Search Results for: Coughing

4 months ago

Winter Coughing

I am 31 years old,single male,weight 58 kg,non smoker.Every year in starting of winter i got coughing problem which intensified rapidly. It happening since my childhood. Doctors treating my disease by antibiotics and expectorant syrup. And i get rid of it after some suffering.
I have no critical health issue like asthma.
My father died of lungs failure this year.
Is this yearly winter coughing can be a bigger problem in future?
What should i do?

4 months ago


I am 31 years old,single male,weight 58 kg,non smoker.Every year in starting of winter i got coughing problem which intensified rapidly. It happening since my childhood. Doctors treating my disease by antibiotics and expectorant syrup. And i get rid of it after some suffering. I have no critical health issue like asthma.My father died of lungs failure this year. Is this yearly winter coughing can be a bigger problem in future?What should i do?

1 year ago

Answer for Coughing

Fixim 200mg Tablet is probably safe to use during pregnancy.
Animal studies have shown low or no adverse effect on the foetus, however, there are limited human studies. Please consult your doctor.

1 year ago Health , healthy

Swine Influenza| Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Swine flu is a respiratory disease caused by the viruses that particularly infect the respiratory tract of the pigs. It results in nasal secretions, dry cough, decreased appetite and the list goes endlessly! The symptoms of swine flu in pigs are very much similar to those caused by human flu in humans. In most cases, humans developed swine flu infections when they were closely related with pigs. The disease is spread among pigs through direct or indirect contact, and also from pigs that are infected but do not show symptoms. To prevent pigs from this contagious diseases, pigs worldwide are vaccinated.

Is swine flu contagious?

The swine influenza virus usually comes from HINI type. The other types include H1N2, H3N1, H3N2. It is important that the virus is a combination of flu genes from birds, human flu & swine.

There is a common misconception that swine flu is developed from eating cooked pork products. This is definitely not! It is spread through either ingestion or inhalation of droplets through sneezing or coughing from people who have already been victims of swine flu. The newest swine influenza that has caused swine flu is the A H2N3v. In this “v” means the variant which means originally it infected only pigs but now it has begun to infect even humans.

The incubation period for swine flu is normally 1 to 4 days with the average being 2 days. In some cases. The incubation period may last for 7 days in both adults and children. The contagious period begins one day ahead before symptoms arise in the individual and usually lasts for 6 to 7 days. In people with weak immune systems, the contagious period may last even longer for 10 to 14 days.

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The symptoms of swine flu are similar to other influenza infections. It includes:

These symptoms last for about a week or even longer if the person suffers severe infection. The methods of managing these symptoms are similar to the regular flu. Give your body a sound sleep and good rest this enables the immune system to fight against the viruses. Hydrate yourself every now and then. Drink plenty of water, soups and other juices that can provide a lot of nutrients to your body.

A vaccination has been invented to fight swine flu. Originally, it was treated as pandemic diseases. Now, it has changed to seasonal flu. People above 10 years of age require only one shot of this vaccination. Adults & children with egg allergy & severe asthma may have an adverse reaction to this vaccination. There are special medical treatments to help you cope with the reactions of this vaccination.


There are a variety of viruses that cause swine flu. A diagnose may be done by taking a sample from your body. A sample is taken by swabbing your nose or throat. This swab is further treated by various genetic & laboratory techniques. Mostly swine flu is diagnosed by noting a series of symptoms.

Most people with swine flu recover soon even without the aid of medications. In very rare& severe cases, they may have to go in for medications. The 2 main treatments are adamantanes and medications that inhibit the influenza neuraminidase protein. The two antiviral drugs recommended for treating swine flu are oseltamivir & Zanamivir. The viruses can develop resistance to these drugs so these are usually referred to people who are at high complications and are unable to fight the disease on their own. Other people who are healthy and are still suffering from swine flu are capable of fighting the viruses on their own.


Some people are at increased risk of being affected by swine flu. It includes:

  • Adults above 65 years of age  
  • children below 5 years of age
  • People with chronic disease
  • Pregnant women
  • People with weakened immune system
  • Teens receiving long-term aspirin therapy


One best way to prevent swine flu is to take the yearly vaccination. Apart from this, there is some measure which we can adapt to keep ourselves healthy and free from swine flu.

