BAD EFFECTS OF HIGH CHOLESTEROL: High blood cholesterol is a condition when the cholesterol exceeds the normal limit. Yes, the body needs it but as all the other things, in limits! It is a type of fat in the blood that the body needs to function normally. Cholesterol is used as a building block for many structures as well as other chemicals and hormones that are essential for the body’s activities. The body creates it and one also gets it from certain foods they eat.
]The body uses cholesterol to produce many hormones, vitamin D, and the bile acids that help to digest fat. But, only a small amount of cholesterol, and when there’s too much cholesterol in the bloodstream, it may be deposited along the walls of arteries, including the coronary arteries of the heart, the carotid arteries to the brain, and the arteries that supply blood to the legs and the intestines. Which in turn causes narrowing and blockage of the arteries, producing signs and symptoms originating from the particular part of the body that has decreased blood supply.
Side Effects of High Cholesterol
The mere definition establishes the fact that it is not good for the health and the following are the effects of the high cholesterol:
- High cholesterol can create a bile imbalance, leading to gallstones. According to the National Digestive Disease Information Clearinghouse, more than 80% of gallstones are cholesterol stones.
- Very high cholesterol can lead to fatty deposits within your ligaments and skin, as well your liver and spleen. The enlargement of your liver or spleen due to fatty deposits places pressure on other organs within the abdominal cavity, leading to an unexplained stomach or abdominal pain.
- When plaque builds up in the arteries that carry blood to the brain, the brain is deprived of oxygen. Brain cells quickly become damaged and start to die (stroke).
- As coronary arteries narrow due to the cholesterol deposit, it’s harder for blood to make it to the heart. And if an area of plaque breaks open, it can result in a blood clot, which can block blood flow altogether. This puts one at a great risk of having a heart attack.
- One of the main side effects of high cholesterol is a progressive narrowing of the arteries and hardening of the artery walls, a condition called atherosclerosis. This condition causes the arteries to narrow and harden, increasing the risk of an arterial blockage or blood vessel rupture.
- Plaque can also build up and interfere with blood flow to the arms and legs (peripheral arterial disease). If the blood supply to the limbs is blocked, there may be numbness or pain. There’s an increased risk of infection in those limbs. Lack of blood can cause tissue death (gangrene) too.
- Another potential long-term side effect of high blood cholesterol is an increased strain on your heart muscle due to the development of the cholesterol-linked vascular disease. When the arteries narrow the heart pumps harder to push blood through the blood vessels, often leading to an elevation in the heart rate. This puts a strain on your heart over time. Without the apt treatment, this heart strain may increase the risk of potentially fatal heart failure.
- Angina or chest pain is another effect of the choking arteries and a warning of the red flag to cholesterol.
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Foods that contain cholesterol incorporate dairy items, (for example, cheese or butter), rice and bread kitchen items. Beyond what many would consider possible, you should restrain the admission of these foods. Patients who have recorded critical levels of cholesterol are advised by doctors to stay away from these foods.
Cholesterol-lowering lowering foods deliver a good dose of soluble fibre and provide Polyunsaturated fats, And those with sterols keep the body From absorbing cholesterol.
- Oats contain a special type of natural soluble fibre called beta-glucan, found in the endosperm layer of the oat grain. Oats Choose oatmeal or an oat-based cold cereal breakfast for 1 to 2 grams of soluble fibre. Researchers have known for more than 50 years that eating oats can lower cholesterol levels and thus reduce a person’s risk of developing cardiovascular disease.
- Beans are especially rich in soluble fibre. They make you feel for longer after a meal and a good choice for folks trying to lose weight. Beans are excellent for your heart. Beans are high in fibre and they contain a lot of protein i.e low in fat. “Studies have shown that beans can help to lower cholesterol by as much as 8% with one half a cup of beans eaten regularly”.
- Nuts eating 2 ounces of nuts a day can slightly lower LDL, by as much as 5%. Nuts have additional nutrients that protect the heart in other ways. Studies showed that participants who ate a diet high in peanut products lower their total cholesterol, LDL “bad” cholesterol and triglyceride levels and maintained their level of HDL “good” Cholesterol.
