Menstruation is the monthly bleeding which a woman enquires every month after she attains her puberty. It is a biological phenomenon which happens when your body sheds the inner lining of the uterus. In the process, the body also flushes out the impure blood from the uterus through the small opening in the cervix and finally it is expelled out through the vagina. When menstruation happens regularly it is called menstrual cycle. For most women, the menstrual cycle lasts for about 3 to 5 days. Getting your periods regularly is an indication that the important parts in your body are functioning properly. The menstrual cycle provides hormone which keeps your body healthy and also it prepares yourself every month for pregnancy. The cycle is counted from the first day of the period to the first day of the next period. For adults, it ranges from 21 days to 35 days & among young teens it may vary from 21 to 45 days. On an average, the periods occur in about 28 days. Basically, the menstrual cycle is controlled by the rise & fall of the hormone levels.
Puberty & periods:
Girls go through puberty usually between the age of 8 to 13. This is the time when their body & mind undergo a lot of changes. In about 2 years she begins to develop breasts and before 6 months she gets her first period, she may notice a clear vaginal discharge. It is not that a girt develops ovaries, fallopian tubes & uterus during her teens. Every girl baby is born with all of these. The ovaries contain 1000 of eggs also called as ova. The fallopian tubes are thin and stretch from the ovaries to the uterus. The muscles in the uterus are strong enough to carry the fetus and push the baby out of the uterus during the labor.
Every month an egg leaves the ovaries, travel down the fallopian tube and reaches the uterus. The day before ovulation, the estrogen hormone prepares the uterus to accept the egg by building up it’s lining with extra tissues & blood. This makes the uterus thick and cushioned. If the egg is fertilized by a sperm then it gets attached to the uterus. When the egg isn’t fertilized then it paves the way for the menstrual cycle. The uterus sheds the extra tissue along with the blood. This cycle continues to happen every month until the woman reaches her menopause after which the ovaries are unable to release eggs.
Menstrual cramps are often dull, achy and even be intense sometimes. Menstrual cramps are due to the muscle contract in the uterus which forces the thin lining to flush out through the vaginal opening. A chemical called a prostaglandin is responsible for this action. Many girls and even woman prefer over-the-counter medicines to overcome the cramps. Instead, you can simply take a warm bath, or put a warm pad over the lower abdomen so as to lessen the pain. Regular exercising throughout the menstrual cycle can also help overcome the menstrual cramps.
A lot of girls and even women undergo mood swings during their periods. Some feel sad without any reason, while some get irritated over silly things, some get angry very quickly while others burst out crying. Some girls even crave certain foods. All these are collectively known as premenstrual syndrome (PMS). PMS is mainly due to changes in hormones. During the menstrual cycle, the female body undergoes a lot of hormonal changes. There may be rise and fall in the hormone level. These changes can affect the way she feels both mentally & physically. She may feel bloated due to water retention or may have sore or swollen breasts or may even develop unusual headaches.
Usually, PMS goes away after the periods but comes back during the next one. The only way to handle it right is to eat healthy foods, get enough sleep & exercise regularly. The pimples and acne-flare ups during the cycles are also a result of hormone changes.
How often should you change you change your pad?
It is advised to change your pad every 4 to 8 hours. Use the ones that have light absorbancy. One needs to change the pad before it becomes fully soaked with blood. Ignoring this might result in deadly disease such as toxin shock syndrome(TSS). It is caused by the bacteria that produce toxins. If your immune system can’t fight the toxins then it reacts to it and develops the symptoms of TSS.
Also Read: 8 Most Common Symptoms of UTI
What is a normal menstruation?
When it comes to periods, the word normal covers a lot of stuff beneath it. The following are the factors you need to check upon.
Timing: The timing of your menstrual cycle is very important. It usually lasts for 21 to 45 days in young teens & 21 to 35 days in adults. On an average, you must get your cycles every 28 days. Older women have much shorter and consistent cycles. If you are under medication such as birth control pills or IUDs then it might change your cycle pattern.
Flow: When your egg isn’t fertilized then the lining of the uterus we shed out through the vaginal opening along with the blood and tissues. This is called menstrual flow. Whether, the flow is thick, moderate or heavy it is all considered normal.
Apart from PMS, there are few other menstrual problems that one might face. Those are heavy periods, absent periods & painful periods. Let’s have look at each of them.