  • Wash hands frequently with soaps & sanitizer.
  • The virus can survive on the surface of tables, telephones, etc. At these times the virus remains inactive. You may touch these palaces and unknowingly keep the hand in your mouth or nose which paves way for the virus to entire your body and become significantly active.
  • If you are sick it is better to stay at home rather than going to school or office for work
  • Avoid going to places with large gatherings when swine flu is in season.


There is no single step to cure the disease. Hence, you can take many steps at home to prevent swine flu and also to reduce the symptoms when you get to come in contact with the virus. Here are some steps:

  • Having sound sleep
  • Exercising regularly
  • Wash your hands often with soap or sanitizer
  • Manage stress levels
  • Keep yourself hydrated
  • Eat a balanced & healthy diet
  • Refrain from touching places that may have viruses
  • Stay away from people who are sick
  • Avoid going to crowded places


If at all you are infected with the virus, then it is necessary that you follow these steps to avoid the spread of the infection.

  • Avoid going to school or workplace
  • Limit your contact with other people
  • Cover your mouth with a tissue while sneezing or coughing.
  • Dispose of the used tissue immediately
  • Wash hands and face regularly
  • Keep the touched places clean and free from infections

For any further queries call our doctors @+918010555444  or visit our website

विश्व स्वास्थ्य दिवस (7 अप्रैल) पर बच्चे को कुपोषण से वचाने के कुछ सरल उपाय.

# जन्म के 1 घंटे के अंदर स्तनपान शिशु के लिये है वरदान! # 6 माह तक केवल माँ का दूध बनाए शिशु को स्वस्थ्य और रोग-मुक्त # 6 माह के बाद दें माँ के दूध संग अर्ध ठोस आहार # वृद्धि और विकास बने पोषित बचपन का आधार # शिशु के आहार में घी Read More


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Patients with chronic kidney disease, a properly balanced nutrition play a vital role in maintaining the body health and preventing further kidney degeneration. In kidney disease, the body does not get rid of the waste and unwanted nutrients like toxic fluids, extra nutrients. These further buildup in the body and affect the kidney even more. Read More

Erectile Dysfunction symptoms and treatment

Erectile dysfunction(ED): Causes and Treatments

Erectile dysfunction(ED): Causes and Treatments Erectile dysfunction (ED), also known as Impotence is the inability to get or maintain an erection during sexual intercourse in human beings. Erection of the penis is a natural process during sexual arousal. It is controlled by the brain under the influence of various sensory perceptions like touch, visual and Read More


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Bird flu: Symptoms, Treatments and Prevention

What is Bird Flu? Bird Flu, or Avian Influenza, is an infectious disease of birds caused by Type A strains of the influenza virus. Domestic poultry such as chickens and turkeys most susceptible. The virus that causes Bird Flu H5N1, is lethal. It has killed more than half of the people infested, including healthy adults. Read More


1 year ago Health , healthy , Heart Disease

Everything You Need to Know About Chest Pain

The very first thing that could come to your mind when you have a chest pain is a Heart attack! The position & the location of the heart also adds to the fear of a heart attack. Apparently, that may not be the only reason. Often there are many factors associated with chest pain. Certainly, chain pain is not something that could be ignored. Chest pain may be due to many reasons like problems in the rib cage, lungs, or even nerves. Whatever be the reason it requires immediate attention.

The chest pain develops anywhere from your neck to the upper abdomen. Chest pain may be sharp, dull, tight squeezing, burning or aching depending upon its cause.

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Causes of Chest Pain:

