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Natural remedies and therapy for kidney Stones

Natural remedies and therapy for kidney stones or kidney stones are created of concrete or aggregations of crystals of dissolved minerals in the kidneys in urine formed. Kidney stones are a typical trigger of blood in the urine and often severe discomfort in the abdomen, flanks, or groin. Renal colic with nausea and vomiting related to it. Kidney stones can several chemicals. There are numerous types of kidney stones on the kind of crystal from which it is based. Most are calcium oxalate stones, followed by calcium phosphate stones. Far more rarely generate struvite stones by urea-splitting bacteria in men and women with urinary tract infections, and people with specific metabolic disorders can generate uric acid stones or cysteine

Treatment of kidney stones.

Stay away from asparagus, beans, cabbage, cauliflower, onions and meat etc. The patient ought to be much less of calcium and phosphorus nutrition.

If the stones are calcium and magnesium, the patient stay away from tomatoes, turnips, squash, fresh green peas, grapes, papaya and pineapple to make. Foods to steer clear of calcium oxalate almonds beets, cabbage, beans, potatoes, soybeans, spinach, and radishes. Beans are the great natural remedy for stones. Low in protein with lots of liquid with more than 3-4 liters is beneficial in the treatment of this condition. Holy basil juice and honey are useful in that state. Soak 250 grams of horse gram (horse gram) in three liters of water overnight. Heat slowly over the subsequent day for at least 2-3 hours, and a liter is left to get rid of from the flame. Now, 30-50 grams of warm clarified butter (ghee) and add it. Also add a little black pepper (Kaali Mirch), black salt, cumin (jeera) and turmeric (Haldi) in ghee. Drink the soup once in the afternoon instead of lunch. At least 250 grams of beverage. The stone comes from nothing in a week or two after it smashed into a thousand pieces. Drink this soup each and every day. It has no side effects. If following drinking This soup, you are not able to manage your hunger, you can then wheat bread (chapati) take

In a glass, get pleasure from 20 grams of horse gram (horse gram) in 250 grams of water at night. In the morning, mix it with a plastic spoon, and drinking on an empty stomach. Now add the same quantity of water in the glass with horse gram and drinks in the afternoon. Then add the identical amount of water and drink in the evening. After drinking 3 times immersed in the exact same horse gram, horse gram seeds with 20 grams for the subsequent day. Drinking water for two to three months and your kidney stone is released outside. Ayurveda recommends coffee with five grams of Tribulus Terrestris (Gokshura) boiled with a liter of water to a quarter and is properly ready twice on a given day in the kidneys.

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Yogasanas Some are useful, such as stones to relieve Uttanapadasana, Pavanamuktasana, Bhujangasana, Danurasana since they stimulate the kidneys. Hot water enema hot bath at 100 degrees F to 110 degrees F is recommended. The head should be chilled dough produced with Indian gooseberry. The hot fomentation is done on the kidney to relieve discomfort and agony. Typical physical exercise and a lot of water inlets are beneficial to reduce the chance of stone formation

Home Remedies for kidney stones.

Most kidney stones are about 5 mm to 10 mm normally pass on their own, as studies have shown that 1 or 2 out of 10 kidney stones require therapy. It takes about 1-3 weeks in order to pass kidney stones following making use of property remedies. Here are some home remedies that support treat kidney stones:

Drink plenty of water: Drink a lot of water keeps your urine is clear, drink up to 8 to 10 glasses of water per day />
You could be interested in reading natural remedies for kidney stones

D’ortie leaves. The sheet is identified for his abilities to promote urination. Drink up to 2-three cups of nettle tea a day can avoid the formation of kidney stones. Nettle leaves are continually working to maintain the water flowing by means of the body, kidneys, and bladder, it also assists to wash bacteria…

Supplements vitamins are prepared intake of vitamin A and B6 supplementation has surely stopped the formation of kidney stones therapy of kidney stones permanently, that is, if taken for a number of months

Grenades Seeds of grenades (each sweet and bitter) were powerful in the therapy of kidney stones. Pomegranate seeds are ground into a fine paste and a tablespoon of dough and horse gram soup can be utilized to dissolve kidney stones. To make a cup of soup, two tablespoons of horse gram ought to be utilized.

