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Search Results for: blood vessel

2 years ago

broken-blood-vessels-in-eye

I suddenly have broken blood vessels in my left eye on top and on the sides of the iris.  Up high on the right side of the eyeball appears to be a pool of blood under the surface. I take Xarelto.  Is this an emergency for which I need to go to the hospital?

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Hypertension And Blood Pressure Explained

You want hypertension and blood pressure explained? No problem. Here’s the explanation.

Your whole body is a weak hydraulic system. It’s a sack of mostly water, with miles of water-filled tubes (ok, blood vessels, and other plumbing). The notion of hydraulics is that pressure applied to a non-compressible liquid gets transmitted through that liquid to every part of whatever contains it.

If it’s your circulatory system that we’re talking about, then we say it’s a “weak” or inefficient hydraulic system because the miles of tubing are not rigid pipes or armored hoses – they’re flexible. Think of a plastic garden hose, compared to copper pipe or armored hydraulic hoses.

High blood pressure is the working pressure of your arteries and veins, with the settings cranked a bit higher than is good for you. We say “a bit higher” because, if it’s a lot higher, then you are not long for this world, sorry.

Blood Pressure Has Basically Three Components

Stay with us here – we’ll have hypertension and blood pressure explained in no time (if you’re a fast reader).

  • The heart pushes the blood out one end, it circulates through all the pipes (arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, veins), and it comes back in the other end. OK, there are two outs and two ins (out to the lungs and back in, then out to the rest of the body, and back in), but the basic principle applies – the heart goes boom (push), and the blood rushes out into the biggest artery. The faster, and more forcefully the heartbeats, the greater the pressure in the system.
  • The second aspect of blood pressure is the pipes, all the blood vessels in your body. That big artery (mentioned in our first point) that exits the heart splits into smaller arteries that head out to this-and-that parts of the body, those arteries in turn split into smaller arteries, until eventually becoming the tiniest arterioles, and those lead into capillaries, the smallest blood vessels in the body, and also the most permeable and pervasive. Capillaries suffuse pretty much every living part of your body. The blood in the capillaries offloads oxygen to the surrounding tissues and picks up carbon dioxide (and other substances). Coming out the other end the capillaries join to venules, which join to larger and successively larger veins, all the way back to the heart. The heart would not be able to make the blood go all that distance if the arteries and veins were just soft, limp noodles. The pressure of the blood being pushed out of the heart would dissipate shortly after it left and never get anywhere. Instead, the arteries are strongly walled tubes, lined with contractile tissue (involuntary muscle) that prevents expansion of the tubes, and actually helps the blood along the way. The tighter and more clenched the arteries are, the stiffer the pipes and the farther the pressure wave from the heart can push each pulse of blood. The veins aren’t reinforced as much – they are slightly controllable for dilation, and they’ve got check-valves to prevent back-flow, but that’s about it – since they are the return collectors in a closed system. As long as there’s enough pressure on the artery side of the system to force the oxygenated blood all the way through to (and past) the tiniest vessels – those capillaries – that’s enough.
  • The third element of the blood pressure system is the actual amount of blood in the system. The kidneys manage the salinity and overall volume of liquid, allowing water (the biggest component, by volume, of your blood) to seep out of the system, or causing it to be reclaimed back into the circulatory system, depending on how much is needed, to maintain sufficient pressure.

So far, so good. We’re keeping up our end by ensuring that we get this hypertension and blood pressure explained – you keep up your end by reading and paying attention; there’s a test.

It’s a balancing act. The heart keeps pounding, pumping blood. The arteries tighten up or relax, according to demand and according to the amount of blood that’s in ’em. The kidneys regulate the concentrations, thereby causing the blood to be thicker or thinner (more or less dilute) and have more or less volume.

all about Blood pressure

all about Blood pressure

So What’s The Problem?

As long as the heart keeps pumping, the rest of the system just maintains, right? Adjusting to how much liquid and salt you’ve been consuming and losing (as urine, as sweat, as water-vapor in your exhaled breath), right? Well, yes. But there are limits to adaptability.

Keeping Your Concentration

You can alter the concentration of a liquid (say water) that has something dissolved or suspended in it, in two ways. You can add or subtract water (pour some in or evaporate some off), or you can add more of the substance that was dissolved. You can also subtract some of the dissolved material, though that’s usually the hardest one to accomplish.

Now how does that work in the body for, say, the blood?

It’s hard to consume too much water, but it can be done. You can dilute the blood so much that the filtration mechanisms don’t work properly. That can shoot your blood pressure so far out of range that you wouldn’t survive it… except that, when you are that diluted, several other things are killing you even faster.

Consuming that much liquid in a short time takes a lot more determination than most people have. So it’s rare.

More likely is that you take in too little water, or that what you do take in has too much salt in it. The result can be excessive concentrations in the blood, putting a lot of stress on the kidneys, which gamely try to keep up with whatever you throw at them.

Various bad things can happen if you habitually drink too little (water), or habitually consume too much salt.

Pipe Liners

But there’s more. There are other things that affect blood pressure, and the amount of effort that the heart must exert to keep the blood moving.

One problem is a physical blockage, the accumulation of crud on the walls of the arteries. Eventually, that accumulation causes the arteries to lose their flexibility – their ability to react and adjust to changing conditions and demands. It also makes the arteries narrower, by filling up the interior space, so it takes more effort to push the blood through.

Consider also that there’s a number of blood vessels that are sufficient to get blood to all the tissues in the body. It’s nominally the amount of piping needed for an average-sized person.

The heart is made to pump blood through that many miles of vessels. The mechanisms of controlling blood pressure are optimized to work with your body’s optimum size and shape.

In other words, nature kinda expects you to be of that optimum size and shape. So does your heart.