  • Anxiety:  Anxiety & stress can often cause chest pain. Chest pain on the left side or in the middle of the chest is mainly due to anxiety. It may cause heaviness, discomfort & even increase the heartbeat rate most of the times. These disorders are usually dealt with medications & therapy. Once anxiety is dealt with then the chest pain will be resolved.
  • Costochondritis:  This is the condition when there is an inflammation around the cartileges surrounding the ribs and this might eventually cause pain on the left side of the chest. This condition may arise due to various reasons such as an excessive cough, vomiting, hitting the chest in a car accident, muscle pulling, or even vigorous exercises. The person is advised to take proper rest and give it some time so that heals on its own.
  • Intercostal neuralgia:  This is referred to as the nerve damage near the chest area. It may be caused due to damage to the rib cage or surgery to the rib cage.
  • Bronchitis:  Any viruses, bacteria or even harmful pollutants such as smoke, fumes, harmful toxins from chimneys or industrial cleaning may cause bronchitis. It is accompanied by a dry cough, tiredness, and vomiting that may contain blood. It also results in shortness of breath or fever. The pain is worsened by coughing. Treatment varies depending on the underlying cause.
  • Pleuritis: it is an irritation of the lining of the chest or lungs. When the irritation is mostly in the left lung the pain is felt more on the left side.
  • Pulmonary embolism: it is more likely to occur in persons who have been immobile for days after surgery or may occur even as a complication of cancer. It is a serious condition wherein the blood clot in any part of the body travels through the bloodstream and gets stuck in the lungs. It causes difficulty in breathing and also increases the heart rate. It requires immediate medical attention. Failure to do so can be life-threatening.
  • Rib fracture:  It may be due to the accident and can cause discomfort in breathing, pain while bending or twisting or a pressure in the chest or rib area. This may be often mistaken for a heart attack.
  • Angina pectoris:  it is a condition where there is a block in the arteries that supply the heart muscles. The chest pain is due to inadequate flow f blood to the heart and is often accompanied by nausea, sweating, tiredness and a feeling of heaviness in the chest. The discomfort arises in the left shoulder or arm and runs downward.
  • Aortic dissection: when there is a tear in the large blood vessel coming from the heart it results in a condition known as aortic dissection. Blood rush through the tear and layers of the heart begin to separate. The pain, in this case, is very severe and feels like a tearing. It is often associated with fainting and is a very rare case that presents in the form of chest pain.

Heart Problems:

Coronary Artery Disease(CAD):   

When there is any block in the blood vessels, the supply of blood & oxygen to the heart is highly reduced results in a condition known as coronary artery disease. This can cause pain in the heart muscle but does not cause any permanent damage to the heart. The chest pain, in this case, is referred to as angina and spreads to the left shoulder, arm, back & jaw.

  1. Myocardial infarction: Even in this case the blood flow to the heart is reduced due to blockages in the blood vessels. The pain, in this case, is even more severe & can cause severe damage to the heart.2.
  2. Myocarditis: it does not cause any blockage but the symptoms are similar to those of heart attack. The chest pain is often associated with fever, heart muscle inflammation, increased heart rate & difficulty in breathing.
  3. Pericarditis: this is the inflammation or infection of the sac around the heart. The pain experienced is sharp & steady and is along the upper neck & shoulder. The pain also causes difficulty in breathing & consuming food.
  4. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: it is a genetic disease that causes the heart muscles to grow abnormally thick. It might turn life-threatening when the heart muscles turn unusually thick as it makes it harder for the heart to pump blood. The chest pain is often accompanied by shortness of breath. 
  5. Mitral valve prolapse: when one of the heart valves fail to close properly it results in a medical condition called as mitral valve prolapse. Chest pain, palpitation, & tiredness are often associated with this condition.

Other problems that might cause chest pain:

  • A hiatal hernia: this happens when the upper abdomen pushes into the lower chest after consumption. This causes heartburn or chest pain. You may experience severe pain when you lie down.
  • Pancreatitis: you will have redness if you have got pain in the lower chest. You may experience severe pain when you lie down.
  • Gallbladder: if at all you develop a chest pain after a fatty meal in the right lower chest area or right upper side of the abdomen then the chest pain is probably due to the problem in the abdomen.

When should I seek a medical help at the hospital?

Generally, as we have already mentioned, chest pain could be a symptom that an individual must not ever ignore. The explanation is that although most times it’s from a benign cause, you cannot  tell whether or not it’s being caused by a critical downside on your own. This is why you ought to get it consult with a Doctor Generally aches that you simply suppose might not mean something serious can be early warning signs of one thing terribly dangerous. 

Mental health - Free Doctor helpline


Mental Health refers to our behavioral and emotional well-being, it is all about how we think, how we behave and how we feel. The term ‘Mental Health’ sometimes means absence of mental disorder. Mental health can affect our daily life, relationships, and even physical health. Mental Health also reduces the ‘ ability to enjoy  life’ Read More


How Hepatitis C Affects Your Body?

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Blood thinner reduces the risk of stroke.