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3 months ago Cancer , kidney diseases

 Kidney Cancer – Symptoms and treatment of kidney cancer

kidney cancer is an illness of the kidneys, the organs commence curly reddish brown about the size of a small fist, over and above the waist on both sides spine. Kidney cancer is identified in cells of the kidney. They are closer to the back of the body, as the front. In kidney cancer, cells grow, by the signals that usually control cell growth and death, and tumors are not regulated.
Kidney cancer is cancer that begins in the kidneys. In order to realize kidney cancer, it helps to know the structure and function of typical kidneys.

Symptoms of kidney cancer

In the early stages, kidney cancer typically causes no obvious signs or troublesome symptoms. But as a kidney tumor grows, symptoms might occur. These contain:

Blood in the urine. Blood might be present for 1 day and not the subsequent. In some situations, an individual can in fact see the blood…
A mass or tumor in the kidney location.
A pain in the back just below the ribs, which does not go far.
A mass in the kidney, in a survey discovered

Other much less common symptoms are:

1.Fatigue
2.Loss of appetite
3.Weight loss
4.Relapsing fever
5.Pain in the side that does not go far, and/or
6.A common feeling of poor well being

High blood pressure or less than standard number of red blood cells in the blood (anemia) can also signal a kidney tumor. But these symptoms occur much less frequently.

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The Remedy of kidney cancer

Surgery: Surgery is the most common therapy for renal cell carcinoma, even though it may possibly not be proper for each and every patient with this sort of tumor. It is hard, the entire tumor without removing the entire kidney, although it may possibly be tempting in specific situations. Surgical removal of the <-! Next – tumor> main is generally suggested if the tumor is still present in the kidney itself, it can also be employed when the tumor extends to blood vessels or lymph nodes near the region of the main tumor ( be called local or regional lymph nodes). The aim of the operation in these circumstances is to cure the illness.

Immunotherapy: This therapy utilizes your own body’s immune program to fight cancer. An oncologist can administer a substance identified as biological response modification, such as interferon or interleukin-2. Are generally produced by the body, these substances are also produced in the laboratory. Studies show that men and women better if they are both treated with interferon and surgery to be carried out.

Radical nephrectomy: Surgical removal of the whole affected kidney, the tumor, which is known as near the adrenal gland and regional lymph nodes at radical nephrectomy is typically 4 to 5 cups, about 1 inch in size. By way of these many openings, the surgeon cautiously removes the kidneys. This approach has improved the recovery method, though the elevated risk of complications door. It requires particular training of the surgeon, and although widely offered in the U.S., it is not as readily available as standard, the open nephrectomy.

Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy, also called radiotherapy or radiotherapy, entails the use of high-energy waves (500-1000 times the power of a standard x-ray) for the remedy of cancer. These invisible rays enter the body at one point led by a very specific plan developed by radiation oncologists. They disrupt the activity of all cells in its path, damage or kill healthy cells and cancer cells.

Chemotherapy: The common chemotherapy drugs used to attack rapidly dividing cells, has not confirmed particularly beneficial for renal cell carcinoma.

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8 months ago

Kidney Transplant In India

Kidney Transplant In India

India has the biggest history of medical research and treatment since ancient times. Today we are to state that legacy has continued and now we are among the best medically advanced nations. Surgeons and practitioners stand No.1 in their respected field. Knee Replacement is the permanent solution to a patient who hasn’t opt for conservative treatment. Here you will find complete details of Kidney Transplant in India including cost and procedure.

Kidney, transplant, surgery, Kidney transplant, Kidney surgery, cost, procedure, process

Kidney Transplant Package Details

Kidney Transplant Surgery Cost: $14000 U.S Dollars

Duration of Stay:

  • 5 days of Hospital stay for the Kidney Donor (Included in the Cost of Procedure)
  • 8 Days of Hospital stay for the Kidney Transplant Patient (Included in the Cost of Procedure)
  • Please note that it takes around 2-3 weeks for the patient and the donor to get the final clearance from the government committee appointed by our Indian Government before the actual Kidney transplant surgery takes place. The patient and the donor have to stay in a nearby guesthouse or hotel during this period. (Not Included in the Cost of Procedure)

The patient is advised to stay for about a month in India after the liver transplant procedure for recuperation and follow-up. The patient and the donor have to stay in a nearby guesthouse or hotel during this period. (Not Included in the Cost of Procedure)

In total, a stay of 2 – 3 months may be required in India for complete medical care and treatment.