- Fatty fish Eating Fish 2-3 times a week can lower LDL by delivering LDL-lowering omega-3 fats, which reduce triglycerides in the bloodstream. Fish contain omega-3 fatty acids which can improve cholesterol. Salmon, sardines, herring, trout and albacore tuna are oily fish
Stanols/Sterols are extracted from plants help the body to absorb cholesterol from food. Getting 2 grams a day can lower LDL cholesterol by about 10%.
- Plant stanol ester is oily substances found in plants. The scientist has discovered that these can stop the small intestine absorbing cholesterol, lowering the levels of cholesterol in the blood.
- High Cholesterol levels are linked to a raised risk of heart disease.
- Plant stanols are now used in many foods such as yoghurt, drinks and spreads.
- There is clear evidence that they have an effect.
When it comes to investing money, experts recommend creating a portfolio of diverse investments instead of putting all your eggs in one basket. The same holds true for eating your way to lower cholesterol. A diet that is heavy on fruits, vegetables, beans, and nuts is good for the body in ways beyond lowering cholesterol. It keeps blood pressure in check. It helps arteries stay flexible and responsive. It’s good for bones and digestive health, for vision and mental health.
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Answer for Men, age 35, My total cholesterol value is 227 and Hba1c is 6.1% with avg blood glucose 128
A desirable total cholesterol level for adults without heart disease is less than 200 mg/dL. Your level of 227 is slightly higher than the normal. This could be easily brought under control by taking low cholesterol diet and doing regular exercise, and without the use of medicines.
Hemoglobin A1c levels between 5.7% and 6.4% mean you have a higher chance of getting diabetes. Levels of 6.5% or higher mean you have diabetes. Resort to low sugar diet, although you dont have diabetes now. Keep a regular watch on your blood sugar level in future.
Most of us feel that cholesterol are bad for health and try to avoid them. Few of us know that there exists good cholesterol too, which can do miracles for our body. Still fewer know the ways to increase this good cholesterol level in the blood and derive the benefits.
Cholesterol are a specific class of fat which are required in optimal quantity for maintenance of a healthy cell. If the intake exceeds, their concentration will rise in the blood stream causing the formation of plaques and finally resulting in arterial blockages. Those specific types of cholesterol which cause such blockages are the LDL or low density lipoproteins notoriously known as the bad cholesterol. Lower the concentration of LDL, lesser are the chances of arterial blockage and coronary artery disease.
There exists another type of cholesterol called HDL or high density lipoproteins which are popularly called good cholesterol. They carry the LDL away from blood stream to liver and promotes their destruction there. Thus, they act as a mediator to reduce blood LDL level. Higher the HDL, lesser will be the LDL, and lesser will be the chance of arterial blockage and coronary artery disease.
Now, how to decrease the LDL and increase the HDL in blood stream?
To keep a check on the LDL level, one should reduce the daily intake of fat in the form of butter, ghee and other processed dairy products. Vegetable oils used should be on rotational basis everyday. This means olive oil, soya bean oil, mustard oil, sunflower oil etc. should be used one after another on different week days. Regular exercises and yoga are also found to reduce LDL level in blood.
HDL are found to increase with regular exercises. A person more physically active has higher concentration of HDLs in the blood stream. Regular intake of almonds and walnuts increase the blood HDL level. Smoking reduces the HDL level.
Cholesterols are good as well as bad. You can like them; you can dislike them; but you cannot ignore them. So better ;manage them.
It is a season of mangoes! How could we ever miss a chance of writing an article about mangoes! Mangoes are one of the most popular fruits in the world and they make up a huge percentage of the tropical fruits produced each year. Here are some health benefits of mangoes which you may not even know!
All fruits are rich in vitamins and minerals and mangoes are no exception having high nutritional value. Mangoes are an important source of carotenes which are essential antioxidants required by the body. They have high contents of vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin C, copper mineral, potassium, magnesium, & vitamin E. They are also good sources of fibre & 90% water content. The mango is a delicious & fascinating fruit. As with any fruits & vegetables, knowing the facts about mangoes help us to connect ourselves more with the fruit.
1. Helps in digestion:
Mangoes can facilitate healthy digestion. It contains enzymes that help in digestion and breakdown of proteins. The fibre present in mangoes helps the digestive tract to work more efficiently. The fibre also helps to reduce the risk of heart disease & type 2 diabetes. Green mangoes are rich in pectin than ripened mangoes.
