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Search Results for: Estrogen

2 years ago

Answer for Having regular Sex will increases the Estrogen Hormone, And causes the FAT deposition on Breast, Hips and Thighs of the Womens?.

Having regular orgasm might elevate the hormones like oestrogen and Testosterone slightly, but the rise would not be sufficient enough to cause any significant weight gain or fat deposition.

2 years ago

Having regular Sex will increases the Estrogen Hormone, And causes the FAT deposition on Breast, Hips and Thighs of the Womens?.

Having regular Sex will increases the Estrogen Hormone, And causes the FAT deposition on Breast, Hips and Thighs of the Womens?.

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Ignorance About Menstruation cycle Puts Women’s Health at Risk

Menstruation or period is the condition in women in which blood and tissue from the uterus come out of the vagina. Menstruation cycle usually happens every month in girls and women. The menstrual cycle is controlled by hormones like estrogen and progesterone.

See: Why Do you Ovulate?

According to a study, more than 800 million women who come under the ages of 15 and 49 are menstruating. But still, menstruation remains inside the female closet, in silence, secrecy, embarrassment and shame. Many cultures teach girl and women that they should not talk about their cycles openly and should not complain and learn to bear all the pain and discomfort in utter silence and learn to eventually cope up with this thing.

Menstruation, periods, help, doctors,

Facts about Menstruation cycle in Women’s

In 2012, WSSCC designed and successfully conducted a Menstrual Hygiene Lab as a part of their campaign which covered five Indian states and more than 2000 Km over 51 days. Reports say that twelve thousand girls and women actively took part out of which only 748 completed surveys. The results showed that more than 70% of the girls had completely no idea what was happening to them during menstruation cycle. Some even thought that they were injured, or had some kind of disease or cancer. They even felt uncomfortable which talking to their mothers about this and got scared of menstruation. Despite the fact that women and girls make up nearly half of the world’s population- the needs of managing menstruation cycle are ignored largely. Managing and making girls aware of menstruation with safety and dignity is a human right.

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The negligence of menstruation violates the Convention on the Rights of Child, CRC. This is turn even violates several human rights which includes the right to non-discrimination, privacy.

What Changes should Society have to make difference?

Bollywood Actors Akshay kumar, Amir Khan and Deepika Padukone : spreading awareness for menstrual Hygiene for women

Bollywood Actors Akshay kumar, Amir Khan and Deepika Padukone : spreading awareness for menstrual Hygiene for women

People should change the way of looking at menstruation and instead of making it a taboo, it needs to be managed hygienically and safely by the women and girls undergoing menstruation cycles in order to prevent any kind of health risks and infection. Hygienic and convenient materials are needed for absorbing menstrual flows. There are also various challenges like privacy, water, soap and other needs of menstruation. However, breaking the taboo still remains the biggest challenge. It can only be breakable with proper knowledge and the ability of women and girls to talk openly about menstruation cycle and have no fear and shame in themselves. Also, boys and men must be informed and make them aware of the condition so that they can support and empower the females around them.

See: How to use Prega News Kit?

The women and girls should be prepared in such a way that the onset of the first period should become something that young girls anticipate with full preparation and confidence instead of ignorance , fear and shame which is currently the case around the world.

Natural remedies and therapy for kidney Stones

Natural remedies and therapy for kidney stones or kidney stones are created of concrete or aggregations of crystals of dissolved minerals in the kidneys in urine formed. Kidney stones are a typical trigger of blood in the urine and often severe discomfort in the abdomen, flanks, or groin. Renal colic with nausea and vomiting related to Read More

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Kidney cancer

 Kidney Cancer – Symptoms and treatment of kidney cancer

Symptoms and treatment of kidney cancer kidney cancer is an illness of the kidneys, the organs commence curly reddish brown about the size of a small fist, over and above the waist on both sides spine. Kidney cancer is identified in cells of the kidney. They are closer to the back of the body, as Read More

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cysts on the sex glands

 Therapy compared to a cysts on the sex glands should always be ready for application of biological methods

Therapy about a sexual gland cysts should usually be ready to use organic techniques Write-up Therapy Cysts on the sex glands may be straightforward or too intense in terms of size and condition of the cysts. These sorts of the tumor are not an imminent danger to life once a lady, but huge cysts and sorts of Read More

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stress silent killer

Stress Silent Killer

    Causes of Stress Stress Effects on a human body What Experts Say About Stress       How to Overcome From Stress   Easy and simple way to overcome from Stress / Depression  

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what is OCD?

What is OCD?

What is OCD?? OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder) is a psychological wellness condition that revolves around crippling obsessions or impulse, troubling activities, and monotonous musings. A 2001 World Health Organization (WHO) psychological wellness report evaluated that OCD was among the main 20 reasons for sickness related incapacity worldwide for individuals matured 15 to 44 years. The Read More

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How to burp a Baby

How to burp a Baby? Tips & technique | A Guide to Burping a Baby

Have you ever noticed your little baby getting crabby and irritable just after or during their feedings? If yes, then it is very likely that the baby has taken in some air along with the milk which is bothering him/her. To tackle these sensitive matters, this blog would provide you with certain simple burping tips, Read More

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menstruation cycle

Ignorance About Menstruation cycle Puts Women’s Health at Risk

Menstruation or period is the condition in women in which blood and tissue from the uterus come out of the vagina. Menstruation cycle usually happens every month in girls and women. The menstrual cycle is controlled by hormones like estrogen and progesterone. See: Why Do you Ovulate? According to a study, more than 800 million women Read More

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climate change, pregnancy, climate change effect, medical help, pregnancy help

How Climate Change Could Affect Your Pregnancy ?

Climate change threatens human health which may include mental health, access to clean and fresh air, pure water for drinking purposes, nutritious food and shelter. Some people are affected more by climate change than others because of several factors which may include the place where they live, their age, health, income, and also occupation and Read More

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adultery, adultery impact, what is adultery, health tips, life hacks, health, life tips, relations

What is Adultery? How it affects our Life!