Inclusions

  • Airport Pick-up on Arrival in India.
  • Airport Drop on Departure from India.
  • Cost of initial Evaluation and Diagnosis.
  • Cost of the Treatment.
  • OT Charges and Surgeon’s Fees.
  • Consultation Fees of the Doctor for the concerned speciality.
  • Nursing and Dietician’s Charges.
  • Hospital Stay for the specified number of days in the respective room category as mentioned against the package.
  • Hospital stay includes the stay of the patient and one attendant for the duration of stay mentioned against the package.
  • Routine investigations and medicines related to the surgery or treatment.
  • Food for the patient and the attendant for the specified number of days as mentioned against the package
  • Travel Assistance/Medical Visa Invite/FRRO/Visa Extensions
  • Assistance in finding the right budget hotel or guest house accommodation

Exclusions

  • All expenses for the stay beyond the specified number of days.
  • Cross Consultations other than the specified speciality.
  • Use of special drugs and consumables.
  • Blood products.
  • Any other additional procedure.
  • Post-discharge consultations, medicines, procedures and follow-ups.
  • Treatment of an unrelated illness or procedures other than the one for which this estimate has been prepared
  • Travel Expenses and Hotel Stay
  • Extra sessions of physiotherapy.

Kidney, transplant, surgery, Kidney transplant, Kidney surgery, cost, procedure, process

How long does it take to have a Kidney transplant?

Kidney transplant surgery takes about 3 hours. During surgery, the donor kidney will be placed in your lower abdomen, blood vessels from the donor’s kidney will be connected to arteries and veins in your body, and the ureter from the donor’s kidney will be connected to your bladder.

What is a Cadaver transplant?

Kidneys for transplant come from a living donor or a deceased (cadaver) donor. When a kidney is transplanted from a living donor, the donor’s remaining kidney enlarges to take over the work of two. As with any major operation, there is a chance of complication.

How old do you have to be to give a kidney?

No minimum age limit is specified under the Human Tissue Act 2004, but most donors will be over the age of 18 years. Children are considered only in exceptional circumstances, and the donation from them would require court approval. In Scotland, people over 16 years of age can be legally considered as living kidney donors.

Current Legal Status of Kidney Transplant in India

“As per the rules of Government of India, only a relative who is compatible can donate a kidney to the patient. Among the relatives, there is a category called the near relatives which are parents, siblings, children and spouse. People in this category can donate the kidney if they are medically compatible without the permission of the Government. Any other relative not belonging to this category in addition to being medically suitable, the permission from the Government needs to be taken.

The relevant documents that are needed for related and non-related transplants can be sent to you upon request

Disclaimer

This is an estimate only. The above prices are indicative only and the actual price may vary depending upon the exact condition of the patient. This estimate is applicable only for the respective surgery or procedure or treatment and is not applicable to patients who have other health problems in addition to the problem for which the above surgery or treatment is done. Prices are valid for limited period and are subject to change based on currency fluctuations and other external cost factors.

The package does not include treatment of any unrelated illness or procedures other than the one for which this estimate has been prepared. Also, expenses for any additional hospital stay beyond the stipulated days as per the estimate shall be payable extra. The cost range is based upon our best understanding of the patient’s condition at the time of contact and more informed estimates can be provided once the patient is thoroughly examined by the concerned physician at the treating institution.

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9 months ago Health , Medical

Melania Trump had Kidney embolisation: But what does that mean?

Melania Trump had a surgery for a benign kidney condition.

First lady Melania Trump, who is 48 now underwent a kidney embolization surgery at Walter Reed National Military Center in mid of the May month this year. Donald Trump tweeted it surgery was successful with no complications. But the First lady remained at the Maryland hospital for a week to prevent complications. Giving privacy a priority white house did not provide any clue about the procedure or condition.

Kidney Embolisation, health, kidney,

What is Embolization?

Blocking blood vessels to block blood flow to an area is what embolization. Usually, medications, synthetic materials called embolic agents are placed in blood vessels to block the blood flow.

This technique is used to prevent abnormal bleeding, to close off blood vessels supplying blood to a tumour, to eliminate abnormal connections between arteries and veins or to treat aneurysms. Embolization is found to be more effective than surgery to control the blood flow.

So, for Melania Trump embolization was done to stop the growth of a benign tumour. Some tumours can bleed because they have a lot of blood vessels in them. Through embolization, we can stop blood and oxygen flow to a tumour to cease its growth.

How does this procedure work?

