In recent times, restoration of the missing tooth structure with an artificial filling like Inlays and Onlays are few of the widely accepted techniques to get rid of such common complains of Dental illness. An effective and a good care of the mouth is very essential for an individual’s personal hygiene and general wellness. It is also equally important for maintaining one’s overall appearance. There are specialized and dedicated doctors for taking care of your dental health. Consulting a dentist and hygienists acts as a major relief to such problems because these doctors or experts take great care and efforts to identify the causes and treat any type of gum disease or any other related problems at an early stage to keep you, your teeth, your gums, and your mouth healthy.
A highly crucial need of individual’s health is to take proper and effective care of all their body parts, including the dental parts. With the changing times, dental health problems are also being linked to few major chronic health problems like strokes, diabetes, artery diseases, giving birth to premature babies, lower birth weights, and many more. Ignorance of oral health may be alarming. Any type of untreated oral disease may lead you to catch hold of certain gum problems or may even lead to some loss of a tooth or any other teeth related problems or dental issues.
Primarily, the Dental Diseases are categorized into 3 major groups:
Cavity formation or Tooth Decay:
This occurs when we allow plague to remain and settle on the surface of our tooth for a certainly longer period of time. Plague emits a substance that contains bacteria in it. Those microbial bacteria produce acids and feed on the sweets and sugars that we consume throughout the day. Eventually, this phenomenon leads to the formation of tooth cavities and Tooth decay.
This condition is also caused by the bacteria that are produced by the plague. These bacteria produce acids which affect the gums and infect them. They may also make the gums swollen or puffy. Sometimes it may also cause bleeding from your gums after your brush or floss your tooth. Further, it may also give you a bad smelling mouth with foul breath. However, all these problems can be treated with professional help and care. Keeping a good oral hygiene also helps.
Anyone and everyone may get trapped with oral cancer, however, the ones who follow unhealthy oral habits like consumption of tobacco, cigarettes, alcohol, hookah, cigars, etc. are at a higher risk side. Oral cancers may affect any part of your mouth including gums, tongue, lips or any other associated parts as well as throat, cheeks, larynx. Symptoms and signs of oral cancers include bleeding, swelling, soreness, white or red patches, etc. It is always recommended to consult a healthcare professional immediately if any of these symptoms occur.
As the time passes, an untreated dental illness may get riskier and even lead to a complete loss of your tooth. Although, any type of dental illness can be prevented by following regular dental check-up routines and periodic tooth examinations. Maintaining a proper oral hygiene and getting timely treatments are important for maintaining a healthy oral health. Moreover, taking regular dental care is very crucial for your overall health and well-being.
These days, the process of tooth extraction, dental fillings, crowning or any other dental treatments are very effective, quick, and hardly engages any pain. The process of its healing may get a little tricky, however, with the support of right advisory and right assistance, the complications or any related problems may be avoided. Further, once the wound gets healed up, then the doctor may advise you to undergo certain repair and replacement possibilities like dental implants. Such artificial replacement solutions and techniques are encouraged by dentists because the extracted tooth may have created a gap which may lead to degeneration of the tooth bones and enamel, and filling such gaps are important.
There are several cases where the tooth suffers from some of the other types of damage or decay. Getting the damage repaired and treating these problems are generally too extensive if you treat it with the process of simple filling, although not extensive enough if you require a full-coverage crown. Therefore, in most of these cases, the best available option today to restore your tooth like a natural one that you lost, may be possible with the process of a Dental Inlay or Onlay.
In case you require crowning of your tooth and you are looking an option for a crown, then, a dentist would probably recommend you go for a dental inlay or Onlay instead of opting for a crown. Although it is a well-known fact that both these options of tooth restoring are good, however, there are slight differences between the two. Dental inlay and dental outlay are alternative solutions for dental crowns. These are porcelain fillings that are created in the laboratories for tooth restorations and to strengthen the damaged or decayed tooth. These solutions are generally deemed to serve the purpose by offering some indirect options that lie between the choices of direct fillings and a crown.
Dental inlay is an indistinguishable way to repair the tooth gums. They are available in porcelain material options or in the form of a composite resin which matches with the original colour of your natural tooth. Typically, an inlay option is more durable as compared to the composite fillings. In addition to this, inlays are also far more affordable as compared to a crown.
Dental Onlay is another form of artificial and indirect filling. Onlays help in providing your tooth with a stronger support and provides a long-lasting repair solution for your decayed, damaged or broken tooth. Unlike the inlay that is bonded with your damaged tooth, similarly, the Onlay also bonds itself with the surface.
The difference in the bonding of the two is that inlays bond them with the centre of the tooth whereas the outlay procedure bonds itself with the entire biting surface of the tooth. The material used for creating dental Onlays can be porcelain, gold or resin. However, the right choice of material being used usually depends on the location at which the Onlay will be located. For example, porcelain is considered the best option if you want it for the smile line, whereas resin is considered perfect if you want this for the grinding purpose. All dental Onlays are generally very easy to maintain and clean. All efforts are taken that they are designed in such a way that they look very similar to your natural tooth.