2. Promotes healthy gut:
The flesh of the mangoes contains a large amount of prebiotic dietary fibre. This helps to feed good bacteria into the gut thereby promoting a healthy gut. A healthy gut is an indication for a healthy state.
3. Boosts immune system:
The generous amount of antioxidants & vitamin C present in mangoes help boost the immune system. Also, the 25 different types of carotenoids present help to keep the immune system healthy & strong.
4. Promotes eye health
Mangoes are rich sources of beta-carotene which help in the production of vitamin A that are good for the eyes. It improves the overall health of the eyes, improves vision, and even prevents loss of vision. It also prevents night blindness and dry eyes.
5. Lowers cholesterol:
Mangoes can also regulate the cholesterol levels. The large amounts of pectin present in mangoes help to bring down the bad cholesterol. The bad cholesterol is very harmful to the body as it causes plaque in the blood vessels and blocks the blood flow through it.
6. Clears the skin:
Mangoes are rich in vitamin A and vitamin C both of which are skin friendly. These vitamins are very crucial for healthy skin & skin repairs. It also exfoliates & eliminates the dead pores in the skin. Mangoes have large amounts of skin healing nutrients. For example, the fibre content of mangoes helps to clear the gut which accumulates a large number of toxins in the body.
7. Diabetics could also enjoy:
Though mangoes are sweet it is never a strict no for the diabetics patients. Generally, mangoes belong to the category of the low glycemic index which safe even for diabetics to consume. Foods with low glycemic index make sure there is the very slow release of sugar into the blood and there is no sudden peak in the release levels of the sugars. Besides that, mangoes are also rich in dietary fibres which regulate the blood levels.
8. Aids weight loss:
The phytochemicals present in the skin of mango act as natural fat busters. When you eat fruits rich in fibres you feel full for a longer time which prevents you from stuffing more fattening snacks.
9. Prevents cancer:
The antioxidants present in mangoes are good cancer fighters. They help to fight against prostate, breast, colon & leukaemia cancers. Having then quite often prevents the development of radicals in your body which are the main cause of cancers.
10. Promotes healthy sex:
Mangoes are rich in vitamin E. Having proper and balanced amounts of vitamin E can help have healthy sex and promote sex drives.
11. Help fight heat strokes:
Mango juice helps to cool down the body and also prevents overheating. When the sun’s energy is burning your body especially the muscles your kidneys get accumulated with toxins. Having mango juice can help overcome this.
Erectile Dysfunctioning: For many couples, reproduction has been a natural and simple experience. But it is not the same for many. A man’s fertility generally relies on the quantity & quality of his sperm. If the number of sperm a man ejaculates is low or if the sperm is of poor quality, it will be difficult and sometimes impossible for him to cause pregnancy. Male infertility is diagnosed only after both the partners and tested and the reproductive problems have been found in the male.
How Common is Male Infertility?
It is a very common problem. For 1 in every 5 couples, the infertility problem solely lies in the male. It is been estimated that about 1 in every 20 men has the same kind of infertility problem with a low number of sperms in his ejaculate. However, only 1 in every 100 men has no sperm in his ejaculate.
Symptoms of Male Infertility:
In most cases, there are no signs of infertility. Intercourse, erections, and ejaculations will happen without any difficulty. The quantity of semen ejaculated seems to be normal to a naked eye. Medical tests are required to detect male infertility.
Causes of Male Infertility:
Male infertility is usually caused by problems that affect either sperm production or sperm transport. Through medical testing, the doctor may be able to find the cause of the problem. About 2/3rd of infertile men have a problem with making sperm in the testes. Either low numbers of sperm are made and/or the sperm that is made does not work properly. Sperm transport problems are found in about one in every five infertile men, including men who have had a vasectomy but now wish to have more children. Blockages (often referred to as obstructions) in the tubes leading sperm away from the testes to the penis can cause a complete lack of sperm in the ejaculated semen.
Other less common causes of infertility include:
- sexual problems that affect whether semen is able to enter the woman’s vagina for fertilization to take place
- low levels of hormones made by the pituitary gland that acts on the testes (one in 100 infertile men)
- sperm antibodies (found in one in 16 infertile men).
In most men, sperm antibodies will not affect the chance of a pregnancy but in some men sperm antibodies reduce fertility.
