With the present lifestyle and eating habits, we are very much aware of the deadly disease called cancer. Till date, we have not found the exact cause of cancerous cells being multiplied in our body. On the other hand, there is also another type of tumor cells which are noncancerous and do not multiple within called the fibroids.
What are fibroids?
Fibroids are the most frequently seen tumors of the female reproductive system. Made of smooth muscle cells & fibrous connective tissues, fibroids are firm & compact tumor cells that develop in the uterus.
It has been found that about 30-50% of the women in the reproductive age have fibroids although, all of which are not diagnosed. So, fortunately, in about 99% of the fibroid cases, the tumors are non-cancerous. These tumors are in no way associated with cancer and do not increase the risk of uterine cancer in women.
Uterine fibroids also called as leiomyomas or myomas are non-cancerous cells that develop in the uterus often during the pregnancy periods. They are not associated with the increased risk of uterine cancer and never develop into cancer.
Fibroids are undetectable by the human eye and often range from the size of a seedling to bulky masses that can distort or enlarge the uterus. You may develop a single fibroid or multiple ones. Sometimes, the fibroids may expand the uterus so much that it will reach the rib cage.
It is most commonly developed at the time of menopause as well. Most women do not know that they have uterine fibroids as it does not cause any symptoms.
Your doctor may detect the presence of fibroids at the time of pelvic exam or prenatal ultrasound.
What are some of the noticeable symptoms?
Most women with fibroids have no symptoms at all. Some develop mild symptoms while others have severe & disruptive symptoms. The following are the most common symptoms of uterine fibroids:
- Irregular menstrual periods
- Abnormal bleeding during menstrual periods
- Pelvic pain
- Frequent urination
- Pain in the lower back
- Pain during intercourse
- A firm mass located near the pelvic region
In some cases, irregular menstrual periods, or the abnormal bleeding between periods, can lead to iron-deficiency and result in anemia, which then requires treatment. The treatment for fibroids depends on the location, size & number of fibroids. However, these symptoms may differ from individual to another individual. A fibroid can cause acute pain when it gets less amount of blood supply and begins to die.
Fibroids are classified depending on their location.
Intramural fibroids develop in the uterine wall. Those fibroids that develop in the uterine cavity are called submucosal fibroids. The fibroids that project outside the uterus are called subserosal fibroids.
What causes fibroids in women?
Doctors do not know the exact reason of uterine fibroids. Researches & studies have found out the following to be the main causes of uterine fibroids. The causes include:
- HORMONES: the 2 main hormones, estrogen & progesterone that play a vital role in the development of uterine lining at the time of pregnancy or menstrual cycle are responsible for stimulating the growth of fibroids in the uterus. Fibroids contain a large number of these hormones than the normal muscle cells do. After the menopause, the amount of hormone secretion gradually reduces. As a result, the fibroids tend to shrink.
- GENETIC CHANGES: many fibroids contain changes in genes which are quite different from those in the normal muscle cells.
- OTHER GROWTH FACTORS: insulin-like growth factors that help the body to maintain tissues might affect the growth of fibroids.
The uterine fibroids develop from a stem cell in the smooth muscular tissue of the uterus. A single cell divides repeatedly forming a rubbery mass. The growth patterns of fibroids largely depend on person to person. The growth may appear slowly or rapidly. At times, it seems to remain in same size throughout.
What are the risk factors associated with uterine fibroids?
Other than being a woman of reproductive age, there are other risk factors associated with uterine fibroids. Other factors that influence the fibroid growth include:
- HEREDITY: if your mother or sister had one, then even you are at increased risk of developing a fibroid.
- RACE: Black women are more likely to have fibroids than women of other racial groups. They are likely to develop one at an earlier age and may also have fibroids of larger size.
Other complications that affect the growth of uterine fibroids are:
- Onset of menstruation at an early stage
- Use of birth control pills
- Vitamin D deficiency
- Diet higher in red meat & lower in green vegetables, fruits & dairy
- Excessive alcohol consumption
Fibroids do not interfere with getting pregnant. However, fibroids might cause infertility or loss of pregnancy. Other complications that result from fibroids include placental abruption, fetal growth restriction & preterm delivery.
How are uterine fibroids diagnosed?
Uterine fibroids are found during the pelvic exam. The doctor may observe some abnormalities in the shape of your uterus thereby suggesting the presence of fibroids.
Your doctor may suggest you take up the following tests:
- Ultrasound: Ultrasound is used to confirm the presence the fibroids. It uses sound waves to detect the presence of fibroids and also to measure its size and location. The doctor places the ultrasound device over your abdomen or places it inside your vagina to get the images of the uterus.
- LAB TESTS: if you have abnormal menstrual bleeding, then your doctor may suggest you take up a lab test to identify the potential cause. This might include complete blood count (CBC) to see if you are anemic due to abnormal blood loss and other types of blood tests to rule out issues like thyroid problems & bleeding disorders.
If the traditional ultrasound does not provide necessary information then the doctor might suggest other advanced imaging techniques. These include:
- MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING (MRI): this test helps to identify the size & location of fibroids, different types of tumors and also help with appropriate treatment options.
- HYSTEROSONOGRAPHY: this technique is also called as saline infusion sonogram. It makes use of sterile saline to expand the uterine cavity. This makes it easy to get images of the endometrium & the submucosal fibroids.
- HYSTEROSALPINGOGRAPHY: it makes use of a contrast medium or a dye to highlight the uterine cavity & the fallopian tubes so that these areas are well seen under an x-ray This helps the doctor to identify any abnormalities in the shape of the uterus. It helps not only in detecting fibroids but also to identify if the fallopian tuare open.
- HYSTEROSCOPY: in this medical procedure doctor inserts a small device called Hysteroscope through your cervix into the uterus. He then injects saline into the uterus, which expands the uterine cavity and allows the doctor to examine the uterine walls
What are the treatment options for uterine fibroids?
The noninvasive treatment procedures include:
Some of the minimally invasive procedures include:
Minimally invasive procedures include destroying the uterine fibroids without actually removing it through surgery.
Uterine artery embolization: the arteries supplying the uterus are injected with small particles. These particles will then prevent the blood flow to the uterine fibroids, thereby stunting its growth. In due course, it will shrink the fibroids and causes it to die. We need to be aware of the complications that might occur if the blood supply to other ovaries and organs are blocked.
Myolysis: it is a laparoscopic technique that uses radiofrequency energy, electric current & laser to destroy the fibroids. This technique also shrinks the blood vessels that feed them. Cryomyolisis is a similar procedure that freezes the fibroids.
Robotic myomectomy: in this technique, the doctor removes the fibroids without disturbing the uterus. If the fibroids are small and few in number, you and your doctor may opt for a laparoscopic or robotic procedure, which uses small instruments inserted through small incisions in your abdomen to remove the fibroids from your uterus. Another procedure called as morcellation is a method by which the fibroids are removed by breaking them into smaller pieces.
Hysteroscopic myomectomy: if the fibroids are present inside the uterus, then this method may be opted. The surgeon removes fibroids using instruments that are inserted through your vagina and cervix into the uterus.
Options for traditional surgical procedures include:
- Abdominal myomectomy.If you have multiple fibroids, very large fibroids or very deep fibroids, your doctor may use an open abdominal surgical procedure to remove the fibroids
- Hysterectomy: it is a major surgical procedure that involves the removal of the uterus to put an end to the uterine fibroids. It is a proven permanent solution for uterine fibroids.
In the next section of this article let us have a deeper look at the hysterectomy procedure.
Why is hysterectomy performed?
The doctor may suggest you undergo hysterectomy for the following reasons:
- Uncontrollable vaginal bleeding
- Chronic pelvic pain
- Fibroids which are tumors that grow in the uterus
- Cancers of uterus, cervix or ovaries
- Pelvic inflammatory diseases which are the main causes of infection in the reproductive organs
- Uterine prolapsed which occurs when the uterus drops through the cervix and comes out of the vagina
- Endometriosis, a disorder in the inner lining of the uterus that grows outside of the uterine cavity causing pain.
Hysterectomy is a safest and low-risk surgical procedure. However, it should not be used on all women who still wish to give birth in the future. Fortunately, many conditions that are treated with hysterectomy can also be treated by others ways. For instance, hormone therapy can be used to treat endometriosis and fibroids can also be removed by simple surgery. Hysterectomy is the only option when it comes to uterine or cervical cancer.
Types of hysterectomy:
- Partial Hysterectomy: during this procedure, only a part of your uterus is removed. The cervix is left intact.
- Total Hysterectomy: during this procedure, the entire uterus is removed along with the cervix. You will have to have regular pelvic examinations.
- Hysterectomy and salpingo-Oophorectomy: during this procedure, the entire uterus along with one or both the ovaries and fallopian tube is removed. One may need hormone replacement therapy if both the ovaries are removed.
How is hysterectomy performed?
Hysterectomy can be carried out in many ways. All the methods require general or local anesthesia. A general anesthesia will put you to sleep where as a local anesthesia will numb that particular area alone but you will still be awake. Sometimes anesthesia will be combined with a sedative so that you feel sleepy and relaxed throughout the procedure.
