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4 years ago Eye Care , Health , healthy

LASIK Eye Surgery Procedure, Side Effects and Cost 

LASIK, a type of laser eye surgery, stands for “Laser In-Situ Keratomileusis”. This surgery of LASIK is used to improve and repair the problems of vision. It can address the problems of people who are suffering from refractive error difficulties like farsightedness (hyperopia), short-sightedness (myopia), and/or astigmatism.

LASIK engages a surgical process to remove the tissue from the cornea, a thin outer covering of the eye, with the help of laser technology. It uses an excimer laser treatment process to do this surgery. This process reshapes the cornea of the eye to improve the vision and correct any existing refractive errors. It rectifies the vision problems of related individuals.

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Today, LASIK eye surgery has successfully gained a lot of popularity in the masses due to its adverse benefits and user-friendly procedures. More and more people are now opting for this surgery to correct their vision problems. The surgery offers a lot of benefits which aids in progressing the overall quality of a healthy vision and well-being. The eye surgeon, the ophthalmologist who performs this LASIK surgery, either uses a laser light or makes use of a special surgical instrument which is known as a microkeratome.

See: 5 Most Common Eye Problem

Thanks to this latest technology and advancement that today with the help of this laser surgery, millions of people throughout the world are leading an improved life and are no more dependant on their eyeglasses or contact lenses for their vision support. Most of the patients opting for LASIK eye surgery today are successfully able to get a 20-20 vision after completion of their LASIK eye surgery. However, there are always a few exceptions in every deed. In few of the cases, patients undergoing the LASIK eye surgery may not get the desired outcomes of the surgery and may still require wearing their eyeglasses or contact lenses even after the treatment procedure is complete.

lasik, lasik eye surgery, cost, procedure, side effects, price, benefits

Unlike any other refractive surgery, LASIK also functions by reshuffling and restructuring of the patient’s eye cornea which is the front and the clear portion of the eye. This technique helps in permitting the desired amount of lights to enter inside into the eye such that it can completely focus on the retina properly to get a clear and vibrant vision.

Performing a LASIK surgery is not a time taking procedure. In most of the cases, the complete process of this surgery for both the eyes hardly takes around 15 minutes. The surgery is completely pain-free and painless. The patient gets back his improved and corrected vision without putting in any pain or time. Moreover, in the majority of the cases, this surgery extends a complete and permanent solution for patients to offer improved vision without the use of eyeglasses or any contact lenses.

See: 7 ways to protect your eyes in Summer

Since decades customized eyeglasses and contact lenses had been the only key to get aid for problems of near-sightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism like eye errors. However, with the latest advancement, now there is technological and surgical method also available to get a relief from the same. The solution to this error, the LASIK eye surgery, offers the best alternative solution for such complications and problems where one wishes to live a glass free dependency free life, unlike others.

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LASIK Treatment Eligibility

A person is considered eligible for the treatment if he/she fulfils any or all of the following criteria:

  • Suffers from the problems of far-sightedness, near-sightedness or astigmatism.
  • Has completed at least 18 years of age or above.
  • Is not suffering from any type of eye situations which may affect the healing process negatively. For example – muscle imbalance, problems of lazy eye, etc.

It may be noted that LASIK eye surgeries are not advisable for people whose eyes are still in their developing phase, particularly in individuals who are still under the age of 18 years. [/su_note]

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Steps in the Treatment of LASIK: The Procedure

The treatment of LASIK involves the following steps to be performed:

  • Creation of a thin circular flap in the outer cornea is done by an eye surgeon to start with.
  • Primarily, the surgeon makes use of surgical though mechanical tools to do this activity. These surgical tools are called as femtosecond lasers.
  • The flap is lifted to get an access to the cornea layers.
  • A part of the corneal tissues of microscopic size is removed with the lasers.
  • This laser, called the excimer laser, makes use of an ultraviolet beam of a light for the removal. This aids in improving of the vision.
  • The cornea of people suffering from myopia is usually flattened, whereas the cornea of people suffering from hyperopia the is usually made steeper.
  • LASIK treatments are also performed to cure irregularly shaped corneas and give it a smooth standard shape.
  • Later on, when the cornea gets back its regular shape, the flap is again placed back covering the cornea so as to cover the operated area and let it heal naturally.
  • Certain amounts of anaesthetic drops are given during the treatment process.
  • Later on, after the surgery is completed, there is no need to apply any bandages or stitches in the areas.

lasik, lasik eye surgery, cost, procedure, side effects, price, benefits, eye treatment

LASIK Eye Surgery: Side Effects

It is a fact that the advancement of technology and medical procedures have brought a boom to the patients who had the difficulty of vision. It is a real life changing boom for them, However, it has been reported that there do exist some minor side effects of the LASIK surgery, but they are very rare.

Post completion of the surgery, few of the patients sometimes report discomfort in their eyes. They experience a bit of sensitivity, tenderness, irritation or pain. Nevertheless, such types of discomforts and complaints do not last long and they remain hard for a day or maximum two.

