influenza neuraminidase protein. The two antiviral drugs recommended for treating swine flu are oseltamivir & Zanamivir. The viruses can develop resistance to these drugs so these are usually referred to people who are at high complications and are unable to fight the disease on their own. Other people who are healthy and are still suffering from swine flu are capable of fighting the viruses on their own.
PREVENTING SWINE FLU:
One best way to prevent swine flu is to take the yearly vaccination. Apart from this, there is some measure which we can adapt to keep ourselves healthy and free from swine flu.
- Wash hands frequently with soaps & sanitizer.
- The virus can survive on the surface of tables, telephones, etc. At these times the virus remains inactive. You may touch these palaces and unknowingly keep the hand in your mouth or nose which paves way for the virus to entire your body and become significantly active.
- If you are sick it is better to stay at home rather than going to school or office for work
- Avoid going to places with large gatherings when swine flu is in season.
HOW TO REDUCE THE SPREAD OF VIRUSES?
If at all you are infected with the virus, then it is necessary that you follow these steps to avoid the spread of the infection.
- Avoid going to school or workplace
- Limit your contact with other people
- Cover your mouth with a tissue while sneezing or coughing.
- Dispose of the used tissue immediately
- Wash hands and face regularly
- Keep the touched places clean and free from infections
For any further queries call our doctors @+918010555444 or visit our website www.freedoctorhelpline.com
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Have you ever felt that pain, burning sensation after you pee? You feel like, You can do anything to avoid getting another.
Urinary tract infection is caused due to infection in urethra, urinary bladder or kidneys by a bacteria like E.coli. More than 50% women experience UTI in their lifetime. Shorter urethra in women facilitates bacteria to reach bladder easily and cause infection. According to American Association, 10 out of 25 women experience UTI when compared to 3 out of 25 men.
People of all ages develop this infection but women between 19 to 60+ ages are more prone to this infection. You are more likely to get infected after menopause. After menopause, there is a change in PH of the vagina which makes it bacteria friendly.
You don’t have to panic when you see the symptoms of UTI as it is absolutely treatable with antibiotics.
Symptoms of UTI:
Being aware of symptoms increases the chances of early treatment and fewer complications. So, here are 8 symptoms of UTI you must know.
1. You feel like peeing all the time:
You have an irritable and overactive bladder. Visiting bathroom more than 8 times in 24 hours is a symptom of UTI infection. You are urged to pee constantly due to irritation caused by bacteria in the urethra and urinary bladder.
2. Your urine is cloudy:
Urine has byproducts that have to be eliminated from food, medicines, drinks you have had. It is a cause for concern when your urine is not clear yellow or light colored. In this infection, urine looks cloudy with whitish debris.
3. Your urine appears red or pink in color:
This unusual red or pink color of urine is due to the presence of bacteria or blood in your urine. You definitely should visit a doctor if you notice bloody urine as it can be also a symptom of a more serious condition like bladder/kidney cancer or kidney stones.
4. Bad odor pee:
Usually, urine doesn’t have a bad odor. If you are infected with UTI your urine has the pungent odor. Food like coffee, asparagus, and even certain medications cause nasty odors urine. But if you get to pee smelly urine even after avoiding food that causes smelly urine, it must be one of the symptoms of UTI.
5. It pains and burns when you pee:
Pain and burning sensation when you pee is the most common symptom of UTI. If pain and burning don’t continue throughout the day it means your body has removed the infection.Pain is felt in the urethra or in an area surrounding genital is called perineum. This occurs due to irritation, inflammation, and damage caused by a lining of bladder and urethra by bacteria.
6. Pain in the abdomen or pelvic region:
Pain, muscle aches, cramping are symptoms seen in elderly women. Sometimes a type of pain experienced can indicate the place of infection. Painting back or side indicates a kidney infection. A pressure in the pelvic area or lower abdomen is the symptom of a bladder infection.
7. Loss of appetite:
Loss of appetite, vomiting, nausea can be a reason for other infection as well. If you experience them along with infections like burning when you pee and frequent visit to the bathroom this shows that you have UTI.
8. Fever and Fatigue:
Fever shows that you are under serious infection. When body deletes any infection it goes into the state of inflammation with protective measures which release interleukins, WBC which causes fatigue feeling you may experience fever over 101°F or get chills or night sweats. Which indicates that the infection had spread to the kidney and you need treatment immediately.
Being born as a woman is not less than a gift but UTI makes life painful and causes the disturbance in daily life. Antibiotics can be taken to treat this problem and if the infection or symptoms continue to show you need to consult a doctor.
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