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5 years ago Health , healthy , Heart Disease , Medical

Heart transplant in India

Heart transplant in India: A heart transplant is a surgical procedure that is employed for patients who have end-stage heart failure or severe coronary artery disease. In this procedure, the diseased heart is usually replaced with a healthy heart from decreases donor that is a person who has recently died. This is the last option that the doctor has when all the other treatment procedures have failed.

See: Foods that will make you healthy

heart transplant procedure

The Heart Transplant Procedure:

It’s quite natural for anyone to feel nervous, emotional and anxious about the surgery. The heart transplant surgery acts like a new pump which pumps the blood and does not cause any behavioural changes in the body. It takes about 4 to 6 hours for the surgery to be completed.

  • The heart transplant surgery is usually done in a hospital. The patient is not awake during the surgery and is given an anaesthetic.
  • The surgeon will cut your breastbone to get access to your heart.
  • The medicine is injected into the patient’s body through the intravenous (IV) line in the arm.
  • The breathing is supported with help of a ventilator.
  • The surgeon will open your chest and connect the heart’s arteries and veins to the heart-lung bypass machine.
  • He then removes the diseased heart and connects the arteries and veins from the heart-lung machine to the donor
  • The heart transplant is complete when the surgeon closes your breastbone with a wire which stays there forever.

Heart transplant in india

How long is the wait for the heart transplant?

Once the patient is considered suitable for a heart transplant then he or she is put on the waiting list. Once you are on the list, a suitable heart may come along the way within few days, or months or years. Usually, it’s not that easy to find a suitable heart. Only 8 out of 10 people receive the heart transplant they require.

What happens after the heart transplant?

The duration of stay in the hospital will depend upon your health condition after the surgery. You will have to have regular health check-ups for a year after the surgery. You will be physically weak after the surgery and so you have to avoid heavy activities such as lifting and pushing until your breastbone is completely healed. It will take about 4 to 6 months to for the breastbone to heal completely.

How will life be after the heart transplant?

After complete recovery from the surgery, you can proceed with your routine life activities. The only care is you should take medicines on regular basis. Your medications include immune-suppressants that help prevent the donor heart from infection. Without this, your body will recognize the donor heart as a foreign body and will try to reject it. Over ¾ of the heart transplant patients live for over 5 years.

Cardiac allograft vasculopathy is a common and serious complication of a heart transplant. It is an aggressive form of atherosclerosis that over months or years can block the heart’s arteries and cause the failure of the donor’s heart. Over time, your donor heart will fail due to the same reason that caused your old heart to fail. Very few people will be eligible for a second heart transplant surgery.

Despite these risks, heart transplant has a considerably good success rate that has improved over many decades of research. The survival rates are about 85% at one year after surgery, with survival rates decreasing by about 3 to 4 % each additional year after surgery because of serious complications.

Who performed the first successful heart transplant surgery?

Panangipalli Venugopal has pioneered heart transplant surgery in India. He was the first surgeon to successfully perform a heart transplant surgery. The count is now standing at 26 successful transplantations. He was the first surgeon in Asia to have performed the implantation of left ventricular assist device lasting for more than 90 days. He was the first one to introduce stem cell therapy in India, by implanting the stem cell for repairing the myocardium. This was then used as an alternative to transplantation.

Best hospitals for heart transplantation in India:

Although India has some of the best medical facilities for heart surgeries, it is not very easy for a patient to decide which is the best hospital for heart transplant surgery. So we provide you with a list of hospitals and the facilities they provide so that you can choose your option.

heart transplant, heart transplantation, healthy heart, treatment, cost, procedure

The following is the list of the best and approved hospitals for heart transplantation in India:

Heart transplant hospital in Delhi:

Delhi has over 30 healthcare facilities with proven records of good heart patient care and world-class facilities. Some of the trusted health care centres in Delhi are:

Heart transplant hospital in Mumbai:

     Mumbai has over 40 cardiology healthcare centers. Some of the trusted healthcare centers in Mumbai are:

  • Apollo hospital
  • Ambani hospital
  • Breach candy hospital
  • Tata memorial hospital
  • Kakilaben Dhirubhai hospital

Heart transplant hospitals in Chennai:

    Chennai has over 25 heart surgery hospitals which perform different kinds of surgeries. Till now, Chennai has done about 142 surgeries.  Some of the trusted centers are:

  • Rajiv Gandhi government general hospital
  • Apollo hospital
  • Frontier Lifeline hospital
  • Global hospital
  • Fortis hospital
  • Sri Ramachandra medical college and research institute

Heart transplant hospitals in Bangalore:

There are over 20 cardiology centers in Bangalore. Some of the trusted healthcare centers are:

  • Fortis Malar
  • Apollo hospital
  • Sakra world hospital
  • Jayadeva hospital
  • Manipal heart foundation

Some of the top surgeons specialized in Heart surgeries are listed below:

  • Dr.Naresh Trehan
  • Dr.S.K. Sinha
  • Dr.Sandeep Attawar
  • Dr.Praveen Agarwal
  • Dr.Subhash Chandra
  • Dr.Balram Airan
  • Dr.Satish Javali
  • Dr.Sunil Vanzara
  • Dr.Suresh Joshi
  • Dr.S. Bhattacharya
  • Dr.Sunder
  • Dr .Arun Visvarajan
  • Dr.Rahul Chandola
  • Dr.Bashi
  • Dr.Paul Ramesh
  • Dr.K.R. Balakrishnan
  • Dr.Gilbert Joseph
  • Dr.Tameem Ahmed
  • Dr.Devi Shetty

The cost of heart transplantation in India:

Of all the surgeries performed in India, heart transplantation is the most expensive. The total cost of organ transplant ranges from between INR 20,00,000 to 25,00,000. Even after the surgery, you will have to take special care and regular medications. The medications will cost around INR 30,000 per month. You will have to continue this for a few months after the surgery.  In some cases, the air ambulance may be used to bring the donor heart from one location to another. This will cost around 7-10 lakhs.

Benefits and Risks of heart transplants:

According to a survey conducted, 87% of the patients who receive heart transplants survive about one year. 73% of the patients may live for about 5 years. Today’s heart transplant recipients live longer after the surgery than those who received the surgery 10 years ago. Many transplants recipients are advised to do swimming, walking and a lot more physical exercises to remain healthy.

The improved life expectancy of heart transplant recipients is due to the immunosuppressive drugs which reduce the body’s ability to reject new organs. Rejection is the major risk of the transplant surgery. Sometimes the immune system might send out antibodies to reject the new organ. In many cases, the rejection may cause extensive damage to the organ.

One should also be aware of the possible side effects of using immunosuppressants.  It may elevate cholesterol levels and blood pressure. People taking immunosuppressive drugs are advised to avoid grape juice. This is because the combination of both increases the blood levels and causes nausea, vomiting, and lightheadedness.

The second risk is that of infection. There is every possible way that the new organ may be infected. In that case, people have to immediately rush to the doctor to get it treated. Infection of the new organ may cause:

Researches are being carried out to find ways to reduce the risk of infection and rejection. To know more about the heart transplant surgery and the best hospitals and surgeons log on to Free Doctor Helpline or call us at +918010555444.

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5 years ago Health , LifeStyle , Skin Care

Why you should include Coconut Oil in your diet?

Coconut Oil is one of the few foods that can be classified as a “Super Food”. It helps in treating various skin problems include psoriasis, dermatitis, eczema and other skin infections. Also it delays the appearance of wrinkles and sagging of skin and preventing premature aging due to its well-known antioxidant properties.

Types of Coconut Oil are :-

  1. Refined Coconut Oil –

It is called RBD which stands for refined, bleached and deodorized.

  1. Virgin Coconut Oil –

It is unrefined.

  1. Fractioned Coconut Oil –

A fraction of the whole oil (certain components of the oil are separated or removed for a particular use).

  1. Organic Coconut Oil –

Organic Coconut Oil comes from trees that are grown in organic manure (can be found in both virgin forms and pure forms).

  1. Pure Coconut Oil –

Only has coconut oil in it (but is refined, unlike the virgin oil).

Benefits of Coconut Oil –

The refining processes that include the bleaching tend to remove a lot of the antioxidants, so if you want to experience all the benefits, use the Virgin Coconut Oil!!!

  1. Boost your Brain Function –

Coconut Oil contains easy absorption fats called Medium Chain Triglycerides (MCT). Also it improves cognitive function. Studies show improvement with Alzheimer’s Patients.

  1. Helps with Symptoms of Epilepsy –

Improvements in seizures control when patients follow ketogenic diets. Due to MCTs, it is an integral part of a ketogenic diet.

  1. Lower your Cholesterol –

Coconut Oil increases “good” cholesterol. Also it contains lauric acid which improves exercise performance.

  1. Burn more Calories –

Increased Energy Expenditure over 24 hours. More energy means more calories burnt.

  1. Reduce your Hunger –

The fatty acids in coco. oil can significantly reduce appetite. A study conducted showed that men eating the most MCTs ate 256 fewer calories per day, on average. Also a study in 14 healthy men discovered that those who ate the most MCTs at breakfast ate significantly fewer calories at lunch.