Male Reproductive System:
There are 2 main glands that help in the production of male hormones and sperms. They are the pituitary and the hypothalamus glands. Luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone are the 2 important messenger hormones made by the pituitary gland that acts on the testes.
The tests are a pair of egg-shaped glands that sit in the scrotum next to the base of the penis on the outside of the body. The testes make sperm and the male sex hormone testosterone. It takes about 70 days for sperm to become mature and able to fertilize an egg. When released from the testes, the sperm spends two to 10 days passing through the epididymis where they gain the vital ability to swim strongly or become motile and to attach to and penetrate the egg.
The waves of muscle contractions transport the sperm, with a small amount of fluid, from the testes to the vas deferens. The seminal vesicles and prostate contribute extra fluid to protect the sperm. This mixture of sperm and fluid travels along the urethra to the tip of the penis where it is ejaculated.
What is Erectile Dysfunction?
A man is said to have erectile dysfunction if he has permanent difficulty in getting or maintaining a firm enough erection to be able to achieve sexual activity. Most men have occasionally experienced some difficulty with their penis becoming hard or staying firm, but this is not normally causing for a diagnosis of erectile dysfunction. This condition is only considered a concern if satisfactory sexual performance has been impossible on a persistent number of occasions for some time.
Broadly, two forms of erectile dysfunction can affect men’s sex lives – the main cause is either medical or psychosocial.
Here, psychosocial refers to the psychological effects – including the effects of social relationships – on sexual performance. Medical conditions can also affect psychological well-being, meaning that, while the primary cause of sexual impotence is typically either medical or psychological, there is often overlap between the two.
Erectile dysfunction used to be known more widely as ‘impotence‘ before the causes became better understood and successful treatments came into use. Impotence is a term that is still in use, however, although it can be seen as pejorative.
Diagnosis, with the help of a doctor, can identify the likely cause by taking a history, discussing symptoms, performing blood tests to establish the presence of conditions such as diabetes or heart problems, and other physical problems.
Causes of Erectile Dysfunction:
The relaxation of muscles allows blood to rush into the cylinder-shaped spongy tissue of the erection chamber. This creates increased tissue pressure and erection. This blood flow process is led by nervous and hormonal triggers when the brain is stimulated by touch.
The normal erectile function can be affected by problems that compromise any of the following normal physiological contributions needed for an erect penis:
- Blood flow
- Nervous supply
Vascular causes that affect blood flow and neurological causes that affect nerve signals are the major medical causes of erectile dysfunction, often due to the underlying disease such as atherosclerosis and diabetes.
Smoking and diabetes often cause atherosclerosis, and this narrowing or ‘clogging’ of arteries in the penis is the most common vascular cause of erectile dysfunction.
Numerous medicines can also cause erectile dysfunction. Anyone taking prescription medications should consult their doctor or healthcare practitioner prior to stopping or changing their medications.
- Drugs to control high blood pressure
- Heart medications such as digoxin
- Some diuretics (known as ‘water pills’ that increase urine output)
- Drugs that act on the central nervous system (in the brain or spinal cord), including some sleeping pills and amphetamines
- Anxiety treatments (anxiolytics)
- Antidepressants including monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), selective-serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), and tricyclic antidepressants
- Opioid painkillers
- Some cancer drugs, including chemotherapeutic agents
- Prostate treatments, including treatments for cancer, and for benign prostatic hypertrophy (such as 5α-reductase inhibitors). Anti-androgen drugs used for prostate disease and other conditions can also cause erectile dysfunction
- Anticholinergics – drugs with a wide range of uses that block a neurotransmitter (nerve signal molecule) that affects muscle tone
- Hormone drugs, including estrogens and drugs that act on luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone
- The peptic ulcer medication cimetidine
To know more about erectile dysfunction or male infertility and to know its diagnosis procedures log on to www.freedoctorhelpline.com or call us at +918010555444.