The term adultery refers to a voluntary extramarital sexual intercourse between two persons who are not married to each other. It may either take place between a married man and someone else’s wife or between a married woman and someone else’s husband, with mutual consents between the two. Whatever the case be, it is considered Read More

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lasik, lasik eye surgery, cost, procedure, side effects, price, benefits, eye treatment

LASIK Eye Surgery Procedure, Side Effects and Cost 

LASIK, a type of laser eye surgery, stands for “Laser In-Situ Keratomileusis”. This surgery of LASIK is used to improve and repair the problems of vision. It can address the problems of people who are suffering from refractive error difficulties like farsightedness (hyperopia), short-sightedness (myopia), and/or astigmatism. LASIK engages a surgical process to remove the Read More

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1 year ago Health , healthy

What is Menstruation?

Menstruation is the monthly bleeding which a woman enquires every month after she attains her puberty. It is a biological phenomenon which happens when your body sheds the inner lining of the uterus. In the process, the body also flushes out the impure blood from the uterus through the small opening in the cervix and finally it is expelled out through the vagina. When menstruation happens regularly it is called menstrual cycle. For most women, the menstrual cycle lasts for about 3 to 5 days. Getting your periods regularly is an indication that the important parts in your body are functioning properly. The menstrual cycle provides hormone which keeps your body healthy and also it prepares yourself every month for pregnancy. The cycle is counted from the first day of the period to the first day of the next period. For adults, it ranges from 21 days to 35 days & among young teens it may vary from 21 to 45 days. On an average, the periods occur in about 28 days. Basically, the menstrual cycle is controlled by the rise & fall of the hormone levels.

Ask a Doctor  Consult a Doctor

Puberty & periods:

Girls go through puberty usually between the age of 8 to 13. This is the time when their body & mind undergo a lot of changes. In about 2 years she begins to develop breasts and before 6 months she gets her first period, she may notice a clear vaginal discharge. It is not that a girt develops ovaries, fallopian tubes & uterus during her teens. Every girl baby is born with all of these. The ovaries contain 1000 of eggs also called as ova. The fallopian tubes are thin and stretch from the ovaries to the uterus. The muscles in the uterus are strong enough to carry the fetus and push the baby out of the uterus during the labor.

Every month an egg leaves the ovaries, travel down the fallopian tube and reaches the uterus. The day before ovulation, the estrogen hormone prepares the uterus to accept the egg by building up it’s lining with extra tissues & blood. This makes the uterus thick and cushioned. If the egg is fertilized by a sperm then it gets attached to the uterus. When the egg isn’t fertilized then it paves the way for the menstrual cycle. The uterus sheds the extra tissue along with the blood. This cycle continues to happen every month until the woman reaches her menopause after which the ovaries are unable to release eggs.menstruation

Menstrual cramps:

Menstrual cramps are often dull, achy and even be intense sometimes. Menstrual cramps are due to the muscle contract in the uterus which forces the thin lining to flush out through the vaginal opening. A chemical called a prostaglandin is responsible for this action. Many girls and even woman prefer over-the-counter medicines to overcome the cramps. Instead, you can simply take a warm bath, or put a warm pad over the lower abdomen so as to lessen the pain. Regular exercising throughout the menstrual cycle can also help overcome the menstrual cramps.

Premenstrual syndrome:

A lot of girls and even women undergo mood swings during their periods. Some feel sad without any reason, while some get irritated over silly things, some get angry very quickly while others burst out crying. Some girls even crave certain foods. All these are collectively known as premenstrual syndrome (PMS). PMS is mainly due to changes in hormones. During the menstrual cycle, the female body undergoes a lot of hormonal changes. There may be rise and fall in the hormone level.  These changes can affect the way she feels both mentally & physically. She may feel bloated due to water retention or may have sore or swollen breasts or may even develop unusual headaches.

Usually, PMS goes away after the periods but comes back during the next one. The only way to handle it right is to eat healthy foods, get enough sleep & exercise regularly. The pimples and acne-flare ups during the cycles are also a result of hormone changes.

When should you consult a doctor about your periods?

It is better to seek the advice of the doctor if you notice any of the following:

  • You haven’t attained puberty by the age of 15
  • If your cycle stops for more than 90 days
  • If suddenly your periods become irregular
  • If your cycle occurs very often than every 21 days or less often than 35 days
  • If you encounter heavy bleeding
  • If you fall sick immediately after your cycle

How often should you change you change your pad?

It is advised to change your pad every 4 to 8 hours. Use the ones that have light absorbancy. One needs to change the pad before it becomes fully soaked with blood. Ignoring this might result in deadly disease such as toxin shock syndrome(TSS). It is caused by the bacteria that produce toxins. If your immune system can’t fight the toxins then it reacts to it and develops the symptoms of TSS.

Also Read: 8 Most Common Symptoms of UTI

What is a normal menstruation?

When it comes to periods, the word normal covers a lot of stuff beneath it. The following are the factors you need to check upon.

Timing: The timing of your menstrual cycle is very important. It usually lasts for 21 to 45 days in young teens & 21 to 35 days in adults. On an average, you must get your cycles every 28 days. Older women have much shorter and consistent cycles. If you are under medication such as birth control pills or IUDs then it might change your cycle pattern.

Flow: When your egg isn’t fertilized then the lining of the uterus we shed out through the vaginal opening along with the blood and tissues. This is called menstrual flow. Whether, the flow is thick, moderate or heavy it is all considered normal.

Apart from PMS, there are few other menstrual problems that one might face. Those are heavy periods, absent periods & painful periods. Let’s have look at each of them.

Heavy periods: It is also called as menorrhagia. This is when you bleed more than normal. Also, your periods may last for longer days such as 5 to 7 days. It is due to the imbalances in the hormone levels especially estrogen & progesterone. Other causes of heavy bleeding include:

Absent periods: due to various reasons, a woman may not get her periods. This condition is called amenorrhea. Due to any problem in the pituitary gland, or any defect in the female reproductive system or a delay in puberty may be some reasons for a girl/woman to not get her periods. This is called primary amenorrhea.

Other causes of amenorrhea are :

When adults do not menstruate then there may be many reasons associated with it. It includes:

  • Breastfeeding
  • Menopause
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Reproductive infection
  • Premature ovarian failure
  • Stopping birth control pills

Painful periods: your periods may not only be heavy or light, it may also be painful due to various reasons. Extremely painful periods is called dysmenorrhea. This may be linked to underlying medical problems such as fibroids, Pelvic inflammatory disease or endometriosis.