Coconut oil for weight lose

  1. Loose Fat from your Abdominal Cavity –

Coconut Oil appears to be especially effective in reducing abdominal fat, which lodges in the abdominal cavity and around organs. A study in 40 women with abdominal obesity, supplementing with 1 ounce of coco. oil per day lead to a significant reduction in both Body Mass Index (BMI) and waist circumference in a period of 12 weeks.

  1. Get Healthy Hair and Scalp –

Fatty acids will soften your locks when used as conditioner. Also it soothes dry scalp conditioner. And Eliminates fungal infections of the scalp.

  1. Moisturize –

It works great as eye cream, remove eye make-up, soothes cuticles, use as aromatic massage oil.

  1. Take Care of your Heart –

It’s contained 50% lauric acid which helps prevent high blood pressure, help reduce damage to arteries, and helps prevent atherosclerosis.

  1. Strengthen our Immune System –

It’s containing antimicrobial lipids, lauric acid, capric acid and caprylic acid which have antifungal, antibacterial and antiviral properties. Coconut Oil helps in fighting harmful bacteria like listeria monocytogenes and helicobacter pylori, and harmful protozoa such as giardia lamblia.

  1. Improve your Digestive System –

It’s helps prevent irritable bowel syndrome, improve the digestive system and absorption of other nutrients.

Which Type of Coconut Oil should you buy –

It all depends on what you need it for —

  1. For Cooking use       Fractioned Coconut Oil
  2. For Weight Loss use      Virgin Coco. Oil
  3. As a Carrier Oil use     Virgin & Fractioned Coco. Oil
  4. For Good Health use      Virgin & Organic Coconut Oil
  5. Massaging use      Pure & Refined Coco. Oil
  6. For the Hair use      Pure & Refined Coconut Oil
  7. For Medicinal Uses use       Virgin & Virgin Organic Coco. Oil

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Heart Attack Vs Heart Failure

Even most of the medically acquainted people today often get confused between heart attack and heart failure, what to talk of the less literate ones ! To understand this difference, one has to first get to know about the mechanism of functioning of heart.

The Function of the Heart

The main function of the heart is to ensure blood supply to different organs. This is done by regular beating of the heart. This beating is ensured by an electrical impulse produced by the heart muscle on its own. As every other organ, heart muscle too, requires regular blood supply to meet its daily expenses. The particular artery which supplies the blood to the heart muscles is known as the coronary artery.

What is Heart Attack?

Causes of heart attack -Artery_NormalvPartially-BlockedVessel

Now, there are several factors like excessive intake of fat, smoking, lack of exercise etc. which may cause blockage in the coronary artery. The result will be lesser blood supply to the heart muscles eventually causing the deadening of heart muscle which is technically known as myocardial infarction, or in more common terms, heart attack. The severity of the heart attack will depend upon the extent of the blockage. This blockage is checked by a diagnostic process called coronary angiography. If found, the cardiac surgeon tries to clear the process through another intervention called angioplasty. If there is a chance of relapse of the blockage, or constriction of the artery, an implant known as stent is placed inside. However, if the cardiologist finds it difficult to clear the blockage, that portion of blocked artery is bypassed and blood supply is restored from some other part. This is known as the bypass surgery.

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What is Heart Failure ?

Heart failure or cardiac arrest is an electrical failure of the heart muscle. As discussed earlier, for proper and regular beating of the heart, electrical impulses are generated in the heart muscle. Due to several reasons like ageing, or blockage of impulse routes in heart, it may go slow, irregular or stop at all. Such event may cause irregularity in the rhythm of the heart. A faster hear rate called tachycardia, while the slower heart rate is called bradycardia. There is another case where the heart beat goes irregular, the case known as arrhythmia.  A special case where the heart goes slower sometimes and faster at some other occasions, is known as the sick sinus syndrome. In case of complete failure of this electrical impulse, the heart stops immediately, the condition known as the cardiac arrest or heart failure. Any such electrical irregularity could be easily detected by a simple ECG.

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life support after heart attack

Artificial Pacemakers

To regulate this electrical activity, an artificial device called pacemaker is implanted. This is an instrument which acts as a silent spectator till the heart is functioning on its own. As soon as the impulse rate falls below 60 beats per minute, the device starts generating impulse so as to maintain the beating in the desired rhythm. Artificial pacemakers are single chambered and dual chambered, The latter one ensures the better coordinated heart rhythm as it supplies the impulse to both, atrium and ventricles of the heart via separate electrodes.

Be informed and take the right decision !!

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