Abdominal hysterectomy: In this procedure, the uterus is removed through a large cut in the abdomen. The incision may be vertical or horizontal. Both these types will heal quickly and leave a scar on the surface.
Vaginal hysterectomy: In this procedure, the uterus is removed through a small incision in the vagina. There are no visible cuts and no scars seen on the outer body.
Laparoscopic hysterectomy: In this procedure, the doctor uses a small instrument called laparoscope. It is a long narrow tube, which consists of a high-intensity light and high-resolution camera to capture the images. These images will be displayed on the screen. In this, 3 or 4 incisions are made in the uterus instead of one large incision. The surgeon then cut the uterus into small pieces and removes one piece at a time.
What are the risks of hysterectomy?
This is considered to be the safest procedure. Any medical procedure has its own advantages and risks associated with it. Some of the risks associated with it are:
- Heavy bleeding
- Infection around the incision site
- Injury to bladder, intestines and surrounding blood vessels
Once the surgery is over you will be monitored for your heartbeat and breathing. If everything turns normal then you can be discharged. However, you will have to stay in the hospital for 3 to 5 days. Doctors will encourage you to do light exercises such as walking as it helps to prevent blood clots. If you have undergone vaginal hysterectomy, then you may experience bloody or brownish drainage from the vagina for 10 days. So using a menstrual pad is advisable.
Even after you are discharged, you should avoid doing certain activities such as pushing or pulling objects, bending, lifting heavy objects, sexual intercourse, etc
Recovery time is comparatively longer if one undergoes an abdominal hysterectomy. Complete recovery will take about 4 to 6 weeks.
Have you ever wondered why you have been suffering from a lot of diseases especially during the monsoon? Monsoon is the time when you tend to suffer from most upsetting diseases. If you fail to take care at the right time, then it is normal that you will suffer for a longer duration. This is the time when the germs & infections will attack you the most and you feel more sick and endangered.
The monsoons can prove to be a health menace as there are various diseases that come along with the rains. Monsoon is also the time when you suffer from most general health disorders. And for this reason, it is better to know some of the quick remedies and treatments for you to recover sooner.
We all love rain. Kids and Teenage individuals are more happy to enjoy the rain and they are also at increased risk of being affected by a variety of diseases and other serious health disorders. This is also the season when airborne & water borne diseases easily attack the individuals.
Cold, flu, dengue, water infection, food infection, cholera, and leptospirosis are some of the most common monsoon diseases. Leptospirosis is a condition that is caused by bacteria which carried by either a man or an animal. These conditions can severely affect the kidneys, causes liver failure, respiratory problems, meningitis, etc. these are some of the incurable diseases that can make you feel really sick and takes quite a long time for complete recovery.
How to treat fungal diseases?
You are at a greater risk of suffering from fungal infections during the rainy seasons. It is advisable to keep your body dry especially during these times. Keep those parts of your body that tend to get sweatier in time. The areas between two toes, areas behind your knees and elbows are the ones that tend to get sweatier easier. You can make use of anti-fungal powder as this will help in soaking the sweat at specific areas. If you feel your condition gets worse over time and the infection spreads throughout your skin then it is advisable to consult a physician.
Dengue-the most common monsoon disease:
The most notorious monsoon disease carried by the Aedes mosquito which is a daytime biter, is the dengue. Dengue is the most common monsoon disease and its germs are often carried by mosquitoes. Most of us have a chance of suffering from dengue during the monsoon seasons. Some of the usual symptoms of this disease are body ache, joint pains, body rashes & fever.
- You might develop high fever within 4 to 7 days of the mosquito bite.
- Skin rashes
- Muscle & joint pains
- Pain behind the eyes
- Loss of appetite
- Bleeding gums
The mosquito that is responsible for causing dengue is the tiger mosquito. So some of the preventive measures to protect yourself from being affected by dengue include, applying mosquito repellents creams all over your body, wear clothes that fully cover in order to prevent the mosquito from biting.
Typhoid- the usual monsoon disease
One of the common monsoon diseases is typhoid. This is mainly caused due to the consumption of unclean water. It is mainly due to consumption of food & water contaminated by bacteria Salmonella typhi. This bacteria can survive in water or sewage for several weeks and usually enters the body through faeco-oral route. This is why you should ensure that the water and food that you intake should be free from contamination. Improper sanitation can also cause this disease. When you suffer from typhoid, you will suffer from fever, headache, sore throat, pain and general illness.
The best way to stay protected is to wash your hands well before eating. Do not eat food and water that are not of best quality. Avoid street side foods during this season as these foods will not be hygiene and can increase the risk of food or water borne diseases.
Cholera being the most common monsoon disease is not just a diseases, it is a deadly ailment that will make you suffer at your worst. You are at high risk of suffering from cholera if you don’t practice right hygiene habits as they are mostly caused by contaminated food & water. It is spread through food & water contamination by human feces & is swiftly carried away by flies and thus is common in areas of poor sanitation. Though it can be easily cured, it might turn deadly if left untreated. It is best to drink clean food & water and it is essential for you to stay healthy and clean always.
- ¨ Severe diarrhea or constipation
- ¨ Vomiting or nausea
- ¨ Dehydration
- ¨ Muscle cramps due to dehydration
- ¨ Rapid weight loss
- ¨ Low blood pressure
- ¨ Loss of skin elasticity.
- ¨ Dryness in the inside of the mouth, eyelids, & nose
Jaundice is yet another common monsoon disease that you are about to suffer from during rainy seasons. It is a viral disease and is caused by contaminated food & water. The common symptoms of suffering from jaundice are that you will feel extremely weak and the color of your urine changes to dark yellow. You may also develop a tendency of vomiting and improper functioning of the liver. It is best to drink boiled water and avoid eating foods from roadside streets & shops. This is the time you need to consume plenty of water and this will help your body fluid to stay absolutely normal.
Malaria is one of the severe diseases which were an issue of the epidemic a few years ago. Malaria is carried by female anopheles mosquito, which is an evening and early morning biter. These days the treatments for malaria have improved so much and people are finding ways to recover sooner.
- Severe fever within 72 hours of the bite
- Body ache, sweating and cold symptoms
- Symptoms of diarrhea & jaundice
Water logging and breeding of mosquitoes are quite common during the monsoon season. One may be affected by malaria prone mosquitoes during the rainy seasons.
Once the summer season is gone, the weather condition improves & become soothing. This triggers us to have spicy foods. But, we fail to think of the water-borne diseases that spread during the monsoons. Water-borne diseases are common during the monsoons. Hence, you must be really careful with the food that you consume during the rainy seasons. It is better to avoid street foods as the chances of spreading diarrhea are more common with this.
Viral fevers have become more common these days. Viral fever is the most common medical sign that is characterized by an elevation in temperature above the normal range of 36.5-37.5 degree Celsius. In fact, viral infections are more common than bacterial infections. It is common to see your kids suffering from viral fevers during the rainy seasons. Sometimes, these fevers may last for a few weeks. This is an indication that your child is suffering from viral infection. You must be very careful about your child’s eating habits and other day to day activities. This will make you feel feeble and weak.
- Joint pains
- Running nose or nasal congestion
- Cough or a sore throat
- Burning sensation in eyes
- skin rashes
Viral infections are caused by invasions of various diseases causing viruses into the host’s body. These infections have the ability to affect various parts of the body at the same time. The humidity that occurs during the rainy season makes it easier for the infections to be carried from one person to another. These infections majorly affect those people with weak immune system.
Eye infections caused by viruses are mild and usually resolve on their own. It includes conjunctivitis often called as pink eye. This affects the membrane that lines the inside of the eyelids & the eyelid margins.
- Gritty feeling in the eyes
- Swollen eyelids
- Irritation in the eyes
- Itching of the eyes
- Discharge from both eyes
- Chances of blood clots around the corner
- ¨ Avoid junk foods & maintain a hygienic diet.
- ¨ Take plenty of fluids
- ¨ Detect early signs of weakness to begin treatment
- ¨ Keep yourself clean & hygiene
- ¨ Make sure you wash your hands with effective disinfectant before bringing in contact with the eyes as it might cause infection
- ¨ Carry a sanitizer and apply it before the meals
Fungal infections are caused by a fungus, a type of microorganisms. Specific areas of the skin such as areas under the armpits and spaces between the two toes often remain moisture, especially during the monsoons. These become ideal grounds for such infections.
- Peeling, cracking, and scaling of the skin
- Redness of the skin
- Formation of blisters
- Softening or breaking down of the skin
- Itching, burning, or both
- ¨ Keep your body dry.