To get free consultations contact our doctors online @ www.freedoctorhelpline.com or call us at +918010555444

Dengue Cure: Procedure, Cost And Side Effect | Dengue Treatment

Dengue is the vector-borne viral infection, regarded as a severe public health problem. It is transmitted by the mosquito Aedes aegypti. Dengue is considered as the major public health concern due to increase in the frequency of dengue fever over past three decades. Every year about 390 million dengue infections are reported where 70% of 96 Read More

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include Coconut Oil in your diet

Why you should include Coconut Oil in your diet?

Coconut Oil is one of the few foods that can be classified as a “Super Food”. It helps in treating various skin problems include psoriasis, dermatitis, eczema and other skin infections. Also it delays the appearance of wrinkles and sagging of skin and preventing premature aging due to its well-known antioxidant properties. Types of Coconut Read More

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How Can I fall Asleep Faster? | Insomnia Types, Symptoms and Cure

Does it take a lot of time for you to fall asleep? If yes, there may be a problem with which you are not aware of. Generally, it takes around 10-20 minutes for someone to fall asleep. In Medical terms, the time someone takes to fall asleep is referred to as Sleep Latency. There are Read More

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Omega-3 Fatty acids

Omega-3 fatty acids are essential fatty acids, a class of nutrients needed for our body to function normally. These are the fats of life which help our cells to function properly. Omega-3 cannot be produced be our body and should be supplied through the diet. There are two very important types of Omega 3 acids, Read More

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chest pain

Everything You Need to Know About Chest Pain

The very first thing that could come to your mind when you have a chest pain is a Heart attack! The position & the location of the heart also adds to the fear of a heart attack. Apparently, that may not be the only reason. Often there are many factors associated with chest pain. Certainly, Read More

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1 year ago Health , LifeStyle

Male Infertility and Erectile Dysfunction- Symptoms and Causes

Erectile Dysfunctioning: For many couples, reproduction has been a natural and simple experience. But it is not the same for many. A man’s fertility generally relies on the quantity & quality of his sperm. If the number of sperm a man ejaculates is low or if the sperm is of poor quality, it will be difficult and sometimes impossible for him to cause pregnancy. Male infertility is diagnosed only after both the partners and tested and the reproductive problems have been found in the male.male infertility, erectile infertility, symptoms of erectile dysfunction

How Common is Male Infertility?

It is a very common problem. For 1 in every 5 couples, the infertility problem solely lies in the male. It is been estimated that about 1 in every 20 men has the same kind of infertility problem with a low number of sperms in his ejaculate. However, only 1 in every 100 men has no sperm in his ejaculate.

Symptoms of Male Infertility:

In most cases, there are no signs of infertility. Intercourse, erections, and ejaculations will happen without any difficulty. The quantity of semen ejaculated seems to be normal to a naked eye. Medical tests are required to detect male infertility.

Ask a Doctor  Consult a Doctor

Causes of Male Infertility:

Male infertility is usually caused by problems that affect either sperm production or sperm transport. Through medical testing, the doctor may be able to find the cause of the problem. About 2/3rd of infertile men have a problem with making sperm in the testes. Either low numbers of sperm are made and/or the sperm that is made does not work properly. Sperm transport problems are found in about one in every five infertile men, including men who have had a vasectomy but now wish to have more children. Blockages (often referred to as obstructions) in the tubes leading sperm away from the testes to the penis can cause a complete lack of sperm in the ejaculated semen.

Other less common causes of infertility include:

  • sexual problems that affect whether semen is able to enter the woman’s vagina for fertilization to take place
  • low levels of hormones made by the pituitary gland that acts on the testes (one in 100 infertile men)
  • sperm antibodies (found in one in 16 infertile men).

In most men, sperm antibodies will not affect the chance of a pregnancy but in some men sperm antibodies reduce fertility.

Male Reproductive System:

There are 2 main glands that help in the production of male hormones and sperms. They are the pituitary and the hypothalamus glands. Luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone are the 2 important messenger hormones made by the pituitary gland that acts on the testes.

The tests are a pair of egg-shaped glands that sit in the scrotum next to the base of the penis on the outside of the body. The testes make sperm and the male sex hormone testosterone. It takes about 70 days for sperm to become mature and able to fertilize an egg. When released from the testes, the sperm spends two to 10 days passing through the epididymis where they gain the vital ability to swim strongly or become motile and to attach to and penetrate the egg.

The waves of muscle contractions transport the sperm, with a small amount of fluid, from the testes to the vas deferens. The seminal vesicles and prostate contribute extra fluid to protect the sperm. This mixture of sperm and fluid travels along the urethra to the tip of the penis where it is ejaculated.erectile dysfunction

What is Erectile Dysfunction?

A man is said to have erectile dysfunction if he has permanent difficulty in getting or maintaining a firm enough erection to be able to achieve sexual activity. Most men have occasionally experienced some difficulty with their penis becoming hard or staying firm, but this is not normally causing for a diagnosis of erectile dysfunction. This condition is only considered a concern if satisfactory sexual performance has been impossible on a persistent number of occasions for some time.

See: Facts You Need to Know about Sex after Abortion!

Broadly, two forms of erectile dysfunction can affect men’s sex lives – the main cause is either medical or psychosocial.

Here, psychosocial refers to the psychological effects – including the effects of social relationships – on sexual performance. Medical conditions can also affect psychological well-being, meaning that, while the primary cause of sexual impotence is typically either medical or psychological, there is often overlap between the two.

Erectile dysfunction used to be known more widely as ‘impotence‘ before the causes became better understood and successful treatments came into use. Impotence is a term that is still in use, however, although it can be seen as pejorative.

Know some facts about Impotence!

  • Organic causes are a result of an underlying medical condition affecting the blood vessels & nerves supplying blood to the penis.
  • Mechanical devices are also available to help achieve an erection.
  • Patients experiencing occasional erectile dysfunction and who do not respond to medical treatment may be candidates for surgery to fit a penile implant.
  • A number of prescription drugs, recreational drugs, alcohol, and smoking can all cause erectile dysfunction.