  Generally, in elderly patients with complaint of hypertension, the doctor prescribes a blood thinner like aspirin, warfarin etc. to reduce the chances of stroke. Our brain vessels are one of the most delicate ones and gets easily ruptured by the pressure of blood having high viscosity in hypertensive patients. Once ruptured, this may result Read More

hair loss problems

Hair loss/ Baldness

A major population of current youth is suffering from the problem of hair loss and baldness. Frequent runs to several clinics seldom provide the relief. Quiet ignorant about its cause, the sufferer looses hair as well as the money. Most common type of hair loss is the pattern baldness or andro-genetic alopecia. Andro- connotes to Read More

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Perfect diet for loosing weight

Losing weight has become a mandatory measure of survival in today’s lifestyle. It is vital to maintaining proper weight to avoid further chronic disease development in the later stages of life. Hence for more proper weight loss, we need to maintain a proper diet. Losing weight is completely using the saturated body fat for metabolism Read More


1 year ago Health , Medical

8 Home Remedies that can cure your Cough and Cold with an Ease!

Home remedies for a Cough and Cold always come to the rescue for treatment of primary level of the disease. They are majorly the kitchen remedies for the elimination of a cough and treatment of throat infection. These remedies mostly include ayurvedic treatment remedies.

The list of home remedies is majorly used for the treatment of a cough and cold.

1. Honey: Honey is a preferred home remedy for a sore throat. Honey also relieves coughs more effectively than over-the-counter medicines that mainly contain dextromethorphan (DM), a cough suppressant.

2. Peppermint: The herbal activity of Peppermint leaves are well known for their healing properties. The Menthol present in peppermint soothes the throat and acts as a decongestant, helping to break down mucus in the throat.

3. Thyme: Another medicinal plant used is Thyme for treatment of respiratory illnesses. This plant helps relieves coughing as well as short-term bronchitis. The thyme leaves contain compounds called flavonoids that relax the throat muscles involved in coughing and lessen inflammation on the inner wall of the throat.

4. Turmeric: Turmeric is majorly used as The main ingredient in turmeric is curcumin. Curcumin present in turmeric is treasured for its disease preventing and tumor-fighting abilities. The action of turmeric to its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties and addition to honey, have been widely used to treat the common cold, coughs, headaches, sore throats, and congestion effectively.

Consult with Specialist Doctor

5. Green tea: Green tea as a natural herb has six different kinds of antioxidants that differ based on which part of the plant mainly the stems, bud, leaf. The distinctive mix of all these antioxidants make this tea an effective antiviral drink and cures a cough and cold.

6. Eucalyptus: this plant is considered as an all-purpose plant. The benefits from eucalyptus’s essential oils or tea leaves are many. The oils are majorly used to treat infections, pain, anxiety, cancer, diabetes, digestive problems, dermatitis, asthma, upper respiratory infections, mastitis, sore throat, colds, cases of flu, spasms, leprosy, encephalitis.

7. Vitamin D: the most vital of all is the Vitamin D is the only vitamin that is produced the bodies in sufficient amounts. The amount of this vitamin D multiplies proportionality after exposure to sunlight. Vitamin D main activity is in the helping of move calcium into the bones and also boosts immune system the other cells like neutrophils, monocytes, and natural killer (NK) cells to protect the body from interfering microbes by the body acting immune system.

8. Ginger: Ginger has another antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and pain relieving properties all in one to cure the body of multiple illnesses. According to Ayurvedic medicine study, ginger has the power to boost the immune system, warm the body, and rid the lungs and sinuses of toxins. Ginger also with this has the ability to treat respiratory illnesses such as coughs, upper respiratory infections, and asthma.

cure cough, cure cold, home remedies,

We think Answer is NO !!!! 

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What is OCD?

What is OCD?? OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder) is a psychological wellness condition that revolves around crippling obsessions or impulse, troubling activities, and monotonous musings. A 2001 World Health Organization (WHO) psychological wellness report evaluated that OCD was among the main 20 reasons for sickness related incapacity worldwide for individuals matured 15 to 44 years. The Read More


2 years ago


I always had problems with dust. Lately I was expose to a lot of dust and I sneezed a lot. From that day I had problem breathing and my chest tightened. I am coughing a lot and the high pitch is heard while I am exhaling. When I walk too much I feel out of breathe as well.  