Separately, apart from these above complains and complexities, few patients also report some other side effects although the percentage of such cases are very rare. Mostly all the surgeries bring some or the other level of risk attached to it, though rarely, but yes even LASIK surgery may bring that rare risk and being in some complications with it. Few of the other side effects associated with the LASIK surgery are as given below:

  • Loss of vision: It has been very rarely reported. As per the studies, only 1 out of every 10,000 patients suffers from a complete loss of the vision.
  • Retinal detachment
  • Corneal scarring
  • Dryness in the eyes: Few people do experience dryness in their operated eyes after undergoing a LASIK surgery due to reduced production of the tear. However, since it is a temporary problem, therefore the problem of this dryness can be comforted by applying few eye-drops in the eye to lubricate the eyes and keep it cold. Later, as healing will continue, the problem of this eye dryness will very soon disappear.
  • Halos and vision fluctuations
  • Temporary visual disturbances: This type of discomfort may occur for the first few days after completion of this surgery and the person may feel milk irritation and sensitivity. Few people also complain about glares and hazy visions during their night driving post-sunset because their pupil dilates during the night lights. However, these discomforts are also rare and will not be permanent and will automatically vanish within 3 to 6 months.
  • Reduced quality of the vision
  • Flap complications: During the treatment process of LASIK, a small microscopic flap is cut from the front facing of the cornea. This flap is used in the surgery to permit the corneal reshaping. For this, these flaps are lifted during the process of surgery and are later replaced with the help of medicated bandage. Rare risks exist for the cases of the slipped flap.
  • Eye infection: It has been found that the possibility of eye infections are generally high in surgeries that use surface ablation process. However, in LASIK surgeries, natural bandages are being used which are created in more sterile environments to aid the right healing.

How much LASIK Eye Surgery can Cost!

According to the recent surveys, the average price for the LASIK eye surgery treatment in the US ranges from $2,000 to $2,500 for one eye. And in India, the average price for this surgery and treatment ranges from Rs. 5,000 to Rs. 1,00,000. The actual price for the complete treatment generally varies from place to place, from hospital to hospital, from doctor to doctor and from practice to practice.

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There are numerous factors that affect the fluctuations in the price of the same surgery. Few of the reasons for this fluctuation are given below:

  • The correction level and the extent of treatment.
  • The types of instruments utilized for creating the corneal flap during the treatment process, for example, using the surgical blades or making use of the laser technology.
  • Medical and field experience of the doctor or the surgeon.
  • Location where you opt for your treatment/surgery.

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As far as the fluctuating costs for the LASIK surgery are concerned, it would always be a wise decision to be alert and sceptical regarding the cost of the treatment and check for their related discounts and offers. It may be noted that in most of the offers, the cost of pre and post treatments, appointments, follow-ups, medications, services and other related aspects are excluded as per their terms.

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5 years ago Health , healthy , Heart Disease , Medical

Heart transplant in India

Heart transplant in India: A heart transplant is a surgical procedure that is employed for patients who have end-stage heart failure or severe coronary artery disease. In this procedure, the diseased heart is usually replaced with a healthy heart from decreases donor that is a person who has recently died. This is the last option that the doctor has when all the other treatment procedures have failed.

See: Foods that will make you healthy

heart transplant procedure

The Heart Transplant Procedure:

It’s quite natural for anyone to feel nervous, emotional and anxious about the surgery. The heart transplant surgery acts like a new pump which pumps the blood and does not cause any behavioural changes in the body. It takes about 4 to 6 hours for the surgery to be completed.

  • The heart transplant surgery is usually done in a hospital. The patient is not awake during the surgery and is given an anaesthetic.
  • The surgeon will cut your breastbone to get access to your heart.
  • The medicine is injected into the patient’s body through the intravenous (IV) line in the arm.
  • The breathing is supported with help of a ventilator.
  • The surgeon will open your chest and connect the heart’s arteries and veins to the heart-lung bypass machine.
  • He then removes the diseased heart and connects the arteries and veins from the heart-lung machine to the donor
  • The heart transplant is complete when the surgeon closes your breastbone with a wire which stays there forever.

Heart transplant in india

How long is the wait for the heart transplant?

Once the patient is considered suitable for a heart transplant then he or she is put on the waiting list. Once you are on the list, a suitable heart may come along the way within few days, or months or years. Usually, it’s not that easy to find a suitable heart. Only 8 out of 10 people receive the heart transplant they require.

What happens after the heart transplant?

The duration of stay in the hospital will depend upon your health condition after the surgery. You will have to have regular health check-ups for a year after the surgery. You will be physically weak after the surgery and so you have to avoid heavy activities such as lifting and pushing until your breastbone is completely healed. It will take about 4 to 6 months to for the breastbone to heal completely.

How will life be after the heart transplant?

After complete recovery from the surgery, you can proceed with your routine life activities. The only care is you should take medicines on regular basis. Your medications include immune-suppressants that help prevent the donor heart from infection. Without this, your body will recognize the donor heart as a foreign body and will try to reject it. Over ¾ of the heart transplant patients live for over 5 years.