- ¨ Change wet undergarments and switch to cotton ones, as they allow the skin to breathe well
- ¨ Wear sandals to air your feet
- ¨ Allow damp hair to dry before you tie them again
- ¨ Bathe twice a day and add a few drops of lemongrass, Neem or mint extracts to your bath water to fight against fungal infections
Vitamin D is essential for healthy bones. We get some of it from nutritious food but majorly we receive it from the sunlight. Vitamin D, known as the sunlight vitamin, is produced by the body in response to the skin being exposed to sunlight. These days most of the people are becoming more beauty conscious rather than health. They are more worried about their skin getting tanned, black spots on the skin due to dust allergy and all that. The moment they get out in the sun the make sure that they cover every inch of the body from being exposed to sunlight. Though it prevents tanning, they fail to think of the minus. Lack of exposure to sunlight is the main cause for deficiency in vitamin D. vitamin D is abundantly present in fish, fish liver oils, egg yolks, fortified fat spreads, fortified breakfast cereals, fortified dairy products and powdered milk. However, it is hard to get enough from it just from food.
When do you figure out that you lack vitamin D? If you shun the sun, suffer from milk allergies, or adhere to a strict vegan diet, then possibly you are at risk of vitamin D deficiency.
Vitamin D is essential for strong bones because it helps the body use calcium from the diet. Traditionally, vitamin D deficiency has been associated with rickets. It is a disease in which the bone tissue doesn’t properly mineralize. This leads to soft bones and skeletal deformities. Recent studies show that vitamin D has a lot of importance in protecting against a number of health diseases.
What are the symptoms of vitamin D deficiency?
For many people the symptoms are subtle. However, certain symptoms of bone pain and muscle weakness can mean that you have a vitamin D deficiency. In many cases, even without symptoms vitamin D deficiency can pose a number of health risks.
Vitamin D deficiency can put people at risk of:
ϖ Rickets- bone problems in children
ϖ Osteomalacia- bone problems in adults
ϖ Heart problems
ϖ Cognitive impairment in elderly people.
ϖ Glucose intolerance
ϖ Multiple sclerosis
What are the causes of vitamin D deficiency?
1) Inadequate amounts of vitamin D: when you consume only vegetarian diet, you naturally lack vitamin D in your body. This is because most of the natural sources of vitamin D are animal-based.
2) Your exposure to sunlight is limited: whenever you expose your body to sunlight, it makes vitamin D. If you are homebound, live in northern latitudes, wear long robes or head coverings for religious reasons, or have an occupation that prevents exposure to the sun, you are at higher risk of getting vitamin D deficiency.
3) You have dark skin: the ability of the skin to produce melanin will greatly depend on the skin color. The darker your skin, the lower is its ability to produce vitamin D. Studies show that older people with darker skin are at greater risk of suffering from vitamin D deficiency.
4) Your kidneys can’t convert vitamin D into active form: as age goes by, the ability of the kidneys to function efficiently decreases. As a result, the kidney loses its ability to convert vitamin D into active forms. This causes a deficiency in vitamin D.
5) Your digestive tract cannot absorb vitamin D: certain health conditions like celiac disease, Crohn’s disease, cystic fibrosis can adversely affect your intestine’s ability to absorb vitamin D. As a result, your body lacks vitamin D.
6) Obesity: people with body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 will have low levels of vitamin D in their body because vitamin D is extracted from the body by the fat cells.
Who are at high risk of vitamin D deficiency?
The following groups of people are at particular risk of vitamin D efficiency:
¬ Pregnant and breastfeeding women
¬ Teenagers and young women
¬ Infants and children below 5 years of age
¬ People who have little or no exposure to sun
¬ People with darker skin
5 illness related to vitamin D deficiency:
1) Dementia: moderate to severe vitamin D deficiency can double the risk for some forms of dementia. Dementia is a decline in the thinking, memory, and behavior that adversely affects daily life activities. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia. Though affected by this disease are mostly elderly people of age 65 and above.
2) Prostate cancer: vitamin D deficiency in men can lead to prostate cancer if left untreated. About 665 men aged between 40 to 70 suffer from prostate cancer as a result of vitamin D deficiency. It is the most common cancer in men and second most common cause of death in the world. Men with low levels of vitamin D deficiency are at higher risk of prostate cancer than men with normal levels of vitamin D.
3) Erectile dysfunction: this is the most common sexual problems in men. It can stem from other health problems like diabetes or high blood pressure. The treatment for this includes hormonal replacement therapy, counseling, lifestyle changes like quitting smoking, limiting alcohol, and eating a balanced diet.
4) Schizophrenia: people with vitamin D deficiency are more likely to be diagnosed with schizophrenia than people with sufficient vitamin D levels. It is a mental illness that causes disordered thinking, delusions, and confusions.
5) Heart disease: vitamin D deficiency is more commonly linked with severe heart problems. About 70% of the patients suffering from heart disease are having low levels of vitamin D.
Some of the vitamin D supplements are as follows:
1. Drisdol oral
2. Vitamin D3 oral
3. Calcitriol oral
4. Viactiv oral
5. Vitamin D2 oral
6. Rocaltrol oral
7. Decara oral
8. Citrus calcium oral
9. Liquid calcium with vitamin D oral
10. Oyster shell + D3 oral
Here is an amazing way for safe exposure to the sun!
Just to 10 to 15 minutes in the summer sun without sunscreen is more than enough to top up vitamin D levels in your body. People with darker skin need to spend longer duration in the sun than people with lighter skin. The best time to recharge vitamin D levels in your body is from 11 a.m. to 3 p.m. and the best duration of a year is from April to September. The larger the area of your body being uncovered, the greater is the vitamin D levels you receive. Other than daily vitamin top up the usual sun protection methods should be taken care of. This includes using sunscreen with sun protection factor (SPF) at least 15.
To know more about the vitamin D benefits, its supplements, and the effects of vitamin D deficiency in men, women, and children contact our doctors on free doctor helpline. Log on to www.freedoctorhelpline.com or call us at +918010555444.
Tests for vitamin D deficiency:
The 25-hydroxy vitamin D blood test is the most accurate way to measure the amount of vitamin D in your body. About 20-50 ng/mL is considered adequate for a healthy person. If this level goes below12 ng/mL then it indicates vitamin D deficiency.
Treatment for vitamin D deficiency:
The only way to treat this deficiency is to get more vitamin D in your body through diet and supplements. The amount of vitamin D needed for an optimal health differs depending on the age and health conditions.
If you are so much bothered about tanning and therefore don’t expose your skin to the sun, then you should probably talk to your doctor about taking vitamin D supplements. Especially, if you have risk factors for vitamin D deficiency then it is better to consult a doctor immediately.
The recommended daily allowance (RDA) of vitamin D has been raised to 600 international units (IU) in children to 800 international units (IU) in adults. The safer upper limit was also raised to 4000 international units (IU). Doctors may prescribe 4000 international units (IU) to correct vitamin D deficiency.
Thyroid, a pear-shaped gland located just below your neck does many things within your body than you ever knew it does. It can regulate your energy levels, control your weight, makes you mood swing, etc. It regulates how your body interacts with other organs within it. The thyroid gland influences almost all the metabolic processes in the body.
So, unfortunately, for about 10 million women across the globe, this regulator is on the fritz. So what actually goes wrong??
The thyroid gland produces thyroid hormones which are nearly used by every cell in the body. For the normal functioning of the body, the gland should secrete hormones is specific amounts. The thyroid disorders are characterized by the abnormal levels of thyroid hormones.
The 4 common thyroid disorders are:
- Hashimoto’s disease
- Graves’s disease
- Thyroid nodules
In this article, we will discuss in detail about each of these disorders.
Hashimoto’s disease is commonly known as chronic lymphatic thyroiditis. It is caused by hypothyroidism which is a condition that occurs due to an insufficient amount of thyroid hormones in the body. It can occur in people of any age but is most commonly cited in women of middle-age. This condition becomes noticeable when the body’s thyroid gland is mistakenly attacked by the immune system and it slowly destroys the thyroid gland and also adversely affects its ability to produce hormones which help in the metabolism of the body.
In the initial stages of the disorders, the symptoms are very mild and are often unnoticed. The disease can remain stable for years and the symptoms are often subtle. Often, there are no obvious symptoms or at times the symptoms are not very specific. This means they mimic the symptoms of other diseases or disorders and is very difficult to distinguish the rising of this new disease in the body. Some of the common symptoms include:
- Dry skin
- Mild weight gain
- Dry or thinning hair
- Irregular menstruation
- Enlarged thyroid
- Intolerance to cold
DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF HASHIMOTO’S DISEASE:
The very first step when screening for any type of thyroid disorder is to test the level of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH). Your doctor will ask you to take up a blood test to check the increased levels of TSH or to check for the low levels of thyroid hormones that are T3 or T4.
Hashimoto’s disease is an autoimmune disorder, so the blood test might show abnormal antibodies that might be attacking the thyroid. There is no cure for the Hashimoto’s diseases. The only way to get relief is to keep the hormone levels under control. There are special medications that help in raising or lowering the levels of thyroid stimulating hormones. These medications are called as hormone-replacing medicines. These medicines also help relieve the symptoms of the disease.
In advanced cases of Hashimoto’s diseases, either a part or whole of the thyroid gland has to be removed. Surgery may be needed to remove a part or whole of the affected thyroid gland. Even if the disease is detected at an early stage there is no known cure for the disease. This is because the disease remains stable for years and progresses very slowly.