Most often when a woman is not able to conceive or is not getting pregnant, then it is predicted that the women are infertile. However, men play an equally important role in the process of fertilization. Around 1 in every 5 infertile couple, the reason is the fertility issue of men. Low sperm count in Read More
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Raisins are obtained by drying grapes either in the sun or in driers. On drying, they turn into green, golden or black gems. They are naturally sweet in flavour and are widely used in cooking all over the world especially as dessert toppings. These may be tiny in size but they hold a bunch of nutritional value. The health benefits of raisins are, it aids digestion, treats constipation, improves bone health & increases iron levels in the body. It also helps to treat bloating, anaemia, fever, & erectile dysfunction. Raisins also have a positive impact on the eyes, hair, dental, heart, and bone health. It also helps in healthy weight gain.
Raisins are considered as dry fruits that boost energy that is added to health tonics, snacks, and high energy food supplements for backpackers, campers, and mountaineers. Raisins are high in calories and it is recommended that you eat ¼ cup of raisins a day.
THE HIDDEN NUTRITIONAL VALUE:
Raisins are rich in antioxidants and vitamins like riboflavin, niacin,thiamin, and vitamin C, K, and B6. It is also high in sugar and calories. It contains minerals like magnesium, potassium, calcium, iron, phosphorus, and boron. A ¼ cup of raisins is said to have 4% proteins, 1% fat & 95% carbohydrates.
POWERFUL HEALTH BENEFITS OF RAISINS:
- Relieve Constipation: Raisins are rich in fibre (insoluble fibre) which absorbs all the water and natural fluids in the body. This adds bulk to the food moving through the intestinal tract. This ultimately provides relief from constipation.
- Promotes Weight Gain: They are rich sources of fructose & glucose and thus helps weight gain in a healthy way. It forms an ideal part of the diet for bodybuilders and athletes who require boosts of energy. It can be consumed by those who want to gain weight without accumulating unhealthy cholesterol.
- Treats erectile Dysfunction: It has been a custom in India to make the bride and the groom drink a glass of milk boiled with raisin & a pinch of saffron on their wedding. Any idea why this custom is been followed for years and years? Here it is. Raisins have been known to stimulate libido and thereby induce arousal. This is because it contains an amino acid called arginine which helps to treat erectile dysfunction. Raisins have the ability to increase sperm count. Consuming these dry fruits on a daily basis helps in sexual endurance.
- Aids Digestion: The fibres present in raisins help to flush out the toxins and harmful materials from the digestive tract. This prevents bacterial growth, intestinal diseases & difficulty in bloating.
- Prevents Cancer: Catechin is polyphenols antioxidants that are present in the blood which removes the free radicals present in the body. These free radicals are the underlying reasons for the spontaneous growth of cancerous cells. Raisins are rich in high levels of catechins that removes free radicals thereby preventing cancer. The fiber content in the raisins also promotes the excretion of bile from the body which also flushes out the toxins that cause cancer.
- Reduce Hypertension: The hight amount of potassium in raisins play a very important role in reducing hypertension. Potassium is mineral that reduces the tension of blood vessels and also decreases blood pressure. The dietary fibre in raisins also affect the blood vessels in the body and also help to reduce hypertension.
- Dental care: The phytochemical called oleanolic acid present in raisins play a crucial role in protecting your teeth against cavities, decay, and brittleness. It also prevents bacterial growth that is responsible for cavities. The calcium present in raisins helps in strengthening and demineralizing tooth enamels. The boron content in raisins promotes the growth of oral gums thereby ensuring strong teeth. It might be surprising to know that while eating raisins, the longer it gets stuck to the teeth, the better it is, as it increases the preventive powers of bacterial growth.
- Cardiac Health: The high levels of potassium, fibre, boron, polyphenols, antioxidants, and phenolic acids help to burn cholesterol as well as lowers hypertension thereby promoting good cardiac health.
- Controls Diabetes: Raisins have the ability to lower postprandial insulin response. This means raisins have the ability to control the insulin production after the intake of the certain meal which is otherwise dangerous to a diabetic patient. They also help release leptin & ghrelin, the hormones which indicate us that we are hungry.
- Treat Anemia: Raisins are abundant sources of iron which helps treat anaemia. It also contains vitamin B complex that helps in the formation of new blood. The high copper content in raisins also helps in the production of red blood cells.
- Good for Eyes: Raisins are rich in antioxidant-rich polyphenolic phytonutrients that are excellent for ocular health. They protect the eyes from the damages caused by radicals such as macular degeneration, age-related weakening of vision, and cataracts.