How Much of You Is There?

Now consider what happens when you get fat. You increase your mass, the sheer amount of you that needs to have blood circulated through it. Each additional pound of fat needs a lot of extra little arterioles, capillaries, and venules in order to carry in oxygen and carry away metabolic wastes.

All that extra tubing represents extra work for the heart, and lots of small tubes represent extra resistance to the flow of liquid, so the whole system increases blood pressure to keep the blood flowing.

Put It All Together And…

So, we have blood pressure explained as pipes, pump, and fluid volume-and-thickness control, and we have crud from the years of junk-food clogging and stiffening the arteries, and making the holes (the pipes) smaller.

We have extra fat tissue causing the existence of many more tiny pipes. The blood pressure in the system begins to average higher and higher, just to maintain operation.

Death By Passivity

Any more contributors? Well, at least one more. We noted that the arteries actively help to propel the blood along and constrict or relax to help adjust pressure. But the veins are nearly-passive hoses. They contain/carry the blood, but they don’t help much to move it.

So, aside from a bit of suction at the inlet of the heart, how does the blood in the veins get back to the heart? Well, part of the solution is the small left-over pressure after the blood emerges on the veinous side of the capillary network. But the rest is the tissues surrounding the veins.

Physically active tissue, muscles, basically massage the blood along the veins, back toward the heart. Every squeeze sends some blood along, and the internal valves prevent backflow. The actions of your leg muscles are particularly helpful in getting blood from your feet and lower legs all the way back up to the heart.

So, sitting around has the effect of removing that assistance. The blood still needs to get back to the heart, but without the outside assistance from working muscles, it means the heart must push and suck that much harder when it should be relaxing, and the whole system must maintain a higher overall pressure, just to keep working.  Also Read: How to Control High Blood Pressure?

high blood Pressure problems

high blood pressure problems

So the Pressure Is Higher – BIG DEAL

It all works, right? You can have hypertension/high blood pressure and your blood still flows, your kidneys and lungs and brain and everything still all work, right?

Well, yes and no. The system initially has a lot of over-capacity built-in. You test that overcapacity every time you lift something heavy, sneeze, cough, strain to make a bowel movement.

The problem is that the overcapacity is in relation to a normal baseline. Now, constantly pushing the system near the upper limits of that capability – by being fat, by having too much salt inside, by having gunk clogging the pipes – stresses everything, and it leaves no reserve, no headroom, for exertions like coughing and sneezing and straining.

Filtration and Volume Control – Under Pressure

The kidneys take a real beating. They are a compact network of very, very delicate tubes and structures, whose job is to be so thin and porous that water and all sorts of chemicals can pass through, in both directions, in a controlled fashion. When something that is fine and delicate is kept at high pressure, it eventually begins to shred and leak.

Shredding and leakage in the kidneys means that they are in the process of failing. It can take years, but if you don’t remove the stressor – the high blood pressure and the things that cause it – they eventually do fail.

Healing Leaves Damage

Before failing completely under excessive blood pressure, your kidneys, like any other damaged organ, try to heal. But “healing”, just like for wounds and tears to skin and muscles, is not a perfect thing. In fact, healing generally results in the formation of scar tissue, whose only real capability is to hold stuff together.

So, if you gouge or scrape your skin and it scabs and scars, the scar is different from the rest of your skin. Not only does it look different, it has no sweat glands, no hair follicles, and no nerves. It’s not dead, but it doesn’t contribute except to plug the hole. Now think of the same thing happening inside your kidneys and inside your arteries and veins. Tears and other damage keep happening, due to the relentless excess pressure, and scar tissue keeps replacing working tissue. The affected organ becomes inflexible and less productive. Less resilient.

It’s Not Just Kidneys, Man

Breathe Easy?

Of course, as important as your kidneys are, they are not the only delicate organ connected to the over-pressured circulatory system. The lungs are quite delicate, being mostly thin membranes designed to allow gas and vapor exchange. If they suffer years of micro-shredding and cumulative scarring, they become less able to do their job, and less able to be trained to greater capacity, if (say) you took it into your head to start exercising. Well, at least you weren’t dumb enough to smoke… or if you were, at least it was pot or something that gave a bit of return for the damage, right?

Give Some Thought To The Brain

There’s more. Somewhere above your neck, that mound of jelly behind your eyes – your brain – is another delicate tissue. If tears happen in the tiny blood vessels, the contents (blood) leak into the surrounding tissue (the brain). The rest of the body is, as we observed above, a meat sack. It’s got an outside container of muscle, fat and skin, but all of that material is flexible. Stretchy, more or less. A bit of leakage here and there in the body is not good, but it can be accommodated by the expansion of the container – pressure from internal leakage can be accommodated to a certain extent.

The brain, however, is inside the skull. The skull is a notoriously inflexible box. If fluid leaks from the pipes in the brain, it has nowhere to go, so it just pools in the brain and presses, crushing the tissue around it against the unyielding inside of the skull. Brain tissue dies, and you lose some functional capability, either in a gradual fashion or as a sudden event – a stroke. When a piece of brain dies, it’s gone for good. So is the function that it performed.  Also read: Kidney Cancer – Symptoms and treatment of kidney cancer

Stroke Recovery Is Partial… And Slow – Really Slow

Elsewhere, we recounted a story about accidentally poking a sharp object into the end of a finger, just above the final knuckle and, in the process, severing the nerve that served that quadrant of the finger. That quadrant of the finger-end, from the knuckle to the tip was unable to feel pressure and other sensation.

It’s taken 12 years, so far, for nerves from the adjacent quadrants of that finger-end to slowly grow into the “dead” zone and give it a semblance of ability to feel again. It’s not quite like the original. It’s coarse and it feels odd.