Grave’s disease is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism which is a condition that occurs due to excessive production of thyroid hormones. This disease is named after a doctor who has been describing it for more than 150 years. It is an autoimmune disorder, so the blood test might show abnormal antibodies that might be attacking the thyroid.
This disease is hereditary and can occur at any age in both men & women. Most commonly it is seen in women between 20 to 30 years of age. Other risk factors which can possibly result in this disease include:
When there is a high level of thyroid hormones in the blood stream the body’s system speeds up. This can cause certain symptoms which are common to hyperthyroidism. Those symptoms include:
- ¨ Anxiety
- ¨ Irritability
- ¨ Fatigue
- ¨ Excessive sweating
- ¨ Difficulty in breathing
- ¨ Increased or irregular heartbeat
- ¨ Difficulty in sleeping
- ¨ Diarrhea
- ¨ Frequent bowel movements
- ¨ Irregular menstrual cycle
- ¨ Enlarged thyroid
- ¨ Bulging eyes
- ¨ Other vision problems
DIAGNOSIS & TREATMENT FOR GRAVE’S DISEASE:
A simple physical examination is more than enough to detect the symptoms related to hyperthyroidism. It helps to identify enlarged thyroids, enlarged bulging eyes, rapid pulse and high blood pressure. ) Your doctor will ask you to take up a blood test to check the increased levels of TSH or to check for the low levels of thyroid hormones that are T3 or T4. You may also be asked to take up radioactive iodine to administer the measure of how quickly the thyroid absorbs iodine. A high intake of iodine is needed in case of grave’s disease.
There is no treatment to stop the immune system from attacking the thyroid gland. However, the symptoms of grave’s disease can be controlled in a number of ways often with a combination of treatment. Some of the ways to control the symptoms are listed below:
- Beta-blockers are used to control rapid heartbeat, anxiety, and sweating
- Anti-thyroid medications to prevent thyroid gland from producing large amounts of thyroid hormones
- Radioactive iodine to destroy parts or whole of the thyroid
For patients who cannot tolerate anti-thyroid drugs or radioactive iodine will have only one last option which is to go in for a surgery. A surgery is often done to remove the thyroid gland. Successful hyperthyroidism treatments may lead to hypothyroidism. In such cases, you will have to take hormone replacement medications to move on with your life. Grave’s disease if left untreated may lead to major heart problems and even brittle bones.
Goiter is the noncancerous enlargement of the thyroid gland. The most common cause of goiter is iodine deficiency in the diet. Goiter is often caused or in many cases is the symptom of hyperthyroidism. Goiter can occur in people of any age group especially in areas where food rich in iodine are in shortage. This is because iodized food provides plenty of iodine in the diet. Women above 40 years of age are more vulnerable to thyroid problems and suffer from thyroid disorders. Other risk factors which can lead to thyroid include:
- Family medical history
- Certain medications
- Radiation exposure
As in other thyroid disorders, there will not be any symptoms in the initial stages of goiter. However, there will be some noticeable symptoms if goiter gets into a severe level. Some of the symptoms are listed below:
- Selling in the neck
- Tightness around the neck area
- Continuous Coughing or wheezing
- Hoarseness of the voice
DIAGNOSIS & TREATMENT OF GOITER
A physical examination is carried out to diagnose and treat goiter. Your doctor will ask you to take up a blood test to check the increased levels of TSH or to check for the low levels of thyroid hormones that are T3 or T4. This will check for thyroid disorders that are often a cause of goiter. An ultrasound of the thyroid may be carried out to check for swelling or nodules.
Goiter, even if detected in the early stage cannot be treated unless and until the condition becomes severe and the symptoms begin to shoot up. Usually, you will be asked to take small doses of iodine if iodine deficiency is the cause of goiter. Radioactive iodine may be taken in required amounts to shrinking the thyroid glands.
The treatments for all kinds of thyroid disorders usually overlap as goiter is often a symptom of hyperthyroidism. Goiter, if left untreated can cause severe complications. These complications may include difficulty in breathing and swallowing which might even turn up to be life-threatening.
Thyroid nodules are growths that are formed on or inside of the thyroid gland. The causes for the formation of these nodules are not always known but are assumed to be a result of iodine deficiency or Hashimoto’s disease. These nodules can be solid or fluid-filled and may be cancerous in very rare cases. Like other thyroid disorders, nodules are more common in women than in men and affect both sexes at equal chances above 40 years of age.
As in other thyroid disorders, there will not be any symptoms in the initial stages of nodules. However, there will be some noticeable symptoms if nodules grow bigger. Some of the symptoms are listed below:
- Swelling in neck
- Breathing problems
- Difficulty in swallowing
- Severe pain
Some nodules will begin producing thyroid hormones which will drastically increase the number of hormones in the blood stream. When this happens, the condition becomes similar to that of hyperthyroidism. Some of the noticeable symptoms include:
- High pulse rate
- Weight loss
- Increased appetite
- Clammy skin
If the nodules are associated with Hashimoto’s diseases then the symptoms are similar to hyperthyroidism. That includes:
- Dry skin
- Mild weight gain
- Dry or thinning hair
- Irregular menstruation
- Enlarged thyroid
- Intolerance to cold
DIAGNOSIS & TREATMENT OF THYROID NODULES
Most nodules can be detected during a physical examination. Some can be detected during a CT-Scan, or MRI scan. Once the nodules are detected, then the procedure is to check for the production of hormones. A fine needle is used to take a sample of cells from the nodules to see if the nodule is cancerous. Cancerous nodules are very rare and thyroid cancers aren’t very common. Removing the thyroid through surgery is the only treatment of choice. Sometimes a radiation therapy is used instead of a surgery. Chemotherapy may be required if the cancer spreads to other parts of the body.
Make sure to discuss the diagnoses and treatment options with your doctor or ask a doctor at free doctor helpline.
A large section of population wants to have their own children, most preferably. But in some cases, that is not possible. It can be because of inability to conceive in the wife or the husband, or the couple being gay or a single man or woman desiring to have his or her own child. In such cases, those people can go for In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) surrogacy in India. They can easily opt for India as the costs are much lower here and also chances of finding a surrogate mother here are quite high.
So, evidently there are many such unfortunate couples and individuals out there who cannot bear their own children. But they can still become parents by opting for surrogacy. And hence the demand graph for surrogacy peaks inevitably. Regardless of this great demand, there are moral issues surrounding this surrogacy debate, a kind of moral conflict turning this great opportunity into a great controversy. As a matter of fact, there are various laws in the US defining exactly what is acceptable about IVF and what goes against the law and should not be practised. Turning towards India for surrogacy can in such situations boost hopes of such unfortunate couples.
What are the Advantages of choosing India for IVF Surrogacy?
- It will cost you only a fraction of that in the US or anywhere else.
- Medical tourism is a large and well organized industry in India, and hence India is well equipped to cater to your needs.
- Legitimate, and well prepared IVF centers in India and specialists are set up with various screened and tried surrogate moms in their documents. The ladies comprehend, and have concurred that conveying another family’s youngster is a job for which they are being enlisted, and that when the infant is conceived it will be given over to its appointing guardians.
What are the various laws guiding the IVF Surrogacy in India?
- There is no law confining any outsider originating from another nation and enlisting surrogate moms in India to give birth to their babies.
- The outsiders opting for IVF surrogacy can be either married or unmarried, gay, or single.
In any case, in light of the fact that there is likewise no international law with respect to surrogacy, now and then the legitimate nationality and lawful parentage of the kid can bring about perplexity when the new family returns home.
Another law is as of now being discussed in the Indian parliament. In addition to other things, it contains arrangements for:
- An independent agency that will monitor and take care of the Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) banks. Instead of the clinics, these banks are designated to recruit the surrogate mothers in India. This move also empowers the mothers with greater independence to negotiate their own fees.
- Each mother is limited to only 5 surrogate pregnancies.
- Each surrogate mother is entitled to an age limit of 35 years.
- An earlier assurance that the nation of origin of the charging guardians will acknowledge the child as theirs once it is conceived.
What things you ought to Consider Before Planning your Trip to India for IVF Surrogacy?
Research the capabilities of the IVF specialists in India and their centers, so you know the ones you need to work with. Additionally, investigate the laws in regards to surrogacy in your nation or state on the accompanying:
- Will you be legitimately perceived as a parent or guardians of the newborn?
- Will your newborn be perceived as yours and be issued a passport to come back to your nation of origin?
- Will you need to experience adoption procedures before the newborn will be viewed as yours?
A few nations require a DNA test to demonstrate that the newborn is identified with one of the authorizing parents. A few nations would need consent from the birth parent (the surrogate mother) before the commissioning parent is permitted to travel to his or her own country with the child.
You are highly advised to get an agreement made covering every one of these issues signed by every one of the members . It is likewise fitting for the commissioning parents to employ a legal counselor in their nation of origin who can work with an attorney in India to draft the agreement.
Why should you Travel for IVF Surrogacy to India?
Since a large number of individuals as of now have and are content with their newborns, you should travel to India for surrogacy for the following reasons:
- India already has the mastery and the experience, needed to deliver surrogacy.
- The nature and quality of surrogate moms working with the best IVF specialists in India is the finest.