- Prevents acidosis: Raisins being rich in potassium & magnesium are a natural remedy for acidosis. Potassium & magnesium help prevent acidosis as they are the common components of antacids and are considered basic on the pH scale. Acidosis is the state of increased acidity of the blood also known as toxicity of the blood. Sometimes the gases in our respiratory system may cause boils, skin damage, damage to the internal organs, & renal calculi. Consuming raisins can help prevent all this.
- Promote bone health: Calcium the important component of our bones is abundantly present in the raisins. Boron, which is required by our body in very small quantities is a very efficient calcium absorber. It helps to prevent menopause induced osteoporosis in women and is very important for the bones and joints. Potassium is another nutrient present in high levels and can help strengthen bones & promote bone growth thereby reducing the chances of osteoporosis.
- Reduce arthritis pain: Raisins have strong anti-inflammatory properties. It helps relieve chronic pain especially arthritis pain. One can either eat the soaked raisins or even drink the soaking water and see a drastic improvement in their health condition.
- Promotes kidney health: The high amount of potassium in raisins help prevent the formation & re-occurrence of kidney stones.
- Treats insomnia: Insomnia trouble may be due to deficiency of iron in your body. The intake of raisins which are rich in iron content can help overcome the iron deficiency. This also ensures good night sleep.
- Increase nutrient uptake: Raisins are rich sources of vitamins, minerals, and amino acids such as phosphorus & selenium. These nutrients are a good absorber of other nutrients and proteins in the body. including this in your diet can help improve your overall energy & strengthen your immune system.
- Improves Liver health: dry fruits are rich in bioflavonoids that protect your body from the free radical activity. Over-night soaked raisins and raisin water act as liver cleansers. The raisin water helps to improve liver health which in turn purifies the blood.
- Rich in anti-oxidants and vitamin C : Raisin is rich in anti-oxidants and vitamin C which keep the skin radiant, taut & youthful. It also prevents acne as it has germicidal properties.
- Hair health: The rich amount of vitamin C prevents cell damage. Daily intake of raisins can help hair growth, make it shinier and grow even thicker. The anti-inflammatory property can prevent dandruff, scalp irritation & flakiness
How to store?
Raisins once opened should be stored in the cool & dry area. It can be stored in airtight containers for about 6 months but still retains its flavour, colour & nutritional value. It can also be refrigerated for a year. You can also use it by steaming and boiling it in water for 10 minutes.
Hope these benefits of Raisins makes you add them to your daily dose of nutrition. Have a Healthy Life!
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WHAT IS CATARACT??
A cataract refers to the clouding of the eye’s natural lens which lies behind the iris and the pupil. It is the principal cause of blindness in the world and is most common in people of age 40 years and above.
There are 3 types of cataract:
- SUBCAPSULAR CATARACT: This type of cataract occurs at the back of the eye. It is most common in people with diabetes or those taking high doses of steroid medication.
- NUCLEAR CATARACT: This type of cataract occurs in the deep central zone of the lens. It occurs due to ageing.
- CORTICAL CATARACT: This type of cataract begins in the periphery of the lens and slowly spreads towards the centre of the lens. It affects the cortex of the lens, which is the part of the lens that surrounds the central zone.
CATARACT- IS IT BECAUSE OF YOUR FAMILY, LIFESTYLE OR JUST BAD KARMA??
Our eye lens works very much like the camera, focusing light onto the retina for clear vision. It also adjusts the eye’s focus enabling us to view the things both close up and far away. The eye lens is made of water and certain other proteins that let light to pass through it. With ageing, some of the protein may clump together and cloud up over a small area. With time, the clouding up becomes larger and larger making it harder to see. This condition is called cataract.
Nobody is pretty sure why the eye lens changes with age resulting in the cataract. Researchers have eventually found out other risk factors that may lead to cataract. Some of which are:
- UV radiation from the sun and other sources
- Medicines used to control cholesterol
- Alcohol consumption
- Family history
There’s no concrete proof on what could reduce the risk of cataract. There is no harm in practising a healthy lifestyle that consists of a diet rich in nutrients, vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and omega 3 fatty acids. Regular exercise and sound sleep also add on to your quality of life.
Though it seems to be terrific, it is something we needn’t worry a lot about! The advancements in the field of medicine have made it possible to cure the patients of cataract with help of surgeries.