That was a single nerve serving a relatively minor functional area, way out in the periphery. The brain, on the other hand, is mostly nerve tissue. And it’s the center of everything that you are and do.

Our point is that, if you damage some of the nerve tissue in your brain when you are forty, fifty, sixty, even if the rest of the brain tries to adapt and grow into the gap, it will never be as good, and even a pale imitation of the old function will take decades to develop, if ever.

In other words, you’ll reach the end of your life before you get major brain function back, assuming it even tries to come back.

Not Me – I’ll Be Like Those People Who Make Miracle Recoveries

No, you won’t. Why do you think you read about them in the newspapers, and why do you think the stories are so breathless and playing up the event? Same as everything else you read in the news (or see on TV or get from your RSS news services on the Web) – it makes the news because it’s rare and unlikely. It’s the exception. If you could count on being so rare and exceptional that you would make a miraculous recovery from a stroke, don’t you think you would have been miraculously spared the damage in the first place? Teenagers think that way. It’s well past time you stopped thinking you are immortal and somehow exempt.

Consult with Specialist Doctor

The Reason Why

Why do you think we’ve created this website? It’s because we’ve seen enough of what’s happening to our own aging carcasses that we are scared into [finally] doing something about it.

We’ve also seen relatives lingering for years and years, with their brains and bodies only partially working due to stroke.

Wake up.

Read this page every time you feel your motivation slipping.

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6 years ago FirstAidPlus , Health

Blood thinner reduces the risk of stroke.

 

Generally, in elderly patients with complaint of hypertension, the doctor prescribes a blood thinner like aspirin, warfarin etc. to reduce the chances of stroke. Our brain vessels are one of the most delicate ones and gets easily ruptured by the pressure of blood having high viscosity in hypertensive patients. Once ruptured, this may result into brain hemorrhage or stroke. Any damage to brain is irreparable. Hence it is of utmost importance to keep a check upon the viscosity of blood so that such damaging effects could be avoided.

Now, I would narrate two short stories involving two characters – one my mother and second my uncle.

My mother has 15 years old history of hypertension and was on aspirin for the above reasons since her very diagnosis. Monsoon 2011- Dengue mania breaks out in Delhi as usual. We go to Medanta hospital for routine checkup of my mother. Dr. Balbir Singh, Senior interventional cardiologist there stops the blood thinner in view of my mother’s marginally low platelet count. Four years since then, we don’t bother to consult any cardiologist to restart the blood thinner. Diwali 2015- My mother diagnosed with atrial fibrillation and when the cardiologist came to know that she is not on blood thinner since last four years, he really panics. Atrial fibrillation patients have relatively high degree of risk of stroke. After immediate control of fibrillation, Dr Upendra Kaul, senior cardiologist at Fortis hospital, for whom we really carry high degree of regard, prescribes the blood thinner Pradaxa [dabigatran etexilate mesylate]. After brainstorming at google for hours, I concluded this to be among the most proffered blood thinners worldwide in contemporary times. My mother’s heart gave her another miss (of course, not a long one) when she came to know that one tablet of Pradaxa costs Rs.70. When we went to Dr Kaul for review, she knowingly asks him- Do I need to take this medicine twice daily? (although she knew the answer). Dr Kaul replied affirmative with a short glance towards her (as if he knew the real intent behind the question). Now as both the participants understood the theme of the dialogue, my mother unhesitatingly said in a dim voice “It’s too costly’’. I still remember Dr Kaul’s equally dim but meaningful words echoing ‘’ what’s costlier than a life!!’ She was convinced. Still I tried to find a generic more economical alternative for pradaxa, but in vane. Just I got more convinced when I went to my native place, a remote district in Bihar. There my family physician asked me’’ Are you taking Pradaxa’’ . I replied affirmative. I could see the mixed feeling in his eyes. He said ‘’ Even I wish to prescribe this medicine to my patients here, but if I start with such medications , my clinic would soon get shut down with the allegation of my patients regarding my liaison with pharma companies’’.

Another story involves my uncle, again a patient of hypertension since last 10 years. He now resides at the countryside village enjoying mother nature in true sense. He got so embossed with the untarnished environment there that he started having the confidence that he doesn’t need any medications now. What happens next? No medication for hypertension, no blood thinner, no mediation with doctor, direct transmission to The Almighty!! He is lying in the ICU of Sir Gangaram Hospital with severe brain hemorrhage.

Oh My God !! Bless us !!

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 Kidney Cancer – Symptoms and treatment of kidney cancer

kidney cancer is an illness of the kidneys, the organs commence curly reddish brown about the size of a small fist, over and above the waist on both sides spine. Kidney cancer is identified in cells of the kidney. They are closer to the back of the body, as the front. In kidney cancer, cells grow, by the signals that usually control cell growth and death, and tumors are not regulated.
Kidney cancer is cancer that begins in the kidneys. In order to realize kidney cancer, it helps to know the structure and function of typical kidneys.

Symptoms of kidney cancer

In the early stages, kidney cancer typically causes no obvious signs or troublesome symptoms. But as a kidney tumor grows, symptoms might occur. These contain:

Blood in the urine. Blood might be present for 1 day and not the subsequent. In some situations, an individual can in fact see the blood…
A mass or tumor in the kidney location.
A pain in the back just below the ribs, which does not go far.
A mass in the kidney, in a survey discovered

Other much less common symptoms are:

1.Fatigue
2.Loss of appetite
3.Weight loss
4.Relapsing fever
5.Pain in the side that does not go far, and/or
6.A common feeling of poor well being

High blood pressure or less than standard number of red blood cells in the blood (anemia) can also signal a kidney tumor. But these symptoms occur much less frequently.