- The expenses will be much lower.
Going to your pregnant surrogate and being there at the birth of your child additionally, will give you the chance to encounter the marvels of a rich, delightful, old culture. IVF surrogacy in India is turning into the favoured choice for unfortunate childless couples and individuals all around the world.
The eyes are the complex organs in which many parts has to work together in order to produce a clear vision. The rods and cons cells help in color differentiation and perception of light. This unique organ is prone to a number of diseases as age goes. This article will help you understand a lot more about the human eye, various eye diseases, its symptoms & treatment.
Many eye diseases have no early symptoms. They may be painless and will not hinder your vision until the diseases have reached the advanced stage. The best way to protect your vision is by having eye examinations by professionals at regular intervals.
Most people will have an eye disease more than once during the lifetime. Some of it will be minor and will fade away on its own whereas some turn out to be a serious eye disorder.
Anytime you feel your vision isn’t the same as it used to be, then immediately have a consultation with your eye specialist. The following are some of the common eye problems and see if the symptoms get worse with time.
- Eyestrain: Anyone who reads a lot, works on a computer for hours together or drives long distances are more vulnerable to eyestrains. Just like other parts of the body, the eyes also need proper rest. When you fail in this, it causes eye strains. The best way to overcome this is to take a break from your routine work and gives your eyes the rest they need. Still, if they seem to be weary, then have an eye check-up.
- Does your eye look bloodshot? The surface of the eyes has a lot of blood vessels which gets expanded when they are infected or irritated. This gives the eyes the red look. A late night study, lack of sleep or allergies can also cause red eyes. Sometimes red eyes may be a symptom of other diseases like conjunctivitis or sun damage. If eye drops and rest don’t clear it up, consult your doctor.
- Night Blindness: do you find it hard to see at night? Especially while driving or at theaters? If yes, then it sounds like night blindness. It is not a disease on its own but a symptom of any other underlying problems usually nearsightedness, cataracts, or a lack of vitamin A. This is often treatable but some people are born with this disorder or it might develop a degenerative disease involving retina. In these cases, it is usually not treatable. So you will have to be extra-conscious at areas of low lights.
- Lazy eyes: lazy eyes or amblyopia is a condition in which one eye doesn’t develop properly. Vision is weaker in that eye and tends to move slowly which the other eye stands still in place. It is usually encountered in infants, children, and adults. It rarely affects both the eyes. If it is detected at an early stage then it can treat using corrective glasses or contact lenses.
- Strabismus or nystagmus: if your eyes aren’t lined up with each other when you look at something then you are probably suffering from a condition called cross eyes or strabismus. It won’t go on its own until you treat it with your ophthalmologist. In the case of nystagmus, you have no control over your eyes. It moves on its own all the time. Treatments like vision therapy or even surgeries can make your eyes stronger.
- Color blindness: when the cone cells in your eyes are absent or don’t work properly then you may be colorblind. It is a condition where your eyes will not be able to distinguish between colors especially red and green. If it gets more severe then you can see only in shades of gray. Men are more likely to get affected with this than women. There is no treatment if you are born with this, but some glasses or contact lenses can help you differentiate between the colors.
- Uveitis: uvea is the middle layer of the eye that contains most of the blood vessels. Uveitis is the name for the group of diseases which cause inflammation of the uvea. It can destroy the eye tissues and cause loss of vision. People of all age groups can be a victim of this condition. Some of the symptoms include:
- Blurred vision
- Eye pain
- Eye redness
- Light sensitivity
The treatment for this depends on the type of uveitis you are suffering.
- Presbyopia: it is a condition where you lose the ability to view objects that are at a shorter distance and small prints. This condition arises above the age of 40 or so. Reading glasses, contact lenses, or laser eye surgery can help restore good reading vision.
- Floaters: these are tiny spots or specks that float across your field of vision. They are normal, but sometimes they may be an underlying reason for some other serious eye problems like retinal detachments. If you see a sudden change in the number of spots or flashes or a new dark curtain in the field of peripheral vision, it is better to consult your doctor as soon as possible.
- Dry eyes: this happens when your eyes can’t make enough good quality tears. You might have a burning sensation in your eyes or feel like something is there in your eyes. Extreme dryness can lead to loss of vision.
- Excess tearing: this has nothing to do with your feeling. You might be more sensitive to light, wind or temperature changes. Protect your eyes with windshields or wearing sunglasses. Tearing may also be a symptom of other serious problems such as eye infection or blocked tear duct.
- Retinal disorders: The retina is the thin lining at the back of the eyes which collects the images and sends it to the brain. Any block in the retina will affect this transfer. There are different types:
- Macular degeneration: breakdown of small portions of the retina
- Diabetic retinopathy: damage to blood vessels in the retina due to diabetes
- Retinal detachment: retina detaches from the layer underneath
- Conjunctivitis ( pinkeye): the tissue that covers the back of your eyelids and sclera gets inflamed. It causes redness, itching, burning, tearing or discharge. People of all ages are prone to this condition. Other causes may be infection or exposure to any chemicals.
- Corneal disease: the cornea helps the eye to focus the light that comes into the eye. The cornea may be damaged due to any diseases, infection, injury or exposure to any toxins. Some of the symptoms include:
- Redness in the eye
- Watery eyes
- Reduced vision
This condition can be treated using new eyeglasses, contact lens, prescribed eye drops or even a surgery.
- Eyelid problems: your eyelids perform a lot of functions. They protect your eyes from dust, spread the tears evenly over the surface, and limit the amount of light that can get in. some common symptoms of eyelid problems include pain, itching, sensitivity to light and tearing. Proper cleaning, medication, and surgery are few treatment procedures.
- Problems with contact lenses: for many people, it works really well, provided you take care of it. Follow certain guidelines to use it effectively:
- Wash your hands before you touch it
- Never wet them by putting them in your mouth.
- Make sure your lenses fit properly and don’t scratch your eyes.
- Do remove it before you go to sleep as it can cause infection.
If you still have allergy or itching contact your doctor immediately
These are some common eye infections which may lead to more serious eye disorders.
The following are some of the serious eye problems which if not treated may cause loss of vision.
A cataract refers to the clouding of the eye’s natural lens which lies behind the iris and the pupil. It is the principle cause of blindness in the world and is most common in people of age 40 years and above.
There are 3 types of cataract:
- SUBCAPSULAR CATARACT: This type of cataract occurs at the back of the eye. It is most common in people with diabetes or those taking high doses of steroid medication.
- NUCLEAR CATARACT: This type of cataract occurs in the deep central zone of the lens. It occurs due to aging.
- CORTICAL CATARACT: This type of cataract begins in the periphery of the lens and slowly spreads towards the center of the lens. It affects the cortex of the lens, which is the part of the lens that surrounds the central zone.
Glaucoma is a condition that affects your eye’s optic nerve and gets worse over time. It is due to the buildup of pressure inside the eye. The optic nerve transmits images to the brain. Any increase in pressure, called the intraocular pressure, will adversely affect the eye’s optic nerve. If this damage continues it can permanently cause loss of vision.
What causes glaucoma?
Glaucoma is caused as a result of high fluid pressure inside the eye. This happens when the fluid in the eye’s front surface doesn’t circulate the way it should. This fluid called aqueous humor usually flows through the eye through a mesh-like channel. When this channel is blocked the fluid gets builds up increasing the pressure within the eye, causing glaucoma.
Types of glaucoma:
- Open-angular glaucoma
- Angle-closure glaucoma
Who gets glaucoma?
You’re more likely to get it if you:
- Are of African-American, Irish, Russian, Japanese, Hispanic, Inuit, or Scandinavian descent
- Above 40 years of age
- Have a family history of glaucoma
- Have poor vision
- Have diabetes
- Take certain steroid medication
- Have had trauma to the eye or eyes
It may also be caused by
- An Injury to the eye
- Blocked blood vessels
- Inflammatory disorder of the eye
Top 10 eye hospitals in India:
- P. center for ophthalmic sciences- AIIMS, New Delhi
- Shroff eye hospital, new Delhi
- V. Prasad eye hospital, Hyderabad
- Sankar Netralaya, Chennai
- Aravind eye hospital, Madurai
- Vasan eye care, Chennai
- National institute of ophthalmology(NIO), Pune
- Disha eye hospital, Kolkata
- Lotus eye hospital, Coimbatore
- Agarwal eye hospital, Chennai
To know more about these eye care hospitals and to have appointments with the best surgeons log onto www.freedoctorhelpline.com or call us at+ 918010555444. We will help you find the right option.
Cancer is defined as the abnormal growth of cells which multiply uncontrollably and destroy the body tissues. There are about 100 types of cancer and each is classified depending on the type of cell that is affected initially. Cancer alters the body cells to form lumps and masses of tissue called as tumors. These tumors grow and interfere with various systems such as digestive, nervous and circulatory systems.
Cancer gets elevated to a more risky level when
- The cancerous cells begin to move throughout the body in blood and damaging other healthy cells in the body by a process called an invasion.
- A process called angiogenesis, wherein the cells manage to divide and grow to make new blood vessels to feed itself.