2 years ago Health , Home Remedies

Home Remedies for Cough

What is a Cough?

Coughing is a natural reflex of the body which can be likened to clearing one’s throat, but the problem is that unlike clearing the throat, it cannot be controlled neither that it be stopped from happening
Although it is a simple ailment, people visit physicians because of the irritating symptoms. A persistent one can turn into a big problem especially when people are far away from home and don’t have the proper medication near them.
A cough is classified into two categories:
1.Phlegm which usually comes after the incident of flu or cold.
2. A dry one which is persistent and irritating.

Different Home Remedies for cough

The newest treatment offer several choices if you encounter coughing, which include medicine for oral intake. But, the person who uses these medication for a cough may experience some side effects. Due to these
facts following are top 10 natural remedies for a cough:


Honey possesses high antioxidant and antimicrobial properties and soothes our body. Because of these facts, it may assist in healing coughs and sore throat irritations.


While wild cherries contain substances that might help reduce the inflammation an excellent syrup which calms down dry coughs.


The flavonoids n thyme calm down the inflammation and chill out the ileal and tracheal muscles. Also, opens the airways for natural breathing and reduces coughing.


Bromelain, an anti-inflammatory enzymes which manages infections and helps ease a cough is found in pineapple. Don’t drink the juice,prepare a pineapple syrup.


Ginger helps in healing coughs particular those produced on by common colds. Also, it works as a linctus which contributes to loosening and ejecting mucous from the lung.


Apple cider vinegar gives a calming feeling on the throat, which assist in relieving the irritation and aids minimize the discomfort caused by coughing.


Garlic is used as a remedy for chronic dry coughs because it has anti-microbial properties that lessen its persistence. Better than using garlic alone you can make a mixture.


The health benefits of almonds are all-encompassing, and they are commonly used as a healing relief from coughs, respiratory disorders, and heart disorders.


Tangerine peel is one of the greatest source of vitamin C. The tea is warm and spicy in taste. It dries up mucus, relieves cough and clears the throat.

2 years ago Medical

Why do legs and feet get swollen?

Here is something unusual! I’m pretty sure you must not be familiar with this! Have you heard of hypervolemia? Here in this article, you will get to know a lot about it. Come on a read through it and you will be amazed to know what it is!

Hypervolemia is a condition in which there is an excessive buildup of fluid in the body. It is otherwise known as fluid overload. The body fluids are primarily composed of sodium & water. When this level of fluid starts building up, it leads to an excessive circulating volume which can result in heart failure.

Some interesting facts about Hypervolemia:

  • ¨ The entire is made up of 70% of water which are distributed into various compartments.
  • ¨ The charged particles called electrolytes are responsible for the balance of total fluid in the body.
  • ¨ The sodium electrolyte has an electric charge that enables it to attract water.
  • ¨ Urination, perspiration, and defecation are various factors responsible for water loss in the body.

What causes hypervolemia?


Intravenous therapy:

  • This occurs when IV is used in rapid rate or in larger volume than what is actually needed.
  • When the administration of wrong IV is done it can cause an imbalance in the sodium levels in the blood.

Transfusion reaction by blood transfusion:

  • Transfusion reaction by rapid infusion or larger volume of blood may cause fluid overload.
  • LIVER CIRRHOSIS: Cirrhosis is when the liver stops functioning properly (which also can be caused by a number of factors). When the liver stops functioning properly, it can trigger hypervolemia.
  • HEART PROBLEMS: Heart problems can cause excess fluid in the blood. Heart congestion, in particular, can slow the pumping of blood through the body which can lead to fluid buildup.
  • KIDNEY PROBLEMS:Certain kidney issues like nephrotic syndrome can interfere with the transfer of fluids in the body, which can cause the kidney to trigger hypervolemia. Glomerulonephritis can cause the kidney to excrete excess fluids that can also cause hypervolemia.
  • Coughing and Difficulty Breathing: Shortness of breath is another sign of fluid overload. The heart is strained as it contends with the increased volume and fluid enters the lung which leads to difficulty with breathing. This difficulty breathing is worse when lying flat. Depending on the severity of the pulmonary edema (fluid in the lungs),  a person may report a feeling of suffocation. There may also be persistent coughing which also may worsen when lying flat.
  • Lower Urine Output: Although the amount of urine passed out may be within normal limits, it does not correlate with the amount of fluid being consumed or administered. In other words, more water is entering the body than being expelled as urine without there being major fluid loss through sweating, vomiting or diarrhea. In some conditions, the urine output may be abnormally low or even cease altogether for periods of time.