Diagnosis, with the help of a doctor, can identify the likely cause by taking a history, discussing symptoms, performing blood tests to establish the presence of conditions such as diabetes or heart problems, and other physical problems. 

Causes of Erectile Dysfunction:

The relaxation of muscles allows blood to rush into the cylinder-shaped spongy tissue of the erection chamber. This creates increased tissue pressure and erection. This blood flow process is led by nervous and hormonal triggers when the brain is stimulated by touch.

The normal erectile function can be affected by problems that compromise any of the following normal physiological contributions needed for an erect penis:

  • Blood flow
  • Nervous supply

Vascular causes that affect blood flow and neurological causes that affect nerve signals are the major medical causes of erectile dysfunction, often due to the underlying disease such as atherosclerosis and diabetes.

Smoking and diabetes often cause atherosclerosis, and this narrowing or ‘clogging’ of arteries in the penis is the most common vascular cause of erectile dysfunction.

Physical Causes of Erectile Dysfunction:

The following are a list of common physical causes of erectile dysfunction:

  • Heart disease and narrowing of blood vessels
  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Obesity and metabolic syndrome (which are also risk factors for diabetes)
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Hormonal disorders including thyroid conditions and testosterone deficiency
  • Structural/anatomical disorder of the penis, such as Peyronie disease
  • Smoking, alcoholism and substance abuse, including cocaine use
  • Treatments for prostate disease
  • Surgical complications (surgeries include radical prostatectomy, cystectomy, transurethral resection of the prostate and rectal cancer surgery)
  • Injuries in the pelvic area or spinal cord
  • Radiation therapy to the pelvic region.

Numerous medicines can also cause erectile dysfunction. Anyone taking prescription medications should consult their doctor or healthcare practitioner prior to stopping or changing their medications.

  • Drugs to control high blood pressure
  • Heart medications such as digoxin
  • Some diuretics (known as ‘water pills’ that increase urine output)
  • Drugs that act on the central nervous system (in the brain or spinal cord), including some sleeping pills and amphetamines
  • Anxiety treatments (anxiolytics)
  • Antidepressants including monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), selective-serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), and tricyclic antidepressants
  • Opioid painkillers
  • Some cancer drugs, including chemotherapeutic agents
  • Prostate treatments, including treatments for cancer, and for benign prostatic hypertrophy (such as 5α-reductase inhibitors). Anti-androgen drugs used for prostate disease and other conditions can also cause erectile dysfunction
  • Anticholinergics – drugs with a wide range of uses that block a neurotransmitter (nerve signal molecule) that affects muscle tone
  • Hormone drugs, including estrogens and drugs that act on luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone
  • The peptic ulcer medication cimetidine

The Psychological causes of Erectile Dysfunction include:

  • Guilt
  • Fear of intimacy
  • Depression
  • Severe anxiety.
  • Depression– which can cause a loss of interest in sex (lower libido) as well as erectile dysfunction – and other mental health disorders
  • Stress fear, anxiety, or anger
  • Stress can include work, financial, and emotional problems
  • Performance anxiety – Repeated feelings of doubt and failure in which worrying about getting an erection can cause a cycle of anxiety that prevents one from being possible
  • Poor communication with a sex partner

Other relationship problems such as pressure from a sex partner – for example, because expectations make sex a task instead of a pleasure.

To know more about erectile dysfunction or male infertility and to know its diagnosis procedures log on to www.freedoctorhelpline.com or call us at +918010555444.

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Addiction

What is Addiction? Addiction is a compulsive seeking, and then obtaining, of a substance while behavior increasingly becomes out of control. A condition that results when a person ingests a substance (alcohol, cocaine, nicotine) or engages in an activity (gambling) that can be pleasurable. The continued use of, which becomes compulsive and interferes with ordinary Read More

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low sperm count

Low Sperm Count- Signs, Causes And Treatment

Most often when a woman is not able to conceive or is not getting pregnant, then it is predicted that the women are infertile. However, men play an equally important role in the process of fertilization. Around 1 in every 5 infertile couple, the reason is the fertility issue of men. Low sperm count in Read More

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Dr. Yash Gulati- Free Doctor Helpline

Dr. Yash Gulati

Orthopedic Surgeon

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How to overcome anxiety?

Panic is an overrated reaction to a real (or even imagined) problem. Frightening the self beyond is the way to really need to deal with a problem that puts the body into fight or flight mode as though life were immediately being threatened. Emotional panic can create a shutdown of feelings, so and go into Read More

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Is It Possible To Make Yellow Teeth White Again?

It’s a fact that in today’s world people are image conscious and beauty, vanity, looks are of utmost priority. An average person spends an amount of Rs.1000 to Rs.5000/- per month on beauty products or salon services, the cosmetic industries around the world are booming and flourishing. People are willing to spend a fortune on Read More

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1 year ago Health

Role of Sex Hormones | Synthesis, Regulation & Function

Hormones are the chemical substances that circulate throughout your body. They are produced and secreted by the glands which play a very vital role in our body functions and daily activities. Different types of hormones affect different glands. Sex hormones form an important and a critical part of our body functions that is generally responsible for regulating the skeletal growths in both the males as well as the females. These hormones affect the internal process of skeletal growth when there is an increase or decrease in the skeletal mass during those periods.

The sex hormones tend to interact with the cytosolic and the specific nuclear receptors such that it can produce masses of genomic effects in an innumerable amount of different vascular cells as present inside the body along with the added non-genomic vascular effects while acting with the specific plasmalemmal receptors.

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Our human body comprises of innumerable assortments of different types and forms of hormones each of which performs different functions, few of which may even be interlinked. Growth hormone and sex hormones are few of the examples of those hormone assortments that functions inside our body and regulates our body functions. Hormones are responsible for transferring the messages in between the organs and the cells.

Hormones are secreted in our endocrine systems by the glands that are present inside the endocrine system. This secretion helps in keeping the hormone levels normal and supports in maintaining our body balance. The body thus keeps its balance and functions normally and effectively. 