Ask a Doctor  Consult a Doctor

The Remedy of kidney cancer

Surgery: Surgery is the most common therapy for renal cell carcinoma, even though it may possibly not be proper for each and every patient with this sort of tumor. It is hard, the entire tumor without removing the entire kidney, although it may possibly be tempting in specific situations. Surgical removal of the <-! Next – tumor> main is generally suggested if the tumor is still present in the kidney itself, it can also be employed when the tumor extends to blood vessels or lymph nodes near the region of the main tumor ( be called local or regional lymph nodes). The aim of the operation in these circumstances is to cure the illness.

Immunotherapy: This therapy utilizes your own body’s immune program to fight cancer. An oncologist can administer a substance identified as biological response modification, such as interferon or interleukin-2. Are generally produced by the body, these substances are also produced in the laboratory. Studies show that men and women better if they are both treated with interferon and surgery to be carried out.

Radical nephrectomy: Surgical removal of the whole affected kidney, the tumor, which is known as near the adrenal gland and regional lymph nodes at radical nephrectomy is typically 4 to 5 cups, about 1 inch in size. By way of these many openings, the surgeon cautiously removes the kidneys. This approach has improved the recovery method, though the elevated risk of complications door. It requires particular training of the surgeon, and although widely offered in the U.S., it is not as readily available as standard, the open nephrectomy.

Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy, also called radiotherapy or radiotherapy, entails the use of high-energy waves (500-1000 times the power of a standard x-ray) for the remedy of cancer. These invisible rays enter the body at one point led by a very specific plan developed by radiation oncologists. They disrupt the activity of all cells in its path, damage or kill healthy cells and cancer cells.

Chemotherapy: The common chemotherapy drugs used to attack rapidly dividing cells, has not confirmed particularly beneficial for renal cell carcinoma.

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3 years ago Health , Healthy Food

Mango: The King of Fruits: 11 Health Benefits of having Mango

It is a season of mangoes! How could we ever miss a chance of writing an article about mangoes! Mangoes are one of the most popular fruits in the world and they make up a huge percentage of the tropical fruits produced each year. Here are some health benefits of mangoes which you may not even know!

All fruits are rich in vitamins and minerals and mangoes are no exception having high nutritional value. Mangoes are an important source of carotenes which are essential antioxidants required by the body. They have high contents of vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin C, copper mineral, potassium, magnesium, & vitamin E. They are also good sources of fibre & 90% water content. The mango is a delicious & fascinating fruit. As with any fruits & vegetables, knowing the facts about mangoes help us to connect ourselves more with the fruit.

Interesting Facts about Mangoes:

  • Mangoes are rich sources of fibre, Vitamin C & Pectins which help to reduce the cholesterol levels
  • Mangoes contain a lot of potassium which is good for the heart & helps reduce blood pressure
  • Mangoes belong to the category of the low glycemic index so having them will not increase your sugar levels
  • Mangoes have 25% of Vitamin A which are beneficial for the eyes.
  • They have 25% of different carotenoids which help to boost the immune system.

mango, health benefits, tips, facts, summer food

11 Health Benefits of Mangoes

1. Helps in digestion:

Mangoes can facilitate healthy digestion. It contains enzymes that help in digestion and breakdown of proteins. The fibre present in mangoes helps the digestive tract to work more efficiently. The fibre also helps to reduce the risk of heart disease & type 2 diabetes. Green mangoes are rich in pectin than ripened mangoes.

2. Promotes healthy gut:

The flesh of the mangoes contains a large amount of prebiotic dietary fibre. This helps to feed good bacteria into the gut thereby promoting a healthy gut. A healthy gut is an indication for a healthy state.

3. Boosts immune system:

The generous amount of antioxidants & vitamin C present in mangoes help boost the immune system. Also, the 25 different types of carotenoids present help to keep the immune system healthy & strong.

4. Promotes eye health

Mangoes are rich sources of beta-carotene which help in the production of vitamin A that are good for the eyes. It improves the overall health of the eyes, improves vision, and even prevents loss of vision. It also prevents night blindness and dry eyes.

5. Lowers cholesterol:

Mangoes can also regulate the cholesterol levels. The large amounts of pectin present in mangoes help to bring down the bad cholesterol. The bad cholesterol is very harmful to the body as it causes plaque in the blood vessels and blocks the blood flow through it.

6. Clears the skin:

Mangoes are rich in vitamin A and vitamin C both of which are skin friendly. These vitamins are very crucial for healthy skin & skin repairs. It also exfoliates & eliminates the dead pores in the skin. Mangoes have large amounts of skin healing nutrients. For example, the fibre content of mangoes helps to clear the gut which accumulates a large number of toxins in the body.

7. Diabetics could also enjoy:

Though mangoes are sweet it is never a strict no for the diabetics patients. Generally, mangoes belong to the category of the low glycemic index which safe even for diabetics to consume. Foods with low glycemic index make sure there is the very slow release of sugar into the blood and there is no sudden peak in the release levels of the sugars. Besides that, mangoes are also rich in dietary fibres which regulate the blood levels.

8. Aids weight loss:

The phytochemicals present in the skin of mango act as natural fat busters. When you eat fruits rich in fibres you feel full for a longer time which prevents you from stuffing more fattening snacks.

9. Prevents cancer:

The antioxidants present in mangoes are good cancer fighters. They help to fight against prostate, breast, colon & leukaemia cancers. Having then quite often prevents the development of radicals in your body which are the main cause of cancers.

10. Promotes healthy sex:

Mangoes are rich in vitamin E. Having proper and balanced amounts of vitamin E can help have healthy sex and promote sex drives.

11. Help fight heat strokes:

Mango juice helps to cool down the body and also prevents overheating. When the sun’s energy is burning your body especially the muscles your kidneys get accumulated with toxins. Having mango juice can help overcome this.