Less important factors that contribute to fluid buildup in the body are as follows:

  • Hyperaldosteronism
  • Certain medications
  • Reaction to stress
  • Malnutrition

What are the symptoms of hypervolemia?

  • EDEMA: it is also called as swelling. It is a condition where there is a buildup of fluid in the legs and arms.
  • ASCITES: it is a condition where there is excess fluid buildup in the abdomen.


  • Strong and rapid pulse rate
  • Hypertension
  • Elevated central venous pressure
  • Increased pulmonary artery pressure
  • Low levels of hemoglobin
  • Jugular vein distention


  • Respiratory pattern changes
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Difficulty in breathing while lying down
  • X-ray results show pulmonary edema.
  • Urinary Problems: Fluid retention is a major cause behind hypervolemia. The amount of fluid that you are taking in isn’t exiting the body in the form of urine. You may feel the need to go, but not much will come out.
  • Sudden weight gain: one may experience a sudden gain in weight due to hypervolemia. This is because the extra fluid you are retaining in will add on to your weight.


Diagnosis of hypervolemia:


You have all of the symptoms, and you’ve made your way to the doctor’s office.  How is the doctor going to determine whether you have hypervolemia?


Hypervolemia is mainly diagnosed by its symptoms. The doctor will also go over your medical history to look for things that could have triggered hypervolemia especially if you have a history of liver or kidney problems.


Blood work and chest radiographs may also be used to take a look inside you and confirm the doctor’s suspicions. If you have been diagnosed, treatment can then begin.


Treatment or hypervolemia:

Suppose, the doctor has finished his diagnosis and your fears have been confirmed.   You are currently suffering from hypervolemia. The good news is that once it’s been diagnosed, it becomes fairly easy to treat. Hypervolemia treatments may include:

  • Dialysis:

Dialysis is a procedure to remove waste products and excess fluids from the blood when the kidneys stop working properly. There are 2 types of dialysis:

  • Hemodialysis
  • Peritoneal dialysis

Haemodialysis: it is the most common type of dialysis and the most type of dialysis that people are aware of. During the procedure, a tube is attached to a needle in the arm. Blood passes through the tube and through an external machine and filters it before it passes through the arm through another tube. This is usually carried out 3 times a week and each session lasts for about 4 hours.


Peritoneal dialysis: this uses the inside lining of your abdomen to filter rather than an external machine. Like the kidneys, the peritoneum contains a number of blood vessels making it a useful filtering device. Before the treatment starts, an incision is made near your belly button and a thin tube called catheter is inserted through it. This is left in place permanently.

The fluid is pumped into the peritoneal cavity through the catheter. As the blood passes through the cavity, wastes and other fluids are drawn out of the blood and into the dialysis fluid.


  • Change in diet:

Your doctor will suggest you follow a low-sodium diet that will help reduce the amount of fluid buildup in the body.


  • Arteriovenous & venovenous hemofiltration:

This is another way of filtering excess fluid from the body or bloodstreams targeting the kidneys.


Preventing Hypervolemia

If you’ve dealt with hypervolemia or after reading this article, never want to have to deal with hypervolemia, you may be wondering what you can do to prevent it. Here are a couple helpful tips.

  • Low-sodium diet:The buildup of excess sodium can help trigger hypervolemia, keep your sodium levels at a reasonable level.
  • Watch your fluids: If you are going to have a blood transfusion or if you have any of the medical issues we described in the above sections, keep an eye on your fluids. Make sure you’re not retaining too much fluid, keep an eye on your urine to see if you are let out as much fluid as you are putting in.


Hypervolemia Needs Treatment!

When dealing with hypervolemia, vigilance is best—especially if you have any of the underlying health conditions that may lead to it. If you are struggling with liver or kidney issues, for example, the last thing you want is to deal with the additional issues that come with hypervolemia. If you notice that you are starting to show many of the symptoms of hypervolemia, seek a doctor immediately. The faster you get treatment, the better your body will be for it.