Sex Hormones, Sex Hormones

Ageing, the progressive change, and the process of getting older are also associated with hormones. It is affected by the loss of these sex hormones in the human body, be it male or female. Therefore, if one wishes to restore their feelings of well-being, happiness, comfort, longevity, sexual desires and ambitions, sex drive, pleasures, muscle or bone losses, lost energy levels, or any other effects that are associated with aging, then, one needs to replace their male / female hormones that have been lost during the process of aging.

Certainly, there exists several approaches and procedures that may be done to restore these hormones and look more youthful. Few of such hormone supplements include creams, patches and pellets. These approaches would at times help you in ageing slowly and lead an improved satisfied life during your old age.

Sex Hormones, sex, Hormones, causes, problems

Sex Hormones Types

Types and Functions of the major male and female Sex Hormones:

  • Oestrogen: Oestrogen is also called as the female hormone because it is present in higher amounts among the females. Unlike the growth hormone, oestrogen also is also primarily responsible for the growth and development of the body and body functions. Further, oestrogen works to stimulate the growth of fat cells and serves as one of the major element or constituents for reproduction.
  • Progesterone: Progesterone is equivalent to oestrogen, and both are considered to complement each other in the bodily functions. Progesterone antagonizes and upsets the growth patterns in the uterus linings that are driven by oestrogens. It affects the growth.  Further, progesterone is also very vital for the premenstrual cycles where the level of progesterone generally tends to rise in the second part of the menstrual cycle to shrink the premenstrual syndrome. This helps in preparing the uterus for the fertilization process and for the fixing of a fertilized egg to the uterus.

Moreover, progesterone is also very beneficial in supporting a healthy and a successful pregnancy. Any type of imbalance in the ratio of levels of oestrogen to the levels of progesterone points to several problems in your healthy well-being.

  • Testosterone: Unlike the oestrogen, testosterone is known as the male hormone. Testosterone is the most predominant and the major hormone present in men. It helps in the healthy desired growth of muscle mass thereby proving the required strength and stamina. Apart from this it also helps in the growth of bone density, energy boosting, memory growth and an overall healthy well-being. Not only in males, but the availability and presence of testosterone is equally essential in females for a proper balancing. Any deficiency in the levels of testosterone can affect both males as well as the females.
  • Pregnenolone: Pregnenolone is a hormone that is generated from the cholesterol. It is a pioneer of other steroid hormones specifically the progesterone, oestrogen, testosterone and the DHEA. The levels of the pregnenolone tend to deteriorate with your age. Any deficiency in the pregnenolone levels may lead to imbalance health symptoms like mood swings, anxiety, stress, etc.
  • DHEA: DHEA or dehydroepiandrosterone is the hormone that is produced by our body’s adrenal glands. It is believed to be the most abundant steroid hormone present in our body.  It is a pioneer to the oestrogen and testosterone hormones. The level of DHEA generally tends to deteriorate and decline with the age, and thus affecting your body functions which in turn leads to several hormonal problems mood swings, fatigue, bone health, etc.

Sex Hormones: Synthesis

  • Synthesis of the sex hormones is controlled by the production of a hypothalamic gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH).
  • During the process of general circulations, GnRH tends to encourage the production of luteinizing hormone (LH) and the follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) in the pituitary gland.
  • LH further binds itself to the target cells which may again lead to an increase in the extraction of steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR) which promotes cholesterol transfers and initiates steroidogenesis.
  • Androgens, DHEA and androstenedione are released in the adrenal cortex.
  • Testosterone is released in the Leydig cells, lying adjacent to the male testes.
  • The production of pregnenolone is initiated in the Leydig cells of the luteinizing hormone.
  • The synthesis of oestrogen in females helps in controlling the growth and development of sexual characteristics in females.
  • The synthesis of glandular oestrogen takes place in the ovarian cells and the corpus luteum.
  • The luteinizing hormone (LH) stimulates the granulosa cells to release pregnenolone.
  • Pregnenolone then diffuses from these granulosa cells and mediate the process of pregnenolone hormone conversion to androstenedione through DHEA.
  • The process of extra-glandular synthesis facilitates the aromatization of androgens to oestrone.
  • The fat cells convert the androgen to oestrone and thereby increases the serum oestrogens.
  • The bones convert testosterone to form local oestrogen and thereby supports the development of epiphyses.
  • Even though oestrogens are usually responsible for balancing the sexual characteristics in females, however, they are also synthesized at some levels in males.
  • Progestin synthesis also exists. The inventories of hormone synthesis alter menstrual cycles during its production.

Sex Hormones: Regulation

  • The release of GnRH regulates the secretion of few hormones like the luteinizing hormone (LH) and the FSH during the movement and circulation.
  • The luteinizing hormone (LH) regulates the release of testosterone from the related cells and stimulates its production.
  • The testosterone released has a negative effect on the luteinizing hormone (LH) and the hypothalamic GnRH
  • The FSH regulates the stimulation and production of inhibin from the related cells.
  • The released inhibin then again feeds an anterior pituitary in return to produce FSH.
  • The regulation of hormones in females may be considered a bit complicated as compared to male hormones regulation. The reason is mainly that of the effects of various hormones that vary during the stages of menstrual cycle.
  • In males, the hypothalamic gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) leads to the production of LH and FSH next to the anterior pituitary.
  • Feedbacks from the theca cells are regulated by the production of the progestins.
  • Feedbacks from the granulosa cells are regulated by the production of the inhibin.
  • Feedbacks from the corpus luteum are regulated by the production of the progesterone and oestradiol during the menstrual cycle phase.
  • Any higher amount of the production or release of the progesterone and oestrogen takes place due to the corpus luteum. As a result, the release of LH and FSH are inhibited.
  • Further, the levels of few hormones like specifically the LH and the FSH tend to increase to some higher levels and thus a decrease in the levels of oestrogen and the progesterone takes place whereby causing the occurrence of the certain new follicle.
  • The follicle that is in the growing stage starts to release oestrogen in heavy amounts which thereby also affects the release of LH and FSH
  • The sudden increase of LH and the FSH takes place which then prepares for the process of ovulation. This mainly happens due to a certain increase in the production of oestradiol or the new follicle that gets produced to higher levels.