Catheters and guide wire are used to gain access to the organ. The position of correct artery or vein is located by Digital subtraction angiography ( DSA ).these images are used as a map to gain access to the right vessel.

This procedure takes 30 minutes to hours it totally depends on the complexity of the condition. Generally, patients are asked to stay in bed for 6 to 8 hours after the procedure.

Angiomyolipoma

Most commonly embolization procedure is used for angiomyolipoma. This is a benign growth in the kidney which has fat and cystic components in it. Benign tumours can be bad, though as they can cause obstructions and infection and other problems. Kidney embolization may cause side effects like fever, pain at the injection site or pain in kidney.

Angiomyolipoma is not common but occur in middle-aged women and can cause bleeding if they increase in size says Dr. Keith Kowalczyk of Medstar Georgetown University Hospital.

The procedure is minor enough in which local anaesthesia is needed. It will be inserted in the treatment site. Surgeons map the area that they want to treat and puncture the blood vessels from outside. They send a tube to reach the vessels. Through that tube, they send material like gelatin or platinum coils to block the blood supply in the required area. In this way will not be able to reach tumours which stop their growth.

Benefits of embolization

  • It helps to control bleeding in emergency situations.
  • Success rates in women were found to be more than 83%, who were treated with embolization for uterine fibroids.
  • Through this method, we can treat tumours and vascular malformations that cannot be removed surgically.
  • This method is less invasive than open surgery. With less blood loss and no obvious surgical incision.
Dr. Arkalgud Sampath Kumar- Free Doctor Helpline

Dr. Arkalgud Sampath Kumar

Cardiologist

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9 months ago

Answer for Kidney Disease

Diabetese and hypertension are the two most common causes of kidney diseases
 

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12 months ago Health

Diet for kidney patients

Patients with chronic kidney disease, a properly balanced nutrition play a vital role in maintaining the body health and preventing further kidney degeneration. In kidney disease, the body does not get rid of the waste and unwanted nutrients like toxic fluids, extra nutrients. These further buildup in the body and affect the kidney even more. Hence a change in the diet is a solution to keep the health of the kidney.
Depending on the intensity of the kidney disease, the principal component nutrients include protein, potassium, phosphorous, sodium and fluids.
1. Protein: principal function of the protein is to build and maintain bones, muscle, skin and hair. With the kidney disease, lower protein diet, he body condition worsened. Meats, seafood, eggs, legumes are good sources of protein. Seafood like shellfish, fish, and meat like beef, lean, lamb, pork, loin pork, turkey are the essential sources of protein.

2. Potassium: functions primarily for working of muscles and nerves. Any changes in the potassium level, affect the tonicity of muscles, hence their functioning. Hence a low potassium diet has to be maintained.
Apple, apricot nectar, cherries, cranberry juice, grapes, grapefruit juice, pear, lemon, lime, pineapple, plum, cabbage, corn, cucumber, onions, spinach, carrots, asparagus, alfalfa sprouts, lettuce, peppers are the fruits and vegetables giving less than 200 mg of potassium per serving.
For limiting potassium, these foods are to be eaten in a limit or avoided: banana, dried fruits, melon, mango, avocado, potatoes, broccoli, pumpkin, dried peas and beans.

3. Phosphorous: kidneys mainly control the balance of phosphorous in the body. When phosphorus is built up in the body, it removes calcium from the bones, leading to weakening of bones which break easily and cause severe pain. And too much phosphorous in the body, in the blood causes heart disease.
For a low phosphorous diet, milk substitutes like almond milk, rice milk, other supplements like angel food or cake, animal crackers, bun, cereals, cooked cereals except for oats, cookies of apple, berry, butter, popcorn, pita pocket.
To limit the phosphorous intake, boxed foods, cocoa, salad dressings, cheese(processed), light cream, soymilk.

4. Sodium: the primary and the most vital nutrient to be taken care of. The limit for sodium should be maintained, to prevent excess fluid from building in the body. When too much fluid is retained in the body, the blood pressure shoots up, suffer from breathlessness, and damage to the kidney and heart are observed.
Low sodium containing foods are bread, buns, rolls, desserts and pastries made from starch without much-added salts, fruits, meats without added sodium, homemade soups, vegetables without added salt.
The high sodium containing foods which should be prevented are boxed foods, cheese and cheese spreads, fast food, frozen dinners, soya and other Asian sauces, canned soups and vegetables.
5. Calcium: Calcium is another mineral component, calcium can affect kidney functioning, hence is limited by eating low-phosphorous containing foods. Phosphorus binders and high calcium content foods are to be avoided, as they deposit on the nephrons.