2 years ago Health , Medical

Thyroid disorders

Thyroid, a pear-shaped gland located just below your neck does many things within your body than you ever knew it does. It can regulate your energy levels, control your weight, makes you mood swing, etc. It regulates how your body interacts with other organs within it. The thyroid gland influences almost all the metabolic processes in the body.

So, unfortunately, for about 10 million women across the globe, this regulator is on the fritz. So what actually goes wrong??

The thyroid gland produces thyroid hormones which are nearly used by every cell in the body. For the normal functioning of the body, the gland should secrete hormones is specific amounts. The thyroid disorders are characterized by the abnormal levels of thyroid hormones.

The 4 common thyroid disorders are:

  • Hashimoto’s disease
  • Graves’s disease
  • Goiter
  • Thyroid nodules

In this article, we will discuss in detail about each of these disorders.


Hashimoto’s disease is commonly known as chronic lymphatic thyroiditis. It is caused by hypothyroidism which is a condition that occurs due to an insufficient amount of thyroid hormones in the body. It can occur in people of any age but is most commonly cited in women of middle-age. This condition becomes noticeable when the body’s thyroid gland is mistakenly attacked by the immune system and it slowly destroys the thyroid gland and also adversely affects its ability to produce hormones which help in the metabolism of the body.

In the initial stages of the disorders, the symptoms are very mild and are often unnoticed. The disease can remain stable for years and the symptoms are often subtle. Often, there are no obvious symptoms or at times the symptoms are not very specific. This means they mimic the symptoms of other diseases or disorders and is very difficult to distinguish the rising of this new disease in the body. Some of the common symptoms include:

  • Fatigue
  • Depression
  • Dry skin
  • Constipation
  • Mild weight gain
  • Dry or thinning hair
  • Irregular menstruation
  • Enlarged thyroid
  • Intolerance to cold


The very first step when screening for any type of thyroid disorder is to test the level of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH). Your doctor will ask you to take up a blood test to check the increased levels of TSH or to check for the low levels of thyroid hormones that are T3 or T4.

Hashimoto’s disease is an autoimmune disorder, so the blood test might show abnormal antibodies that might be attacking the thyroid. There is no cure for the Hashimoto’s diseases. The only way to get relief is to keep the hormone levels under control.  There are special medications that help in raising or lowering the levels of thyroid stimulating hormones. These medications are called as hormone-replacing medicines. These medicines also help relieve the symptoms of the disease.

In advanced cases of Hashimoto’s diseases, either a part or whole of the thyroid gland has to be removed. Surgery may be needed to remove a part or whole of the affected thyroid gland. Even if the disease is detected at an early stage there is no known cure for the disease. This is because the disease remains stable for years and progresses very slowly.


Grave’s disease is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism which is a condition that occurs due to excessive production of thyroid hormones. This disease is named after a doctor who has been describing it for more than 150 years. It is an autoimmune disorder, so the blood test might show abnormal antibodies that might be attacking the thyroid.

This disease is hereditary and can occur at any age in both men & women. Most commonly it is seen in women between 20 to 30 years of age. Other risk factors which can possibly result in this disease include:

  • Pregnancy
  • Stress
  • Smoking
  • Alcoholism

When there is a high level of thyroid hormones in the blood stream the body’s system speeds up. This can cause certain symptoms which are common to hyperthyroidism. Those symptoms include:

  • ¨ Anxiety
  • ¨ Irritability
  • ¨ Fatigue
  • ¨ Excessive sweating
  • ¨ Difficulty in breathing
  • ¨ Increased or irregular heartbeat
  • ¨ Difficulty in sleeping
  • ¨ Diarrhea
  • ¨ Frequent bowel movements
  • ¨ Irregular menstrual cycle
  • ¨ Enlarged thyroid
  • ¨ Bulging eyes
  • ¨ Other vision problems


A simple physical examination is more than enough to detect the symptoms related to hyperthyroidism. It helps to identify enlarged thyroids, enlarged bulging eyes, rapid pulse and high blood pressure. ) Your doctor will ask you to take up a blood test to check the increased levels of TSH or to check for the low levels of thyroid hormones that are T3 or T4. You may also be asked to take up radioactive iodine to administer the measure of how quickly the thyroid absorbs iodine. A high intake of iodine is needed in case of grave’s disease.