Cataract surgery is the process of removing the natural lens of the eye (crystalline lens) which is affected by cataract. During the cataract surgery, the patient’s cloudy lens is removed and is replaced with synthetic lens ensuring lens’s transparency. The synthetic lens replaced is otherwise called as INTRAOCULAR LENS (IOL). The cataract surgery is performed by an ophthalmologist.
There is two commonly preferred type of surgery for cataract. They are:
HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE TO PERFORM A CATARACT?
If it is an uncomplicated surgery, then it will not take more than 10 minutes. Since the patient will be given anaesthetic while performing the surgery, it might take about 30 minutes to recover from the sedation.
RISKS AND COMPLICATIONS OF THE SURGERY:
A person suffering from cataract alone may not have many complications, but those who have other eye conditions such as uveitis, high myopia (severe short-sightedness). Less than 10% of the people have greater chances of developing PCO, within two to three years after the cataract surgery.
POSTERIOR CAPSULE OPACIFICATION (PCO): it is the condition in which the lens capsule thickens thereby causing cloudy vision. This isn’t the cataract developing again, it is the skin or membrane growing over the artificial lens
Other complications are less common but to list a few, they are:
During the operation:
- inability to remove all of the cataracts
- tearing of the lens capsule
- bleeding inside the eye
- a bit of the cataract dropping into the back of the eye
- damage to other parts of the eye, such as the transparent outer layer of the eye (cornea)
After the operation:
- swelling or inflammation of the eye
- swelling and redness (inflammation) in the eye
- swelling of the retina- where the fluid builds up between the layers of the retina at the back of the eye. This may sometimes affect the vision.
- Swelling of the cornea- where the fluid builds up in the corner at the front of the eye; it usually clears itself.
- retinal detachment – a rare complication where the retina (the layer of nerve cells inside the back of the eye) becomes separated from the inner wall of the eye
- infection in the eye – such as endophthalmitis (a rare bacterial infection)
It is important to seek medical advice if you experience any increasing pain in the eye or loss of vision or redness after the surgery. It is possible to treat these complications with further surgery.
There is also a small risk of around 1 in 1000 may experience permanent damage to the eye resulting in loss of vision. However, the majority of the people lead a happy life with improved vision after the surgery.
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Hormones are the chemical substances that circulate throughout your body. They are produced and secreted by the glands which play a very vital role in our body functions and daily activities. Different types of hormones affect different glands. Sex hormones form an important and a critical part of our body functions that is generally responsible for regulating the skeletal growths in both the males as well as the females. These hormones affect the internal process of skeletal growth when there is an increase or decrease in the skeletal mass during those periods.
The sex hormones tend to interact with the cytosolic and the specific nuclear receptors such that it can produce masses of genomic effects in an innumerable amount of different vascular cells as present inside the body along with the added non-genomic vascular effects while acting with the specific plasmalemmal receptors.
Our human body comprises of innumerable assortments of different types and forms of hormones each of which performs different functions, few of which may even be interlinked. Growth hormone and sex hormones are few of the examples of those hormone assortments that functions inside our body and regulates our body functions. Hormones are responsible for transferring the messages in between the organs and the cells.
Hormones are secreted in our endocrine systems by the glands that are present inside the endocrine system. This secretion helps in keeping the hormone levels normal and supports in maintaining our body balance. The body thus keeps its balance and functions normally and effectively.
Ageing, the progressive change, and the process of getting older are also associated with hormones. It is affected by the loss of these sex hormones in the human body, be it male or female. Therefore, if one wishes to restore their feelings of well-being, happiness, comfort, longevity, sexual desires and ambitions, sex drive, pleasures, muscle or bone losses, lost energy levels, or any other effects that are associated with aging, then, one needs to replace their male / female hormones that have been lost during the process of aging.
Certainly, there exists several approaches and procedures that may be done to restore these hormones and look more youthful. Few of such hormone supplements include creams, patches and pellets. These approaches would at times help you in ageing slowly and lead an improved satisfied life during your old age.
Sex Hormones: Synthesis
- Synthesis of the sex hormones is controlled by the production of a hypothalamic gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH).
- During the process of general circulations, GnRH tends to encourage the production of luteinizing hormone (LH) and the follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) in the pituitary gland.