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Diet for kidney patients

Patients with chronic kidney disease, a properly balanced nutrition play a vital role in maintaining the body health and preventing further kidney degeneration.  In kidney disease, the body does not get rid of the waste and unwanted nutrients like toxic fluids, extra nutrients. These further buildup in the body and affect the kidney even more. Hence a change in the diet is a solution to keep the health of the kidney.

Depending on the intensity of the kidney disease, the principal component nutrients include protein, potassium, phosphorous, sodium and fluids.

1. Protein: principal function of the protein is to build and maintain bones, muscle, skin and hair. With the kidney disease, lower protein diet, he body condition worsened. Meats, seafood, eggs, legumes are good sources of protein. Seafood like shellfish, fish, and meat like beef, lean, lamb, pork, loin pork, turkey are the essential sources of protein.

2. Potassium: functions primarily for working of muscles and nerves. Any changes in the potassium level, affect the tonicity of muscles, hence their functioning. Hence a low potassium diet has to be maintained.

Apple, apricot nectar, cherries, cranberry juice, grapes, grapefruit juice, pear, lemon, lime, pineapple, plum, cabbage, corn, cucumber, onions, spinach, carrots, asparagus, alfalfa sprouts, lettuce, peppers are the fruits and vegetables giving less than 200 mg of potassium per serving.

For limiting potassium,  these foods are to be eaten in a limit or avoided: banana, dried fruits, melon, mango, avocado, potatoes, broccoli, pumpkin, dried peas and beans.

3. Phosphorous: kidneys mainly control the balance of phosphorous in the body. When phosphorus is built up in the body, it removes calcium from the bones, leading to weakening of bones which break easily and cause severe pain. And too much phosphorous in the body, in the blood causes heart disease.

For a low phosphorous diet, milk substitutes like almond milk, rice milk, other supplements like angel food or cake, animal crackers, bun, cereals, cooked cereals except for oats, cookies of apple, berry, butter, popcorn, pita pocket.

To limit the phosphorous intake, boxed foods, cocoa, salad dressings, cheese(processed), light cream, soymilk.

4. Sodium: the primary and the most vital nutrient to be taken care of. The limit for sodium should be maintained, to prevent excess fluid from building in the body. When too much fluid is retained in the body, the blood pressure shoots up, suffer from breathlessness, and damage to the kidney and heart are observed.

Low sodium containing foods are bread, buns, rolls, desserts and pastries made from starch without much-added salts, fruits, meats without added sodium, homemade soups, vegetables without added salt.

The high sodium containing foods which should be prevented are boxed foods, cheese and cheese spreads, fast food, frozen dinners, soya and other Asian sauces, canned soups and vegetables.

5. Calcium: Calcium is another mineral component, calcium can affect kidney functioning, hence is limited by eating low-phosphorous containing foods. Phosphorus binders and high calcium content foods are to be avoided, as they deposit on the nephrons.

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8 Early Warning Signs of Kidney Damage Most People Ignore

Major function of kidneys

There are but a few blood purifiers and these are all in the body. We know them as the liver, lungs, kidneys and few glands!

Kidneys are the vital organs of body which act as a unit of filtration. They have various functions to play:

  • Filtration of blood to flush out the toxic wastes.
  • Maintain the electrolyte balance of sodium, potassium and water at constant.
  • Secrete various essential hormones one such hormone is renin which regulates the blood pressure.

So the main function of kidney is to remove the excess waste out of our body and defects of kidneys can cause waste accumulation. The imbalance of electrolytes causes the condition of water retention. Kidneys maintain our blood pressure this is the reason why major patients suffering from kidney diseases also have the risk of alter blood pressure.

Kidney diseases are called “quiet diseases “as they silently affect your health and due to lack of symptoms many people did not get to know about them. Sometimes due to negligence many people ignore the early signs of kidney diseases.