Hormones tend to control the functions of all the organs, and therefore it becomes extremely important to keep our hormonal levels balanced. Hormone imbalances can have several adverse effects on our total body processes. It affects the way our body stores its energy. It controls the levels of fluids, salt and sugar/glucose in our body. Sex hormones influences and affects the health of both men and women and therefore there always exists a need to keep a track your hormone levels and perform regular assessments and routine examinations to keep a balance of its levels last longer. Even a very small variation in the hormonal levels can take you to adverse situations.

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1 year ago Health , healthy , Medical

Gynecomastia Symptoms, Causes, Surgery & Treatment

Gynecomastia is a medical term used for man boobs. It is a condition in which the breast glands swell and enlarge abnormally. The term refers to the enlargement of breasts in male tissues. It is an endocrine system disorder found in males. It is a very common problem among boys and men. Generally, it is caused by the hormonal imbalance, especially due to the imbalance of male hormones like estrogen and testosterone. Normally, both male and female bodies produce both these hormones – estrogen and testosterone, but yes, in different levels and separate extents.

Our body hormones testosterone and estrogen are the most basic and most important components of our body functioning. These hormones responsible for controlling the entire process of the development and maintenance of many major and genital organ features in both men as well as women.

Gynecomastia, treatment, symptoms, causes, help

Testosterone also called the male hormone is responsible for controlling the male traits and characteristics for example muscle mass and body hairs. Similarly, estrogen also called the female hormone is responsible for controlling the female traits and characteristics such as the growth of breast glands. Estrogen is commonly referred to as female hormone however it also affects the male body because male even produces this hormone. It is not exclusively a female hormone. It is produced by the male as well as female.

However, the quantity in which estrogens are produced by males and by females vary. Normally males produce them in smaller quantities as compared to females. But when the level of estrogen becomes too high in males then it causes gynecomastia, also referred to as man boob. There may be times when the level of estrogen becomes imbalanced with the levels of testosterone.

Gynecomastia, Gynecomastia causes, Gynecomastia treatment, Gynecomastia prevention

Gynecomastia may occur either in both the breasts or in any one breast as well. Sometimes it also affects in an uneven manner. Mostly the newborns, the growing boys, or the boys entering their puberty get affected by gynecomastia when hormonal changes are taking place in their body or may also be due to some other reasons at the time. Many a time some older men may also get affected by this problem. In general, gynecomastia is not a serious disease or problem. However, it may be a reason for the concern among boys and men. They sometimes feel awkward and sometimes even get embarrassed.

Gynecomastia is a very common problem which affects around 70% of teenage boys. However, if this is the cause, then gynecomastia can be just a temporary problem. The newborn boys and the teenage boys generally face temporary gynecomastia due to the hormonal changes that are occurring in their body at the time of puberty. Treatments of gynecomastia give the most effective results when their treatments are done within the problem period of two years. Or within 2 years of the male breast enlargement sequence.

Few boys and men even complain of pain in their breasts. This pain may also be due to gynecomastia. Consulting a medical expert or a doctor will generally help in getting the answer. Many times gynecomastia goes off on its own, however, there are cases when it takes time to go off or continues and persists. In such cases, opting for medication may help. Further, a surgery may also be required to get rid of this condition.  Whatever the case be, there is a cure for this problem and so it is not such a serious worry at all. It is quite a common problem. 

Gynecomastia Symptoms:

Few of the common symptoms of gynecomastia include:

  • Enlargement of the male breast
  • Tenderness in the breast gland
  • Swelling of the breast gland tissue
  • Pain in the breasts
  • Nipple discharge from anyone or from both the breasts
  • A growth in the diameter and thickness of areola
  • Asymmetrical chest tissue

Males who show the signs and symptoms of gynecomastia generally get stressed up and feel anxious thinking that it may be due to some possibility of getting affected by a breast cancer.

It is recommended that you see your doctor if you feel any of the above symptoms affecting your body. The timely cure is available. There are medications that may help you in getting rid of these symptoms. So, book an appointment and consult it at your convenience.

Gynecomastia, male boob, symptoms, causes, treatment

Gynecomastia Causes:

There are several reasons and causes as to how and why gynecomastia occurs. Few of them are listed below:

  • Hormonal imbalance in the body
  • Natural changes in the hormone
  • Increase in the production level of estrogen
  • The decrease in the production level of androgen
  • Decrease in the level of testosterone hormone as compared to the level of estrogen
  • The level of estrogen can be decreased due to certain conditions that block testosterone
  • Malnutrition
  • Aging
  • Some type of infection in the testes
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Approximately 10 to 25% of the reported cases suffering from gynecomastia are caused by the use of drugs.
  • Few health issues or medical complications found in men like the kidney failure or some kind liver disease can also cause the growth of male breasts abnormally.
  • There are many medications that are reported to be causing gynecomastia, especially few medications used for the treatments of prostate cancer, ulcer medications, HIV, chemotherapy, certain antibiotics, and many more.

Estrogen generally acts as the growth hormone that increases the growth of the male breast glands, thus increasing or enlarging its size. The causes mentioned above are few of the reasons for the occurrence of gynecomastia. Moreover, these reasons may also trigger the problem even further. In most of the cases, these are caused due to certain conditions that increase the level of estrogen in your body. Gynecomastia is generally associated with the pubertal changes in an individual.

Gynecomastia Surgery:

Surgical removal of the excess breast tissue may be required in order to remove the extra tissues in cases of chronic or severe gynecomastia. Different approaches are then applied for the surgical treatment to take place for gynecomastia. Few names for the approaches followed for surgical process includes:

  • Subcutaneous mastectomy
  • Liposuction-assisted mastectomy
  • Laser-assisted liposuction
  • Laser-lipolysis without liposuction
  • Others

Gynecomastia Treatment:

The treatment and diagnosis of gynecomastia are generally based on the symptoms that an individual show. The signs of complaints are diagnosed and accordingly, the treatment plans are suggested. Diagnosis is done based on the medical history of the patient and the physical examination reports that were prescribed by the doctor. Few laboratory investigations may also be recommended so as to detect the actual cause of the symptom.