   

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3 years ago

Kidney Transplant In India

Kidney Transplant In India

India has the biggest history of medical research and treatment since ancient times. Today we are to state that legacy has continued and now we are among the best medically advanced nations. Surgeons and practitioners stand No.1 in their respected field. Knee Replacement is the permanent solution to a patient who hasn’t opt for conservative treatment. Here you will find complete details of Kidney Transplant in India including cost and procedure.

Kidney, transplant, surgery, Kidney transplant, Kidney surgery, cost, procedure, process

Kidney Transplant Package Details

Kidney Transplant Surgery Cost: $14000 U.S Dollars

Duration of Stay:

  • 5 days of Hospital stay for the Kidney Donor (Included in the Cost of Procedure)
  • 8 Days of Hospital stay for the Kidney Transplant Patient (Included in the Cost of Procedure)
  • Please note that it takes around 2-3 weeks for the patient and the donor to get the final clearance from the government committee appointed by our Indian Government before the actual Kidney transplant surgery takes place. The patient and the donor have to stay in a nearby guesthouse or hotel during this period. (Not Included in the Cost of Procedure)

The patient is advised to stay for about a month in India after the liver transplant procedure for recuperation and follow-up. The patient and the donor have to stay in a nearby guesthouse or hotel during this period. (Not Included in the Cost of Procedure)

In total, a stay of 2 – 3 months may be required in India for complete medical care and treatment.

Inclusions

  • Airport Pick-up on Arrival in India.
  • Airport Drop on Departure from India.
  • Cost of initial Evaluation and Diagnosis.
  • Cost of the Treatment.
  • OT Charges and Surgeon’s Fees.
  • Consultation Fees of the Doctor for the concerned speciality.
  • Nursing and Dietician’s Charges.
  • Hospital Stay for the specified number of days in the respective room category as mentioned against the package.
  • Hospital stay includes the stay of the patient and one attendant for the duration of stay mentioned against the package.
  • Routine investigations and medicines related to the surgery or treatment.
  • Food for the patient and the attendant for the specified number of days as mentioned against the package
  • Travel Assistance/Medical Visa Invite/FRRO/Visa Extensions
  • Assistance in finding the right budget hotel or guest house accommodation

Exclusions

  • All expenses for the stay beyond the specified number of days.
  • Cross Consultations other than the specified speciality.
  • Use of special drugs and consumables.
  • Blood products.
  • Any other additional procedure.
  • Post-discharge consultations, medicines, procedures and follow-ups.
  • Treatment of an unrelated illness or procedures other than the one for which this estimate has been prepared
  • Travel Expenses and Hotel Stay
  • Extra sessions of physiotherapy.

Kidney, transplant, surgery, Kidney transplant, Kidney surgery, cost, procedure, process

How long does it take to have a Kidney transplant?

Kidney transplant surgery takes about 3 hours. During surgery, the donor kidney will be placed in your lower abdomen, blood vessels from the donor’s kidney will be connected to arteries and veins in your body, and the ureter from the donor’s kidney will be connected to your bladder.

What is a Cadaver transplant?

Kidneys for transplant come from a living donor or a deceased (cadaver) donor. When a kidney is transplanted from a living donor, the donor’s remaining kidney enlarges to take over the work of two. As with any major operation, there is a chance of complication.

How old do you have to be to give a kidney?

No minimum age limit is specified under the Human Tissue Act 2004, but most donors will be over the age of 18 years. Children are considered only in exceptional circumstances, and the donation from them would require court approval. In Scotland, people over 16 years of age can be legally considered as living kidney donors.

Current Legal Status of Kidney Transplant in India

“As per the rules of Government of India, only a relative who is compatible can donate a kidney to the patient. Among the relatives, there is a category called the near relatives which are parents, siblings, children and spouse. People in this category can donate the kidney if they are medically compatible without the permission of the Government. Any other relative not belonging to this category in addition to being medically suitable, the permission from the Government needs to be taken.

The relevant documents that are needed for related and non-related transplants can be sent to you upon request

Disclaimer

This is an estimate only. The above prices are indicative only and the actual price may vary depending upon the exact condition of the patient. This estimate is applicable only for the respective surgery or procedure or treatment and is not applicable to patients who have other health problems in addition to the problem for which the above surgery or treatment is done. Prices are valid for limited period and are subject to change based on currency fluctuations and other external cost factors.

The package does not include treatment of any unrelated illness or procedures other than the one for which this estimate has been prepared. Also, expenses for any additional hospital stay beyond the stipulated days as per the estimate shall be payable extra. The cost range is based upon our best understanding of the patient’s condition at the time of contact and more informed estimates can be provided once the patient is thoroughly examined by the concerned physician at the treating institution.

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3 years ago Health , LifeStyle

Male Infertility and Erectile Dysfunction- Symptoms and Causes

Erectile Dysfunctioning: For many couples, reproduction has been a natural and simple experience. But it is not the same for many. A man’s fertility generally relies on the quantity & quality of his sperm. If the number of sperm a man ejaculates is low or if the sperm is of poor quality, it will be difficult and sometimes impossible for him to cause pregnancy. Male infertility is diagnosed only after both the partners and tested and the reproductive problems have been found in the male.male infertility, erectile infertility, symptoms of erectile dysfunction

How Common is Male Infertility?

It is a very common problem. For 1 in every 5 couples, the infertility problem solely lies in the male. It is been estimated that about 1 in every 20 men has the same kind of infertility problem with a low number of sperms in his ejaculate. However, only 1 in every 100 men has no sperm in his ejaculate.