 

8 Early warning signs of kidney damage

  1. Puffiness or swelling: This is the earliest and most detectable symptom of alteration in kidney functions. We have discussed earlier that kidneys regulates the water retention and removal of toxic fluids. Defects in the kidneys causes the fluid retention which further causes inflammation or pitting edema. Parts which exceptionally get affected are ankle, legs, and face.
  2. Change in urination: Association of urination and kidneys is integrated. Early signs of risk are mostly associated with the abnormality of urination. Changes are as follows:
  • Difficulty and burning while urination
  • Urine with strong odour and much darker colour
  • Inconsistency of urine with froth and bubbles
  • Haematuria or blood in urine
  • Frequent urination majorly during night
  • Change in the output of urine in 24 hours

3.Fatigue: You’ll feel tired, weak and there will be loss of appetite. This mainly due to the hormonal disturbances of erythropoietin which is secreted by kidney. Erythropoietin produces red blood cells and reduced production of red blood cells due to hampered kidney results in weakness and fatigue more than the normal days.

4.Dry and itchy skin: In kidney diseases skin become dry and itchy. As kidneys maintain the fluid concentration of the body and purifies blood by removal of harmful toxins. So, if the toxins are not flushed out they remain under the skin and causes breakouts such as acne, dry and rough skin. These can be the signs of early defects in kidney.

5.Flank or lower back pain: There will be complaint of severe lower back pain or may be around the sides of the back. The intensity of pain is very high and unbearable. Doctors sometimes associate this flank pain with the kidney or bladder stone.

6.Metallic taste in mouth: Due to intensification of the toxic waste and protein accumulation you will feel metallic taste in your mouth.

7.Nausea and vomiting: When the toxic wastes get accumulated people feel nauseated rather than usual days. This also leads to decreased appetite.

  1. Low concentration levels and dizziness: Any defect in kidney function results in low count of blood cells. This leads to the increased risk of anaemia and lower oxygen supply to the brain. All this causes trouble in concentrating, memory loss and sometimes dizziness.

 

These were some initial signs of kidney diseases which should not be ignored and one should consult the doctor as early as possible after noticing any of these symptoms.

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Kidney function test

The kidney is the vital organ of our body. It helps in the filtration and clearance of all the waste from our body. It also helps in elimination of filtered residues in the body. The kidney is constantly in a phase of filtration and elimination of minerals, toxins and other process residues from the blood and in turn, create urine. Hence any kidney absorbability is tested for urine and blood. Presence of blood or pus cells in the urine is an indication that the renal tubules might be damaged. Excessive use of drugs increases the load on the kidney, thus reducing the clearance rate.

Following are some tests mentioned which help in the complete analysis of the kidney functions.

BLOOD TESTS

  • Serum creatinine: Creatinine is a waste product produced from the normal functioning of the muscles. A creatinine level higher than 1.2 for women and 1.4 for men is a sign of kidney in-functionality. As the kidney is more damaged, the level rises. Patients having the meal with meats, have the higher protein content, the level may rise.
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate(GFR): measures the rate at which kidneys eliminate waste from the body and excessive fluid from the blood. GFR value less than 60, is a sign of reduction in kidney functionality. If it goes below 15, the kidney is probably in the last test of disease, needs immediate treatment.
  • Blood Urea Nitrogen(BUN): as nitrogen is a breakdown product from protein foods, it is essential for us to know the concentration in the blood. The normal range is n7-20. As the kidney starts failing, the BUN values increases, meaning the kidney is not able to eliminate nitrogen from the body.

IMAGING TESTS

  • Ultrasound: used for checking atrophy or any size-related anomalies in the kidney. Majorly due to damage or traumatic effect.
  • CT Scan: checks for any structural abnormalities, like obstructions caused or any tissue damage. This is related to the disease associated with the kidney.

KIDNEY BIOPSY

  • Done for many reasons like for identification of specific disease stages and check the treatment response
  • Check the anatomical damage occurred to the nephrons
  • To check the kidney after transplant for any resistance developed n the recipient’s body

 

URINE TESTS

  • Urinalysis: done by dipstick, it changes colours according to the presence of abnormalities like the excess amount of protein, pus, bacteria and sugar. The presence of pus may be due to damage to the bladder, urinary tract. Other infections like chronic kidney disease, diabetes can be detected.
  • Urine protein: to check the excess amount of protein present in the urine. It is a quantitative measurement done to also check the albumin-to –creatine ratio.
  • Microalbuminuria: the higher level of dipstick test, used for detecting small amounts of albumin protein in the urine. Done by patients who are at a higher risk of developing chronic diseases like diabetes or blood pressure
  • Creatine clearance: measures the clearance rate of the kidney and wastes eliminated per minute.

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