The treatment of gynecomastia after having ignored such that it had persisted in your body for a period of 2 years or above is almost very difficult and may prove ineffective. However, there are few medications available that have been found to be very effective in curing or treating such prolonged gynecomastia complains. Otherwise, the only option left with him is a surgery. The excess tissue can be removed from that part through a surgery, called the surgical removal. 

Those cases of gynecomastia that have occurred during the adolescence period are considered as moderate and mild, and their treatment involves getting an experts advice and consultation on the living habits, daily diet, exercises and walks, and so on. In contrast to this, if the case of gynecomastia gets severe then medical treatments become essential and may also require a surgical treatment process and intervention.  Both the treatment processes, i.e., the medications or the surgery, have been found to treat this problem of gynecomastia successfully.

Generally, doctors prescribe certain tests and examinations which may include blood tests or imaging studies so as to identify the possible causes of gynecomastia. In certain rare cases, however, mammography may also be prescribed. Generally, mammograms are prescribed if the doctor finds any indication or suspect a male breast cancer complication.

Risks & Control Measures:

There exist few physical complications that are associated with the problem of gynecomastia, especially the fact that it may cause certain emotional or psychological problems and concerns that may be caused due to an abnormal appearance. It may cause a psychological distress to the affected individual. Therefore, prevention is the best possible attempt we can take to stay away from getting trapped in this imbalance. For this, there are certainly few factors that may be considered and taken care of so as to control and reduce the risk of gynecomastia. Few of the control measures that be taken to control this risk are:

  • Never accept or consume any type of illegal drugs like steroids, heroin, marijuana, etc.
  • Stay away from consuming excess alcohol.
  • Always review the prescribed medications. For example – if you get to know that the medicine that you are consuming is told to cause gynecomastia, then don’t hesitate to ask your doctor for its alternative options.

Gynecomastia is generally not found to cause any harm to the body. It does not cause any physical harm. However, in very few cases it may be an indication of the underlying serious complication like testicular cancer. It is really very important to prevent yourself from attracting any serious medical concern that may also lead to some causes of gynecomastia.

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1 year ago Health , healthy

9 Reasons You May Have a Hormonal Imbalance in Women | Hormonal Imbalance Symptoms & Causes

A hormone is a chemical substance which controls and regulates the activity of our organs and cells. There are many hormones which are secreted by particular glands. Hormones control most of our desires, moods and bodily function. When these hormones stop functioning properly, it results in Hormonal imbalance. Imbalances occur when the proper nutrients are not consumed or a person is going through stress and depression or toxic influences. There are many reasons for hormonal imbalance in women’s.

Hormonal Imbalance, womens, Hormonal, signs, reasons, symptoms

Symptoms of Hormonal Imbalance: Women’s Health

1. Sleep Imbalance

If you aren’t getting enough sleep i.e. maximum 8 hours of sleep, this can result in the hormonal imbalance. Insomnia is a common side effect of Hormonal Imbalance. If men have low testosterone levels they may have hormonal imbalance while in women low level of progesterone. It can be recovered through therapy or can be helped by herbs.

2Fatigue

Fatigue can be one of the signs of Hormonal Imbalance. You feel sluggish when there is a fault in your sugar level. You feel tired all the time. This happens when you have an excessive amount of progesterone. Excess progesterone tends to make you feel sleepy. Go for a check immediately.

3. Weight Gain

Continuous gaining of weight can also be a symptom of Hormonal Imbalance. Maintaining a healthy weight is difficult when you have an underlying hormonal imbalance. One can maintain a healthy weight is by making small changes in their diet such as eliminating sugars and wheat or processed food, and also by exercising regularly.

4. Poor Memory

Poor memory happens when there is a change in your estrogen and progesterone level. It makes it harder for you to remember things and also makes your head feel foggy. It also reduces the span of your concentration, thus resulting in concentration problems. This happens especially during peri-menopause and menopause. Memory fog also happens when there is an imbalance in your cortisol level.

5. Irregular Period

Irregular periods can be a reason for Hormonal Imbalance. It can also be a symptom of health problem like PCOS i.e. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. Usually period comes in 21-35 days if you miss months or it doesn’t arrive at the same of every month, consult your doctor immediately.

6. Breast Changes

Changes in breast tissue are caused by too high or too low estrogen. Cysts or lump or dense breast tissues can be the result of high estrogen level whereas low estrogen level may cause decreased breast tissues. If you notice any such breast change, talk to your doctor.

7. Depression

Depression is one of the main cause of Hormonal Imbalance. It develops the feeling of despair, a person loses hope. Fast changes in hormone levels cause moodiness, grumpiness and the blues. Estrogen is also responsible for such change in behaviors and activities. It affects key brain chemicals like dopamine, serotonin, and others. Therapies can help in reducing such actions and moodiness.

8. Loss of libido

Loss of libido happens when you have a really low level of testosterone. Testosterone is not only produced by men but also by women. Loss of libido can also start with disturbed sleep.

9. Digestive Problems

Bloating, slow digestion and gas are common Signs of Hormonal Imbalance. Consuming large proportions of junk food or not chewing your food properly leads to indigestion. Increase in digestive problem makes your digestive system weak and you start to depend on medicines. If you notice any kind of problem, consult your doctor as soon as possible.

If you notice any such signs from the above-mentioned ones, see your doctor for a full evaluation.

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Sexual Dysfunction in females | Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

The Sexual Dysfunction is basically referred to as the problem that prevents an individual or the couple from experiencing sexual activity. This may arise during any phase of the sexual response cycle. This can eventually cause strain in your relationship with your partner and is medically referred to as female sexual dysfunction. This can occur at any stage in life and may turn out to be a lifelong issue.

Sex” & sex-related problems is a topic that many people are hesitant to discuss. But so, fortunately, most cases of sexual dysfunctions are treatable and it is important for one to discuss with your partner & doctor.

Consult with Specialist Doctor

The Sexual response cycle involves 4 phases: excitement, plateau, orgasm & resolution. The sexual response involves many factors like emotions, beliefs, experiences, lifestyle & relationship. Disruption in any of these factors will affect the sexual desire.