Symptoms of Male Infertility:

In most cases, there are no signs of infertility. Intercourse, erections, and ejaculations will happen without any difficulty. The quantity of semen ejaculated seems to be normal to a naked eye. Medical tests are required to detect male infertility.

Ask a Doctor  Consult a Doctor

Causes of Male Infertility:

Male infertility is usually caused by problems that affect either sperm production or sperm transport. Through medical testing, the doctor may be able to find the cause of the problem. About 2/3rd of infertile men have a problem with making sperm in the testes. Either low numbers of sperm are made and/or the sperm that is made does not work properly. Sperm transport problems are found in about one in every five infertile men, including men who have had a vasectomy but now wish to have more children. Blockages (often referred to as obstructions) in the tubes leading sperm away from the testes to the penis can cause a complete lack of sperm in the ejaculated semen.

Other less common causes of infertility include:

  • sexual problems that affect whether semen is able to enter the woman’s vagina for fertilization to take place
  • low levels of hormones made by the pituitary gland that acts on the testes (one in 100 infertile men)
  • sperm antibodies (found in one in 16 infertile men).

In most men, sperm antibodies will not affect the chance of a pregnancy but in some men sperm antibodies reduce fertility.

Male Reproductive System:

There are 2 main glands that help in the production of male hormones and sperms. They are the pituitary and the hypothalamus glands. Luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone are the 2 important messenger hormones made by the pituitary gland that acts on the testes.

The tests are a pair of egg-shaped glands that sit in the scrotum next to the base of the penis on the outside of the body. The testes make sperm and the male sex hormone testosterone. It takes about 70 days for sperm to become mature and able to fertilize an egg. When released from the testes, the sperm spends two to 10 days passing through the epididymis where they gain the vital ability to swim strongly or become motile and to attach to and penetrate the egg.

The waves of muscle contractions transport the sperm, with a small amount of fluid, from the testes to the vas deferens. The seminal vesicles and prostate contribute extra fluid to protect the sperm. This mixture of sperm and fluid travels along the urethra to the tip of the penis where it is ejaculated.erectile dysfunction

What is Erectile Dysfunction?

A man is said to have erectile dysfunction if he has permanent difficulty in getting or maintaining a firm enough erection to be able to achieve sexual activity. Most men have occasionally experienced some difficulty with their penis becoming hard or staying firm, but this is not normally causing for a diagnosis of erectile dysfunction. This condition is only considered a concern if satisfactory sexual performance has been impossible on a persistent number of occasions for some time.

See: Facts You Need to Know about Sex after Abortion!

Broadly, two forms of erectile dysfunction can affect men’s sex lives – the main cause is either medical or psychosocial.

Here, psychosocial refers to the psychological effects – including the effects of social relationships – on sexual performance. Medical conditions can also affect psychological well-being, meaning that, while the primary cause of sexual impotence is typically either medical or psychological, there is often overlap between the two.

Erectile dysfunction used to be known more widely as ‘impotence‘ before the causes became better understood and successful treatments came into use. Impotence is a term that is still in use, however, although it can be seen as pejorative.

Know some facts about Impotence!

  • Organic causes are a result of an underlying medical condition affecting the blood vessels & nerves supplying blood to the penis.
  • Mechanical devices are also available to help achieve an erection.
  • Patients experiencing occasional erectile dysfunction and who do not respond to medical treatment may be candidates for surgery to fit a penile implant.
  • A number of prescription drugs, recreational drugs, alcohol, and smoking can all cause erectile dysfunction.

Diagnosis, with the help of a doctor, can identify the likely cause by taking a history, discussing symptoms, performing blood tests to establish the presence of conditions such as diabetes or heart problems, and other physical problems. 

Causes of Erectile Dysfunction:

The relaxation of muscles allows blood to rush into the cylinder-shaped spongy tissue of the erection chamber. This creates increased tissue pressure and erection. This blood flow process is led by nervous and hormonal triggers when the brain is stimulated by touch.

The normal erectile function can be affected by problems that compromise any of the following normal physiological contributions needed for an erect penis:

  • Blood flow
  • Nervous supply

Vascular causes that affect blood flow and neurological causes that affect nerve signals are the major medical causes of erectile dysfunction, often due to the underlying disease such as atherosclerosis and diabetes.

Smoking and diabetes often cause atherosclerosis, and this narrowing or ‘clogging’ of arteries in the penis is the most common vascular cause of erectile dysfunction.

Physical Causes of Erectile Dysfunction:

The following are a list of common physical causes of erectile dysfunction:

  • Heart disease and narrowing of blood vessels
  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Obesity and metabolic syndrome (which are also risk factors for diabetes)
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Hormonal disorders including thyroid conditions and testosterone deficiency
  • Structural/anatomical disorder of the penis, such as Peyronie disease
  • Smoking, alcoholism and substance abuse, including cocaine use
  • Treatments for prostate disease
  • Surgical complications (surgeries include radical prostatectomy, cystectomy, transurethral resection of the prostate and rectal cancer surgery)
  • Injuries in the pelvic area or spinal cord
  • Radiation therapy to the pelvic region.

Numerous medicines can also cause erectile dysfunction. Anyone taking prescription medications should consult their doctor or healthcare practitioner prior to stopping or changing their medications.