- LH further binds itself to the target cells which may again lead to an increase in the extraction of steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR) which promotes cholesterol transfers and initiates steroidogenesis.
- Androgens, DHEA and androstenedione are released in the adrenal cortex.
- Testosterone is released in the Leydig cells, lying adjacent to the male testes.
- The production of pregnenolone is initiated in the Leydig cells of the luteinizing hormone.
- The synthesis of oestrogen in females helps in controlling the growth and development of sexual characteristics in females.
- The synthesis of glandular oestrogen takes place in the ovarian cells and the corpus luteum.
- The luteinizing hormone (LH) stimulates the granulosa cells to release pregnenolone.
- Pregnenolone then diffuses from these granulosa cells and mediate the process of pregnenolone hormone conversion to androstenedione through DHEA.
- The process of extra-glandular synthesis facilitates the aromatization of androgens to oestrone.
- The fat cells convert the androgen to oestrone and thereby increases the serum oestrogens.
- The bones convert testosterone to form local oestrogen and thereby supports the development of epiphyses.
- Even though oestrogens are usually responsible for balancing the sexual characteristics in females, however, they are also synthesized at some levels in males.
- Progestin synthesis also exists. The inventories of hormone synthesis alter menstrual cycles during its production.
Hormones tend to control the functions of all the organs, and therefore it becomes extremely important to keep our hormonal levels balanced. Hormone imbalances can have several adverse effects on our total body processes. It affects the way our body stores its energy. It controls the levels of fluids, salt and sugar/glucose in our body. Sex hormones influences and affects the health of both men and women and therefore there always exists a need to keep a track your hormone levels and perform regular assessments and routine examinations to keep a balance of its levels last longer. Even a very small variation in the hormonal levels can take you to adverse situations.
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A Clinical and biochemical syndrome that results from a deficiency in thyroid hormone secretion from thyroid gland or in the action.The disease ranges from subclinical hypothyroidism to primary and secondary hypothyroidism and the extreme medical emergency, myxoedema coma.
Is a condition in which your thyroid is not making enough thyroid hormone, specifically triiodothyronine(T3) and thyroxine (T4).While a lot of people might not see symptoms in the earlier stages ,this condition can lead to obesity ,joint pain, infertility and heart disease. You can very accurately take a thyroid function test to see the state your thyroid is in.
There are hormone replacements that can help with your condition if needed ,but we here at fit-life are all about help your body naturally. Through Juicing and avoiding certain foods,which I will go over in a minute ,you can learn to prevent the progression of Hypothyroidism while trying to heal your thyroid naturally.
Foods To avoid
Before going into the specific foods to avoid ,you’d probably like to know why have to avoid certain foods at all.
Some foods contain what are known as Goitrogens. Goitrogens inhibit Iodine metabolism in your body. So why is this important? Your body uses Iodine to produce important thyroid Hormones. If you are consuming a lot of Goitrogens, thyroid hormone is inhibited,which is bad for someone that already has already has trouble producing these hormones through Hypothyroidism.
Broccoli, Cabbage, Brussels Sprouts, Cauliflower, Kale, Spinach, Turnips, Millet and Mustard Greens.
Nuts and Beans:
Soybeans, Peanuts, Linseed and Pine nuts.
Peaches and Strawberries.
There are other Foods out there that contain Goitrogens so make sure you educate yourself if you plan on trying to naturally heal your thyroid .It is also important to note that some foods are fine to eat as long as it is in moderation .
What To Juice and Eat
The most important thing you want to do is not juice Goitrogen-containing foods since they are still in a raw state.However, don’t start freaking out just yet! There are plenty of Substitutes that you can safely juice and eat that will not contribute to your condition .
Here is a List of some foods that you can Safely juice and eat:
- Beetroot Leaves
- Celery Leaves
Symptoms of Hypothyroidism:
The symptoms of Hypothyroidism are barely noticeable. They are not specific. People with mild hypothyroidism may not have any signs or symptoms. Common signs and symptoms of Hypothyroidism are:
- Hair loss
- Weight Gain
- Cold Intolerance
- Menstrual Disturbance
- Mood Swings
- Dry skin
- Increased cholesterol levels
If you have any signs or symptoms same or similar to hypothyroidism, Consult with a Doctor. A simple Blood test is the first step in diagnosis.
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