TYPES OF FEMALE SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION:

  • Low sexual desire – lack of sexual interest
  • Sexual arousal disorder – difficulty with arousal or maintaining arousal during sexual activity
  • Sexual pain disorder-pain associated with vaginal contact or sexual activity
  • Orgasmic disorder – difficulty in achieving orgasm
    sexual dysfunction in females/causes&treatment
    sexual dysfunction in females

CAUSES OF SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION:

There are two main causes associated with sexual dysfunction – one is the physical and other is the psychological cause. The physical cause may be due to many medical conditions such as diabetes, kidney failure, heart disease, hormonal imbalance, liver failure, drug addiction, cancer or bladder related problems have high chances of decreasing your body’s ability to experience sexual activity.

Certain medications such as antidepressant drugs, chemo drugs, blood pressure medications can also cause problems with sexual functions. On the other hand, anxiety, pressure, work-related stress, marital or relationship problems are the main psychological causes for experiencing sexual problems. Both men and women of all ages are equally affected by sexual dysfunction. The problem becomes more serious in older adults as their health declines with aging.

HOW DOES SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION AFFECT WOMEN?

  • Lack of sexual desire: Many factors such as hormonal changes, medical conditions such as heart problems, cancer, chemo drugs, depression, etc can lead to lack of sexual interest.  Stress, pregnancy, boredom with regular sex entertainments can also be one of the reasons.
  • Inability to become aroused: Insufficient vaginal lubrication may also be the reason for the inability to become sexually aroused.  This may be due to inadequate stimulation or anxiety. Blood flow problems to vagina and clitoris may also contribute to arousal problems.
  • Anorgasmia: it is a condition where the absence of sexual climax takes place. It may be due to lack of knowledge, guilt, anxiety, or past sexual trauma.
  • Painful intercourse: a painful sexual intercourse may be due to the number of reasons like pelvic mass, poor lubrication, scar tissue after surgery, or ovarian cysts. A condition called vaginismus is even more painful as the involuntary spasm of muscles surrounds the vaginal entrance. It is mostly seen in women who fear penetration is painful or has a sexual phobia.

DIAGNOSIS & TREATMENT FOR SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION:

To diagnose the female sexual dysfunction your doctor will first perform a pelvic exam to look for any physical changes that can affect your sexual enjoyment. The physical changes may be thinning of genital tissues, a decrease in skin elasticity, or any scar or pain. Though you may not feel comfortable, it is better to discuss your sexual and medical history with your doctor because your sexuality is the key part of your well-being. The more openly you discuss your problems with your doctor the greater is your chances of finding a better approach for treating them. You can also consult a counselor or a therapist specialized in sexual and relationship problems so that you will find a better way of dealing with it.

Your doctor may also order you to take other tests so as to rule out other medical problems that can affect sexual dysfunction. A complete evaluation of your attitude towards sex and other underlying factors like anxiety, fear, stress will also help the doctor to have a thorough understanding of your health and thus he will be able to recommend appropriate treatments.

TREATMENT FOR FEMALE SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION:

It is necessary to note that female sexual dysfunction becomes a problem only if it bothers you. If it doesn’t bother you then it is not a problem at all. Also, there are many causes and symptoms and so the treatment might not be the same for

Sexual Dysfunctioning in females can be Cured?

The success of treatment depends on the intensity of the underlying problem. Mild dysfunction which is related to stress and anxiety can be treated with counseling, consulting therapist, and better communication with partners.

Here are some non-medical treatment methods for female sexual dysfunction!

As in other medical conditions, the treatment for female sexual dysfunction need not necessarily begin with surgical tools. Your doctor would first recommend you to go through the following:

  • Improved communication with a partner: An open communication with your partner helps you halfway through to overcome the problem. Discussing your likes and dislikes will make a lot of difference in the world of your sexual life.
  • Healthy lifestyle habits: practicing healthy lifestyle is an important factor that can influence your sexual life. Being physically active is very important to increase your stamina and elevate your mood and romantic feelings.
  • Seek out ways to reduce stress so that you can enjoy more on your sexual experience.
  • Lubrication: if at all you experience pain or dryness during sex, you can use a vaginal lubricant that will prevent vaginal dryness and makes things easy thereafter!
  • External device: some may not find this to be a comfortable method but for those who don’t mind can try this. You may use an external device called vibrator to enhance sexual arouse.
sexual dysfunction in females/ causes & treatment
sexual dysfunction in females

Effect of hormones on female sexual dysfunction:

One may experience less interest in sex with aging as the female hormone estrogen tends to decrease and menopause tends to be another reason. Poor vaginal lubrication & decreased genital sensation are some problems related to menopause.

Estrogen & androgen therapy-  the estrogen therapy comes in the form of a vaginal ring, tablet, or cream. This helps in sexual function by increasing the vaginal tone, lubrication, blood flow and elasticity. Though women have much lower rates of testosterone, it plays an important role in healthy sexual function. Androgen therapy deals with enhancing the levels of testosterone. One must keep in mind that these therapies have both advantages and its own disadvantages. The risks are often associated with the women’s age, type of hormone, whether estrogen is given alone or along with progestin, the dosage, etc.

Effect of menopause on lower sexual desire: During the menopause period, women undergo a lot of hormonal changes and this may be one good reason for the women’s loss of interest in sex. Another reason would be the loss of estrogen after the menopause. In these cases, a vaginal lubricant or Hormonal replacement therapy(HRT) can play a role in boosting sex drive. On a contrary, there are cases of women who experience increased satisfaction in sex due to reduced hormonal changes. This is due to reduces stress and anxiety and also postmenopausal women have fewer child-rearing responsibilities.

FLIBANSERIN(Addyi):

Initially, it was only used as an antidepressant. Later on, it was approved by FDA to be used as a treatment for low sexual desire in women. Daily intake of addyi, can boost the sex drive in women and increase the levels of sexual desire.

When it becomes necessary to consult a doctor?

One may experience sexual problems from time to time. This may not turn out to be a major problem but the problem becomes serious when it is persistent as it may cause distress for the women and also for her partner. When you experience these kinds of a problem then it becomes advisory to go consult a doctor and have a complete evaluation done for yourself!

To get more health tips or advises from specialists log on to www.freedoctorhelpline.com or call us at +918010555444.

Also Read: Common Sexual problems in men

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