  • Drugs to control high blood pressure
  • Heart medications such as digoxin
  • Some diuretics (known as ‘water pills’ that increase urine output)
  • Drugs that act on the central nervous system (in the brain or spinal cord), including some sleeping pills and amphetamines
  • Anxiety treatments (anxiolytics)
  • Antidepressants including monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), selective-serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), and tricyclic antidepressants
  • Opioid painkillers
  • Some cancer drugs, including chemotherapeutic agents
  • Prostate treatments, including treatments for cancer, and for benign prostatic hypertrophy (such as 5α-reductase inhibitors). Anti-androgen drugs used for prostate disease and other conditions can also cause erectile dysfunction
  • Anticholinergics – drugs with a wide range of uses that block a neurotransmitter (nerve signal molecule) that affects muscle tone
  • Hormone drugs, including estrogens and drugs that act on luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone
  • The peptic ulcer medication cimetidine

The Psychological causes of Erectile Dysfunction include:

  • Guilt
  • Fear of intimacy
  • Depression
  • Severe anxiety.
  • Depression– which can cause a loss of interest in sex (lower libido) as well as erectile dysfunction – and other mental health disorders
  • Stress fear, anxiety, or anger
  • Stress can include work, financial, and emotional problems
  • Performance anxiety – Repeated feelings of doubt and failure in which worrying about getting an erection can cause a cycle of anxiety that prevents one from being possible
  • Poor communication with a sex partner

Other relationship problems such as pressure from a sex partner – for example, because expectations make sex a task instead of a pleasure.

To know more about erectile dysfunction or male infertility and to know its diagnosis procedures log on to www.freedoctorhelpline.com or call us at +918010555444.

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Types of Pancreatitis: Symptoms & Treatment

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3 years ago Health

HEALTH BENEFITS OF RAISINS

Raisins are obtained by drying grapes either in the sun or in driers. On drying, they turn into green, golden or black gems. They are naturally sweet in flavour and are widely used in cooking all over the world especially as dessert toppings. These may be tiny in size but they hold a bunch of nutritional value. The health benefits of raisins are, it aids digestion, treats constipation, improves bone health & increases iron levels in the body. It also helps to treat bloating, anaemia, fever, & erectile dysfunction. Raisins also have a positive impact on the eyes, hair, dental, heart, and bone health. It also helps in healthy weight gain.

Raisins are considered as dry fruits that boost energy that is added to health tonics, snacks, and high energy food supplements for backpackers, campers, and mountaineers. Raisins are high in calories and it is recommended that you eat ¼ cup of raisins a day.

Ask a Doctor  Consult a Doctor

THE HIDDEN NUTRITIONAL VALUE:

Raisins are rich in antioxidants and vitamins like riboflavin, niacin,thiamin, and vitamin C, K, and B6. It is also high in sugar and calories. It contains minerals like magnesium, potassium, calcium, iron, phosphorus, and boron.  A ¼ cup of raisins is said to have 4% proteins, 1% fat & 95% carbohydrates.

POWERFUL HEALTH BENEFITS OF RAISINS:

  1. Relieve Constipation: Raisins are rich in fibre (insoluble fibre) which absorbs all the water and natural fluids in the body. This adds bulk to the food moving through the intestinal tract. This ultimately provides relief from constipation.
  2. Promotes Weight Gain: They are rich sources of fructose & glucose and thus helps weight gain in a healthy way. It forms an ideal part of the diet for bodybuilders and athletes who require boosts of energy. It can be consumed by those who want to gain weight without accumulating unhealthy cholesterol.
  3. Treats erectile Dysfunction: It has been a custom in India to make the bride and the groom drink a glass of milk boiled with raisin & a pinch of saffron on their wedding. Any idea why this custom is been followed for years and years? Here it is. Raisins have been known to stimulate libido and thereby induce arousal. This is because it contains an amino acid called arginine which helps to treat erectile dysfunction. Raisins have the ability to increase sperm count. Consuming these dry fruits on a daily basis helps in sexual endurance.
  4. Aids Digestion: The fibres present in raisins help to flush out the toxins and harmful materials from the digestive tract. This prevents bacterial growth, intestinal diseases & difficulty in bloating.
  5. Prevents CancerCatechin is polyphenols antioxidants that are present in the blood which removes the free radicals present in the body. These free radicals are the underlying reasons for the spontaneous growth of cancerous cells. Raisins are rich in high levels of catechins that removes free radicals thereby preventing cancer. The fiber content in the raisins also promotes the excretion of bile from the body which also flushes out the toxins that cause cancer.
  6. Reduce Hypertension: The hight amount of potassium in raisins play a very important role in reducing hypertension. Potassium is mineral that reduces the tension of blood vessels and also decreases blood pressure. The dietary fibre in raisins also affect the blood vessels in the body and also help to reduce hypertension.
  7. Dental care: The phytochemical called oleanolic acid present in raisins play a crucial role in protecting your teeth against cavities, decay, and brittleness. It also prevents bacterial growth that is responsible for cavities.  The calcium present in raisins helps in strengthening and demineralizing tooth enamels. The boron content in raisins promotes the growth of oral gums thereby ensuring strong teeth. It might be surprising to know that while eating raisins, the longer it gets stuck to the teeth, the better it is, as it increases the preventive powers of bacterial growth.
  8. Cardiac Health: The high levels of potassium, fibre, boron, polyphenols, antioxidants, and phenolic acids help to burn cholesterol as well as lowers hypertension thereby promoting good cardiac health.
  9. Controls Diabetes: Raisins have the ability to lower postprandial insulin response. This means raisins have the ability to control the insulin production after the intake of the certain meal which is otherwise dangerous to a diabetic patient. They also help release leptin & ghrelin, the hormones which indicate us that we are hungry.  
  10. Treat Anemia: Raisins are abundant sources of iron which helps treat anaemia. It also contains vitamin B complex that helps in the formation of new blood. The high copper content in raisins also helps in the production of red blood cells.
  11. Good for Eyes: Raisins are rich in antioxidant-rich polyphenolic phytonutrients that are excellent for ocular health. They protect the eyes from the damages caused by radicals such as macular degeneration, age-related weakening of vision, and cataracts.Raisins benefits
  12. Prevents acidosis: Raisins being rich in potassium & magnesium are a natural remedy for acidosis. Potassium & magnesium help prevent acidosis as they are the common components of antacids and are considered basic on the pH scale. Acidosis is the state of increased acidity of the blood also known as toxicity of the blood. Sometimes the gases in our respiratory system may cause boils, skin damage, damage to the internal organs, & renal calculi. Consuming raisins can help prevent all this.
  13. Promote bone health: Calcium the important component of our bones is abundantly present in the raisins. Boron, which is required by our body in very small quantities is a very efficient calcium absorber. It helps to prevent menopause induced osteoporosis in women and is very important for the bones and joints. Potassium is another nutrient present in high levels and can help strengthen bones & promote bone growth thereby reducing the chances of osteoporosis.
  14. Reduce arthritis pain: Raisins have strong anti-inflammatory properties. It helps relieve chronic pain especially arthritis pain. One can either eat the soaked raisins or even drink the soaking water and see a drastic improvement in their health condition.
  15. Promotes kidney health: The high amount of potassium in raisins help prevent the formation & re-occurrence of kidney stones.
  16. Treats insomnia: Insomnia trouble may be due to deficiency of iron in your body. The intake of raisins which are rich in iron content can help overcome the iron deficiency. This also ensures good night sleep.
  17. Increase nutrient uptake: Raisins are rich sources of vitamins, minerals, and amino acids such as phosphorus & selenium. These nutrients are a good absorber of other nutrients and proteins in the body. including this in your diet can help improve your overall energy & strengthen your immune system.
  18. Improves Liver health: dry fruits are rich in bioflavonoids that protect your body from the free radical activity. Over-night soaked raisins and raisin water act as liver cleansers. The raisin water helps to improve liver health which in turn purifies the blood.
  19. Rich in anti-oxidants and vitamin C : Raisin is rich in anti-oxidants and vitamin C which keep the skin radiant, taut & youthful. It also prevents acne as it has germicidal properties.
  20. Hair health: The rich amount of vitamin C prevents cell damage. Daily intake of raisins can help hair growth, make it shinier and grow even thicker. The anti-inflammatory property can prevent dandruff, scalp irritation & flakiness

