- Smoking. If you smoke, stop.
- Poor diet. Eat a healthy diet with limited amounts of saturated fat, trans fat and salt. Include a variety of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, lean meats, and low-fat dairy products in your diet.
- High cholesterol. Know your cholesterol numbers and ask your doctor if you’ve optimized them to the recommended levels.
- Lack of physical activity. Talk to your doctor about starting a safe exercise plan. Because angina is often brought on by exertion, it’s helpful to pace yourself and take rest breaks.
- Excess weight. If you’re overweight, talk to your doctor about weight-loss options.
- Underlying conditions. Get treatment for diseases or conditions that can increase your risk of angina, such as diabetes, high blood pressure and high blood cholesterol.
- Stress. Avoiding stress is easier said than done, but try to find ways to relax. Talk with your doctor about stress-reduction techniques