When the tumor successfully spreads to all other parts of the body growing, invading and destroying other healthy tissues, the process is called as metastasis which is a very serious condition to treat.
The following are the list of most common types of cancer:
- Anal cancer
- Bladder cancer
- Bone cancer
- Cervical cancer
- Colon cancer
- Colorectal cancer
- Endometrial cancer
- Kidney cancer
- Liver cancer
- Ovarian cancer
- Pancreatic cancer
- Breast cancer
- Prostate cancer
- Stomach cancer
- Testicular cancer
- Thyroid cancer
- Vaginal cancer
- Vulvar cancer
Symptoms of cancer:
The symptom of cancers varies on the type of cancer, its location, how it spreads and how large it is.
- Some cancers can be felt or seen through the skin such as the lump on the breast or the testicle.
- Skin cancers are often identified by any change in the mole or wart on the skin.
- The oral cancers are identified as white spots on the tongue or white patches inside the mouth
Common symptoms of cancer include:
- Coughing, chest pain & breathlessness
- Changes in bowel movements such as blood in the stool, pain in stomach, diarrhea & constipation
- Bleeding such as blood in the vomit, urine, etc
- If the mole is growing bigger than 7 mm in size
- Unexplained weight loss
Classification of cancers:
All types of cancers are broadly classified into 5 main categories. They are:
- Carcinomas- these are characterized by the cells that cover the internal or external part of the body such as lungs, breast, colon, etc
- Sarcomas- these are characterized by the cells that are located in the bones, cartilages, fat, connective tissues, and other tissues
- Lymphomas- those cancers that begin in the lymph nodes and immune system tissues
- Leukemia-these are cancer cells that develop in the bone marrow and finally get accumulated in the blood stream
- Adenomas- these are cancers that develop in the thyroid, pituitary or adrenal glands.
Cancer diagnosis & staging:
Detection of cancer at an early stage will increase the chances of success rates of the treatment. Various imaging techniques are used to detect the presence of tumor cells. X-rays, CT scans, MRI scans & ultrasounds are regularly used to detect the location of the tumor. Doctors may also prefer a method of endoscopy which is the insertion of a thin tube with a camera at one end, to look into the abnormalities within the body.
The best way to diagnose cancer is to extract the cancer cells and examine them under the microscope. This procedure is called as a biopsy. The physician will also analyze the body’s fat, proteins and DNA at the molecular level.
Once the diagnosis is done, the doctor will figure out how far has the cancer cells has affected the body. The most common staging method is called the TNM.
T indicates the size and direct extent of the primary tumor,
N indicates the degree to which cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes
M indicates whether cancer has metastasized to other organs.
Some of the facts about cancer:
- On an average estimate, about 5,00,000 people die of cancer and about 1 million people are diagnosed with cancer in a year.
- Cancer is considered as one of the leading cause of mortality rate in the world.
- Certain vaccines such as HPV help in preventing cervical, vaginal and oral cancers.
- The most common sites of cancers in men are: lung, prostate, stomach, rectum, liver
- The most common sites of cancers in women are: breast, cervix, lung, liver
To know more about this deadly disease, contact us at www.freedoctorhelpline.com or call us at +918010555444. Our doctors are here to help you out with any of your queries and even guide you with treatment procedures.
Why do you think India is the best for cancer treatment?
India is best known for its healthcare services. It provides excellent healthcare to various patients both domestic and international. Here, we provide you the list of the best cancer treatment hospitals in India.
- The best cancer hospitals in Banglore:
- Sri Sankara cancer hospital & research center
- Kidwai memorial hospital of oncology
- Mazumdar shaw medical center
- The best cancer hospitals in Chennai:
- Cancer institute
- Apollo specialty hospital
- Raj memorial medical center
- The best cancer hospital in Kolkata:
- Netaji Subhash Chandra bose cancer research institute
- Bengal oncology center
- Chittaranjan national cancer institute
- The best cancer hospital in Hyderabad:
- American oncology institute
- MNJ institute of oncology
Top cancer hospitals in India:
- Adyar cancer hospital, Chennai
It was established in 1954 and is the most famous cancer center in India. It has both research and preventive facilities for cancer patients. It has the latest equipment for cancer treatments. Some of its special features are blood banks, telemedicine services, tobacco stoppage programs. It also consists of various programs such as nuclear medicine, medical oncology, radiation oncology, surgical oncology, preventive oncology, etc. it provides treatment for cervical, liver, breast, testis, bone, and stomach cancer. This hospital also focuses on boosting mental health of the patients.
- Regional cancer center, Trivandrum
This cancer center located in Trivandrum is one of the famous cancer centers in India which was established on 1981. It is equipped with hi-tech equipment and has facilities for various oncology and surgical treatments. This hospital focuses on identification, research, treatment and prevention of cancer.
- MIOT Hospital, Chennai
It has become a center for oncology in Chennai. It was started in the year 2008. It provides treatment for a wide variety of cancer diseases such as liver, pancreas, breast, bone, head & neck cancer, gynecologic cancer and other facilities like radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and other medical remedies.
- Apollo Hospitals:
It is one of the best cancer hospitals in India and has many branches all over India at Hyderabad, Delhi, and Kolkata. They have experienced doctors with well-trained speech therapists, counselors and dieticians to motivate patients. They are best known for blood transmission & bone marrow transplantation surgeries. It also has special treatments for pediatric cancer treatments.
- Amala cancer institute, Thrissur
This cancer institute located in Kerala provides one of the best cancer treatments to the patients. They also use ayurvedic medicines for treatments. They offer diagnosis, prevention, research and treatment for cancers. They motivate patients through physical exercises, mental health, counseling and religious classes.
- CMC Vellore:
CMC Vellore medical oncology services are provided by the multidisciplinary team. It provides treatment for all stages of cancer including supportive care whenever needed. It also provides chemotherapy and other biological therapies. It has medical oncologists, clinical pharmacists, and pastoral care professionals.
- Lakeshore hospital, Kochi
It offers best cancer treatments for the patients under the guidance of the famous doctor Dr. V.P. Gangadharan. They have experienced doctors with well-trained speech therapists, counselors and dieticians to motivate patients.
- Max institute of oncology, New Delhi:
This is one of the leading cancer treatment centers in India. It has its branches in Punjab & Gurgaon. It provides treatment for lung cancer, head & neck cancer, breast cancer, cervical cancer & gastrointestinal cancer.
Cancer treatment in Ayurveda:
Ayurveda focuses on the principle of rejuvenation. As an alternative approach to cancer treatment, Ayurveda upholds the process of purification in order to bring about a change in the person’s cellular structure. The Ayurvedic process of purification involves fivefold process. For a successful treatment of cancer by means of Ayurveda, it’s important that one embarks upon the given mode in its early stage of discovery.
Listed below are few hospitals that provide cheapest/low-cost cancer treatments for patients:
- Rajiv Gandhi cancer institute and research center
- Regional cancer center, Trivandrum
- ICS cancer detection center, Mumbai
- Dharmashila hospital and research ( DHRC)
- Kidwai memorial institute of oncology, Bangalore
To know more details about these cancer centers and their tremendous services and offers contact our doctors on free doctor helpline by logging onto www.freedoctorhelpline.com or call us at +918010555444.
The cost of various cancer treatments in India:
The cost of various cancer procedures are listed below:
- Chemotherapy: INR 30,000 to 1,00,000 each session
- Targeted therapy: INR 20,00,000 for 5 to 6 sessions
- Radiation therapy: INR 1.,50,000 per cycle
- Head & neck cancer surgery: INR 2,00,000
- Breast cancer surgery: INR: 2,00,000
- PET-CT scan: INR 24,000
Cancer treatment is very expensive and not all patients will be able to afford the treatment. Many will not be in a position to take the financial challenge. This is where many public & private companies come into play to help the people from low-income levels. They offer insurance schemes that will help them continue the treatment.
To know about various cancer treatment options in India, please contact Free Doctor Helpline at +918010555444.
What is medical tourism?
It can be defined as the process of traveling outside the country of residence for the purpose of receiving medical care. Initially, it referred to the travel of patients from less-developing countries to the developed nations for the purpose of undergoing treatments that are not available in their homeland. Nowadays people traveling from richer to less-developed countries are becoming more common in order to access health services. This is often combined with relatively low-cost of treatments, inexpensive flight rates, increased marketing and online consumer information about the availability of medical services.
The quality of care In India:
There are 2 main components for the quality of service in the healthcare sector. They are:
- Technical or mechanical quality
- Serviceable or functional quality
The technical quality is based on the patient’s diagnostic algorithm while the functional quality is based on the services offered by the healthcare centers. The functional or service quality plays a vital role in attracting consumers to the medical industry.
One of the strongest barriers of medical tourism is the perception of poor quality. This barrier can be overcome by promoting the marketing strategies and accreditation from a recognized institution. Such accreditation will also strengthen the confidence in the quality of healthcare. This confidence can be even more developed if the accreditation is followed by an affiliation with a reputable hospital or healthcare center.