Which one do I Need: Dental Inlay or Onlay?
Both the solutions, i.e., dental inlays or dental Onlays, are forms of indirect fillings. It means that that the filling is fabricated at a dental laboratory prior to bonding it to your tooth. The bonding process is then carried over by your dentist at their clinics.
The treatment process of indirect fillings is generally called as an “inlay” if it fixes itself inside the little gaps or cups of the molar or premolar tooth. To its contrast, the treatment process of indirect fillings is termed as an “Onlay” if it fixes itself with one or more of such cups. Whatever is the requirement, in both the cases, the procedure for fixing an inlay or an Onlay remains the same.
Procedure & Cost
Opting for the procedures of an inlay or Onlay helps you in retaining a major part of your natural tooth structure while being drilled out. Medical science aims to always preserve your natural tooth to as much extent as possible, and therefore inlays and Onlays are generally recommended instead of crowns. The procedure of fixing inlays and Onlays usually involves two sessions. The entire process is carried out with the aid of local anaesthetic to prevent any form of pain or discomfort during the treatment procedure.
The steps for inlay or Onlay procedure includes:
- Numbing of your tooth and its surrounding area with the support of some local anaesthesia
- Removing of the decay or infection
- Preparing of the artificial tooth impression
- Sending the tooth impression to a dental laboratory
- Based on the impressions, a model of your tooth is prepared
- A material used for creating an inlay or Onlay can be gold or natural tooth coloured ceramic or resin
- A temporary filling is attached to your tooth till the time you get your permanent one
The materials and solutions of inlays and Onlays are strong, durable and long-lasting. They don’t require any extra care than any other natural tooth. Daily brushing of your teeth, regular flossing, and routine professional cleanings at dental clinics are very important if you want to make sure that your restoration lasts for a longer duration and for years to come.
The cost of Dental Inlay and Onlay depends on the quantity of fixation and the material you choose for your artificial filling. It varies a lot depending on the case and varies from tooth to tooth. However, there are low-cost dental procedures available for this problem as well. Gold inlays are costlier than the porcelain ones.
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“You are never fully dressed without your smile”
Isn’t it is true that smile is the best curve and we all wish for white sparkling smile. Now we all are very much aware about brushing and in twenty first century, it’s a morning routine which we follow certainly. But in this article, we will talk about the additive practice with brushing which is not quite famous in India is “dental floss”. Joel Spolsky said that, “Writing specs is like flossing: everybody agrees that it’s a good thing, but nobody does it.”This statement by Joel clearly expressed that being a good habit flossing is still not practised faithfully.
History of floss!
In year 1819, Levi Spear Parmly was the first to introduce the idea of interdental cleaning with filamentous material along with dentifrices and tooth brush. Later in 1882, unwaxed silk floss was introduced by Codman & Shurtleff. But in year 1887, Johnson & Johnson were the one who marketed the dental floss and made it available. But during the second world war the production of silk was foreshortening and Dr Charles C. Bass invented nylon dental floss. Nylon was not only more readily available, but it was also more durable. Within a century, the idea of cleaning between the teeth with floss was common dental knowledge.
Why do we need to floss?
Although we brush daily and we think that our basic regime to maintain an oral hygiene is completed, but in actual brushing only removes the plaque from the chewing surface of your teeth whereas the areas between the teeth or interdental spaces are still remains the habitat of the residual bacteria.
Flossing helps in removing plaque from the hard to reach area by toothbrush. According to the American Dental Association, we should floss daily to maintain a good oral hygiene. Combination of daily flossing and brushing prevents the dental caries and periodontal diseases. Adapting the habit of flossing is one of the easiest, inexpensive and safest methods of minimizing the risk of long-term dental diseases.
In recent studies by Dr Roger Sandre, flossing is always important especially when you are undergoing active cancer treatment because the patients with low immunity are prone towards the risk of getting infections and dental infections can cause life threatening conditions if the infection is not cleared from the blood stream. So, to keep your dear ones who are fighting with cancer let them know that the growth of bacteria should not get out of control.
But we can say that regardless of your health status one should always have the habit of flossing.
How to floss
1.Take a 18 inches long floss thread and wind it along your middle finger of each hand and use the thumb to direct the floss in upper teeth.
2.Now pinch the floss between the two thumbs and forefingers of opposite hands such that in the end 1-2 inches long floss will be there in between your hands.
3.By using zig-zag motion gently guide the floss between your teeth and under your gum line until you feel the resistance.
4.Bend the floss around each tooth in a “C” shape and each tooth should be floss thoroughly with a new section of floss.
5.Remember to floss behind your back teeth.
Most of the patients attribute their lack of dental flossing due to the lack of motivation and difficulties in using the floss as they do not know the correct technique of flossing.
In the end, we can say that there is only one goal that’s to keep working and keep flossing.