How to store?

Raisins once opened should be stored in the cool & dry area. It can be stored in airtight containers for about 6 months but still retains its flavour, colour & nutritional value. It can also be refrigerated for a year. You can also use it by steaming and boiling it in water for 10 minutes.

Raisins Preparation: Way to Prepare your own Raisin at Home

  • Get some fresh grapes
  • Remove the large stem
  • Wash it in cool water
  • Place it on a tray and dry well under the sun. it is even better if the tray has holes for air circulation
  • Rotate the tray to ensure even sun exposure.

 Hope these benefits of Raisins makes you add them to your daily dose of nutrition. Have a Healthy Life!

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3 years ago Health , healthy

Bad Effects of High Cholesterol

BAD EFFECTS OF HIGH CHOLESTEROLHigh blood cholesterol is a condition when the cholesterol exceeds the normal limit. Yes, the body needs it but as all the other things, in limits!  It is a type of fat in the blood that the body needs to function normally. Cholesterol is used as a building block for many structures as well as other chemicals and hormones that are essential for the body’s activities. The body creates it and one also gets it from certain foods they eat.

Ask a Doctor  Consult a Doctor

High Cholesterol, Cholesterol, symptoms, causes, treatment, health care

]The body uses cholesterol to produce many hormones, vitamin D, and the bile acids that help to digest fat. But, only a small amount of cholesterol, and when there’s too much cholesterol in the bloodstream, it may be deposited along the walls of arteries, including the coronary arteries of the heart, the carotid arteries to the brain, and the arteries that supply blood to the legs and the intestines. Which in turn causes narrowing and blockage of the arteries, producing signs and symptoms originating from the particular part of the body that has decreased blood supply.

See:  5 Foods that Fight High Cholesterol

Side Effects of High Cholesterol

The mere definition establishes the fact that it is not good for the health and the following are the effects of the high cholesterol:

  • High cholesterol can create a bile imbalance, leading to gallstones. According to the National Digestive Disease Information Clearinghouse, more than 80% of gallstones are cholesterol stones.
  • Very high cholesterol can lead to fatty deposits within your ligaments and skin, as well your liver and spleen. The enlargement of your liver or spleen due to fatty deposits places pressure on other organs within the abdominal cavity, leading to an unexplained stomach or abdominal pain.
  • When plaque builds up in the arteries that carry blood to the brain, the brain is deprived of oxygen. Brain cells quickly become damaged and start to die (stroke).
  • As coronary arteries narrow due to the cholesterol deposit, it’s harder for blood to make it to the heart. And if an area of plaque breaks open, it can result in a blood clot, which can block blood flow altogether. This puts one at a great risk of having a heart attack.
  • One of the main side effects of high cholesterol is a progressive narrowing of the arteries and hardening of the artery walls, a condition called atherosclerosis. This condition causes the arteries to narrow and harden, increasing the risk of an arterial blockage or blood vessel rupture.
  • Plaque can also build up and interfere with blood flow to the arms and legs (peripheral arterial disease). If the blood supply to the limbs is blocked, there may be numbness or pain. There’s an increased risk of infection in those limbs. Lack of blood can cause tissue death (gangrene) too.
  • Another potential long-term side effect of high blood cholesterol is an increased strain on your heart muscle due to the development of the cholesterol-linked vascular disease. When the arteries narrow the heart pumps harder to push blood through the blood vessels, often leading to an elevation in the heart rate. This puts a strain on your heart over time. Without the apt treatment, this heart strain may increase the risk of potentially fatal heart failure.
  • Angina or chest pain is another effect of the choking arteries and a warning of the red flag to cholesterol.

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