India has about 28 JCI accredited hospitals. The hospitals provide a wide range of options for the patients. The patients can decide for themselves whether to stay at the hospital during the course of treatment or to stay at a paid accommodation nearby. Some hospitals or healthcare centers also provide an option of continuing the treatment through telemedicine.
Healthcare capital of India:
Chennai is popularly known as the healthcare capital of India. It has many multi & super specialty hospitals spread all across the city. This attracts about 45% of the international patients and about 30% of the domestic patients every day. There are various other factors that attract the tourists. Those include low-cost treatments & little or no waiting periods.
Most of the multi-specialty and super specialty hospitals in Chennai have about 12000 beds for the patients. Out of this count, only half of it is shared by domestic patients. The rest is shared by people from other states or countries. Dental clinics have attracted the most population from other countries. This has helped the dental care tourism in Chennai to a great extent.
The ease of travel for medical tourism:
The government has removed visa restrictions for tourists who visit other countries for the sake of medical treatments. They have also removed restrictions on visas that require 2 months gap between consecutive visits for people from gulf countries. These countries are more likely to boost the medical tourism. There is a new scheme established by the Indian government which allows the foreign nationals to stay in India for about 30 days for medical reasons. This is known as visa-on-arrival scheme. The citizens from Bangladesh, Afghanistan, Maldives, republic of Korea & Nigeria availed the most visas.
The different types of treatments and their availability also act as an important factor in the decision to engage in a medical tourism. The most common treatment procedures that patients undergo during the medical tourism include dentistry, organ transplantation, elective cosmetic surgery, cardiac surgery and orthopedic surgery.
Reproductive tourism and reproductive outsourcing are growing in the field of medical tourism. It refers to the patients who travel abroad to engage in treatments that help resolve problems related to reproduction.
Apart from its cost, another factor which attracts medical tourism is its accessibility. The lack of unavailability of the technology or prohibition in the home country will subsequently lead to medical tourism. Some common examples are stem cell therapy and cytoplasmic transfer.
India being a diverse nation has a huge diversity of languages. This might act as a barrier for the international tourists. To avoid this barrier, English is often considered as the official language. It is widely spoken by many individuals and is universally accepted by medical professionals. Many health centers or hospitals which emerge as the hotspot of medical tourism have hired many language translators to overcome this obstacle. This has made many foreign nationals feel more comfortable while at the same time helping in facilitating the treatments.
Major healthcare providers in India:
There are a number of private hospitals in India which provide medical tourism services to the people out there. Some of the major groups are listed below:
- Apollo hospitals
- Aster Medicity
- Care hospitals
- Fortis healthcare
- Medantha hospital
- Narayana health hospital
- Tata memorial hospital, Mumbai
- Max hospital, new Delhi
- Continental hospital, Hyderabad
- CHL hospital, Indore
Some facts & statistics about medical tourism which you may not know!
- Medical tourism has been in existence for over 1000 years.
- There are about 485 JCI accredited hospitals around the world.
- One may spend more time at the hotel than at the hospital during the medical trip.
- 64% of the patients who do travel abroad do not have a health insurance.
- About 33% of the medical tourism patients travel for cosmetic surgery.
- About 70% of the medical tourism cases are rated as excellent.
Top hospitals in India that tourist prefers to visit:
FEHI specializes in cardiovascular care. It performs major operations like open heart surgery, heart transplants, etc. it is consistently ranked as one of the top heart centers all over India. Its other specialties include bone/joint health, liver treatments, etc.
- Rockland hospital: New Delhi
The rock land hospital is located in India’s capital of New Delhi, is one of the premier healthcare centers in India. It is popularly known for its cosmetic surgeries and ENT procedures.
- Apollo hospital: Banglore:
It provides a full spectrum of healthcare services using latest medical advancements such as nuclear medicine, cosmetology, dermatology, etc. It also has international representatives to help arrange for medical vacations.
- Global hospital: Chennai
Global hospitals are widely spread throughout India and Asia. There are about 22 hospitals in Asia. It has 13 different health disciplines. Some of them are breast oncology, liver procedures, dentistry, bariatric surgery, dermatology, etc.
It is considered as the “temple of cure”, is the most established healthcare center in Chennai. It has about 800 beds and 200 ICU units. This multi-specialty hospital provides various treatments such as gastroenterology, neurology and organ transplants. Their goal is to provide services to people of all economic levels.
To know more about these health care centers and also about those which aren’t mentioned here, you can seek the help of our doctors at Free Doctor Helpline or call us at +918010555444. The free doctor helpline will help in facilitating the international patients with the best doctors at best hospitals.
Risks of medical tourism:
Medical tourism can increase the risk of hospital acquired or healthcare infections. These are also known as nosocomial infections. For instance, if the same injection is used between two patients there are greater chances for spreading infections such as HIV or hepatitis. Infections with the multiresistant organism, the spread of noroviruses, and mycobacterial infections are the commonly cited cases of medical tourism risks. People who accompany the patients are also at risks of being infected.
A new terminology called “transplant tourism” which accounts for the tissue rejection and critical infectious complications4 after the transplants. These infections are more common among the medical tourists compared to other transplant patients.
Another dangerous thing about medical tourism is the blood supply. Most cases, blood is obtained from paid donors and may not be adequately screened to check for any contamination.
Traveling back to their home country after the surgical procedure may also cause risk of infection. It can be reduced by drinking plenty of water, stretching your legs when seated, or going for a small walk every 2 to 3 hours on a long trip.
Advantages of medical tourism:
Some of the advantages include:
- ¨ Provides low-cost treatments
- ¨ Accessibility to hi-tech equipment and trained doctors
- ¨ Availability of latest medical instruments
- ¨ There is no language barrier as English is considered as the official language. Also, many hospitals hire language translators to ease this problem
- ¨ Availability of low-cost generic medicines
- ¨ Relaxed visa rules
Medical tourism packages in India:
The below are the lists of a broad category of medical tourism packages provided by the tourism companies in India:
- Dental care
- Eye care
- Heart surgery
- Cosmetic surgery
- Ayurveda therapies
- Yoga & meditation
- Orthopedic surgery
- ENT care
- Health check up
The cost of various medical tourism packages In India are listed below:
- Heart bypass– INR 3,34,000
- Angioplasty-INR 2,12,000
- Face lift-INR 2,57,000
- Liposuction- INR 1,80,000
- Breast implants– INR 2,25,000
- LASIK (both eyes)-INR 3,00,000
- Retina- INR 54,000
- Cataract surgery-INR 1,80,000
- IVF treatment– INR 1,60,000
- Knee replacements-INR 4,42,000
- Hip replacements-INR 4,62,000
- Heart valve replacement-INR 6,10,000
- Dental implant-INR 5,78,000
- Spinal fusion-INR 6,62,000
Now it is very clear why India is often chosen as the best medical tourist spot in the world. A large number of excellent healthcare centers in India, it has become the premier location to travel and receive the best medical treatments. The various unique treatment packages offered at affordable rates helps in a great way to run the medical tourism industry. This is the reason behind the drastic establishment of the medical tourism industry.
If you would like to get more details regarding the medical tourism packages and the famous healthcare consultants please do log on to our website Free Doctor Helpline or call us and Ask A Doctor at +918010555444.
GIVE YOUR BODY A SUGAR BREAK
We all have a craze for chocolates, candies, fresh juices, & ice-creams. What do you think is the major ingredient of all these stuff? Yes, it is the sugar. Though we all love the taste of it, we hardly think of the effects that sugar has on health. Added sugar is the single worst ingredient in the modern diet. This article will help you understand the harmful effects sugar has on metabolism and the other sort of diseases it contributes to. Here are some disturbing reasons why you should avoid added sugar in your diet:
- Added sugar contains no essential nutrients:
It contains a whole much of calories but no essential nutrients. This is the reason it is called as “empty calories”. It gives nothing healthy or it can be considered as a toxic poison that causes a number of physical and emotional ailments. Sugar does not contain any proteins, fats, vitamins or minerals. It is just a source of energy. People consuming about 10-20% of sugar will suffer from nutrient deficiency. It can also cause tooth decay by feeding the harmful bacteria in the mouth.
- Added sugar can overload your liver:
Before the sugar enters the bloodstream from the digestive tract, it is broken down into two forms: glucose & fructose. Glucose is present in every living cell. If the body didn’t get sufficient amounts from the diet then the body will produce glucose on its own. But, it is a different case with fructose. There is no physiological need for it and our body doesn’t produce it in significant amounts. The drawback with fructose is that is can only be metabolized in the liver. Eating a lot of fructose will cause it to turn into fat. This can lead to fatty liver disease.
- Sugar can cause insulin resistance- stepping stone towards diabetes:
Insulin is a very important hormone which allows the glucose to enter the bloodstream. The cells then burn the glucose instead of fat. Having too much of glucose in the blood is harmful as it can result in complications of diabetes such as blindness.
- Sugar- the cancer agent:
Cancer is the main reason for death worldwide and is characterized by multiplication of cancerous cells. Insulin plays an important role in regulating this sort of growth. Studies show that people who eat a lot of sugar are at higher risk of getting cancer.