Cardiac allograft vasculopathy is a common and serious complication of a heart transplant. It is an aggressive form of atherosclerosis that over months or years can block the heart’s arteries and cause the failure of the donor’s heart. Over time, your donor heart will fail due to the same reason that caused your old heart to fail. Very few people will be eligible for a second heart transplant surgery.

Despite these risks, heart transplant has a considerably good success rate that has improved over many decades of research. The survival rates are about 85% at one year after surgery, with survival rates decreasing by about 3 to 4 % each additional year after surgery because of serious complications.

Who performed the first successful heart transplant surgery?

Panangipalli Venugopal has pioneered heart transplant surgery in India. He was the first surgeon to successfully perform a heart transplant surgery. The count is now standing at 26 successful transplantations. He was the first surgeon in Asia to have performed the implantation of left ventricular assist device lasting for more than 90 days. He was the first one to introduce stem cell therapy in India, by implanting the stem cell for repairing the myocardium. This was then used as an alternative to transplantation.

Best hospitals for heart transplantation in India:

Although India has some of the best medical facilities for heart surgeries, it is not very easy for a patient to decide which is the best hospital for heart transplant surgery. So we provide you with a list of hospitals and the facilities they provide so that you can choose your option.

heart transplant, heart transplantation, healthy heart, treatment, cost, procedure

The following is the list of the best and approved hospitals for heart transplantation in India:

Heart transplant hospital in Delhi:

Delhi has over 30 healthcare facilities with proven records of good heart patient care and world-class facilities. Some of the trusted health care centres in Delhi are:

Heart transplant hospital in Mumbai:

     Mumbai has over 40 cardiology healthcare centers. Some of the trusted healthcare centers in Mumbai are:

  • Apollo hospital
  • Ambani hospital
  • Breach candy hospital
  • Tata memorial hospital
  • Kakilaben Dhirubhai hospital

Heart transplant hospitals in Chennai:

    Chennai has over 25 heart surgery hospitals which perform different kinds of surgeries. Till now, Chennai has done about 142 surgeries.  Some of the trusted centers are:

  • Rajiv Gandhi government general hospital
  • Apollo hospital
  • Frontier Lifeline hospital
  • Global hospital
  • Fortis hospital
  • Sri Ramachandra medical college and research institute

Heart transplant hospitals in Bangalore:

There are over 20 cardiology centers in Bangalore. Some of the trusted healthcare centers are:

  • Fortis Malar
  • Apollo hospital
  • Sakra world hospital
  • Jayadeva hospital
  • Manipal heart foundation

Some of the top surgeons specialized in Heart surgeries are listed below:

  • Dr.Naresh Trehan
  • Dr.S.K. Sinha
  • Dr.Sandeep Attawar
  • Dr.Praveen Agarwal
  • Dr.Subhash Chandra
  • Dr.Balram Airan
  • Dr.Satish Javali
  • Dr.Sunil Vanzara
  • Dr.Suresh Joshi
  • Dr.S. Bhattacharya
  • Dr.Sunder
  • Dr .Arun Visvarajan
  • Dr.Rahul Chandola
  • Dr.Bashi
  • Dr.Paul Ramesh
  • Dr.K.R. Balakrishnan
  • Dr.Gilbert Joseph
  • Dr.Tameem Ahmed
  • Dr.Devi Shetty

The cost of heart transplantation in India:

Of all the surgeries performed in India, heart transplantation is the most expensive. The total cost of organ transplant ranges from between INR 20,00,000 to 25,00,000. Even after the surgery, you will have to take special care and regular medications. The medications will cost around INR 30,000 per month. You will have to continue this for a few months after the surgery.  In some cases, the air ambulance may be used to bring the donor heart from one location to another. This will cost around 7-10 lakhs.

Benefits and Risks of heart transplants:

According to a survey conducted, 87% of the patients who receive heart transplants survive about one year. 73% of the patients may live for about 5 years. Today’s heart transplant recipients live longer after the surgery than those who received the surgery 10 years ago. Many transplants recipients are advised to do swimming, walking and a lot more physical exercises to remain healthy.

The improved life expectancy of heart transplant recipients is due to the immunosuppressive drugs which reduce the body’s ability to reject new organs. Rejection is the major risk of the transplant surgery. Sometimes the immune system might send out antibodies to reject the new organ. In many cases, the rejection may cause extensive damage to the organ.

One should also be aware of the possible side effects of using immunosuppressants.  It may elevate cholesterol levels and blood pressure. People taking immunosuppressive drugs are advised to avoid grape juice. This is because the combination of both increases the blood levels and causes nausea, vomiting, and lightheadedness.

The second risk is that of infection. There is every possible way that the new organ may be infected. In that case, people have to immediately rush to the doctor to get it treated. Infection of the new organ may cause:

Researches are being carried out to find ways to reduce the risk of infection and rejection. To know more about the heart transplant surgery and the best hospitals and surgeons log on to Free Doctor Helpline or call us at +918010555444.

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