Heavy periods: It is also called as menorrhagia. This is when you bleed more than normal. Also, your periods may last for longer days such as 5 to 7 days. It is due to the imbalances in the hormone levels especially estrogen & progesterone. Other causes of heavy bleeding include:
Absent periods: due to various reasons, a woman may not get her periods. This condition is called amenorrhea. Due to any problem in the pituitary gland, or any defect in the female reproductive system or a delay in puberty may be some reasons for a girl/woman to not get her periods. This is called primary amenorrhea.
Other causes of amenorrhea are :
Painful periods: your periods may not only be heavy or light, it may also be painful due to various reasons. Extremely painful periods is called dysmenorrhea. This may be linked to underlying medical problems such as fibroids, Pelvic inflammatory disease or endometriosis.
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A Clinical and biochemical syndrome that results from a deficiency in thyroid hormone secretion from thyroid gland or in the action.The disease ranges from subclinical hypothyroidism to primary and secondary hypothyroidism and the extreme medical emergency, myxoedema coma.
Is a condition in which your thyroid is not making enough thyroid hormone, specifically triiodothyronine(T3) and thyroxine (T4).While a lot of people might not see symptoms in the earlier stages ,this condition can lead to obesity ,joint pain, infertility and heart disease. You can very accurately take a thyroid function test to see the state your thyroid is in.
There are hormone replacements that can help with your condition if needed ,but we here at fit-life are all about help your body naturally. Through Juicing and avoiding certain foods,which I will go over in a minute ,you can learn to prevent the progression of Hypothyroidism while trying to heal your thyroid naturally.
Foods To avoid
Before going into the specific foods to avoid ,you’d probably like to know why have to avoid certain foods at all.
Some foods contain what are known as Goitrogens. Goitrogens inhibit Iodine metabolism in your body. So why is this important? Your body uses Iodine to produce important thyroid Hormones. If you are consuming a lot of Goitrogens, thyroid hormone is inhibited,which is bad for someone that already has already has trouble producing these hormones through Hypothyroidism.
Broccoli, Cabbage, Brussels Sprouts, Cauliflower, Kale, Spinach, Turnips, Millet and Mustard Greens.
Nuts and Beans:
Soybeans, Peanuts, Linseed and Pine nuts.
Peaches and Strawberries.
There are other Foods out there that contain Goitrogens so make sure you educate yourself if you plan on trying to naturally heal your thyroid .It is also important to note that some foods are fine to eat as long as it is in moderation .
What To Juice and Eat
The most important thing you want to do is not juice Goitrogen-containing foods since they are still in a raw state.However, don’t start freaking out just yet! There are plenty of Substitutes that you can safely juice and eat that will not contribute to your condition .
Here is a List of some foods that you can Safely juice and eat:
- Beetroot Leaves
- Celery Leaves
Symptoms of Hypothyroidism:
The symptoms of Hypothyroidism are barely noticeable. They are not specific. People with mild hypothyroidism may not have any signs or symptoms. Common signs and symptoms of Hypothyroidism are:
- Hair loss
- Weight Gain
- Cold Intolerance
- Menstrual Disturbance
- Mood Swings
- Dry skin
- Increased cholesterol levels
If you have any signs or symptoms same or similar to hypothyroidism, Consult with a Doctor. A simple Blood test is the first step in diagnosis.
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Dr. Yuvraj Monga M.B.B.S, MD is a general physician who practices integrated medicine combining Allopath system with Ayurveda. His therapy areas includes management of Diabetes, Hypothroidism , Counselling for relationship issues and sexual problems for both men and women. Many individuals and couples have benefited from his counselling / treatments.
At the same time he is taking his father – Late Dr. Ram Prakash Monga’s (founder of Dr. Monga Clinic) legacy forward in extending the goodness of Ayurveda in Ethical manner to the new generation. His motto is to share and spread the best of information about ancient old heritage healing system of Indian culture- “Ayurveda” and how to integrate with modern healthcare systems do that most of the patients can benefit from the same.
His Specialisation in Clinical Pharmacology gives him ability to understand the properties of Ayurvedic medicines as well as Allopath system none other than an expert. This gives him an advantage / edge over many routine physicians. A jovial person, Dr. Yuvraj likes to spend time reading books and listening to music, travelling and keeps himself updated on socio-economic subjects.
You can book an instant appointment with Dr. Yuvraj Arora Monga on freedoctorhelpline.com