- Sugar- the unique fat promoting agent:
Different foods will have different effects on the brain. Not all the calories are created in equal amounts. More amount of fructose in the diet can lessen brain activity. It can also lower the hunger hormone ghrelin.
- Sugar is highly addictive:
Like many abusive drugs, sugar can also turn out to be addictive. This is because it releases massive dopamine in the brain which causes addiction among a lot of people.
- Sugar- leading contributor to obesity:
Sugar is a leading contributor to obesity both among children and adults. It decreases satiety because of which people lose control over consumption. People who consume a lot of sugar are more likely to become overweight or obese. This is applicable to all age groups.
- Sugar- the heart disease triggering agent:
It is not the fat it is the sugar that causes cholesterol and heart diseases among the people. However, people blamed the saturated fat for various heart diseases but the new studies show that the saturated fat is actually harmless. A large amount of fructose in the body will raise blood glucose and insulin levels which result in obesity. These are all the major factors contributing to heart diseases.
Here are few more valid reasons for one to do away with sugar cubes.
- Sugar can impair eyesight
- Sugar can destroy DNA structure
- Sugar can cause hypoglycemia
- Sugar can cause gallstones
- Sugar can increase cholesterol and systolic blood pressure
- Sugar can cause drowsiness & decreased activity in children
- Sugar can change the structure of protein
- Sugar can cause cataract
- Sugar can cause atherosclerosis
- Sugar lowers enzyme ability to function
- Sugar can damage pancreas
- Sugar can increase the risk of gastric cancer
- Sugar can cause depression
- Sugar can lead to formation of kidney stones
- Sugar can lead to prostate cancer
- Sugar can induce cell death
Consumption of sugar greater than recommended amounts can result in a number of dangerous diseases. It can increase the risk of cancer, overweight, obesity, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and liver diseases. It is something much greater than causing cavities and thus needs a closer look at it. If you would like to know more about the harmful effects of sugar on the human body in detail, you can contact our doctors on www.freedoctorhelpline.com or call us at +918010555444.
In this article, we will have a deeper look at diabetes caused by sugar and its impact on living body.
Diabetes is also referred to as diabetes mellitus which is a group of metabolic disease in which the patient has high blood sugar because either the insulin production is inadequate or the body cells do not respond properly to insulin or both. People with high blood sugar will experience frequent urination, become increasingly thirsty and hungry.
There are basically 3 types of diabetes. They are:
- Type-1 diabetes:
It is also referred to as insulin-dependent diabetes, juvenile diabetes or early-onset diabetes. People develop this type of diabetes usually around their 40’s, early adulthood or teenage. Type-1 diabetic patients do not produce insulin. It is a very rare case. Only 10% of all the diabetic cases are type-1.
- Type-2 diabetes:
Type-2 diabetes is a more common case. About 90% of the diabetic cases are of this type. In this type, the body does not produce enough insulin for the proper functioning or the body cells do not respond properly to the insulin. People can control the symptoms by losing weight, following a healthy diet, and monitoring blood glucose levels. Type-2 diabetes gradually gets worse and the patient will have to probably take insulin tablets at the end. People suffering from obesity and those overweight are at higher risk of suffering from type-2 diabetes. Being overweight or obese can cause changes in the body to release chemicals that can destabilize the body’s metabolism and cardiovascular systems.
- Gestational diabetes:
This type affects the females during pregnancy. Some women have high levels of glucose in blood and the body is unable to produce sufficient insulin to transport the glucose to different parts of the body. This type of diabetes can be controlled with diet and exercise.
Treatment for diabetes:
All types of diabetes are treatable. Type-1 diabetes lasts a lifetime is there is no known cure for it. However, type-2 diabetes can be controlled with diet and exercise. Patients with type-1 diabetes are regularly given insulin injections as well as special diet and exercise. Whereas people with type-2 diabetes are treated with tablets, special diet, and exercise.
The below is the list of complications which result due to badly controlled diabetes:
- Eye complications such as cataract, glaucoma, and others
- Diabetic patients are more prone to skin infections and skin disorders
- They are more susceptible to cardiovascular problems
- It increases the risk of suffering from depression, anxiety
- They have higher risk of developing hearing problems
- There is a much higher prevalence of gum disease among diabetic patients
- If blood pressure and cholesterol levels are not controlled it can increase the risk of stroke
- It also results in erectile dysfunction problems.
Keeping the famous quote in mind “PREVENTION IS BETTER THAN CURE” we provide you the 10 simple ways that help prevent type-2 diabetes:
- Check your risk of diabetes once in every 6 months
- Make efforts to manage your weight
- Exercise regularly to reduce blood glucose levels.
- Eat a balanced healthy diet
- Avoid alcohol consumption
- Quit smoking
- Control your blood pressure
- Reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases
- Have regular health check-ups
- Avoid taking junk foods as it has high salt content
To get more health tips and preventive measure about diabetes contact our doctors on Free Doctor Helpline or call us at +918010555444.
Medicines to control diabetes:
- Short-acting insulin: Humolin & Novolin
- Rapid-acting insulin: Novolog,flex pen,Apidra,Humalog
- Intermediate-acting insulin: humolin N, Novolin N
- Long-acting insulin: tresiba, Levemir, Lantus,toujeo
Home remedies for diabetes:
# HOLI BASIL LEAVES: consume 2 to 3 tulsi leaves or a tablespoon full of its juice on empty stomach to lower blood sugar.
#FLAX SEEDS: consume one tablespoon of ground flaxseed powder in the warm water early in the morning in empty stomach. Do not drink more than 2 tablespoons per day.
#CINNAMON: include about 1 gram of cinnamon in your daily diet for a month. This can help reduce blood sugar.
#GREENTEA: drink a cup of green tea early in the morning or even before your meals.
#DRUMSTICK LEAVES: take a few drumstick leaves, wash and crush them to extract juice. Drink this juice on empty stomach every morning.
#BITTER GOURD: consume bitter gourd at least once a week in some form or the other. Try drinking bitter gourd juice on empty stomach every morning.
Below is the list of the best diabetologist in India:
- Deepak Khandelwal
- A G Unnikrishnan
- Kaushik pandit
- Anirban Biswas
- Amitabh Khanna
- Paritosh Roy
- Surendra Kumar
- Narendra. K Gupta
- V Mohan
To get appointments with a specialist or to know more about them you can contact us on www.freedoctorhelpline.com or call us at +918010555444.
What is In Vitro Fertilization or IVF? and how IVF Process work?
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is an Assisted Reproduction Technique that helps parents to have kids which are genetically identified with them.It includes the evacuation of a woman’s eggs and preparation with a sperm in a liquid medium outside the bodies. The prepared egg is then exchanged back to the woman’s uterus, in this way setting up a fruitful pregnancy. Youngsters brought about by this strategy are in some cases alluded to as unnaturally conceived children.
Various steps are included in-vitro treatment:
- Ovarian Hyper stimulation – It is done by infusing GnRH analogs or gonadotropins for a period of about 10 days.
- Egg Retrieval – Transvaginal oocyte recovery includes acquiring the eggs from the developed follicles.
- Egg and sperm planning – The eggs and the sperms are separated from the dormant cells and henceforth arranged for preparation.
- Fertilization – Sperm is to egg proportion of 75000:1 is utilized for brooding in culture media for roughly 18 hours.
- Embryo culture – In Canada and America, the embryos are cultured for 5 days while in Europe the perfect time is 2 days. Fetuses are cultured with the end goal that they achieve the 6-8 cell stage preceding recovery.
- Embryo determination – Screening for hereditary illnesses is done before implantation.
- Embryo Transfer – The quantity of fetuses exchanged relies on upon various variables like age, strength of the guardians, and so on.
Is In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) Right for You?
In vitro preparation might be valuable for women confronting the accompanying issues:
- Tubal blockage
- Failed tubal inversion
- Pelvic bond
- Male infertility
- Unexplained infertility
Although it is a moderately safe system, various dangers and complexities might be related with the strategy, which the mothers must be completely mindful of, at the onset of in vitro preparation procedure.
- Multiple births
- Premature birth
- Depression or tension
- Swollen, excruciating ovaries
- Ectopic pregnancy
Why should you choose India for In Vitro Fertilisation?
- The principle factor attracting medical travelers to India is the decreased cost.
- In vitro preparation (IVF) treatment cost in India could be as less as 30 percent of its incentive in the West, even in the wake of considering the travel and everyday costs in India.
- Globalization and the advancement of the private sector has prompted the foundation of various high caliber in vitro preparation (IVF) facilities in India.
- Healthcare facilities in India are furnished with the most recent infrastructure and demonstrative innovation.
- They are affirmed by associations, for example, JCI, ISO and NABH and are intermittently checked to guarantee that they fulfill global measures of social insurance and cleanliness.
- Health experts in India, particularly the specialists, are a devoted, very gifted gathering, large portions of whom have gotten universal affirmations, which guarantees a level of therapeutic ability tantamount to that found in the West.
- The best IVF centers in India help suffering couples from over the world achieve the dreams of having a kid under the most safe conditions.
- The minimal cost of IVF in India together with prevalent therapeutic care has made India the primary destination favouring medical tourism on the planet.