There is no treatment to stop the immune system from attacking the thyroid gland. However, the symptoms of grave’s disease can be controlled in a number of ways often with a combination of treatment. Some of the ways to control the symptoms are listed below:

  • Beta-blockers are used to control rapid heartbeat, anxiety, and sweating
  • Anti-thyroid medications to prevent thyroid gland from producing large amounts of thyroid hormones
  • Radioactive iodine to destroy parts or whole of the thyroid

For patients who cannot tolerate anti-thyroid drugs or radioactive iodine will have only one last option which is to go in for a surgery. A surgery is often done to remove the thyroid gland. Successful hyperthyroidism treatments may lead to hypothyroidism. In such cases, you will have to take hormone replacement medications to move on with your life.  Grave’s disease if left untreated may lead to major heart problems and even brittle bones.


Goiter is the noncancerous enlargement of the thyroid gland. The most common cause of goiter is iodine deficiency in the diet. Goiter is often caused or in many cases is the symptom of hyperthyroidism. Goiter can occur in people of any age group especially in areas where food rich in iodine are in shortage. This is because iodized food provides plenty of iodine in the diet. Women above 40 years of age are more vulnerable to thyroid problems and suffer from thyroid disorders. Other risk factors which can lead to thyroid include:

  • Pregnancy
  • Family medical history
  • Certain medications
  • Radiation exposure

As in other thyroid disorders, there will not be any symptoms in the initial stages of goiter. However, there will be some noticeable symptoms if goiter gets into a severe level. Some of the symptoms are listed below:

  • Selling in the neck
  • Tightness around the neck area
  • Continuous Coughing or wheezing
  • Hoarseness of the voice


A physical examination is carried out to diagnose and treat goiter. Your doctor will ask you to take up a blood test to check the increased levels of TSH or to check for the low levels of thyroid hormones that are T3 or T4. This will check for thyroid disorders that are often a cause of goiter. An ultrasound of the thyroid may be carried out to check for swelling or nodules.

Goiter, even if detected in the early stage cannot be treated unless and until the condition becomes severe and the symptoms begin to shoot up. Usually, you will be asked to take small doses of iodine if iodine deficiency is the cause of goiter. Radioactive iodine may be taken in required amounts to shrinking the thyroid glands.

The treatments for all kinds of thyroid disorders usually overlap as goiter is often a symptom of hyperthyroidism. Goiter, if left untreated can cause severe complications. These complications may include difficulty in breathing and swallowing which might even turn up to be life-threatening.


Thyroid nodules are growths that are formed on or inside of the thyroid gland. The causes for the formation of these nodules are not always known but are assumed to be a result of iodine deficiency or Hashimoto’s disease. These nodules can be solid or fluid-filled and may be cancerous in very rare cases. Like other thyroid disorders, nodules are more common in women than in men and affect both sexes at equal chances above 40 years of age.

As in other thyroid disorders, there will not be any symptoms in the initial stages of nodules. However, there will be some noticeable symptoms if nodules grow bigger. Some of the symptoms are listed below:

  • Swelling in neck
  • Breathing problems
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Severe pain
  • Goiter

Some nodules will begin producing thyroid hormones which will drastically increase the number of hormones in the blood stream. When this happens, the condition becomes similar to that of hyperthyroidism. Some of the noticeable symptoms include:

  • High pulse rate
  • Nervousness
  • Weight loss
  • Increased appetite
  • Clammy skin
  • Tremors

If the nodules are associated with Hashimoto’s diseases then the symptoms are similar to hyperthyroidism. That includes:

  • Fatigue
  • Depression
  • Dry skin
  • Constipation
  • Mild weight gain
  • Dry or thinning hair
  • Irregular menstruation
  • Enlarged thyroid
  • Intolerance to cold


Most nodules can be detected during a physical examination. Some can be detected during a CT-Scan, or MRI scan. Once the nodules are detected, then the procedure is to check for the production of hormones. A fine needle is used to take a sample of cells from the nodules to see if the nodule is cancerous. Cancerous nodules are very rare and thyroid cancers aren’t very common. Removing the thyroid through surgery is the only treatment of choice. Sometimes a radiation therapy is used instead of a surgery. Chemotherapy may be required if the cancer spreads to other parts of the body.

Make sure to discuss the diagnoses and treatment options with your doctor or ask a doctor at free doctor helpline.

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